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CANADA 

DEPARTMENT OF MINES 

Hon. Louis Coderre, Minister; R. G. McConnell, Deputy Minister 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 



\ 



| MEMOIR 74 | 

No. 61, Geological Series 



J> >- 




A List of Canadian Mineral 
Occurrences 



BY 



Robt. A. A. Johnston 




OTTAWA 

Government Printing Bureau 

1915 



No. 1497 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Abbreviations used in this list ii 

Introduction 1 

Part I. Names of minerals arranged alphabetically, with localities. . . 3 
Part II. Names of municipal and mining divisions and localities in 
which minerals occur, arranged alphabetically under provinces and 

territories 243 



ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS LIST. 

Am. Journ. Sci. — American Journal of Science and Arts. 

Bull. Soc. Min. — Bulletin de la Societe Mineralogique Francaise. 

Can. Journ. Sci. — Canadian Journal of Industry, Science, and Art, Toronto. 

C. M. J. — Canadian Mining Journal. 

Can. Nat. — Canadian Naturalist and Quarterly Journal of Science. 

Can. Rec. Sci. — Canadian Record of Science. 

Dana Sys. Min. 6 Ed. — Descriptive Mineralogy, 6th Edition, by Dana, with 

two appendices completing the work to 1909. New York and London. 
Edin. New Phil. Journ. — Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, Edinburgh. 
Eng. and Min. Journ. — Engineering and Mining Journal. 
Geol. Can. — Geology of Canada, Report of Progress from its commencement 

to 1863. 
G. S. C. — Reports of progress of the Geological Survey of Canada from 1863- 

1884, inclusive — 14 volumes. 
G. S. C, Mem. — Memoirs of the Geological Survey Department. 
G. S. C, M. R. C. — Geological Survey of Canada, Mineral Resources of 

Canada, Bulletin. 
G. S. C, N. S— Geological Survey of Canada, New Series, 1885-1904, 16 

volumes. 
G. S. C, Sec. Chem. and Min., 1906. — Geological Survey of Canada, Section 

of Chemistry and Mineralogy, 1906. 
How, Min. N. S. — How, Mineralogy of Nova Scotia. 
Jb. Min. Beil. — Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie Geognosie, Geologie und Petre- 

faktenkunde — Beilage Band. 
Journ. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. — Journal of the Boston Society of Natural 

History. 
Journ. Can. Min. Inst. — Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute, or Trans- 
actions of the Canadian Mining Institute. 
Journ. Chem. Soc. — Journal of the Chemical Society, London. 
Mem. Amer. Acad. — Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
Mines, B. C. — British Columbia, Report of the Minister of Mines. 
Min. and Geol. — Chapman's Mineralogy and Geology of Canada. 
Mines, G. S. Br., Sum. Rep. — Department of Mines, Geological Survey 

Branch, Sum. Rep. 
Mines, Min. Br. — Department of Mines, Mines Branch. 
Min. Oper. in Quebec — Department of Colonization, Mines, and Fisheries. 

Mining Operations in the Province of Quebec. 
N. S. Inst. Nat. Sci. — Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotia 

Institute of Natural Science. 
Ont. Bur. Min. — Ontario Bureau of Mines, Toronto. 
Ottawa Nat. — Ottawa Naturalist. 
Phil. Mag. — London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and 

Journal of Science, London. 



Ill 

Proc. Acad. Phila. — Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science, Phila- 
delphia. 

Proc. Can. Inst. — Proceedings of the Canadian Institute. 

Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc. — Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. 

Rep. Amer. Assoc. — Report of the American Association. 

Trans. Amer. Inst. Min. Eng. — Transactions of the American Institute of 
Mining and Engineering. 

Trans. R. S. C. — Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of 
Canada. 

Vic. Mem. Mus. — Victoria Memorial Museum, Bulletin. 



A List of Canadian Minerals. 



INTRODUCTION. 

A quarter of a century has elapsed since Hoffmann's 
"Annotated List of the Minerals of Canada" appeared first 
in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, Vol. 
VII, Sec. Ill, 1889, and subsequently in the form of a 
revised reprint in the Annual Report of the Geological Survey for 
1889. In that list the general descriptive plan followed by Hunt 
in the Geology of Canada, 1863, was adopted, a complete list of 
localities being neither intended nor implied. In addition to 
being an authoritative index of the knowledge of Canadian 
mineralogy up to the date of its publication, it was also in a large 
measure indicative of the progress of mineralogic investigation 
in Canada during the interval following the appearance of Hunt's 
earlier report. 

In the present list a somewhat different plan is being followed. 
The intention here has been to bring together in as complete a 
list as possible all notable occurrences so far (December 1, 1914) 
recorded in Canada, thus leaving the compilation of a new descrip- 
tive list for consideration in some subsequent report. That such 
a course seems warranted is plainly evident from the inquiries 
that have been received from various quarters for specific lists 
of mineral occurrences in Canada. 

The major part of the information herein contained has been 
gleaned from the reports of the Geological Survey of Canada, 
the Department of Mines, and of the Bureaus and Departments 
of Mines of the Provincial Governments. Resort has also been 
had to the mineral collections of the Department of Mines as 
occasion demanded. Much kindly aid and advice has also 
been freely accorded by the following gentlemen: Harry Piers, 
Esq., Provincial Museum, Halifax, N. S. ; T. C. Denis, Esq., 
Superintendent of Mines, Quebec, Que.; Dr. F. D. Adams, 
Professor of Geology, McGill University, Montreal, Que.; Dr. 



R. P. D. Graham, Professor of Mineralogy, McGill University, 
Montreal, Que.; W. F. Ferrier, Esq., Toronto, Ont.; Dr. W. G. 
Miller, Provincial Geologist, Toronto, Ont.; Dr. T. L. Walker, 
Professor of Mineralogy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.; 
D. B. Dowling, Esq., Geological Survey, Department of Mines, 
Ottawa, Ont.; Wm. Nicol, Esq., Professor of Mineralogy, 
Queens University, Kingston, Ont.; Dr. R. C. Wallace, Professor 
of Geology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man.; Wm. 
Fleet Robertson, Esq., Provincial Mineralogist, Victoria, B. C.; 
Wm. Thomlinson, Esq., Cranbrook, B. C., and the late W. J. 
Sutton, Esq., to all of whom the writer wishes here to record his 
great indebtedness. 

Part I of this list embraces a list of the minerals which have 
so far with reasonable certainty been identified as occurring 
in Canada and in each case a list of localities of occurrence is 
given for each province and territory in the Dominion. 

In Part II are embraced lists of minerals known to occur 
in the various municipal and mining divisions into which the 
provinces and territories are subdivided. It is confidently 
expected that this arrangement will prove to be of value both to 
the prospector and to the collector. 

It is proposed to publish supplements to this list at suitable 
intervals and when the accumulation of new information warrants 
such a course, to incorporate it in a new revised list. 

Finally it may be said that the introduction of errors seems 
inseparable from the compilation of a list of this kind and it is 
earnestly requested that mistakes or omissions noted in this list 
will be freely communicated to the Department in order that 
they may be corrected in future editions of the list. 



AC. 



PART I. 

NAMES OF MINERALS ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY, 
WITH LOCALITIES. 

Acadialite. 

(Chabazite.) 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and alkalis.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — The reddish varieties of chabazite included 
under the name of acadialite are found at Partridge island, Swan 
creek, Two Islands (G. S. C, N. S., IV, 15T). It is also found 
elsewhere in the traps of the Bay of Fundy (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Acmite. 

(Silicate of iron and sodium.) 
QUEBEC— 

This mineral forms an important constituent of some of the nepheline- 

syenites at the following localities. — 
Hochelaga County — Montreal (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15T). 
Rouville County.— Beloeil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15T). 

Actinolite. 

(Amphibole.) 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — Actinolite occurs as the principal gangue 
mineral of the copper ore in the Southern Cross Claim, Uchucklesit 
harbour, Barkley sound, Vancouver island (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Atlin Mining Division. — Actinolite forms an important constituent 
in a series of slates occurring in close proximity to the contact of 
the granites with the gold series of Birch, Boulder, and Ruby creeks 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 56-58A). 

Boundary District. — In some of the claims of the Deadwood Camp and 
elsewhere in this district, actinolite constitutes one of the gangue 
minerals of the copper ore (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 109A). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Actinolite is found with the copper 
ore of this division (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 349B.) 

Revelstoke Mining Division. — Good specimens of actinolite have 
been found near Illecillewaet (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 101 A). 



AC. 4 

NEW BRUNSWICK- 
CHARLOTTE County. — Crystals of actinolite have been observed in 
granite veins cutting dark argillite schists near Gaspereaux Station 
(G.S.C., 1876-77, 329); it also occurs as an associate of the nickel 
ores of St. Stephen (G.S.C., N.S., X, 29M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Actinolite is of common occurrence in connexion with the older rocks 
at many points in this province, and in central and eastern Ontario 
it is a frequent associate of the Grenville limestone and has, at 
times, been the subject of commercial exploitation. 

Haliburton County. — Snowdon, 20-1, where it is associated with 
magnetic iron ores (G.S.C., 1873-74, 202). 

Hastings County.— Elzevir, 4-VII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 192); 
Madoc, 11-V {Seymour mine) (G.S.C., 1873-74, 202). 

Lanark County.— Dalhousie (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 51R). 

North Burgess, 13-V {Silver Queen mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 
287). 

Lennox County.— Kaladar, 7-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 192). 

Renfrew County.— Westmeath (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 15R). 

Sudbury District. — Actinolite forms a principal constituent in a 
series of actinolite diorites and schists, which are regarded by 
Dr. Barlow as a phase of alteration of some of the norites of the 
district; examples of this kind are to be found in Denison, 12-1 1 1 
{Gersdorffite mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 71H) ; 5- V {Crean Hill mine) 
(Pr. Com. T. L. Walker) ; Drury, l-II {Totten mine); 2-II {Worth- 
ington mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 71H). 

Thunder Bay District. — The dolomites in the vicinity of White 
Fish lake frequently acquire a decided greenish colour from the 
presence of minute filaments of actinolite scattered through them 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 102H). 

QUEBEC— 

As in Ontario, actinolite is frequently found as an associate of the 

Grenville limestones and it is also found associated with lower 

Silurian rocks, either forming beds by itself or more or less mixed 

with talc. 
Beauce County. — Actinolite forms thick, heavy beds of tough greenish 

rock in the township of St. Francis {Beauceville) (Geol. Can., 

1863, 466). 
Brome County. — It is also found in fibrous form in Bolton, 4- IV 

(G. S. C, N.S., IV, 118K), and in the township of Potton (G.S.C., 

N.S., IX, 51R). 
Ottawa County. — Actinolite is found in Hull, 18-VIII {For tin 

and Gravelle mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 287). 



5 AC -AG 

YUKON.— 

Actinolite-asbestos has been found on the Klondike river about 1J 
miles from its junction with the Yukon river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 
432A). 

Analyses of Actinolite. 







1 


2 


Si0 2 


52-30 
1-30 


56-70 


AI2O3 


1-62 


Fe 2 3 


3-06 


FeO 


6-75 


7-19 


MnO 


0-30 


NiO 


tr. 
21-50 
15-00 


0-54 


MgO 


17-20 


CaO 


10-62 


Na 2 


0-64 


K 2 




0-24 


H 2 Oat 100° 

H 2 above 100° 


3- 10a 


0-64 
2-05 (dir. est.) 


"a" volatile 
















99-95 


100-80 


Sp. Gr. 




2-941 









1. From St. Francis by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 466). 

2. From Westmeath by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 15R. 

Aegirite. 

(Syn. Acmite.) 
{Silicate of iron and sodium.) 

Agalmatolite. 

(Pinite-muscovite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, magnesium, potassium, etc.) 



A substance, which has been assigned to this sub-species by Dr. Hunt, 
is of frequent occurrence in both the Grenville and Silurian systems 
of the provinces of Ontario and Quebec (Geol. Can., 1863, 482). 



AG. 6 

Agate, Chalcedony, and Carnelian. 

(Quartz.) 
(Silicon dioxide.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA — 

According to the late Dr. G. M. Dawson, agates and chalcedony are 
of frequent occurrence in the volcanics of the Tertiary period. 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Nicoamen Plateau (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
347B). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — In the neighbourhood of Savona 
mountain and of Dufferin hill near Kamloops (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
347B); frequent occurrences of these varieties have been noted 
along the Thompson river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 185-6B); a few 
fine specimens of chalcedony have been found along the shores of 
Kamloops lake; it also occurs as a gangue mineral in the Iron 
Mask Copper mine near Kamloops (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Nicola Mining Division. — Handsome specimens of chalcedony 
have been found, sometimes in quite large masses, at the Aspen 
Grove Camp (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 77A). 

Omineca Mining Division. — Ootsa lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — These minerals are found as 
rolled pebbles in considerable abundance along the shores and 
rivers of the northern part of Queen Charlotte island (G.S.C., N.S., 
III, 110R); agate is frequently found in Tertiary volcanics on 
Graham island (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Vancouver Island. — Agate is found to a small extent in the meta- 
volcanics of the Vancouver eruptive series (Pr. Com. W. J. Sut- 
ton). 



NEW BRUNSWICK — 

Agate, chalcedony, and carnelian have been found at several places in 
this province. The following are some of the most important: — 
Kings County. — Darling lake and Hampton (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 
Restigouche County. — Dalhousie (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 
Queens County. — Washademoak river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 
Victoria County.— Tobique river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 



NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Chalcedony of an olive green colour is found in small veins on Belanger 
island, at the entrance to Richmond gulf, east coast of Hudson bay 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27T). 



7 AG.-AL. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Very handsome specimens of agate, chalcedony, etc., have been found 
along the southern portion of the Bay of Fundy and also among 
the trap rocks adjacent thereto; some of these are beautifully 
banded, affording a fine sardonyx, varying in colour from milk- 
white to blue. Some of the more important localities are: — 

Cumberland County. — Two Islands (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 

Digby County. — Digby neck; Sandy cove (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S); 
and also at St. Mary bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15T). 

Kings County. — Between Capes Blomidon and Split (G.S.C., N.S., 
III, 71S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Michipicoten island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 
Thunder Bay District. — The most noted localities in Ontario are 
situated along the north shore of Lake Superior and on the islands 
adjacent thereto, where agate is found as loose pebbles and also 
in veins filling fractures in the trap; on St. Ignace island agates 
are found as nodules in the trap, and good specimens have also 
been found on Simpson island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 7 IS). 

QUEBEC— 

It is very rarely that agates of good quality have been found in this 

province. 
Gaspe County. — Agate pebbles are found in the conglomerate of 

Chaleur bay (G.S.C., N.S., III, 71S). 
Kamouraska County. — Chalcedony is associated with jasper on 

the River Quelle (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27T). 



Alabaster. 

{Gypsum.) 

{Hydrous sulphate of calcium.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — This variety of gypsum occurs in abundance at 
Hillsborough (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Alabaster is found in some abundance at 

Antigonish harbour (G.S.C., N.S., II, 123P). 
Parts of the gypsum in other localities in this province, may probably 

also be classed as alabaster. 



AL. 8 

Albertite. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — The principal locality for albertite is at the Albert 
mines, from which the mineral receives the name, in the parish 
of Hillsborough. It was first discovered by one John Duffy in 
1849 in what proved to be a wedge shaped fissure vein, having 
a width at the surface of 16 feet; other smaller veins were 
also found in the immediate neighbourhood varying from a few 
inches in width down to mere threads. These veins occur mostly 
in connexion with oil-yielding shales of the Lower Carboniferous 
system; some of the veins, however, penetrate into the overlying 
Millstone Grits and the underlying metamorphic rocks. Similar 
patches have also been found in the gypsum deposits of the dis- 
trict (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 16T). 

Kings County. — Small quantities of albertite are found near Norton 
(G.S.C., N.S., X, 70M). 

Westmorland County.— Beliveau (G.S.C., N.S., X, 70M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Small quantities of albertite have been noted 
in the conglomerates and sandstones to the north of Cobequid 
mountains as far west as Waugh river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24SS). 

Pictou County. — Albertite has been found in a small lenticular vein 
of calcite cutting argillaceous limestones and shales on the Black 
river, east branch of the River John (G.S.C., N.S., V, 128P); 
and in sandstones associated with barite on the west branch of 
the River John (G.S.C., N.S., V, 174-5P). 

Albite. 

(Silicate of aluminum and sodium.) 

This feldspar is a constituent of many of the granites found at many 
localities in Canada. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Skeena Mining Division. — Albite occurs as a metamorphic product 
in the schist at the townsite of Prince Rupert (Pr. Com. W. J. 
Sutton). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Fine crystals of albite have been found in 
Wicklow, 2-III (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 162A). 



9 AL. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Albite has been found in large, cleavable masses 
at Lake of Three Mountains on the River Rouge (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
16T); in drusy cavities with apatite, sphene, pyroxene, etc., at a 
few localities in Templeton (G.S.C., 1877-78, 30G); albite is found 
in the Gore of Templeton, lot 3 (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 281); in 
Villeneuve, 31-1 {Villeneuve mica mine). 

Allanite. 

{Silicate of aluminum, iron, cerium, didymium, calcium, etc.) 

This mineral has been observed in a number of localities in the Gren- 
ville of Ontario and Quebec. 

ONTARIO.— , 

Haliburton County. — Together with quartz, orthoclase, calcite, pyro- 
xene, etc., allanite forms one of the constituents of a series of 
reticulating veins in an irregular body of magnetic iron ore occur- 
ring in gneiss in Lutterworth, 5-V and VI (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 8 J). 

Muskoka District. — Allanite occurs in a narrow vein in granitoid 
rocks on Hollow lake, Gibson township (Can. Rec. Sci., N. S., 1864, 
IX, 103). 

Nipissing District. — Allanite is sometimes found in good examples 
in granite gneiss in this district (G.S.C., N.S., X, 86-1). 

Renfrew County. — Fine masses of pitch-black allanite have been 
found in Hagarty, 13-A (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 14R). 

Victoria County. — Allanite is found with magnetite, chlorite, and 
pyrite in a coarse granite vein composed of quartz, feldspar, and 
mica, cutting red orthoclase gneiss in Dalton, 25-XII (G.S.C, 
N.S., VI, 7 J). 

QUEBEC— 

Champlain County. — Allanite forms one of the principal constituents 
of coarse granite, which is found in considerable masses on the east 
shore of Lake Bouchard {Lac a Baude). Determinations made in 
the laboratory of the Geological Survey upon a mass of granite 
weighing seven and a half pounds showed that about 56 per cent of it 
consisted of allanite. The mineral forms flat tabular crystal- 
lizations of a deep brown colour and vitreous lustre, some of the 
individuals attaining a length of 3 inches and a thickness of 
three quarters of an inch (G.S.C, N.S., VII, 12, 13R). 

Charlevoix County. — Allanite is found in small crystals in a felds- 
pathic rock at Bay St. Paul (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 16T). 

Chicoutimi County. — Allanite has been observed in minute crystals 
in a labradorite-hypersthene rock at Lake St. John (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 16T). 



AL. 10 

Allophane. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Skeena Mining Division. — Allophane occurs along cleavage cracks 
in slate at the Red Bluff claim, Iliances river, Observatory inlet 
(Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 49). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — This mineral fills small fissures in 
andradite at the Rabbit-foot claim (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 18-19R). 

Almandite. 

(Garnet.) 

(Silicate of iron and aluminum.) 

This variety of garnet is found in metamorphic schists at many points 
in Canada, and also in the sands and gravels that have been 
formed from the erosion of these rocks. 

ALBERTA.— 

Almandite occurs at a point 6 miles east of Crowsnest lake (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIII, 172A). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Boundary District. — Almandite is a frequent constituent of the 

veinstones of the district (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 63A). 
Skeena and Stikine Mining Divisions. — Almandite is found in 

abundance in crystals of varying dimensions in schists along the 

Stikine and Skeena rivers, also loose in the gravels derived from 

these rocks(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 16T). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island. — Fine specimens of almandite have been brought from 
Albert harbour by Capt. J. E. Bernier (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. 
Rep., 1908, 166). 

NOVA SCOTIA— 

Almandite is found in metamorphosed sedimentary rocks in various 

parts of Nova Scotia, such as: — 
Guysborough County. — Dover harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Sherbrooke lake (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 346A); 

Dalhousie Road Settlement (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Yarmouth County. — Chegoggin point (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 69 A); Lake 

George, Brazil lake (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Shelburne County. — East side of Shelburne (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



11 AL. 

ONTARIO — 

Nipissing District. — Mattawan township at Les Erable rapids (G.S.C., 
N.S., X, 181-1). 

QUEBEC— 

Charlevoix County. — Good specimens of almandite are found at 

Lac du Pied des Monts (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 435A). 
New Quebec Territory. — Fine specimens of almandite occur in 

schists on the south side of Whitney bay (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 14R). 
Ottawa County.— Wakefield township (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 439A). 
Saguenay County. — In the mica schists of Manikuagan river (G.S.C., 

N.S., VIII, 119A). 

YUKON.— 

Almandite occurs associated with gold, awaruite, magnetite, etc., in 

the gravels of Hoole canyon, Petty river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. 

Rep., 1910, 259). 
Analysis of almandite from Hoole canyon by Johnston (Mines, G.S. 

Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 259). 



SiO, 


A1 2 0, 


Fe 2 8 


FeO 


MnO 


MgO 


Sp. Gr. 


37-7 


21-1 


2-4 


31-9 


1-5 


5-1—99-7 


3-991 



Altaite. 

{Telluride of lead.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Altaite was found in quartz on 

Liddle creek, Kaslo river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 29R). 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — At the Payroll claim, Little Nigger 
creek, 12 miles southwest of Cranbrook (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
19R). 
Greenwood Mining Division. — At the Lakeview claim, north side 

of Long lake (G.S.C., VIII, 10, 11R). 
Analysis of altaite from Lakeview claim by Johnston (Hoffmann, 
G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 10-11R). 

Te Pb Ag Fe Sp. Gr 

43-01 54-04 2-27 0-68 —100-00 8-081 

Alunite. 

{Hydrous sulphate of aluminum and potassium.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Alunite is found with quartz and specularite at 
New Ireland Road, parish of Alma (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 16T). 



AL.-AM. 12 

Alunogen. 

(Hydrous sulphate of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Alunogen occurs in pale yellowish to 

white, cellular, mammillary crusts about 4 miles west of Savona; 

in delicate fibrous masses in greyish, pyritiferous, feldspathic rock 

near Spatsum (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 25R). 
Cariboo Mining Division. — Alunogen forms a coating on chloritic 

schists on Grant Brook, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 33D). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Alunogen has been found in thick, 

yellowish-white incrustations on weathered, pyritous, quartzo- 

feldspathic rocks on Blair creek, a branch of Bolean or Sixmile 

creek, Salmon river, Grande Prairie (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13R). 
Lillooet Mining Division. — In pale yellow to white, crystalline, 

cellular masses at the mouth of Fountain creek, Fraser river (G.S.C., 

N.S., VI, 25R). 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Formed in an old heap of shale at the Scotia 

mine, Springhill (G.S.C., 1878-79, 8H). 
Analysis of alunogen from Springhill by Adams (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 
1878-79, 8H). 

SO, AI2O3 Fe 2 0, FeO CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 Nh, H 2 Insol. 
36-935 13-479 2-888 0-157 0-140 0-138 0-087 0-131 undet. 45-109 0-235 

-99-299 

Amazonite. 

(Feldspar.) 

(Silicate of aluminum and potassium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Nipissing District.— Cameron, 7-B (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 32AA). 
Renfrew County. — Sebastopol, 31-X (Smart mine) (G.S.C., 1882-84, 
7L). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County— Hull, 13, 14- A, 6-XII; Villeneuve, 31-1. 
See also Microcline. 



13 AM. 

Amber. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — In the coals of the Nanaitno coal fields 

(Quarterly Journ. of the Geol. Soc, 1860, 198). 
Omineca Mining Division. — In little grains on the Nechako river, 

south of Fort Fraser (G.S.C., 1876-77, 472). 
Peace River Mining Division. — In nodules in shaly sandstone on 

Peace river (G.S.C., 1876-77, 472). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Mineral resin in small drops 

and patches is of frequent occurrence in some of the Tertiary 

and Cretaceous coals and a small specimen of true amber was 

found in the possession of the Indians in the Queen Charlotte 

islands and said to have been derived from the west coast of these 

islands (Dawson, G.S.C., N.S., III, 111R). 
Quesnel Mining Division. — Amber is found in small spots and drops 

in lignite beds on the south bank of the Quesnel river (G.S.C., 

1875-6, 257). 

MANITOBA.— 

In pieces up to the size of a robin's egg, in gravel and sand along the 
shore of Cedar lake, near the mouth of the Saskatchewan river. 
The amber found here has been named "Chemawinite" by Dr. B. 
J. Harrington in allusion to a near-by Hudson Bay post (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 225E). 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Mineral resin has been noted in the lignites of Porcupine creek and 
Souris river (Dawson, Report of Geology and Resources of the 
Region in the vicinity of the 49th Parallel). 

YUKON.— 

Amber has been noted in association with a deposit of lignite on the 
Frances river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 103B). 

Analysis of "Chemawinite" from Cedar lake by Harrington (Am. 
Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XLII, 332-335, excluding ash 0-09). 
C H O 

80-03 10-47 9-50 -100-00 

Amblygonite. 

(Fluo-phosphate of aluminum and lithium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Amblygonite occurs in white or bluish white 
masses in pegmatite on John Reeve's farm, near Lake Ramsay, 
New Ross (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 96). 



AM. 14 

Amethyst. 

(Quartz.) 
(Silicon dioxide.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Amethysts are found amid the trap rocks of 

the island of Grand Manan (G.S.C., N.S., X, 126M). 
Restigouche County. — In the trap rocks in the vicinity of Dalhousie, 

and on the Upsalguitch river about 7 miles above the forks (G.S.C., 

1879-81, 39D). 



NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Amethysts are found in crystals in the trap of Dubawnt lake (G.S.C., 
N.S., VII, 41A). 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Amethysts are found in various places along the 

shore (G.S.C., N.S., III, 69S). 
Cumberland County. — Cape Sharp, Partridge island (G.S.C., N.S., 

III, 70S). 
Digby County.— Digby neck (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 21Q). 
Halifax County. — In a granite mass near Sixmile lake, St. Mar- 

garet Bay road (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Kings County.— Cape Blomidon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T) ; Canada creek, 

Harbourville (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Along the north shore of Lake Superior; 
Amethyst harbour on this shore is particularly celebrated for its 
fine specimens (G.S.C., N.S., III, 69S); the mouth of the Mac- 
kenzie river has also furnished good specimens (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 17T); it has also been found at Lake Nipigon and elsewhere 
in this district (G.S.C., N.S., III, 8H). 



Amphibole. 

(Composition various.) 

For occurrences of the different varieties of amphibole see actinolite, 
antholite, hornblende, nephrite, pargasite, and tremolite. 



15 AN. 

Analcite. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and sodium.) 

ALBERTA.— 

In a railway cut near Blairmore on the Crows Nest branch of the Can- 
adian Pacific railway (Can. Rec. Sci., IX, No. 5, 265-278). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Analcite has been observed by 
Daly (Geology of the North American Cordillera at the Forty- 
ninth Parallel) in the form of sharply polygonal or rounded in- 
dividuals of microscopic dimensions abundantly developed in a 
great lava mass outcropping in the ranges to the north of Midway 
and Rock Creek; in one specimen examined by Dr. Daly, the analcite 
amounted to at least 29 • 2 per cent, of the whole. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Fine specimens of analcite are met with at various points in this pro- 
vince. 

Annapolis County. — Martials cove, etc. (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., V, 283). 

Cumberland County. — McKay head above Parrsborough harbour 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 192A); Cape d'Or; Five Islands; Partridge 
island; Swan creek; Two Islands; etc. (G.S.C., N.S., V, 55AA). 

Digby County.— Digby Gut. (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 93A); Digby Neck, 
Williambrook, etc. (N.S. Inst., Nat. Sci., V, 283). 

Kings County.— Cape Blomidon and Sheffield Vault (G.S.C., 1882-84, 
27L). 

ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Analcite abounds with the native copper of 

Michipicoten island (Geol. Can., 1863, 481). 
Thunder Bay District. — In the amygdaloidal traps of the north 

shore of Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T). 

QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — In dyke cutting Trenton limestone at the 

Montreal reservoir extension (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T). 
Analysis of analcite from Montreal reservoir extension by Harrington 
(G.S.C., 1877-78, 45 G). 
SiOj A1 2 3 Fe 2 Oi CaO MgO NaiO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

53-59 23-33 tr. 0-64 tr. 14-54 8-47-100-27 2-255 



AN. 16 

Andalusite. 

(Silicate of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Andalusite occurs sparingly in the mica schists of the northern coast 
of British Columbia (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Andalusite occurs in crystals, sometimes at- 
taining a length of 4 inches and a thickness of half an inch, in 
fine, clear mica schists at Moore Mills in the parish of St. James 
(G.S.C., 1870-71, 240). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Gcizer's hill, to the west of Halifax city; Beaver 
Dam, near Sheet Harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers) : 

Queens County. — In crystalline masses in mica schists on Broad river, 
about 1J miles up from its mouth (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52M). 

Shelburne County. — Pale pink, prismatic crystals at Red head 
(G.S.C., N.S.,IX,58M); and in the neighbourhood of Port Latour 
especially at Goose Neck point (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 148M); Shel- 
burne Harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Yarmouth County. — In the schists above Yarmouth and Pubnico 
(G.S.C.,N.S.,VI, 12Q). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Andalusite occurs in small, flesh-red prisms in 
micaceous slates at Lake St. Francis (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T). 
See also Chiastolite. 



Andesite. 

(Feldspar, intermediate in composition between albite and anorthite.) 

This feldspar occurs as a constituent of certain granitic rocks in many 
parts of the Dominion. 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — This mineral is found in finely striated, cleav- 

able, lavender-blue to sapphire blue masses at Lachute (Geol. 

Can., 1863, 478). 
Montmorency County. — Andesite occurs in reddish, striated, cleav- 

able masses with hypersthene and ilmenite at Chateau Richer 

and St. Joachim (Geol. Can., 1863, 478). 



17 AN. 

Andradite. 

(Garnet.) 

(Silicate of iron and calcium.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Andradite occurs at a point 6 miles east of Crowsnest lake (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIII, 172A). 



BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Andradite is quite common as a gangue mineral in many of the copper 
ore occurrences on the coast (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Alberni Mining Division. — Andradite is found associated with 
ilvaite at the Monitor mine, Alberni canal, about 3 miles from 
Uchucklesit harbour (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 122A). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Three miles west of Grande Prairie 
(G.S.C., N.S., X, 119A). 

Ldllooet Mining Division. — Foster Bar on Fraser river (G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 16R). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — In pale, honey-yellow and brownish- 
yellow crystals embedded in chalcopyrite, and in yellowish green 
coloured masses in association with white, fibrous tremolite and 
dolomite on Texada island (Malaspina Copper mine) (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 18T); Cornell and Marble Bay mines (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Andradite is found in masses or crystals, 
black in colour, in Lutterworth, 5-V and VI (Paxton Iron mine) 
(Can. Rec. Sci., VI, 479). 
Hastings County. — This mineral is found in the nepheline syenite of 
Dungannan, where it occasionally appears in crystalline form, 
but for the most part occurs in grains (Can. Rec. Sci., VI, 480); 
good crystallized specimens were found in Tudor, 6, 7-XII (Pr. 
Com. T. L. Walker). 



QUEBEC— 

Pontiac County.— Cawood (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 16R). 



AN. 



18 



Analyses of Andradite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


SiOa 


34-52 


35-68 


36-604 
1-078 
9-771 

15-996 
3-852 
1-301 

29-306 
1-384 
0-285 


36-09 


Ti02 




AI2O3 


4-09 
25-82 
2-66 
0-94 
31-49 
0-59 
0-03 


5-88 
23-70 
3-65 
0-81 
29-64 
0-35 
0-28 


12-69 


FejOs 


12-33 


FeO 


3-30 


MnO 


0-48 


CaO 


34-46 


MgO 


0-94 


HjO 


0-04 








100-14 


99-99 


99-577 


100-33 




3-706 


3-813 


3-739 


3-690 







1. From Foster Bar by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 16R). 

2. From Lutterworth by Harrington (Can. Rec. Sci., VI, 479). 

3. From Dungannon by Harrington (loc. cit., 480). 

4. From Cawood by Wait (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 16R). 



Anglesite. 

{Sulphate of lead.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Anglesite occurs in crystals with cerussite 
and galena at the Wellington mine, 2\ miles northeast of Great 
Bear lake (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 27-28R); and with linarite in 
cavities in an ore body consisting of coarsely crystalline galena 
and chalcopyrite at the Beaver Group, Beaver mountain (Mines, 
G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 260). 



Anhydrite. 

(Sulphate of calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — near Spatsum (Pr. Com. W. F. Robert- 
son). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Anhydrite occurs in traces among the 
gypsum beds of Salmon river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 38A)'. 



19 AN. 

MANITOBA.— 

Anhydrite occurs in beds aggregating many feet in thickness in town- 
ship 32, range 8, west of the principal meridian (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 
189A) ; also in beds of gypsum at Partridge Crop lake (G.S.C., N.S., 
V, 229E). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Anhydrite is frequently met with in connexion with some of the 

gypsum deposits of this province. 
Albert County.— Hillsborough (G.S.C., N.S., X, 92M). 
Kings County. — Piccadilly mountain; Smith creek (Mines, Min. 

Br., No. 84, 92). 
Westmorland County. — Pink Rock, Cape Maringouin (Mines, Min. 

Br., No. 84, 96). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Anhydrite is met with in greater or less abundance in connexion with 

many of the gypsum beds of this province. 
Colchester County. — Clarke head, Minas basin (G.S.C., N.S., V, 

98P) ; Beaver brook, Shubenacadie river(Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 65). 
Cumberland County. — Barkus brook (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 61A). 
Hants County. — Cheverie (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 73); Hebert river 

(Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 82); Noel lake (Mines, Min. Br., No. 

84, 71); Mount Denson (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 77); Newport, 

Wentworth (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 81); Walton (Pr. Com. 

T. L. Walker); Windsor (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 78). 
Inverness County. — Mabou Harbour (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 48); 

and Plaster island (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 50). 
Pictou County. — Six miles south of Ferrona junction (Mines, Min. 

Br., No. 84, 62). 
Victoria County. — Goose cove on St. Ann bay (Mines, Min. Br., 

No. 84, 56) ; Iona or Washabuck peninsula; Lieutenant pond (Mines, 

Min. Br., No. 84, 51); Port Bevis and at other points on or near 

Great Bras a" Or lake (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 55). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Hinchinbrooke, 29, 30-1 {Smith mine) (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1900, 193); Loughborough, 7 -VIII {Foxton mine) (Can. 

Rec. Sci., VII, 61). 
Huron County. — Anhydrite occurs in connexion with the salt 

deposits at Goderich (G.S.C., 1876-77, 231). 
Lanark County. — Anhydrite is found in an apatite mine in North 

Burgess, 4-1 II; in 4-VIII (McLaren's mine), where it occurs in 

cleavable masses of light purple or lilac colour, veined with white 

gypsum (Can. Rec. Sci. IV, 475). 



AN. 20 

Animikite. 

(Composition doubtful.) 

(Antimonide of silver.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — This name from Animikie — Thunder, was 
given by Wurtz (Eng. and Min. Journ., XXVII, 55) to a problem- 
atic constituent of the complex silver ore of Silver islet, Lake Super- 
ior; it is probably related to or identical with dyscrasite. See also 
Huntilite and Macfarlanite (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 18T). 

Ankerite. 

(Carbonate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Queens County. — Ankerite occurs in veins and small masses in slaty 
conglomerate about a mile below Golding landing (G.S.C., 1872-73, 
72). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Ankerite is found on the Nastapoka islands on the east coast of Hudson 
bay, where it fills partings between beds of chert (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIII, 9 and 30 DD). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Ankerite is a characteristic mineral in much 

of the iron ore of the southern slope of the Cobequid mountains, 

Londonderry (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 18T). 
Cumberland County.— Clarke head (G.S.C., N.S., V, 101P); Mc- 

Gahey brook (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 61A). 
Guysborough County. — Ankerite is found with specularite in minute 

veins traversing sandstone in Big Meadow brook (G.S.C., N.S., 

II, 77P); and Fitzgerald lake (G.S.C., N.S., II, 57P). 
Pictou County.— Glencoe (G.S.C., N.S., V, 10P); and Ogg brook 

(G.S.C., N.S., V, 35P). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Ankerite is found with chalcopyrite in quartz 

veins at the Bruce mines (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 251A). 
Nipissing District. — This mineral is found with copper pyrites and 

iron pyrites in a quartz vein on Matthias island, Lake Timagami 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 145-1). 
Timiskaming District. — Porcupine Gold Area, Ogden (Gray claim); 

Powell; West Dome (east Foster claim) (Ont. Bur. Min., Pt. 1, 

1912, 215): Larder lake, Swastika (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 



21 



AN. 



QUEBEC- 
NEW Quebec Territory. — Ankerite is found below Shale chute on 
the Koksoak river, where it occurs in cherty limestone overlying 
jaspery magnetite (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 18R); Ungava river (G.S.C., 
N.S., VII, 99A). 

Analyses of Ankerite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


CaC0 3 .... 
FeC0 3 .... 
MnC0 3 . . . 


53-64 
23-29 

0-77 
21-48 

tr. 

0-57 


49-32 

23-11 

0-68 

26-29 

0-12 


54-96 

21-92 

1-29 

21-42 

1-05 

0-19 


53-75 

22-70 

0-80 

22-75 


54-0 

23-2 

22-0 


43-80 

23-45 

0-80 

30-80 


49-20 
20-30 

30-20 


51-61 
19-59 


46-63 
5-39 


42-76 
12-01 


MgC0 3 . . . 
Fe 2 3 


28-67 


28-77 


19-86 


Insol 




0-5 


0-10 




0-13 


11-42 






99-75 


99-52 


100-83 


100-00 


99-7 


98-95 


99-70 


100-00 


92-21 


74-63 


Sp. Gr 


2-998 





















1, 2, 3. From Londonderry by Louis (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., Vol. 
V, 1879-82, 47-50). 

4. Average of a number of analyses by Louis. 

5. From Londonderry by Dawson. 

6. and 7. From Londonderry by Jackson. 

8. From Londonderry by How (Quoted by Selwyn, G.S.C., 1872-3, 
27). 

9. From West Dome (East Foster claim) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1912, 
pt. 1, 215). 

10. From Ogden township (Gray claim) (loc. cit). 



Annabergite. 

(Hydrous arsenate of nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Annabergite occurs as a stain on quartzite 

carrying mispickel, in Limerick, 1-1. 
Sudbury District. — Annabergite has been noted in Venison, 12-1 1 1 

{Gersdorffite mine ) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 103-104H). 
Thunder Bay District. — This mineral has been noted on Silver 

islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 28H). 
Timiskaming District. — Coleman and the neighbouring townships 

where it is common amongst the nickel, cobalt silver ores (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1904, 98); it is also found at some of the mines of 

Gowganda. 



AN 22 

Anorthite. 

(Silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Yamaska County. — Anorthite forms one of the constituents of the 
diorites of Yamaska mountain (Geol. Can., 1863, 479). 

Antholite. 

(Amphibole.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Antholite is found in irregular bundles of strong 
fibres associated with altered enstatite, calcite, dolomite, etc., 
in Elzevir, 7, 8-XI (Ont. Bur. Min., 1893, 97 and 98). 
Analysis of Antholite from Elzevir by Coleman (Am. Journ. Sci., 
Ser. 3, Vol. XLVIII, 281-283). 

Si0 2 MgO H,0 

39-58 31-48 4-53 

Anthophyllite. 

(Silicate of magnesium and iron.) 
QUEBEC— 

Abitibi District. — From west side of southern end of Gull lake to 
the east of Old Gull lake (Pr. Com. J. A. Bancroft). 
See also Antholite and Gedrite. 

Anthracite. 

(See Coal.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 

Anthraxolite. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

"This name was given by Professor E. J. Chapman to the black, com- 
bustible, coal-like matter which is met with, not infrequently, in 
various formations in different parts of the Dominion. Its general 
appearance resembles anthracite, having the black, lustrous charac- 
ter of that variety of coal. It is very brittle and has a hardness 
between 2.25 and 2.50. Its specific gravity varies from 1.35 
to 1.55. Its composition is essentially carbon with from 3 to 
25 per cent of volatile matter including a small amount of moisture 
and ash content of from nothing to eleven per cent. Under 
the microscope it shows no traces of organic structure and was 
regarded by the late Dr. T. S. Hunt as having without doubt 



23 AN. 

resulted from the slow alteration of liquid bitumen in the fissures 
of the strata. This would explain the great variability in the 
volatile matter, exclusive of moisture, which is observed in speci- 
mens from different localities, the amount of alteration having in 
some instances proceeded further than in others. It never occurs 
in true beds like coal, but is found either lining fissures or filling 
veins and fissures, sometimes several inches in diameter in the 
limestone strata and even in the trap rocks which traverse these. 
Sometimes it occurs in buttons or drops forming botryoidal 
masses" (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 18T). 



BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Portland Canal Mining Division. — Anthraxolite occurs in small 
quantities in white calcite associated with white quartz on Bear 
river, Portland canal (Pr. Com. R. G. McConnell). 



ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County.— Kingston, 16, 17 -IV; 15, 16-V (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, 181 A). Anthraxolite is found at the Baby mine, Lough- 
borough, 1-X (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 281). 

Sudbury District. — In a vein 6 to 9 feet thick cutting black, 
fissile slates in Balfour, 10-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1901, 51). Fairbank, 
9-VI (G.S.C., N.S., X, 124A). 

Thunder Bay District. — Anthraxolite occurs in a cherty vein walled 
in by colourless quartz on the north side of Thunder bay (Can. 
Journ., X, 410). 



QUEBEC— 

Bagot County.— Acton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T). 

Drummond County. — Drummondville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T). 

Gaspe County. — Chatte river and elsewhere in this county (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 19T). 

Levis County.— Point Levis: St. Nicholas (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T). 

Lotbiniere County.— Lotbiniere (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T): St. Flavien 
(Geol. Can., 1863, 526). 

Mistassini District. — Anthraxolite occurs in irregular globules and 
veins within veins of quartz and calcite cutting Cambrian lime- 
stone at Lake Mistassini (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 287L). 

Montmorency County.— Island of Orleans (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T). 

New Quebec Territory. — Petitsikapau and Menihek lakes on the 
Hamilton river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 287-288L). 

Quebec County.— Quebec and Sillery (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T). 



AN. 



24 



Analyses of Anthraxolite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


c 


94-36 


94-15 


74-20 


90-10 


94-92 
0-52 
1-04 
0-31 
1-69 
1-52 
2-48 

1-865 


90-25 
4-16 
0-52 
0-66 
3-69 
0-72 










86-83 


H 












N 




















S 




















o 




















Ash 


0-00 
2-08 
3-36 
1-43 


0-00 
2-23 
3-62 


20-50 
4-00 
1-30 


4-10 
4-00 
1-80 










7-13 


HoO 










3-56 


Vol. 
Sp.gr. 


* 
1-365 


19-5 


21-0 


15-8 


24-5 


2-48 



















*Loss on drying — 0-96%. 

Note. — 1 to 4 proximate in which H s O represents that driven off up 
to 115°C and the vol. the additional matter driven off by ignition 
in a closed vessel. 
1 and 2. From Thunder Bay by Chapman (Can. Journ., Sci., X, 411). 

3. Average sample. 

4. Selected sample from Balfour, Ont., by Ellis and Lawson (Proc. 

Can. Inst., Feb. 27, 1897, p. 67.) 

5. From Balfour by Mickle (Proc. Can. Inst, April 27, 1897). 

6. From Kingston district, Ont., by Ellis and Lawson (Proc. Can. 

Inst., Feb. 27, 1897). 

7. From Mountain hill, Quebec. 

8. From Island of Orleans, Quebec. 

9 and 10. From near St. Flavien, Que., by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 526. 
11. From Lake Petitsikapau, Hamilton river, Ungava district, Que., 
by Hoffmann (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 66R). 



Antimony, Native. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Native antimony is occasionally found 
associated with tetrahedrite in the mines of this division (Can. 
Rec. Sci., VI, 494-498). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Native antimony is found, sometimes in large masses, 
associated with stibnite and kermesite in quartz veins near Lake 
George, Prince William (G.S.C., N.S., X, 30M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — With stibnite and kermesite in a quartz fissure vein 
at West Gore (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 58A). 



25 AN-AP. 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Native antimony has been found in small quan- 
tities in Madoc, 18-1 (Dufferin Iron mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 
238A). 

QUEBEC- 
WOLFE County. — In veins of argillite in Ham, 56-1 (Geol. Can., 1863, 

876). 
Analysis of antimony from Madoc by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 
N.S., XIII, 13R). 

Sb As Fe 

99-89 0-02 tr.— 99-91 

Apatite. 

(Fluo-phosphate of calcium.) 

Fluor apatite is of common occurrence in portions of the Grenville series 
of some of the central counties of Ontario and of Ottawa and adjoining coun- 
ties in the province of Quebec. The largest deposits are in the form of ir- 
regular veins or in basic intrusives cutting the older gneisses: it is also found, 
but usually in small scattered crystals, in pegmatite dykes cutting the same 
rocks. There is voluminous literature on the subject and for a full elu- 
cidation of it the reader is referred to the various Annual Reports of the Cana- 
dian Geological Survey and also the Mineral Resources Bulletin, No. 881 of the 
same Survey, from which concise information may be had; also to some of the 
Reports of the Ontario Bureau of Mines. 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island.— Frobisher bay (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 27M). 

Roe river, which flows into Coronation gulf (G.S.C., N.S., II, 31R) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — The variety called "Asparagus stone" is 
mentioned by Jackson and Alger as occurring on Partridge island 
(Mem. Amer. Acad. IX, Aug. 1831). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Cobden, east of Davis lock (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 
164A). 

Carleton County. — Huntley township (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Frontenac County.— Bedford, 4-1 1; 6-1 V; 7, 32, 33, 34-VII; 28- 
VIII; 3-XII; 4, 6-XIII; 1-X VII: Hinchinbrooke, 29, 30-1 (G.S.C., 
M.R.C.,881,30): Loughborough, 2-VII (G.S.C., N.S.,XIV, 182A); 
11, 12, 14, 16-V1II; 4, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17 -IX; 7,8,10, 13, 19, 
24-X; 8, 9, 10, 15-XI; 19, 22, 24-XII; 24, 25-XIII: Oso, 6-1; 1, 
2-V; 14-VI; 4-VIII: Storrington, 8, 23-XV (G.S.C., M.R.C., 881, 
30). 

3 



AP. 26 

Haliburton County.— Cardiff, 22-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52 A); 
8-XII (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 199); 8-XVI; 22-XIX (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 
199); 7-XXII (G.S.C., Mem. 6, SS): Dudley, 4-1 1 1 (G.S.C., N.S., 
IX, 524): Dysart, 28-1 (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 199); 11-V (G.S.C., 
N.S., IX, 52A): Harcourt, 21-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52A): Mon- 
mouth, 3-X (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 200); 12-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52A); 
13-XI; 14, 15, 17-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52A). 

Hastings County. — Faraday, 5 miles south of Bancroft (G.S.C., 
N.S., IX, 52A): Monteagle, 26- VI (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 52A). 

Lanark County.— Bathurst, 10-VIII (G.S.C., 1873-74, 199); 20- IX 
(G.S.C., 1882-84, 15L); 8-IX (G.S.C., 1873-74, 199): North Burgess, 
15, 16-111 (G.S.C., 1871-72, 124); 11-IV (G.S.C., 1871-72, 124); 
4, 7, 8, 9, 10-V (Geol. Can., 1863, 761); 16, 18, 19-V (G.S.C., 1871- 
72, 124); 20, 21-V (G.S.C., M.R.C., 881, 29); 10, W\13, E\13, 
14, 15, 16, 18, 19-V I (G.S.C., 1870-71, 124); 5, 6-VII (G.S.C., 
1882-84, 7 L); 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-VII I (G.S.C., 1873-74, 110-128); 
5- IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 7 L): North Elmsley, 30-VI; 24, 25, 26, 
27 -VIII (G.S.C., M.R.C., 881, 29): South Sherbrooke, 11-V 1 1 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV.-71J). 

Leeds County.— South Crosby, 12-VI (G.S.C., 1871-2, 124); 15-VII 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 182A): North Crosby, 19-11; 20-1 1 1; 29-IX; 
21-X (G.S.C., M.R.C., 881, 30). 

Peterborough County.— A nstruther,39-XVII (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 199). 

Renfrew County.— Sebastopol, 32-VII (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); 
31-X and XI; 32-XII; also on island in Lake Clear (G.S.C. 
1882-84, 6, 7L): Ross, 7-1; 13-VI; 7 -IX (G.S.C, 1882-84, 5, 6, 
8L). 

QUEBEC— 

Berthier County.— Milieu river (G.S.C, N.S., XI, 30J). 

Joliette County.— Cartier, 33-1 (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 149J). 

Ottawa County.— Bowman, 1, 2, 3, 4-IV (G.S.C, M.R.C, 881, 16) 
Buckingham, 26-XI; 17, 18, 19, 26-XII (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 108 
and 109K): Hull, 18, 19-V II; 15, 17 -X; 9, 14-XI; 9, 10, 14-XII 
1-XIII; 10, S\10-XIV; 12-XV; 13, 16-XVI (G.S.C, M.R.C 
881, 26, 27): Portland, 9-VIII (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 108K): Temple 
ton, S\3, and 4, N% 4, 5, and 6, S% 7 -VII; 16-IX; 7, E\9, W\9 
S\10-X; 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11-XI; S\2, 8-XII; 6, 7-XIII (G.S.C 
M.R.C, 881, 25); 22-XIII: Villeneuve, 31-1 (Mines, Min. Br., 
118, 197): Wakefield, 12, 17-1; 17, 18-11; 22, 23, 24-V; 30-IX 
(G.S.C, M.R.C, 881, 26). 

Pontiac County. — Litchfield — CalumetFalls; Calumet — west end of 
Calumet island (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 20T). 



27 



AP. 



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AP-AR. 28 

Aphrodite. 

{Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Yellowish-white aphrodite has been found 
filling fissures in pyrallolite in Grenville township (Geol. Can., 1863, 
473). 

Analysis by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 473). 

Si0 2 MgO (diff.) FeO Loss (ign.) 

46-66 3805 1-33 13-96 —100-00 

Apophyllite. 

{Hydrous silicate of potassium and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — In fine specimens of a beautiful 
pink colour at the LeRoi, Centre Star, and other mines in the Ross- 
land area (Pr. Com. R. W. Brock). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Apophyllite occurs in green and white crystals in various parts of the 

province. 
Annapolis County. — Chute Cove; Hampton; Margaretville (G.S.C., 

1882-84, 24, 25L); Port George (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Cumberland County. — Bennett brook (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); 

Cape d'Or (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 20T); Isle Haute (Pr. Com. H. Piers); 

Swan creek, Two Islands (G.S.C., 1882-84, 28L). 
Kings County. — Blomidon, Scott Bay, and the Race near Hall harbour 

(G.S.C., 1882-84, 26-27L). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — In foliated masses or plates, often of a 
red colour, in association with calcite at the Prince Location, 
Spar island, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 20T). 

Aragonite. 

{Carbonate of calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nelson Mining Division. — A large body of aragonite occurs about 
a mile north of South fork of Salmon river, on south slope of Stag- 
horn mountain (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson, and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Aragonite has been observed filling 
amygdaloidal cavities in dark, greenish-grey basalt on Horsefly 
river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13R). 



29 AR. 

Slocan Mining Division. — Aragonite is found lining a large vug or 

cavity over No. 3 level, Standard mine (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson 

and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Trout Lake Mining Division. — In translucent, radiating concentric 

masses up to a foot in thickness in the lime rocks of Gainer creek 

(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 51AA). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — In acicular crystals lining fissures or cavities in 
ankerite or implanted upon barite or calcite at Londonderry 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 21T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Aragonite has been observed in the traps of 

Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 2 IT). 
Timiskaming District. — Coleman township, at the O'Brien mine 
and other mines in the Cobalt area. 

QUEBEC- 
BE auce County. — Aragonite has been observed in the form of stal- 
actites and fibrous masses in a calcareous rock in the township 
of Tring (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 21T). 
Jacques Cartier County. — This mineral also occurs in limestone at 
Lachine (Geol. Can., 1863, 456). 

Argentite. 

(Sulphide of silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Skyline mine (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 

34A). 
Greenwood Mining Division. — With gold and silver at the Jewel 

and other mines (G.S.C.N.S., XV, 127A). 
Nelson Mining Division. — The Silver King mine, Toad mountain 

(G.S.C., N.S., IX, 27A). 
Slocan City Mining Division. — Argentite is found at the Hampton 

mine on Springer creek and the Crusader mine on Lemon creek 

(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Slocan Mining Division.— West of Kaslo (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 77A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Argentite has been noted at a number of 
silver mines in this district (Gillies Porcupine mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 20T); (Badger mine) (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); Jarvis 
island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 20T); Lybster (Silver Mountain mine) 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 194); McKellar island; O'Connor (Beaver 
mine); Paipoonge (Rabbit Mountain mine); Silver Islet; Spar 
island (Prince Location), etc. (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 20T). 



AR. 30 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman, argentite has been observed in the 
sil /er-nickel-cobalt mines in the Cobalt area (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 
201 A); Haultain, Miller, and other townships in the Gowganda 
area; James and other townships near Elk lake, in small quantities 
in calcite veins; in Langmuir township, along with native silver 
in barite veins (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

Analysis of argentite from Thunder Bay by Chapman (Min. and 
Geol., p. 67). 

S Ag Cu Sp. Gr. 

13-37 86-44 tr. — 99-81 7-31 

Argyropyrite. 

{Sulphide of silver and iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman, in small quantities at Foster mine 
(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 96). 

Arquerite. 

(Amalgam.) 

(Alloy of silver and mercury.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Omineca Mining Division. — In grains and small nuggets in gold 
washings in Vital and Silver creeks. Much of the so-called nati/e 
silver, which has been found in connexion with the gold washings 
of many of the streams of the province is probably referable to 
this species (G.S.C., N.S., III, 42R). 

YUKON.— 

Kluane River. — Small quantities of arquerite have been found on 

Burwash creek (G.S.C., Sec. Chem. Min., 1906, 11). 
Analysis of arquerite from Omineca by Riotte and Leckhardt (Dawson, 
G.S.C., N.S., VI, 26R). 

Ag Hg Pb Cu Au Pt Fe 

83-30 11-00 0-40 0-20 tr. tr. tr. 

Arsenic, Native. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — Native arsenic has been found at Port 

Alberni. 
Clinton Mining Division. — Native arsenic occurs in veins on Watson 

Bar creek, about 7 miles from its junction with the Fraser river 

(G.S.C., N.S., II, 9T). 



31 AR. 

Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Alden island, Queen Charlotte 

islands (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Slocan Mining Division. — In nodules with arsenopyrite, pyrrhotite, 

etc. on Eightmile creek (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 14R). 
Victoria Mining Division, — Occurs in small veins on Koksilah river, 

Shawnigan district (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Crystalline native arsenic has been noted at 

the Long Lake Gold mine, township 69. 
Thunder Bay District. — Edward island, Lake Superior (Can. Rec. 

ScL, IV, 472). 

QUEBEC- 
JACQUES Cartier County. — Native arsenic is found in the nepheline 

syenite of Outremont (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 23-0). 
Analysis of native arsenic from Outremont by Evans (Am. Journ. 
Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. XIV, p. 397 and vol. XV, p. 92). 

As Sb S Insol. Sp. Gr. 

98-14 1-65 0-16 0-15 — 100-10 5-73-5-75 

Arsenolite. 

{Arsenic trioxide.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Arsenolite has been noted as an incrusta- 
tion on the native arsenic of Watson Bar creek (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 
30R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Arsenolite occurs as an incrustation on arseno- 
pyrite in Marmora and other townships in this county (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 195). 

Sudbury District. — Arsenolite has been noted in thick incrustations 
on a specimen from Street township. 

Timiskaming District. — Arsenolite has been noted in the silver- 
bearing veins of the Cobalt area (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 30R). 

Arsenopyrite. 

(Sulph-arsenide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Barrett creek (G.S.C., N.S., X, 61S). 
Trout Lake Mining Division. — In a iriferous diabase schists at 
the Poplar Creek mines (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 89A). 



AR. 32 

Osoyoos Mining Division. — Arsenopyrite is common in both the 
metamorphic sediments and in the igneous intrusives of Hedley 
Camp (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 28-31). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Eightmile Camp (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 
26A). 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Arsenopyrite is common in the 
mines of the Rossland area; the variety danaite is found on 
Monte Christo mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 26A). 

Yale Mining Division.— Near Hope (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 338A). 

MANITOBA.— 

Arsenopyrite occurs in small quantities associated with geld at the 
Penniac claim, Star lake (Pr. Com. R. C. Wallace); also at Pipe- 
stone lake on the Nelson River, Grass River region (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIII, 16 FF). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Arsenopyrite is commonly found in the quartz veins of the goldbearing 

series of this province. 
Cumberland County. — Near Farmington (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Halifax County.— Montagu (G.S.C., N.S., 1870-71, 279); Waverley 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Hants County. — Mount Uniacke (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Queens County. — Caledonia. 

ONTARIO.— 

Addington County. — The variety danaite occurs in Effingham, 
14-XII: ordinary arsenopyrite in Anglesea, 7-V (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1902, 105). 

Algoma District. — Danaite occurs in Graham, 6-III (G.S.C., N.S., 
V, 19R). 

Frontenac County. — Clarendon {Cook mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 
105). 

Hastings County.— Modoc, 14, 15-X (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 102); 
Marmora, 23-V, 18-VI; 4, 5-VIII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 105); 
6-VIII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 102); 5-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1902, 105); 8, 10, 18- IX; 9-X, 10, 11, 12-X (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1902, 103, 104); 17 -XI (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 102); Elzevir, 
1, 2-1 1 1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 105); in the James and Clapp 
properties in IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 102); Rawdon (Emily 
mine); Tudor (Golding mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 105); Wol- 
laston, 16-XIV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1902, 104). 

Lanark County. — Lavant, the Joe Lake mine in IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1902, 105). 

Lennox County. — Arsenopyrite occurs in Kaladar, 2, 3-V (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1902, 105). 



33 



AR. 



Sudbury District. — Good, crystallized specimens from Wanapitei 
lake (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

TraisKAMiNG District. — In Bristol township in a quartz vein with 
pyrite and some native gold: in small quantities at the Buffalo 
mine (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller): associated with other ores at 
Cobalt — Townsite mine, etc. (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams); near 
Timagami at Arsenic lake, along with copper pyrites (Pr. Com. 
W. G. Miller). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Arsenopyrite occurs with argentiferous galena in a 

quartz vein on the River Chaudiere, St. Francis (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 21T). 
Pontiac County. — Danaiteis found with pyrrhotitein Calumet, 12- IX 

(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 19-20R). 
Sherbrooke County. — Arsenopyrite occurs in a quartz vein carrying 

galena at Moulton hill (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 21T): Ascot, 4-VIII 

(Pi. Com. T.L.Walker). 

YUKON.— 

Stewart River. — In a quartz ledge between Twentypup and Fortypup 
streams, Dublin gulch; Haggart creek (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 38, 39A). 



Analyses of Arsenopyrite. 





1 


la 


2 


2a 


As 


46-41 

19-21 

28-91 

297 


47-60 

19-70 

29-65 

3-05 


40-16 
17-92 
31-69 
3-89 
0-88 
0-57 
tr. 
4-77 


42-22 


S 


18-84 


Fe 


33-32 


Co 


4-09 


Ni 


0-93 


Sb 






0-60 


Au 






tr. 


Insol 


3-86 












101-36 


100-00 


99-88 


100-00 


Sp. Gr 


6-166 




5-988 





1. Danaite from the Evening Star mine, Monte Christo mountain, by 
Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., Vol. VIII, 13R). 

la. Centesimal composition of the mineral after deducting the siliceous 
impurities. 

2. Danaite from Graham, 6-III, by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 
N.S., Vol. V, 19R). 

2a. Centesimal composition of the mineral after deducting the siliceous 
impurities. 



AS -A U. 34 

Asbestos. 

(See Actinolite, Chrysotile, and Tremolite.) 

Asbolite. 

{Mixed oxides of manganese and cobalt.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Asbolite has been found associated with the 
silver ores of Coleman, and the neighbouring townships (G.S.C. 
N.S., XIV, 158H). 

Asparagus Stone. 

(See Apatite.) 
(Fluo-phosphate of calcium.) 

Asphaltum. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

ALBERTA AND NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Extensive beds of what are known as tar sands occur over a wide area 
of country along the Athabaska river and about Great Slave lake 
(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 47T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — Asphaltum has been observed in calcite near 
Grand Anse, Pleasant bay (G.S.C, 1882-84, 93H). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lambton County. — Asphaltum occurs in small quantities in the so- 
called "gum" beds of Oil creek and Petrolia, Enniskillen (G.S.C, 
N.S., IV, 21T). 

QUEBEC— 

Gaspe County. — In small quantities in the township of York (G.S.C, 
N.S., IX, 112A). 

Augite. 

(Pyroxene.) 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and aluminun.) 

This mineral is common in many of the basic, igneous rocks, such as 
diabases, gabbros, and the like. 



35 AU-AW. 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Mississippi (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Rainy River District. — South shore of North-West bay, Rainy lake 

(G.S.C., N.S., III, 160F). 
Renfrew County.— Sebastopol, 30-X (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC— 

Chambly County. — Augite occurs in the dolerites of Montarville 

mountains (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 
Gaspe County. — Ste. Anne des Monts (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Hochelaga County. — In the dolerites of Montreal (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 22T). 
Ottawa County.— Hull, 14-XI; 10-XII: Portland West, 21-11: 

Templeton (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Rouville County.— Rougemont (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 
Sherbrooke County.— Orford, 6-XII (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

YUKON.— 

Augite occurs with iron ore in a pyroxenite on the Dezadeash river, 
St. Elias mountain (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 7, 8A). 

Analysis of augite from Montreal by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 468). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 CaO MgO (NaK) 2 Vol. 
49-40 6-70 7-83 21-88 13-06 0-74 0-50—100-11 



Awaruite. 

(An alloy of nickel and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Lillooet Mining Division. — The name "Souesite" was given by 
Hoffmann to a nickel-iron alloy found associated with platinum, 
iridosmine, gold, magnetite, quartz, and garnet in the river gravels 
about 2 miles below Lillooet on the Fraser river (G.S.C., Sec. 
Chem. Min. 1906,9-11). 

YUKON.— 

Pelly River. — Awaruite has been observed in the concentrates from 
alluvial gold washings of Hoole canyon (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. 
Rep., 1910, 257). 



AW -AX. 



36 

Analyses of Awaruite. 





1 


la 


2 


2a 


Ni 


75-50 
22-02 


76-48 
22-30 


74-34 
21-35 
1-34 
0-48 
0-08 
0-03 
1-72 


76-16 


Fe 


21-87 


Co 


1-37 


Cu 


1-20 


1-22 


0-49 


p 


0-08 


s 






0-03 


Insol. . 


116 












99-88 


100-00 


99-34 


100-00 


Sp. Gr. . 


8-215 




7-746 











1. Souesite from Lillooet by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., Sec. Chem. and 
Min., 1906, p. 11). 

la. Centesimal composition of the pure mineral after deducting insoluble 
matter. 

2. From Hoole canyon by Johnston (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 
258). 

2a. Centesimal composition of the mineral after deducting insoluble 
matter. 

Axinite. 

{B or o- silicate of aluminum, iron, manganese, and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Osoyoos Mining Division. — Axinite is found in fine, hair-brown 
crystals and crystalline masses at the contact between monzonite 
and sedimentary rocks on the western slope of Nickel Plate mountain 
(Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 168). 

ONTARIO.— 

Prescott County. — It is stated on the authority of Dr. Bigsby to 
have been found in fine crystals lining a cavity in a primitive 
boulder found at Hawkesbury (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 



QUEBEC- 
NEW Quebec Territory. — Axinite has been found as an associate 
of epidote embedded in calcite and quartz about 1£ miles south 
of the mouth of Little Whale river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T); Mani- 
tounuck sound) G.S.C., N.S., XII, 193A). 



37 AX-BA. 

Timiskaming District. — In grey, crystalline aggregates and scattered 

crystals in a quartz-calcite veinstone traversing diabase in Fabre, 

7 -VI N. 

Analysis of axinite from Nickel Plate mountain by Johnston (Mines, 

G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 259). 

Si0 2 B 2 0, A1 2 8 Fe 2 0, FeO MnO ZnO CaO MgO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

42-18 5-22 18-12 0-98 7-20 3-89 0-09 19-91 1-43 0-35—99-37 3-296 



Azurite. 

(Basic carbonate of copper.) 

Very few characteristic specimens of this mineral have so far been 
found in Canada. It occurs occasionally in druses amongst 
copper ores or copper-bearing rocks, but more often as a stain, 
coating, or incrustation upon these same materials. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Kaslo river (G.S.C, N.S., VI, 77A). 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — Near Steele. 

Greenwood Mining Division. — King Solomon mine (G.S.C., N.S., 

XIII, 20R). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Azurite is found with copper ore in the 

Eureka mine (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Westmorland County. — International Copper Company's property 
near Dorchester (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 284A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Batchewanung bay and the Prince Location 
on Spar island, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 

QUEBEC— 

Bagot County. — Upton (Prince of Wales mine) (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 

Lotbiniere County. — In druses in calcite carrying copper sulphides 

at the Black River mine, St. Flavien (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 



Babingtonite. 

(Silicate of calcium, iron, and manganese.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — According to Mr. M. E. Wilson, babingtonite forms 
one of the principal constituents of a rock in Buckingham, 6- IV. 



BA. 38 

Baddeckite. 

(Muscovite.) 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, etc.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Victoria County. — Baddeckite occurs in fine, copper-red scales, 
scaly aggregates, and scaly layers distributed through plastic clay, 
which occurs about half a mile from the town of Baddeck (G.S.C., 
N.S., IX, 11R). 
Analysis by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., IX, 11R). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 H 2 Sp. Gr. 

48-96 13-85 25-82 1-17 2-65 3-47 0-22 3-78 99-92 3-252 



Barite. 

(Sulphate of barium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Barite occurs associated with galena 
in a bedded rock at Adams lake (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 21A). 

Quesnel Mining Division. — This mineral occurs in lignite on Horse- 
fly river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 99A). 

Slocan City Mining Division. — Barite is found at the Ottawa mine 
and at Calumet, Hekla, and Myrtle claims (Pr. Com. W. F. Robert- 
son and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Robin mining claim near Standard river 
(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Vancouver Island. — Barite occurs in a vein to the north of Cowichan 
lake; and is the gangue mineral in the Mount Sicker Copper mine 
(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Victoria Mining Division. — Barite is found at the Tyee mine, Mt. 
Sicker (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

MANITOBA.— 

Lake Winnipeg. — In veins in serpentine on Pipestone island (G.S.C., 
N.S., XI, 54G). 

NEW BRUNSWICK- 
CHARLOTTE County. — In small veins about the northern head of the 

island of Grand Manan (G.S.C., N.S., X, 125M). 
Westmorland County. — In connexion with rubbly shales at Gould- 

ville about 1? miles east of Memramcook (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

125M). 



39 BA. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — In white to pink or flesh coloured, tabular 
crystals in the ankerite veins of Londonderry mines (N.S. Inst. 
Nat. Sci., Vol. V, 47-57): in handsome, crystalline masses and 
in irregular veins in the slates exposed along the banks of the 
Bass and East rivers (G.S.C., N.S., V, 192P): 2 miles west of 
Middle Stewiacke (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Cumberland County. — In crystalline aggregations in conglomerate 
of Atkinson (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 166AA); small vein on south 
branch of Black brook, near Springhill (Pr. Com. H. Piers): fine 
specimens have been found at Five Islands (G.S.C., N.S., V, 
192P). Two islands (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Hants County.— Pembroke, Walton (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 66AA). 

Inverness County. — East side of Ainslie lake (G.S.C., N.S., X, 
135S); near Cap Rouge; Judique (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Pictou County.— Bridgeville (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 121A); Hodson, 
5 miles east of River John (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Richmond County. — Loch Lomond (G.S.C., MR. C, 935, 14); L'Ar- 
cheveque (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Carleton County. — In March, 21- IV: in coarse crystalline and mas- 
sive forms in Trenton limestone in Huntley, 27 -VII (G.S.C., 
N.S., XII, 19R). 

Frontenac County. — Dog lake, Storrington (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
76-77-1); and in fissured veins with anthraxolite in Kingston, 
16, 17-1 V; 15, 16-V (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 181A). 

Hastings County.— Madoc, 15-VI (G.S.C., N.S., X, 136S). 

Lanark County.— North Burgess, 2-VIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 283) 
4-IX; Lavant, 22-1 (G.S.C., N.S., 136S); Ramsay, IV (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1900, 195); Pakenham, 3-XI (G.S.C., N.S., II, 59A). 

Leeds County.— Bastard, 24-X (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 138A). 

Nipissing District. — In red crystals on Iron island, Lake Nipissing 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 23T). 

Peterborough County. — In Dummer and Galway (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 22T). 

Thunder Bay District. — Barite is abundant in many of the veins 
in the township of Neebing; also constitutes large veins on Jarvis, 
McKellar, and Pic islands, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22- 
23T). 

Timiskaming District. — Elk lake (Eng. and Min. Journ., Sept. 30, 
1911, 647); barite occurs in considerable quantity in veins on 
mining claim R.S.C., 216, Langmuir township (Pr. Com. W. G. 
Miller): Porcupine mountain. 

Victoria County. — Barite has been noted in small quantities in 
Somerville township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22T). 



BA.-BE. 40 

QUEBEC— 

Bonaventure County. — Port Daniel and along the streams flowing 
into Gaspe basin (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 115K). 

Ottawa County. — Barite occurs in a vein 6 to 14 inches in width 
in Buckingham, 21- 1 V (G.S.C., N.S., X, 135S);with purple fluorite 
in irregular veins 1 to 2 inches in width in Hull, 7-X, 3-XI 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 135J); 4-XII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 43G); 
Templeton, 11-VI, 28-VI (G.S.C., 1873-74, 220). 

Barnhardite. 

(A very pale bornite.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Omineca Mining Division. — Barnhardite is found with chalcopyrite 
at Rocher-de-Boule mine (Pr. Com. E. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Barytocelestite. 

{Sulphate of barium and strontium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — A very considerable deposit of this mineral 
occurs in Loughborough, 5-XII (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 
97). 

Berthierite. 

(Sulphantimonite of iron.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — The Antimony mine at Lake George, Prince William 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 23T). 

Beryl. 

(Silicate of aluminum and beryllium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Cariboo Mining Division. — At the Ttte Jaune Cache mica deposits 
(G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 124A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Beryl is reported to have been found at Lake 
Ramsay (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — A small crystal of beryl was found in Modoc, 

1-IV. 
Nipissing District. — Calvin, 13-IV, where it occurs in coarse crystals 

of a yellow colour, many with pyramidal edges rounded to such an 

extent that they present conical terminations (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 

14, 15R). 



41 BE-BI. 

Rainy River District.— Rainy lake (G.S.C., N.S., III, 66S). 
Renfrew County. — Large crystals of beryl have been found associated 

with bismuthinite in a coarse granite vein in Lyndoch, 23-XV 

(G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 14R). 

QUEBEC— 

Berthier County. — Brassard township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 23T); 
De Maisonneuve (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 70AA). 

Chicoutimi County. — Jonquiere (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 23T). 

Timiskaming District. — Preissac township, Height of Land mine, 
Kewagama river (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 1911, 189); St. Maurice 
Syndicate mine (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis); also at the southern end 
of Long lake, south of Lake Kienawisik (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 



Biotite. 

(Silicate of aluminum, iron, magnesium, potassium, etc.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Biotite is commonly found in the syenites and also in some of the 

crystalline limestones of this province. 
Haliburton County.— Cardiff (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 192A) and Har- 

court (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 207). 
Hastings County.— Herschell (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 107A); and Dungan- 

non (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118A). 
Peterborough County. — Anstruther (G.S.C., N.S., Mem. 6, 207). 
Renfrew County.— Sebastopol, 32-XII (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker): 

Ross, 13-VI (G.S.C., N.S., 1882-84, 6L). 



Bismite. 

(Bismuth trioxide.) 

ONTARIO:— 

Renfrew County. — Bismite has been noted as an alteration product 
of bismuthinite in Lyndoch, 23-XV (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 14R). 



Bismuth. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — Native bismuth has been reported as occurring 
in water- worn nuggets from the size of a wheat grain to that of a 
pigeon's egg, at Wagamatcook (How, Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, 
p. 63). 



BI. 42 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Native bismuth was discovered by Professor 
Chapman in pieces of rolled quartz near Echo lake (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 23T): bismuth occurs in quartz veins in Otter, SE. J of 
S. i of 1-IV (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

Hastings County. — Small quantities of native bismuth have been 
noted in association with bismuthinite in a quartzose veinstone 
in Tudor, 34-111 (G.S.C., 1866-69, 171). 

Thunder Bay District.— Pierre Plat (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman township, some of the mines in the 
Cobalt area, notably the Foster, the Nipissing, the O'Brien mines 
(G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 97) and the Provincial have yielded fine 
specimens of native bismuth: at Elk lake and Gowganda it occurs 
in some silver-bearing calcite veins (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

QUEBEC— 

Timiskaming County. — Height of Land mine (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. 
Rep., 1910, 207); St. Maurice Mining Syndicate (Pr. Com. T. C. 
Denis). 

YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Native bismuth has been found 

with native gold, scheelite, etc., in the gold washings of Highet 

creek (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 38A). 
Analysis of native bismuth from Cobalt by Burrows (Miller, Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1905, pt. 2, 22). 



99-60 



Bismuthinite. 

(Sulphide of bismuth.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — In association with magnetite, chal- 
copyrite, pyrite, and other minerals at the Bluebell mine, Summit 
Camp, Kettle river (G. S.C., N.S., XV, 106A). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — In slender prisms in quartz near the 
head of Little Shuswap lake (G.S.C., N.S., III, 161R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — In Clarendon, -JJ- southwest range; Miller, 

in a lot north of Buckshot lake (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 75 J). 
Hastings County.— Tudor, 34-111 (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 119A); 

34-IV (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118A). 



Bi 


Co 


Ni 


Fe 


Ag 


As 


Sb 


99-20 


dist. tr. 


tr. 


0-40 


tr. 


tr. 


none 



43 BI.-BL. 

Rainy River District. — The Mikado mine, south shore of Bag bay, 

Shoal lake (Ont. Bur. Min., 1911, 164). 
Renfrew County. — In lamellar masses with beryl in a coarse granite 

vein in Lyndoch, 23-V (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 14R). 
Timiskaming District. — Bismuthinite occurs in small quantities 

in a quartz-ankerite deposit in Deloro township (Pr. Com. W. G. 

Miller); also in East Shiningtree. 

QUEBEC— 

Chicoutimi County. — Jonquiere, in foliated masses in a gangue of 
perthite, quartz, and muscovite along with tourmaline and spes- 
sartite on lot 21 of the north range of the road leading to Kaskouia 
(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 19R). 

Timiskaming County. — Preissac township. — Associated with molyb- 
denite; abundant both on Indian peninsula in Kewagama lake 
and on property of the Height of Land Mining Company, Kewagama 
river (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams); and the St. Maurice Mining Syn- 
dicate (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 

Analysis of bismuthinite from Jonquiere by Johnston (Hoffmann, 
G.S.C., N.S., VI, 19, 20R). 

S Bi Pb Cu Fe Sp. Gr. 

18-46 79-28 1-68 0-48 0-74 -100-64 6-781 

Bismutite. 

(Hydrous carbonate of bismuth.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Bismutite has been observed with other bismuth 

minerals in Tudor, 34-111 (G.S.C., 1866-69, 171); 34-IV. 
Renfrew County. — In Lyndoch, 23-XV. 

Bituminous Coal. 

(See Coal.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 

Blueite. 

(Sulphide of iron and nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — This name has been applied by Dr. S. H. Em- 
mens (Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. XIV, No. 7) 
to one of the several nickeliferous iron sulphides found in this 
district. It is now regarded as a nickeliferous variety of marcasite. 
The principal localities are Denison, 12-111; Drury, 1, 2-11 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 97H). See also folgerite and whartonite. 



BO. 44 

Bog Iron Ore. 

(Limonite.) 

(Hydrated oxide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Mount Lehman (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

112A); Campbell river (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 122A). 
Quatsino Mining Division. — Quatsino sound (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

MANITOBA.— 

Brandon hills (G.S.C, 1882-84, 17 MM). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Kent County. — Kouchibouguac river, west side of Buctouche harbour; 

Richibucto head (G.S.C, N.S., V, 51 AA); and Liverpool (G.S.C, 

N.S., X, 18M). 
Kings County.— Sussex vale and Bull Moose hill (G.S.C, N.S., X, 

18 M). 
Northumberland County.— Rogerville (G.S.C, N.S., XII, 194A). 
Queens County.— Chipman (G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 168A). 
Sunbury County. — Burton and Maugerville (G.S.C, N.S., X, 18M). 
York County. — Beaver Dam Settlement and Queensbury (G.S.C, 

N.S., X, 18M). 
Bog iron ore is also found at other points in the neighbourhood of 

the localities mentioned. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Bog iron ore occurs in many localities in this province; some of the most 

important are: — 
Annapolis County. — Wilmot. 

Colchester County.— Brookfield (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 49A). 
Cumberland County.— Wentworth Centre (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 167AA). 
Halifax County. — Black brook; Newcomb Corner (G.S.C, N.S., 

XV, 185AA); Preston Road, near Dartmouth (Pr. Com. H. Piers); 

Ship Harbour Road (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 185AA). 
Kings County.— South of Coldbrook Station (G.S.C, N.S., XIV, 

213A). 
Pictou County.— Bridgeville, Springville (G.S.C, N.S., C, 175P); 

East river, French river (G.S.C, N.S., III, 38A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Carleton County.— Marlborough (G.S.C, N.S., XI, 163A); Fitzroy 

(Geol. Can., 1863, 683); March (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 24K). 
Hastings County.— Thurlow, 16-IX (G.S.C, 1878-79, 15H). 
Kent County.— Camden (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 24T). 



45 BO. 

Lanark County. — Dalhousie, 19-VII. 
Leeds County.— Bastard, 21-VII (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 138A). 
Manitoulin District. — Michipicoten (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 
Norfolk County. — Charlotteville, Middleton, and Windham (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 24T). 
Stormont County.— Roxborough, 2-VI (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 74A). 

QUEBEC— 

Bog iron ore is widely distributed throughout this province; some 

of the more important localities are as follows: — 
Arthabaska County.— Stanfold, 18, 19-VII I (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 

268A). 
Bellechasse County.— St. Valier (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25K). 
Brome County.— Potton, 28-IX (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 34A). 
Champlain County. — Lac Tortue (G.S.C., N.S., 47AA) and along 

the Batiscan river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 23K). 
Drummond County. — Drummondville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26K). 
Kamouraska County. — St. Paschal and Riviere aux Vaches (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 26K). 
Meg antic County.— Inverness, 22-XI (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 268A). 
Nicolet County.— Gentilly (G.S.C., N.S., V, 48AA). 
Ottawa County. — Small deposits in Eardley, Hull, 14-XVII and 

Templeton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24K). 
Portneuf County.— Portneuf and St. Basil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25K). 
St. Maurice County. — Extensive deposits occur north of Three 

Rivers (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24T). 
Terrebonne County.— Ste. Anne des Plaines (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25K). 
Vaudreuil County. — Petit Cote and Cote St. Charles (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 27K). 

Bog^Manganese. 

(Wad.) 

{Hydrated oxide of manganese, usually impure.) 

NEW BRUNSWICK. 

Albert County. — The most extensive beds of bog manganese so far 

observed in the province of New Brunswick occur near Dawson 

Settlement and on Meldona (G.S.C., N.S., V, 51AA) and Sawmill 

creeks (G.S.C., N.S., X, 57M). 
Carleton County. — In small quantities near Woodstock (G.S.C., 

N.S., X, 57M). 
Charlotte County.— Lyndfield (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120M); and Moore 

Mills (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120M). 
Kent County.— Richibucto (G.S.C., N.S., X, 57M). 
Kings County.— Bull Moose hills (G.S.C., N.S., X, 57M). 
York County.— Queensbury (G.S.C., N.S., X, 57M). 



BO. 46 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Bog manganese is of common occurrence at many points in Nova Scotia 
Amongst the localities where it is found are the following: — 

Antigonish County. — Pomquet river and Afton (G.S.C., N.S., II, 
118P). 

Cape Breton County. — South side of Grand Mira (Pr. Com. H. 
Piers). 

Colchester County. — Londonderry (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T). 

Cumberland County. — Parrsboro (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T); River 
Hebert; near Westchester (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Halifax County. — Watt section of Sheet Harbour and in small scat- 
tered deposits throughout this county (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Pictou County.— Middle river, Bridgeville (G.S.C., N.S., V, 183P); 
Piedmont (G.S.C., N.S., II, 118P). 

QUEBEC— 

So far as is known the deposits of this mineral in this province are of 

very limited extent and are of small value. 
Beauce County. — Aubert-Gallion; Tring and Ste. Marie (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 64T). 
Brome County.— Bolton, 20-XII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 113K). 
Quebec County. — On the St. Louis road, 4£ miles from Quebec city 

(G.S.C., N.S., V, 68L). 
Richmond County.— Cleveland, 16-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 113K). 
Stanstead County.— Stanstead, 9-X (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 113K). 
Temiscouata County.— Cacouna (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 113K). 



Bornite. 

{Sulphide of copper and iron.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Red Deer District. — At the head of Panther creek, Rocky Mountain 
park (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 165A); Copper mountain, Bow river 
(G.S.C., N.S., I, 136B). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Bellakula Mining Division. — In veins in granitic rocks at the 

head of Salmon arm, Dean canal (G.S.C., N.S., III, 152R). 
Clayoquot Mining Division. — Deer creek, head of Tafino inlet; 

the Dewdney claims, Sidney inlet, west coast of Vancouver island 

(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Greenwood Mining Division. — Boundary Creek mines (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 126A). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Copper creek (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 16A). 



47 BO. 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Homathco river, at the head of Bute 

inlet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 153R); Van Anda mine on Texada island 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 62S). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Fine specimens have been taken from 

some of the mines in the Toad Mountain area and elsewhere in 

this division (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 27A). 
Nicola Mining Division. — Aspen Grove (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 76A). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Bornite is found at the Whiteheader 

group, Hudson Bay mountains. It is also found on properties 

near Telkwa and on Thorkelson's claims, Driftwood river (Pr. 

Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Revelstoke Mining Division. — Illecillewaet (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 

167S). 
Stikine Mining Division. — On the Stikine river about 9 miles 

above Telegraph creek (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 55A). 
Vancouver Mining Division. — In veins in granitic rocks between 

Jervis inlet and Howe sound (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24T). 



NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Bornite has been noted in small quantities in the southern counties 

of this province. 
Albert County.— Alma (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 285A); and Elgin 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 121A). 
St. John County.— Goose creek (G.S.C., N.S., X, 22M). 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Poison lake near Lochaber (G.S.C., N.S., II, 

119P); Upper South river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Guysborough County. — On the Canso road near its junction with the 

Whitehaven road (G.S.C., N.S., II, 162P). 
Richmond County. — Campbell point, St. George channel (Pr. Com. 
H. Piers). 



ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District.— Coffin, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-1; Plummer, 2-VI, 3-VI: Bruce 

mines, Rock Lake mines (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 246-247 A). 
Thunder Bay District. — Sand bay and Pancake Bay mines, Lake 

Superior (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 124A). 
Timiskaming District. — Coleman township, in many of the silver 

mines, particularly at the Silver Queen and Foster (Pr. Com. T. L. 

Walker); this mineral occurs in many of the calcite veins at 

Elk lake and Gowganda (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 



BO.-BR. 48 

QUEBEC— 

Bornite occurs in greater or less quantities with other copper-bearing 

minerals, pyrite, etc., at many of the localities in the eastern 

townships of this province. 
Arthabaska County. — In Chester, 11-XIV; Craig Road Range 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K). 
Bagot County.— In Acton, 31, 32-1 1 1; 29-VI and elsewhere (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 36K). 
Brome County.— Brome, 5-V; 18, 19-VIII: Sutton, 8, 9-X (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 37, 38, 39K). 
Drummond County.— Durham, 21-VII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36K); 

Wickham, 14-X; 3-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36K). 
Lotbiniere County.— St. Sylvestre (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 42K) and St. 

Giles (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K). 
Megantic County.— Leeds, 9, 10, 11-IX (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 265A); 

15-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K); 17-XV (Harvey Hill mine) 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 42K); 18-XV (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 

1907, 101). 
Richmond County.— Brompton, 28, 29-11 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49K); 

Cleveland, 25-XII: Halifax, 10-111: Melbourne, 8-1, 2, 6-II, 

2-IV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39-40K). 
Shefford County.— Roxton and Ely (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33K): Stu- 

kely, 9-1 V, VI (Geol. Can., 1863, 730; 21-VII. 
Sherbrooke County.— Orford, 3-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48K). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Bornite occurs in scattered veins, 
patches, and veinlets along with other copper minerals, garnet, 
epidote, etc., at several claims in this division (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 
51A). 

Bournonite. 

(Sulphatimonite of lead and copper.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County.— With quartz in Modoc, 17- V (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

34R); Marmora, 18-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 
Lanark County.— Darling 22-1 1 1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T); 21-IV; 

22-IV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 
Renfrew County. — With pyrite and dolomite in Bagoi, 14-XII 
(G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13R). 

Breithauptite. 

(Antimonide of iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman township — breithauptite has been 
found at the Hudson Bay mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker) and 
O'Brien mine (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 97). 



49 BR-CA . 

Breunerite 

(See Magnesite.) 
{Carbonate of magnesium.) 

Bytownite. 

This name was given by Dr. Thomson to a greenish-white substance 
found in a boulder near Bytown, now Ottawa. The name was 
applied later by Tschermak to include all those feldspars which 
lie between labradorite proper and anorthite; Zirkel has shown 
that the original bytownite is a mixture (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24, 25T). 

Cacholong. 

(Opal.) 

(Hydrous silicon dioxide.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — Fine specimens of cacholong have been found at 
Capes Split and Blomidon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25T). 

Cacoclasite. 

(Silicate of uncertain composition.) 
QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — This name was given by Dr. H. C. Lewis (Proc. 
Acad. Phila. Nov. 26, 1883) to a pseudomorphus mineral found 
with spinel, graphite, pyrrhotite, etc., embedded in calcite in the 
township of Wakefield. Dr. Genth (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 
XXXVIII, p. 200) shows that it is a mixture and not a good 
species. 

Cacoxenite. 

(Hydrated phosphate of iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Leeds County. — Elizabethtown, 19-11, where it was observed by Dr. 
B. J. Harrington in the form of beautiful yellow tufts on the walls 
of cavities in the calcite occurring in the pyrite deposit (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 25T). 

Calamine. 

(Hydrous silicate of zinc.) 

BRITISHtCOLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Small quantities at the Skyline claim 

and elsewhere in this division (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 28R). 
Nelson Mining Division. — The Hudson Bay mine, Sheep creek 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 363). 



CA. 50 

Calcareous Tufa. 

(See Travertine.) 
(Carbonate of calcium.) 

Caicite. 

(Carbonate of calcium.) 

This mineral in one form or another is found in all the provinces and 
territories of the Dominion. 

ALBERTA.— 

Belly River. — Nail-head-spar has been found near this stream. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Crystal cove, Mount Stephen (G.S.C., 

N.S., VII, 97A). 
Grand Forks Mining Division. — Good crystals are found at Granby 

and other mines (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 168). 
Lardeau Mining Division. — A cleavage piece of Iceland spar was 

picked up by Mr. Brock on a dump at the You-know-me claim at 

Whiskey point, Upper Arrow lake (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 80AA). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Caicite is found on Ashnola river 

(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Wilson creek (G.S.C., N.S., X, 124A). 
Good specimens are also sometimes found in connexion with the 

various copper deposits of the province. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — On St. Andrews peninsula, caicite occurs in 

small crystal groups in some of the trap dykes cutting the Perry 

conglomerate (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 152AA). 
Gloucester County. — Iceland-spar was at one time found at Bel- 

ledune (G.S.C., N.S., X, 125M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Londonderry (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., V, 53). 

Cumberland County. — Good specimens of caicite have been found 
at Two Islands, Partridge Island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31T); and 
Swan creek. 

Digby County. — Iceland-spar and Dog-tooth-spar have been re- 
ported by Dr. Bailey from St. Mary bay (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 
125M). 

Hants County.— Tennycape (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31T). 

Kings County.— Black Rock (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 3 IT). 



51 CA. 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Good specimens of dog-tooth-spar have been 
found at Bruce Mines (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31T). 

Carleton County. — Fine cleavages of transparent calcite are found 
in March, 6-II (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 15R). 

Essex County. — Bed of the Detroit river (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Frontenac County. — Calcite is found in the apatite-mica deposits 
of Bedford (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 181-2A); Loughborough 13-VIII 
(Mines, Min. Br., 118,283); Storrington, etc., (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 
181-182A). 

Lanark County. — North Burgess, 13, 14-V, here a blue cleavable 
calcite occurs. Crystals of calcite are found in North Burgess, 
2-VII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 283). 

Leeds County. — South Burgess and South Crosby (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, 181A). 

Peterborough County.— Galway (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 

Renfrew County.— Sebastopol, 31-XI (G.S.C., 1882-84, 6L); and a 
pink, cleavable variety on Turner island, Lake Clear (G.S.C., 
1882-84, 7L). 

Thunder Bay District. — Dog-tooth-spar is common in the silver- 
bearing veins of Silver islet (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 3 IT): Iceland-spar 
has been noted in fine, transparent, cleavable masses at the Har- 
rison location, St. Ignace island, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
39T): Gillies township {Badger mine) (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman township, calcite is a common 
mineral in the silver-bearing veins of the Cobalt area (G.S.C., N.S., 
XVI, 201A). 

Well and County. — Niagara Falls (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Foetid calcite occurs with tourmaline in 
Chatham, 10-XI. 

Hochelaga County. — Montreal, Mile End (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Ottawa County. — Calcite occurs in greater or less abundance at the 
apatite-mica deposits of this county: in Buckingham, 19-XII 
{Emerald mine) (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 99K); Templeton, 8-IX, & 
fibrous variety of calcite occurs here, and a yellow, cleavable form 
occurs on 14-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25T); Wakefield, 7-1 (Pr. Com. 
T. L. Walker). 

Pontiac County. — Litchfield, a coarsely, cleavable, sky-blue calcite 
occurs at Calumet Falls (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25T). 

Sherbrook County.— Orford, 6-XII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 81K). 

YUKON.— 

Porcupine River. — A coarsely crystalline calcspar occurs in abund- 
ance at the Ramparts (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 132D). 



CA. 52 

Cancrinite. 

{Hydrous silicate and carbonate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Ice river, Beaver Foot river (Mines, G.S. 
Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 139). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Cancrinite occurs associated with nepheline in 
the nepheline-syenites of Dungannon, 25-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., 
IX, 50A). 

QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — Cancrinite occurs in the nepheline syenites 

of Montreal (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
Rouville County.— Beloeil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 

Cannel Coal. 

(See Coal.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 

Garnelian. 

(Quartz.) 

(Silicondioxide.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Carnelian is found on the north shore of Gran- 
ville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
Digby County.— Trout cove (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
Kings County.— Blomidon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 

Cassiterite. 

(Oxide of tin.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Lardeau Mining Division. — Cassiterite has been found in granular 
quartz schists in this division. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Stanley, small quantities of cassiterite occur with 
topaz, wolframite, etc., in gneiss near Burnt Hill brook, South- 
west Miramichi river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 361). 



53 CA-CE. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Guysborough County. — Reported to have been noted at Country 

Harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Halifax County. — Cassiterite has been reported to occur in sand at 

Tangier (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Small quantities of cassiterite have been found 

in pegmatite veins near Lake Ramsay, and elsewhere in the parish 

of New Ross (Mines, G.S Br., Sum. Rep. 1907, 80 and 81). 
Queens County. — Small crystals of cassiterite were observed by Dr. 

Genth in the tailings of the Battery lead, Malaga (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 26T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Cassiterite has been observed by Wells in minute 
crystals associated with sperrylite at the Vermilion mine, Denison, 
5, 6-IV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Cassiterite was observed by Osann in microscopic 
crystals and grains along with rutile in the more micaceous por- 
tions of the gneiss of the graphite area, in Buckingham, 18 to 28 — 
VII and VIII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 720). 

YUKON.— 

Klondike River. — Cassiterite has been found in the form of irregularly 
shaped pebbles in the auriferous gravels of Bonanza and Hunker 
creeks (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 16R). 

Gelestite. 

(Sulphate of strontium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — A bluish-grey, crystalline, granular, massive 
variety has been observed forming a bed a foot thick in carboni- 
ferous limestone on the right bank of Sydney river, about 1$ 
miles above Sydney bridge (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 25R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Essex County. — Celestite has been observed in crystals and crystal 

aggregates in an excavation in the bed of the Detroit river, Am- 

herstburg (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 347-348A). 
Frontenac County. — In white, translucent, foliated masses in the 

Trenton limestone of Kingston (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
Grey County.— Owen Sound (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
H Alton County. — A red variety of celestite occurs at the Fleming 

quarry, Esquesing, 26-X. 



CE. 



54 



Leeds County. — In considerable abundance associated with calcite 

and galena in Lansdowne, 2-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 9-10R). 
Manitoulin District. — In white, bluish, translucent, radiating, 

columnar masses on the east side of Manitouaning bay, and in the 

neighbourhood of Cape Robert, Bayard and Drummond islands 

(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 19R). 
Peel County. — A red variety of celestite occurs at Credit Forks, 

Caledon township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26T). 
Prescott County. — At Hawkesbury on the Little Rideau river (G.S.C., 

N.S., XIII, 174A). 
Renfrew County. — A milk-white, columnar, massive variety in the 

Grenville series in Bagot, 7-X (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 9R). 

Analyses of Celestite. 





1 


2 


so 3 


43-51 

56-31 

tr. 

Oil 


42-09 


SrO 


48-30 


BaO 


9-44 


CaO ...... 


tr. 








99-93 


99-83 


Sp. Gr 


3-958 


3-944 



1. From Lansdowne, 2-VIII, by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., 
VII, 9-10R). 

2. From Bagot, 7-X, by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., XI, 

9R). 



Centrallassite. 

(Hydrous silicate of calcium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — The name centrallassite was given by Dr. How to 
one of three mineral substances found by him in a nodule picked 
up in the Triassic trap debris of Black Rock, the other minerals 
being cyanolite and cerinite (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27T). 
Analysis of centrallassite from Black Rock by How (Edin. New Phil. 
Journ., N.S., Vol. X, 1859, pp. 84-94; Phil. Mag., 5th sen, Vol. 1, 
1876, 128). 
A1 2 8 CaO MgO K 2 H 2 Sp. Gr. 



Si0 2 

58-86 1-14 27-91 0-16 0-59 11-41— 100-07 



2-455 



55 CE.—CH. 

Cerinite. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — The name "Cerinite" was given by How (Edin. 
New Phil. Journ., N.S., Vol. X, 1859, pp. 84-94; Phil. Mag., Vol. 1, 
1876, p. 128), to the outer layer of a nodule found in amygdaloid 
near Black Rock; the other minerals in the nodule were centrallas- 
site and cyanolite, which see. 
Analysis of cerinite by How (loc. cit.). 
Si0 2 A1 2 0, Fe 2 3 CaO MgO K 2 H 2 
58-13 12-21 1-01 9-49 1-83 0-37 15-96—99-00 

Cerussite. 

(Carbonate of lead.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA- 
FORT Steele Mining Division. — Cerussite occurs with lead ores at 

the Donaldson; North Star (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 166A); and Society 

Girl claims (G.S.C., Sum. Rep., 1911, 162-163). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Ymir at the Ymir gold mine (Pr. Com. 

T. L. Walker). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Cerussite is found in the Beaver, Wellington 

(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 28R) and Deadman claims (G.S.C., N.S., 

VIII, 120A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Cerussite is often found as an earthy incrustation on galena in different 
parts of the province (G.S.C., N.S., X, 141-1). 

Chabazite. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and alkalis.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Chabazite occurs in cavities in basalt 
at the Chasm, Bonaparte river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 118A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Fine specimens of chabazite may be found in the following localities: — 

Colchester County.— Pinnacle island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27T). 

Cumberland County. — Cape d'Or (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); Five 
Islands (G.S.C., N.S.,V, 55A); Partridge island; Swan creek; Two 
Islands and Wasson bluff (G.S.C., N.S., V, 55AA). 

Digby County. — Digby Neck; Mink cove; Sandy cove; William Brook 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27T). 

See also Acadialite. 



CH. 56 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — In pale, wine-yellow to white crystals in cavities 
in a vein composed of pyroxene, biotite, scapolite, quartz, and 
calcite in Monteagle, 24, 25-VI (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 27R). 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman, King Cobalt claim. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Crystals of chabazite are frequently found on the 
walls of fissures or cavities in some of the apatite and mica bearing 
veins of Hull: Portland East, 21-XII (Mines, Min. Br., No. 118, 
284): Portland West (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); Templeton (G.S.C., 
1877-78, 35G) \Templeton, 21-XII; Gore of Templeton, lot 3 (Rheaume 
Lake mine) (Mines, Min. Br., No. 118, 284): and Wakefield town- 
ships, the Haldane mine in Wakefield, 12-1, is a good example 
of these occurrences (G.S.C., 1882-84, 18L). 

Chalcanthite. 

{Hydrous sulphate of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Chalcanthite occurs between Big creek 

and Chilcotin river, and at the Avoca claim on Bonaparte river, 2\ 

miles above Hat creek (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 12R). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Chalcanthite is found at Copper 

mountain, Princeton (Pr. Com., W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thom- 

linson). 
Vernon Mining Division. — Chalcanthite is found in claims a short 

distance west of City of Vernon (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and 

Wm. Thomlinson). 

Chalcedony. 

(Quartz.) 
(See under Agate.) 

(Silicon dioxide.) 

Chalcocite. 

(Sulphide of copper.) 

No large deposits of this mineral have so far been found in Canada, 
and the greater part of those observed have been unimportant occurrences 
in connexion with other copper minerals. 

ALBERTA.— 

Bow River District. — Chalcocite has been observed at the head- 
waters of Johnson and Cascade creeks, Castle mountain (G.S.C. 
N.S., XI, 165A). 



57 ch. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clayoquot Mining Divisions. — At Sidney inlet, Vancouver island 

(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Golden Mining Division. — Jubilee mountain (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

67R); and Ice river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 165A). 
Greenwood and Other Divisions in the Southern Part of the 

Province. — Chalcocite is of common occurrence with the copper 

ores of these divisions. 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Small quantities of chalcocite have been 

observed at Meadow creek {Grey Eagle claim) (G.S.C., N.S., 

XI, 166A). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Fine, granular chalcocite occurs sparing- 
ly in association with bornite at the Marble Bay mines, Texada 

island, and occurs in abundance at numerous prospects on South 

V aides island (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Considerable amounts of chalcocite are found at Valdes mines, Quadra 

island (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Fine specimens of chalcocite are found 

at several properties on Kitsalas river (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson 

and Wm. Thomlinson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Small occurrences of chalcocite have been noted at 

Alma (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 57S) and Cape Enrage (G.S.C., N.S., I, 21E.) 
Charlotte County. — Small occurrences at Clarke head, Mascarene 

shore and Crow Harbour island (G.S.C., N.S., X, 24M). 
Gloucester County. — Nipisiguit river near Bathurst (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

26M). 
Kings County. — This mineral has been observed encrusting grey 

quartzite in Norton and with copper pyrites in grey argillite in 

Springfield (G.S.C., N.S., X, 25M). 
St. John County. — Black River settlement (G.S.C., N.S., X, 25M). 
Westmorland County. — In grey conglomerate and sandstone with 

coaly matter near Dorchester (G.S.C., N.S., I, 2 IE). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — In limited amount at Pomquet Falls; Brierly 

brook; Addington Forks; St. Joseph (G.S.C., N.S., I, 23A). 
Colchester County. — Oliver {French river) near Tatamagouche 

harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Waugh river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31S). 
Cumberland County. — Near Wentworth (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Blue 

Sea Corner (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 163AA); Chisholm creek near 

Pugwash (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Malagash Point (G.S.C., N.S., 

XV, 165AA); Nappan (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Pictou County.— Sundridge (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 92A); Cariboo 

(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 28M) and at other points about the River 

John (G.S.C., N.S., V, 115P). 



CH. 58 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Bruce mines; also in Gould township (Ont. Bur. 

Min., 1900, 196). 
Hastings County. — Eldorado copper mine (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 
Manitoulin District. — Michipicoten island (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 

196). 
Parry Sound District. — MacGowan mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Sudbury District. — Denison township, 5, 6- IV (Vermilion mine) 

(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 105H). 
Thunder Bay District. — Mamainse; (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 196); 

and Spar island (G.S.C., 1878-9, 19H). 

QUEBEC— 

Arthabaska County. — Chester, 11 and 14 Craig's Road Range (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 41K). 
Bagot County. — In Acton, 32-111 (Acton Copper mine) (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 30K). 
Beauce County.— In the Seigniory of St. Marie (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

30K). 
Brome County.— In Brome, 18, 19-VIII; in Sutton, 8-X and 9-XI 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 37, 38, 39K). 
Drummond County. — Wickham (Wickham Copper mine) (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 30K). 
Megantic County.— Halifax, 10-11 1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40K); 

Inverness: Leeds, 15 -XIV, and 17 -XV (Harvey Hill or Excelsior 

mine) (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K). 
Richmond County.— Brompton, 28, 29-IX (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49K): 

Cleveland, 25-XII, 26-XIII: in Melbourne, 2-II, IV (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 40K). 
Shefford County.— Roxton, 23-111 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33K): Stukely, 

9, 10-VI, and 7 -VIII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39K). 

. Chalcodite. 

(See Stilpnomelane.) 
(Hydrous silicate of iron, aluminum, and magnesium.) 



Chalcopyrite. 

(Sulphide of copper and iron.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Bow River District. — Chalcopyrite is found between the headwaters 
of Cascade and Johnson creeks (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 164A); Copper 
mountain (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 60S); Castle mountain. 



59 CH. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — Hacket creek on the Teslin-Stikine trail 

(G.S.C., N.S., XI, 54A) : Rainy Hollow, Chilkat river (G.S.C., N.S., 

XI, 46A) : in quartz veins with other sulphides on Surprise moun- 
tain and Birch creek (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 69A). 
Bellakula Mining Division. — With pyrrhotite on Ellerslie channel 

(G.S.C., N.S., III, 153R); and Dean canal (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

152R). 
Clayoquot Mining Division. — Barkley sound and Sidney inlet 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 62S). 
Fort Steele Mining Division.— Cranbrook (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 90A). 
Grand Forks Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite is found at the 

Granby and other mines of this division. 
Greenwood Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite is the principal mineral 

in the copper ores of the Phoenix and other mines of this division 

(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 116A). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite is of frequent occurrence 

in this division (G.S.C., N.S., X, 61S). 
Lardeau Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite occurs in various claims 

in this division. 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Van Anda Copper mine, Texada island 

(G.S.C., N.S., X 62S); with bornite on Knight inlet, Homathco 

river, head of Bute inlet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 152-153R). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite is of frequent occurrence in 

the mines of this division (G.S.C., N.S., X, 60S). 
Nicola Mining Division. — Guichon creek, Iron mountain (G.S.C., 

N.S., XVI, 80A); and Aspen Grove (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 75A). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Telkwa river and elsewhere in this division 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 21). 
Osoyoos Mining Division. — With pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, galena, 

garnet, epidote, diopside, etc., at the Hedley Camp (Mines, G.S.Br., 

Sum. Rep., 1907, 28-31). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — With magnetite in diorite 

at Skincuttle inlet, Copper bay, Fort Frederick (G.S.C., N.S., 

III, 153R). 
Revelstoke Mining Division.— Copper mountain, Illecillewaet 

river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 60S). 
Skeena Mining Division. — Along the Skeena river. 
Trail Creek Mining Division. — The Centre Star, Le Roi, and other 

mines in this division (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 25,26A). 
Trout Lake Mining Division.— Trout Lake mines (G.S.C., N.S., 

XV, 72AA). 
Vancouver Mining Division.— Jervis inlet (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

109A); Howe sound (G.S.C., N.S., III, 152R). 
Victoria Mining Division.— Sansum narrows (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

152R). 



CH. 60 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Chalcopyrite is found associated with arsenopyrite and pyrite in cal- 
careous quartz veins traversing diabase at Corbett inlet, west coast 
of Hudson bay (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 83F). 

Great Bear Lake. — Chalcopyrite occurs with calcite between 
McTavish bay and Coppermine river (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 102A). 

Great Slave Lake.— Buffalo river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 194A); McLcod 
bay (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 108A). 

MANITOBA.— 

Wanipigow River. — Chalcopyrite occurs in small amounts in anortho- 
site at Pipestone lake, Nelson river (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 24-25F). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Chalcopyrite has been noted in small quantities in various parts of this 

province, particularly in the areas about the Bay of Fundy; in no 

case, however, do any of these occurrences seem to have attained 

any pronounced commercial importance. 
Albert County.— Mineral Vale, Elgin (G.S.C., N.S., X, 121A); and 

Alma (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 285A). 
Carleton County. — Bull creek, 3 miles below Woodstock on the 

St. John river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 25M). 
Charlotte County. — Adams and Simpson islands and at different 

points in the Mascareen peninsula (G.S.C., N.S., X, 24M). 
Gloucester County. — Tetagouche river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 26M). 
Kings County. — Chalcopyrite is found in the parishes of Springfield, 

Kars, Westfield, and Upham (G.S.C., N.S., X, 25 and 36M). 
Northumberland County. — On the North-west Miramichi river 

between Tomogonops and Little river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 53A). 
St. John County. — Goose creek and Black river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

25M). 
Westmorland County.— Dorchester (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 284A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Brierly brook (G.S.C., N.S., II, 121P); Lochaber 

(College Grant) (G.S.C., N.S., II, 120P; Ohio (Pr. Com.H. Piers); 

Poison lake (G.S.C., N.S., II, 119P). 
Cape Breton County. — Beechmont (Coxheath hills); Eagle head 

(Gabarus bay); French Road (Pr. Com. H. Piers); George river 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 122A). 
Cumberland County. — Chalcopyrite occurs with barite, calcite, and 

specularite at the Eureka mines, near Five Islands (G.S.C., 1882-84, 

23L). 
Digby County.— Cape cove (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 74M). 
Guysborough County. — Canso (G.S.C., N.S., II, 162P); East Roman 

valley (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



61 CH. 

Inverness County. — Near Cheticamp; Scottville {near Lake Ainslie) 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County.— New Ross (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 186AA). 
Pictou County. — Albion mines (G.S.C., N.S., V, 70AA); New Lair y 

{near Lansdowne) (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Sixmile brook (G.S.C., 

N.S.,V, 185P). 
Richmond County. — Loch Lomond (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 148A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Chalcopyrite is a common mineral throughout the Archaean areas of 
the northern and south-central portions of this province. 

Algoma District. — Bay of Islands; Bruce mines (Geol. Can., 1863, 
515); Massey mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker); Wallace mine 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 46F). 

Frontenac County.— Barrie, 19, 20-VI; 20-VII (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, 72J); Palmerston, 2-IX (G.S.C., 1874-75, 161). 

Hastings County.— Madoc, 25-VII (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120A); Mar- 
mora, 6-VIII (G.S.C., 1873-74, 194); Mayo (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 
164A). 

Lanark County.— Lavant, 1-VI; 6, 8-VII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 
196); 5-VIII, 2-IX. 

Leeds County.— Bastard, 24-X: Escott, 16, 17-11 (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 196). 

Nipissing District. — Garrow (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 196). 

Parry Sound District.— Foley (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 43S). 

Peterborough County.— Chandos, 32-11 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 52R); 
Dummer, 30-X (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 71A). 

Sudbury District. — Blezard, 5, 6-1 {Stobie mine) (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, IIIH); 7-1 {Cameron mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 120H; 
4-1 1 {Blezard mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, IIIH); 5, 6- II {Mount 
Nickel mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 120H); l-III {Beatrice mine) 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 120H); Denison, 5, 6-1 V {Vermilion mine) 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 106H); 12-1 II {Gersdorffite mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S.,XIV, 104H);8-IV {Victoriamine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV,120H); 
Creighton, 3, 4, 5-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., pt. Ill, 1905, 32-33); 2-1 1 
{Worthington mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, IIIH); Drury, 3-V 
{Travers mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., pt. Ill, 1905, 23); Graham, 4-IV 
{Century mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 105H); Lome, II-V (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIV, 113H); McKim, 1-1 {Evans mine); 10-1 Creighton 
mine); Copper Cliff Extension; 1- 1 1 {Copper Cliff mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIV, IIIH); 12-11 {Lady McDonald mine) (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, 120H); l-III {MacCarthy mine); 1-IV {Lady Violet mine); 
2-1 V {Clarabelle mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 120H); 11-V {Murray 
mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 111H); 12-V {Elsie mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIV, 120H); 6-V {Frood mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 111H); 
Snider (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 122A). 



CH 62 

Thunder Bay District.— Black Bay (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 196); 
Sturgeon lake (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 94A); Wawa lake (G.S.C., N.S., 
XI, 105A). 

Timiskaming District. — James township (German Development 
Company Report, 1907, p. 10): Lebel, at the McKinnon vein 
occurring in scattered bunches in a 7 foot quartz vein; also as an 
impregnation of siliceous iron formation (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller): 
Tudhope (German Development Company Report, 1907, 10). 
QUEBEC— 

Chalcopyrite is found sparingly in the Archaean rocks of this province; 
the most important deposits occur in the metamorphic rocks of 
the Eastern Townships, where it is sometimes found in veins in 
dolomite and limestone and at others in quartzose veins in slates 
and not infrequently associated with barite and calcite. 

Abitibi Territory.— Lake Chibougamau (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 282L). 

Arthabaska County.— Chester 8-VI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K); 5-IX 
(G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 265A); 9-IX (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41K): 
Tingwick (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 265A). 

Bagot County.— Acton, 23-111 (Acton mine) (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
33K); 31-IV (Vale mine);29-VI (Whitehorse mine) (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 36K). 

Beauce County.— Ste. Marie (G.S.C. N.S., IV, 30K). 

Brome County.— Brome, 5-V; 6-VI (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 38K); 12- 
XII: Bolton, 4, 8-VI 1 1, 2-IX (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 46, 47K): Sutton, 
8, 11-X; 7, 9, 12-XI (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 38K). 

Drummond County.— Durham, 9-1 V, VI; 21-VII (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 36K); Upton, 49, 51-XX; 50, 51-XXI (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 
33K): Wickham, 14-X; 3-XI (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 36K). 

Lotbiniere County. — The Handkerchief Seigniory of St. Giles 
(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 41K), and the St. Flavien mine near St. Appol- 
linaire (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 37K). 

Megantic County. — Inverness, 4-II; 1-IV (G.S.C, N.S., XVI, 
265A): Ireland, 13, 14, 15 Craig's Road Range (G.S.C, N.S., 
XVI, 265A): Halifax, 10-11 1 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 40K): Leeds, 
15-11 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 57K); 15-XIV, 17-XV (Harvey Hill 
mine (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 41K): Nelson, 8-XI (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 
36K): Thetford, 3, 4, 5, 6-1 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 57K). 

Missisquoi County. — Pinnacle harbour and St. Armand (G.S.C, 
N.S., IV, 37K). 

Pontiac County.— Calumet island (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 437A). 

Richmond County.— Melbourne, 7-1 (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 309A); 
8-1; 2, 6-1 1; 2-1 V (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 40K); Cleveland, 25-XII, 
XIII (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 40K). 

Shefford County.— Ely, 9, 10-11; Roxton, 23-111 (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 33K): Shefford, 28-1 II: Stukely, 6-1; 9, 10-VI; 7 -VIII; 
6-IX; 4-X (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 39K). 



63 CH. 

Sherbrooke County. — In Ascot, 4-VIII (Victoria mine); 8-VIII 
(Ascot mine); other deposits in 12, 14-VIII; 3-IX (Eustis mine); 
in 6, 7, 8, 11-IX; 3, 5-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 50K); in Orford, 
9-A; 8-F; 2-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48, 49K). 

Stanstead County.— Hatley, 28-1; 9-VI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49, 50K). 

Timiskaming County.— Fabre (G.S.C., N.S., X, 149-1). 

New Quebec Territory. — In schists with pyrite and pyrrhotite in 
Kogaluk bay, east coast of Hudson bay (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 28D). 

Wolfe County.— Garthby, 22-1 (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 
199); Ham, 28-IV (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 265A); South Ham, 
44-1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57K); Weedon, 17, 18-111 (G.S.C., N.S., 

XV, 314A). 
YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite occurs in small 
quantities with zincblende at Discovery claim (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 38A). 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Chalcopyrite constitutes the prin- 
cipal copper ore of the mines of this division, Yukon river, Cariboo 
creek (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 62, 63B). 

Chemawinite. 

(See Amber.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 

Chert. 

(Quartz.) 

(Silicon dioxide.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Jasper Park.— Rocky river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 30D). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — McLean lake (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 314B). 

Atlin Mining Division. — Consolation creek, Gladys lake, and else- 
where in this division (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 60A). 

Boundary District. — Chert is found in greater or less abundance 
in many of the claims of this district (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 99A). 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Two Sisters mountain and other points 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 21C). 

Clinton Mining Division. — Hat creek (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 314B); 
Mount Martley (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 91B). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Copper creek (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
314B). 

Nicola Mining Division.— In the valley of McDonald or Quikhena 
creek (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 314B). 



CH. 64 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Liard river, FortLiard (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54D). 

MANITOBA.— 

Lake Winnipegosis, in the form of nodules in dolomite (G.S.C., N.S., 
V, 155E). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County.— Partridge island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 73S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Essex County. — Amherstburg. 

Haldimand County. — Walpole; it is also met with in the Devonian, 

Silurian, and Grenville areas of the province (G.S.C., N.S., V, 15Q). 
Manitoulin District.— Rutherford (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 19-1); Mani- 

toulin: Sayer lake (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 116A); Michipicoten. 
Nipissing District. — Kokoko and Austen Bay ranges; Iron lake; 

Snake Island lake, etc. (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 125, 126AA). 
Rainy River District. — Chert is found in greater or less abundance 

in many of the claims in this district (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 46A). 
Thunder Bay District. — Silver mountain (G.S.C., N.S., II, 14, 15A). 
• 
QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County.— Grenville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 

New Quebec Territory. — Larch river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 32L); 

and at many points along the east coast of Hudson bay (G.S.C., 

N.S., XII, 145A). 

Chiastolite. 

{Andalusite.) 

{Silicate of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Vernon Mining Division. — This variety of andalusite forms a prom- 
inent constituent of a black schist occurring on the hills west of 
Armstrong (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 7A). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — In fine-grained, micaceous schists at Moores 
Mills (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Geizer's hill, west of Halifax (Pr. Com. T. L. 
Walker). 



65 CIL 

QUEBEC— 

Compton County. — It occurs as a product of contact metamorphism 

near granite dykes cutting slates in the townships of Compton, 

Eaton (G.S.C., N.S., II, 14J); Emberton (G.S.C., N.S., II, 26J); 

Hampden and Marsden (G.S.C., N.S., II, 37]). 
Frontenac County. — Chiastolite is found in micaceous argillite on 

Lake St. Francis (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28 I): St. Samuel de Gayhurst 

(Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Stanstead County. — Stanstead, Hatley (G.S.C., N.S., II, 14J) and 

Barnstone (G.S.C., N.S., II, 37J). 

Chloanthite. 

{Arsenide of nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Coleman township, chloanthite is found with 
other nickel minerals, cobaltite, smaltite, native silver, and dyscras- 
ite, at the La Rose and other mines in the Cobalt area (G.S.C., 
N.S., XVI, 201A); occurs at a few places at Elk Lake and Gow- 
ganda (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 
Analysis of chloanthite from La Rose mine by Burrows (Miller, Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1905, pt. 2, 19). 

Co Ag 

■99-48 

Chlorastrolite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, etc.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — This doubtful mineral has been found on 
Michipicoten island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 78S). 

Chlorite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

Minerals of the chlorite group are found in many parts of Canada, 
particularly in connexion with metamorphic slates, schists, and 
gneisses, etc. In only a few instances have the true mineralogical 
positions of these been determined; some of them are no doubt 
of indefinite composition and are generally referable to Tschermak's 
leptochlorites. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Boundary District. — Chlorite occurs as one of the gangue minerals 
of the copper ore of some of the mines of this district (G.S.C., 
N.S., XV, 123A). 



As 


Sb 


S 


Ni 


Co 


Ag 


67-17 




2-18 


23-24 


4-11 


2-78 



CH. 66 

NOVA SCOTIA,— 

Digby County. — In the amygdaloid of Long island (Mem. Am. Acad., 

IX, Aug. 1831). 
Shelburne County. — North-East harbour (G.S.C, N.S., IX, 58M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Kenora, Nipissing, and Rainy River Districts. — Chlorite occurs 

as an alteration of hornblende and allied minerals in the Keewatin 

schists of these districts. 
Leeds County. — Chlorite occurs in connexion with magnetic iron 

ore deposits in South Crosby, 26-VI (Chaff "ey mine); North Crosby, 

1-VI (Yankee or Matthews mine) (G.S.C., 1873-74, 200). 
Peterborough County. — Massive, scaly chlorite at the Cordova mine, 

Belmont, 1-XX (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County.— Broughton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T). 

Brome County.— Bolton, Potton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T); and Sutton 

(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 308A). 
Compton County.— Clinton, 10, 11, 12, 13-1 and II (G.S.C., N.S., 

XV, 315A). 
Ottawa County. — With iron ore in Hull, 1 1-VI I (Forsyth mine) 

(G.S.C., 1873-74, 200). 
Richmond County.— Cleveland; Melbourne (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T). 
Shefford County.— Shefford (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T). 
Sherbrooke County.— Ascot (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28T). 

Chloritoid. 

(Silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County.— Brome and Sutton (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 28T). 

Megantic County.— Leeds (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 28T). 

Analysis of chloritoid from Leeds by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 498). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 FeO MnO MgO H 2 

26-30 37-10 25-92 0-93 3-66 6-10 -100-01 

Chondrodite. 

(Fluo- silicate of magnesium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Chondrodite occurs in minute grains in 
calcite in Harcourt, 11-1 (G.S.C, Mem. 6, 201). 

Leeds County. — North Crosby, in crystalline limestone near New- 
boro (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 28T) : South Crosby, 27-1 1 1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 196): it has also been noted as an occasional constituent 
of Grenville limestones elsewhere in the south-central portions 
of the province. 



67 CH. 

QUEBEC— 

Berthier County. — On the east side of Milieu river, 3 miles north 

of Perrault creek and near the Maskinonge County line (G.S.C., 

N.S., XI, 26J). 
Montmorency County. — With spinel in limestone at Sault a la Puce. 
Pontiac County. — In dolomite in Aldfield, 10-IV (G.S.C, N.S., 

IV, 26T). 
Terrebonne County. — In limestone at St. Jerome (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 28T). 

Chromite. 

(Oxide of chromium and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — The variety chrompicotite occurs in 

some abundance in veins or dykes in volcanic rocks at Scottie 

creek, Bonaparte river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 360). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Small quantities of chromite occur 

scattered in patches through the peridotite of Olivine mountain 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 112, 113). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Chromite is found in an altered peridotite 
near Northeast bay, Lower Abitibi lake (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

QUEBEC— 

Chromite is found in greater or less abundance at many points in the 

serpentine rocks of the eastern part of this province, extending 

from the Vermont border to the Shickshock mountains in Gaspe. 
Brome County.— Bolton, 13-1 V; 26-VI; 9, 13, 26\-VII (Mines, 

Min. Br., No. 29, 68). 
Gaspe County. — Mount Albert, Shickshock mountains (G.S.C, N.S., 

IV, 29T). 
Megantic County. — Coleraine, large deposits in blocks "-4" and "B:" 

Leeds, 1-X (Mines, Min. Br., No. 29, 68); 10-X (G.S.C, N.S., 

IV, 112K); Thetford, 16, 17, 18-IV (G.S.C, N.S., III, 111F). 
Richmond County. — Brompton, 25, 26- IX (Mines, Min. Br., No. 

29, 68) -.Cleveland, 9-X; Melbourne, 22-VI (G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 23S). 
Wolfe County.— Garthby, b., c, i., -J; 4, 8-II (G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 

23S): South Ham, 24, 27-1 (Mines, Min. Br., No. 29, 68); 4, 20, 21- 

II (G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 23S); 40-11 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 112K). 
Analysis of chrompicotite from Scottie creek by Johnston (Hoffmann, 

G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 11-12R). 

Cr a O, A1 2 8 FeO MgO SiO, Sp. Gr. 

55-90 13-83 14-64 15-01 0-60—99-98 4-239 



CH. 68 

Chrompicotite. 

(See Chromite.) 
(Oxide of chromium and iron.) 

Chrysoberyl. 

(Aluminate of beryllium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County.— Raglan, 3-XVIII (G.S.C., Mem. 6,310and 326). 

QUEBEC— 

Maskinonge County. — Chrysoberyl is found about a mile below the 
forks of the Riviere du Poste, a tributary of the Matawin river (Am. 
Journ. Sci., 1905, XIX, 316). 

Chrysocolla. 

(Hydrous silicate of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — In connexion with the copper ores 

of the King Solomon mines (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 125A). 
Yale District. — Transvaal claims, Forge mountains (Pr. Com. W. J. 

Sutton). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Chrysocolla occurs in some of the copper 
ores of the north shore of Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 29T). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Chrysocolla occurs with limonite 
and green carbonate of copper as an incrustation on granite at the 
Pueblo claim (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 19R). 

Chrysolite. 

(Olivine.) 

(Silicate of magnesium and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Olivine is a common constituent of some of the eruptive rocks of this 

province. 
Clinton Mining Division. — In the dunite of Scottie creek. 
Similkameen Mining Division. — In the dunite of Olivine mountain 
(Mines, Min. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 113). 



69 



CH. 



NOVA SCOTIA.-r 

Antigonish County. — In grains and ill-defined crystals in a dark 
grey dolerite near South lake (G.S.C., N.S., 29T). 
ONTARIO.— 

Nipissing and Adjoining Districts. — Olivine has been observed as a 
constituent of some of the basic eruptives of the northern part 
of the province. 

QUEBEC— 

Chambly County. — In crystals and grains at Montarvitte (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 29T). 
Gaspe County. — In rock masses of a pale yellow to yellowish-green 

colour at Mount Albert, Shickshock range (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 29T). 
Hochelaga County. — In crystals and grains at Montreal (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 29T). 
Jacques Cartier County. — In red, angular masses in a dyke at St. 

Anne (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 29T). 
Ottawa County. — In coarse crystals with calcite and spinel in Bigelow, 

52-V (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 266). 
Rouville County.— Rougemont (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 29T). 
Analyses of Chrysolite. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


37-13 
39-36 

22-57 


37-17 
39-68 
22-54 


38-560 


MgO 


44-369 


FeO 


12-649 


MnO 


0-112 


Fe 2 3 , 






1-361 


H 2 






2-914 












99-06 


99-39 


99-965 



1. and 2. From Montarville by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 464). 
3. From St. Anne by Harrington (G.S.C., 1877-78, 39G). 

Chrysoprase. 

(See Agate.) 
(Silicon dioxide.) 

Chrysotile. 

(Serpentine.) 
(Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 

The fibrous form of serpentine is found in greater or less abundance 
in association with other forms of this species at many places in 
Canada. 



CH. 70 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Chrysotile is found in small quantities 

in diabasic rocks associated with limestones, etc., in Junction 

valley (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 92B). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Chrysotile is found in association 

with altered peridotites in this division. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Chrysotile of poor quality is found on the 
south side of Catalone lake (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Chrysotile has been noted in small amounts at different places in 

connexion with the Archaean of this province. 
Renfrew County.— In Ross, 9-VI 1 1 and IX: Sebastopol,32-X I (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1900, 195). 
Timiskaming District. — Gowganda Mining Division, in the Keewatin 

area between Firth and Obushkong lakes (Mines, Min. Br., No. 

69, 40). 

QUEBEC— 

Chrysotile has been found at several points in the province in con- 
nexion with the Grenville limestone. It occurs in greater abun- 
dance, however, in connexion with the serpentine areas in the 
Cambrian system, chiefly in the districts between the Vermont 
boundary and Gaspe county. 

Abitibi District. — Asbestos island, Lake Chibougamau (Mines, Min. 
Br., No. 69, 43). 

Argenteuil County. — Wentworth, 20-IX (Mines, Min. Br., No. 
69, 39). 

Arthabaska County. — Tingwick, 20, 21-VI (Mines, Min. Br., 
No. 69, 212). 

Beauce County. — Broughton, 13-1 1 1, IV, V (Mines, Min. Br., No. 
69, 202-203); 13-VI (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 194); 13-VII, VIII 
(Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 203-204) ; 14, 15, 16- VIII; 13-IX (Mines, 
Min. Br., No. 69, 205); 14, 15-IX; 13-X (Mines, Min. Br., No. 
69, 205). 

Brome County.— Bolton, 9, 10-VII; 2-XI; cadastral lots 744, 768, 
967, and 971 (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 210, 211); Potton, 17-V; 
2-VII. 

Gaspe County. — Mount Albert, Shickshock mountains (Mines, Min. 
Br., No. 69, 42). 

Megantic County. — Coleraine, 26, 27, 32- A; 23-B (Mines, Min. Br., 
No. 69, 207); 27, 28-B (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 143 K); 31, 32-C (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 143K); 18-XII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 50A): Ireland, 24, 
25, 26-1 1 1 (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 207, 208); 36-XI: Leeds, 



71 CH-CL. 

Kinnear's Mills (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 206): Thetford, 13, 16, 

17 -IV (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 200); 2, 9, 10, 13-V (Mines, Min. 

Br., No. 69, 205, 206); 26-V (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 181); 

28-VI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 142K). 
Ottawa County.— Denholm, 20-1; 42-1: Hull, 14-8 (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 230 and231A): Mulgrave, Blanche lake (Mines, Min. Br. 

No. 69, 40): Portland West, 16-V (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 39); 

Templeton, 11-VII; 16-V; 14-VII; 2-VIII (Mines, Min. Br., 

No. 69, 39); 11-VII I (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 38A): Wakefield, 20-1; 

30-IV (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 230A). 
Pontiac County.— Cawood, 27-11 (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 231A). 
Richmond County. — Brompton, 25, 26-IX (Mines, Min. Br., No. 

69, 209): Cleveland, 5-6-XIV, XV: Shipton, 12-V;9-VIII (Mines, 

Min. Br., No. 69, 212). 
Wolfe County.— Garthby, 16, 17, 18-111 (Mines, Min. Br., No. 69, 

194): Wolfestown (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 143, 144K). 

Cinnabar. 

{Sulphide of mercury.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — With native mercury in a greenish-grey, 
feldspathic rock at the eastern entrance of Sech rt channel, Barkley 
sound, Vancouver island (G.S.C., N.S., V, 66R). 

Golden Mining Division. — In calcite veins near Golden on the 
Kicking Horse river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 66R). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — In veins largely made up of quartz, 
calcite, dolomite, barite, and feldspar at Sixmile point (G.S.C., 
N.S., VIII, 118A); and Copper creek (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 31R). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Homathco river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 9T). 

Yale Mining Division. — In small quantities in the gold washings of 
Boston Bar, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 9T). 

Clay Ironstone. 

(Carbonate of iron, impure, from admixture with clay.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Clay ironstone is widely distributed throughout this province and is 
found in many places in considerable abundance in the form of 
nodules and nodular sheets. Battle river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 86E); 
Belly, Bow, and Kananaskis rivers (G.S.C., 1880-1882, 10, 11H); 
Red Deer river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 61E) and Edmonton (G.S.C., 
1873-74, 64). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Comox, Vancouver island. 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Cowgitz, Skidegate inlet. 
Quesnel Mining Division.— Quesnel (G.S.C., N.S., III, 152R). 



CL. 



72 



MANITOBA.— 

Pembina river, Souris river. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Pictou County. — Clay ironstone is found in greater or less abundance 
in the coal-measures of this county (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 29T). 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

The Bad Lands south of Wood mountain; Dirt hills (G.S.C., 1873-74, 
241); East butte, Souris river. 

Clinochlore. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and magnesium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinochlore occurs as a contact metamorphic mineral associated with 
magnetite, chalcopyrite, etc., in several localities in British Colum- 
bia (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Fadear creek, Louis creek, North Thomp- 
son river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 107A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — In broad, dark green transparent folia in Bagot, 
16-VII (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 17R). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — In scales and broadly foliated aggregations of 
white or bluish-white colour with scapolite and serpentine in 
Buckingham, 24-XII (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 17R). 



Analyses of Clinochlore. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


27-23 

19-44 
2-17 
4-91 
0-99 

32-67 
0-08 

12-04 


28-65 


A1 2 3 


18-96 


Fe 2 3 




FeO 




Cr 2 O s 




MgO 


37-49 


K 2 




H 2 


15-22 






Sp. Gr. 


99-53 


100-32 
2-631 



1. From Bagot. 

2. From Buckingham by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 17R). 



73 CO. 

Coal. 

{Carbon with varying amounts of hydrogen.) 

Only a general statement of the coal occurrences of the Dominion can 
be entered into here. For fuller information on the subject the 
reader is referred to various reports of the Geological Survey 
and of the Department of Mines, and to the excellent summary 
by Dowling in "The Coal Resources of the World" (Toronto, 
Morang & Co., 1913). 

ALBERTA.— 

Coals varying in character from sub-bituminous through bituminous 
to semi-anthracite and anthracite are found in extensive beds at many 
places in the Cretaceous strata of this province. Generally speak- 
ing the most important deposits — particularly the harder varieties 
— are found along the eastern slopes and among the foot-hills 
of the Rocky mountains, extending from the International Bound- 
ary on the south to beyond the northern boundary of the province — 
Coleman; Blairmore; Frank; Livingstone; Moose Mountain; 
Elk river; Canmore; Bankhead; Costigan; Nikanassin, and else- 
where. Important deposits occur also at Lethbridge; Medicine 
Hat and Taber to the eastward. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Bituminous coals, sometimes grading in part to semi-anthracite or 

anthracite, are found at a number of localities in the Cretaceous 

strata of the Province, while some of the Tertiary beds contain 

seams of lignite of good quality. 
Ashcroft Mining Division. — Hat creek and other localities along 

the Fraser and Thompson rivers. 
Cariboo Mining Division. — Bituminous coals occur on Bear and 

Lightning creeks. 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — Extensive deposits of bituminous 

coal occur in the eastern part of this division — Morrissey; Coal 

creek; Crowsnest; Fernie; Hosmer, and Sparwood; seams of cannel 

coal have also been observed at the latter locality. 
Greenwood Mining Division. — Lignite occurs at Midway. 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Lignite has been noted at a number of 

localities in the vicinity of Kamloops lake, and also north of 

Kamloops on the North Thompson river. 
Liard Mining Division. — Lignite has been observed on some of the 

tributaries of the Liard river. 
Nelson Mining Division. — Lignite is found along a number of streams 

flowing into the Kootenay river. 
New Westminster Mining Division. — In the Fraser River delta near 

Vancouver, a dark brown lignite is found. 



CO. 74 

Nicola Mining Division. — Coal, grading bet ween bituminous and sub- 
bituminous, is found in thick seams near the mouth of the Cold- 
water river; small deposits of similar coal have been exposed along 
the Quilchena river. 

Omineca Mining Division. — Bituminous coals are found in the 
Morice River and Telkwa River areas, Bulkley valley; thick seams of 
anthracitic coal are found on Groundhog mountain at the head of 
the Skeena river: lignites are found on Parsnip river. 

Osoyoos Mining Division. — Lignite is found at various points in the 
Okanagan valley. 

Peace River Mining Division. — Bituminous coals and lignites are 
found on some of the tributaries of the Peace river. 

Similkameen Mining Division. — Bituminous and sub-bituminous 
coals of fine quality occur in thick beds near Tulameen and 
Princeton. 

MANITOBA.— 

Lignites are found in the undenuded Tertiary beds of Turtle mountain 
and other parts of southern and western Manitoba. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Bituminous coal has been found in the Millstone Grit of a wide area 

in the eastern and central parts of the province. 
Gloucester County. — Clifton and Caraquette. 
Kent County. — Beersville. 
Kings County. — Near Dunsinane. 
Northumberland County. — Dungarvon river. 
Queens County. — Near head of Grand lake. 

Sunbury County. — On the northwest branch of the Oromocto river. 
York County. — Nashwaaksis river. 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Arctic Islands. — Cannel and bituminous coals occur on Banks; Parry; 

Elsmere; Baffin, and Bylot islands. 
Mackenzie River and Delta. — Lignite occurs at various points in 

this area. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Bituminous coals are extensively mined in this province, the most 
important deposits being found in beds of Upper Carboniferous 
age; thin seams are also found in the Millstone Grit, but so far 
these have not attained to any economic importance. 

Cape Breton County. — Between Cape Dauphin and Indian bay; 
Glace bay; Morien bay, and Cape Percy. 

Colchester County. — Exposures of Lower Carboniferous coals have 
been noted along the Debert, Salmon, and Stewiacke rivers. 



75 CO. 

Cumberland County. — Coal is extensively mined in the Joggins 

and Springhill areas. 
Inverness County. — Inhabitants river; Port Hood; Broad Cove, and 

Chimney Corner. 
Pictou County. — Important deposits occur in the Westville, Vale, and 

Stellarton areas south of New Glasgow. 
Richmond County. — In the neighbourhood of the Strait of Canso. 

ONTARIO.— 

Woody materials, more or less altered to lignite, have been observed 
at a number of places in the Moose River water system. 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Valuable beds of lignite occur over wide areas in the Tertiary strata of 
this province. Mining has been carried on at Estevan and else- 
where in the Souris valley in the southern part of the province. 

YUKON.— 

Bituminous coal is found at widely scattered points in the Jura-Creta- 
ceous beds of this territory: lignite also occurs under similar 
conditions in the Tertiary. 

Cobalt Bloom. 

(See Erythrite.) 
(Hydrated arsenate of cobalt.) 

Cobaltite. 

(Sulph-arsenide of cobalt.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Ontario. — Cobaltite occurs in massive form and in small crystals at 
several points in this district, Bucke, 15-1 (Benn mine) (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1905, pt. 2, 23): Coleman township (La Rose mine) 
(Journ. Can. Min. Inst., Vol. XI, 1908, 483); Columbus claim. 
Analysis of cobaltite crystals from the Columbus claim by De Lury 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1905, pt. 2, 23). 

As S Co Ni Fe 

44-55 20-73 29-10 0-97 4-55 —99-90 

Coccolite. 

(Pyroxene.) 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, iron, and aluminum.) 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island. — Frobisher and Cyrus Field bays (G.S.C., N.S., II, 
41R). 



CO. 76 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — This variety of pyroxene occurs in various places 
in Buckingham and Portland townships (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T). 

Columbite. 

(Niobate and tantalate of iron and manganese.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — A mineral, which on examination has 
proved to belong to the columbite- tantalite group, is reported to 
have come from the neighbourhood of Kamloops (Pr. Com. W. F. 
Robertson). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — New Ross, at the King and Keddy shafts, near 
Lake Ramsay (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 81 and 82); 
Lavers mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — In a coarse pegmatite dyke in Lyndoch, 23-XV 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 197). 

Cookeite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, lithium, and potassium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Associated with galenite at Ottertail creek 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T):in thin layers in sericite-schist and filling 

small cavities in quartz veins traversing this schist on Wait-a-bit 

creek (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 22R). 
Analysis of cookelite from Wait-a-bit creek by Johnston (Hoffmann, 

G.S.C., N.S., VI, 22R). 



Si0 2 
32-00 


A1 2 3 
45-87 


CaO 
1-63 


MgO 
0-78 


Li 2 
2-10 


K 2 
0-06 


NajO 

0-65 


F 
002 


H 2 
17-29 — 

LossO-F 


100-40 
001 



10039 

Copper, Native. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Native copper has been found in grains and large nuggets in the gold 
washings of many of the streams and rivers — Dease river; Fraser 
and Thompson rivers (G.S.C., N.S., III, 154R). It also has been 
found in situ at a number of localities. 



77 CO. 

Atlin Mining Division. — Native copper has been found as nuggets 
in placer workings in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson): 
in calcite veins traversing serpentine on Goat island (G.S.C., 
N.S., XII, 69A). 

Greenwood Mining Division. — In the igneous rocks of Copper 
creek (G.S.C., N.S., III, 154R). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Native copper occurs very frequently 
in the amygdaloidal meta-andesites of the Vancouver series on 
Vancouver island. It has been found in a number of the diamond 
drill cores after passing through the coal-measures. A good ex- 
ample of occurrences of this kind is to be found near Cumberland 
(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton): in amygdaloidal trap near Nanaimo: 
it also occurs under similar conditions on South Valdes island 
(Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

Nicola Mining Division.— Aspen Grove (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 74-78A). 

Omineca Mining Division. — Native copper is found as nuggets in 
placer workings in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Has been noted by Mr. W. F. Robertson 
in a lava overflow overlying placer gravels near Horsefly camp. 

Native copper is found at Twentymile creek. It is also found at Big 
Sioux claims. Copper Grove (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Wellington mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker) 

MANITOBA.— 

In the amygdaloidal traps at the north end of Lake Manitoba and on 
Sugar island, Lake St. Martin (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 9AA). 

NEW BRUNSWICK- 
CHARLOTTE County. — In the igneous rocks of Clark point, Mascareen 
peninsula (G.S.C., N.S., X, 24M): native copper forms small 
masses and irregular strings in the Triassic traps near South- 
West head, Grand Manan island (G.S.C., N.S., X, 19 and 20 M). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island.— Albert harbour (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum., 1908, 166). 
Native copper is reported to occur in thin scales in the amygdaloidal 
traps of Copper mountain (G.S.C., N.S., II, 25R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County.— Margaretville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T). 
Digby County.— Briar island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T). 
Cumberland County. — Cape d'Or and Spencer island (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 30T). Five Islands (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T). 



CO. 78 

ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Michipicoten island. — (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
30T). 

Rainy River District. — In small, but very perfect, twinned octahedra 
at Andrew bay, Lake of the Woods (Ont. Bur. Min., 1895, 105). 

Thunder Bay District. — Native copper has been noted at many 
points along the north shore of Lake Superior and on the neigh- 
bouring islands: Battle, Spar, and St. Ignace islands, Cape Gar- 
gantua, Pt. Mamainse (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T); Sturgeon lake 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 94A); in O'Connor {Beaver mine) (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 197). 

QUEBEC— 

Native copper has been noted in the drift of the Chaudiere valley (Geol. 

Can., 1863, 515). 
Levis County. — Native copper has been found in thin plates in a mass 

of red slates in the bed of the Etchemin river; while masses of the 

metal have been found in the debris of the red slates of Pt. Levis 

(Geol. Can., 1863, 516). 



Coracite. 

(Gummite.) 

(Hydrated urano-silicaie of uranium, lead, calcium, etc.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — The locality is variously given as being 
from 70 to 90 miles from Sault Ste. Marie on the north shore of 
Lake Superior. It is given by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 504) as 
Mamainse. This mineral was first described as a new species 
by Dr. Le Conte (Am. Journ. Sci., Vol. Ill, 117, 173-175, 1847) 
upon a specimen collected by Mr. B. A. Stanard. It was further 
examined and described by Whitney (Journ. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist., 
1849, 36); and again by Genth (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 2, 1857, 421). 
It was said to have been found in a vein 2 inches in width at 
the junction of trap with syenite. 



79 

Analyses of Coracite. 



CO. 





1 


2 


uo 2 


>59-30 

5-36 

2-24 

0-90 

14-44 

4-35 
7-47 
4-64 


16-47 


uo 3 


46-21 


PbO 


7-39 


Fe 2 3 


3-51 


A1 2 8 


0-52 


CaO 


5-33 


MgO 


0-56 


Si0 2 


13-15 


C0 2 


U-14 


H 2 






98-70 


99-28 


So. Gr 


4-38 











1. By Whitney (loc. cit). 

2. By Genth (loc. cit). 

Cordierite. 

(See Iolite.) 
{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

Corundum. 

(Oxide of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nelson Mining Division. — A celandine-green variety of corundum 

has been observed in the gold washings of the Pend d'Oreille 

river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 15R). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Minute grains of ruby corundum 

have been observed in the gravels of some of the creeks tributary 

to the Tulameen river. 

ONTARIO.— 

Corundum occurs in greater or less abundance at many places in con- 
nexion with syenites and anorthosites of the south-central and 
eastern counties. 

Hastings County.— Carlow 14-XIII and XIV (G.S.C., N.S., X, 
52A): in Dungannon (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 192A). 



CO-CR. 80 

Leeds County. — Light red to sapphire blue corundum has been found 
in the form of grains in a rock aggregate of feldspar, quartz, cal- 
cite, mica, and titanite in South Burgess, 2- IX; light blue crystals 
of corundum also occur in the crystalline limestones of this neigh- 
bourhood (Geol. Can., 1863, 499). 

Peterborough County. — Methuen, 14-IX(G.S.C, N.S., IX, 15R). 

Renfrew County.— Brudenell, 34-V; 25-VI; 32, 33-VII (G.S.C., 
N.S., X, 16S): Raglan, 3, 4-XVII (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 128A); 
3, 4, XVIII; 1, 2-XIX (G.S.C., N.S., X, 16S): Radcliffe, 32-11 
(G.S.C., N.S., X, 16S). 

Covellite. 

{Sulphide of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan City Mining Division. — Small* quantities of covellite are 
found in Highland Light mining claim, Tenmile creek (Pr. Com. 
W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — In nodules with chalcocite at New Annan 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 30T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Rainy River District. — With pyrite and other sulphides at Pine 

Portage bay (G.S.C., 1882-84, 15K). 
Timiskaming District. — According to Dr. Barlow, covellite occurs 

at different points in James and Tudhope townships (Report of the 

German Development Company, 1907, p. 10). 
Analysis of covellite from New Annan by Louis (Trans. N.S. Inst. 

Nat. Sci., IV, 1875-78, 424). 

S Cu Fe 2 3 AI2O3 Insol. Sp. Gr. 

25-64 64-11 ( 3-89 ) 5-78— 99-42 4-3888 

Gryptomorphite. 

(Hydrous borate of calcium and sodium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — With nirabilite in seams between anhydrite and 
gypsum at the Clifton Quarry, Windsor (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31T). 

Analysis of cryptomorphite by How (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 

XXXII, p. 9). 
B 2 3 CaO Na 2 H 2 

59-10 15-55 5-61 19-72—99-98 



81 CU-CY. 

Cuprite. 

{Oxide of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — In small transparent crystals at the 
King Solomon mine, Copper creek (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 125A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — With native copper and copper carbonates 
at Bennett brook; Cape d'Or and Spencer. island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
31T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Cuprite has been observed with native 
copper amongst the trappean rocks of the north shore of Lake 
Superior (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 196). 

QUEBEC— 

Bagot County. — Cuprite has been observed in the form of cinnabar- 
red stains on the shales of the copper deposits of Acton (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 31T). 

Brome County. — An earthy form occurs with bornite and malachite 
in Sutton 9-IX (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 26R) 



Cyanite. 

{Silicate of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Cariboo Mining Division. — With beryl in the mica vein 7 miles 
south of Tete Jaune Cache (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 163 A). 

Kamloops Mining Division. — In radiated columnar aggregates em- 
bedded in granular quartz along with scales of white mica on the 
North Thompson river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 31T). 

Nelson Mining Division. — In biotite-mica-schist on the ridge south 
of Summit creek (G.S.C., N.S., X, 30A). 

Vernon Mining Division. — Three miles from Armstrong. 

ONTARIO.— 

Lennox County.— With quartz in mica schist in Kaladar, 25-VI 

(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 200). 
Sudbury District. — In a pegmatite vein cutting Grenville gneiss 
in Dryden, 9-III (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28R). 



CY.-DA 



82 



QUEBEC— 

Timiskaming County. — Cyanite characterizes most of the granite 
gneiss of the Ottawa river at Les Erables rapids (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
56A); and Snake creek (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 117A): fine, pale blue, 
plated crystals occur in quartz near Hunters point, Turtle lake, 
Kipawa, Grand Lake route. 

Analysis of cyanite from North Thompson river by Hoffmann 
(G.S.C., 1878-79, 1 H). 



Si0 2 


AUO, 


Fe 2 8 


CaO 


MgO 


Sp. Gr 


36-288 


62-254 


0-552 


1-064 


0-355—100-513 


3-6005 



Cyanolite. 

(Hydrous silicate of calcium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — This name was given by How (Edin. New Phil. 
Journ., Vol. X, 1859, 84) to the inner bluish portion of a nodule 
found in amygdaloid near Black Rock. For notes on the other 
constituents of the nodule see cerinite and centrallassite. 



A nalyses of Cyanolite. 





1 


2 


Si02 . 


74-15 
0-84 

17-52 

tr. 
0-53 
7-39 


72-32 


Al 2 O s 


1-24 


CaO 


18-19 


MgO 


tr. 


K 2 


0-61 


H 2 0.. 


6-91 










100-43 


99-47 


Sp. Gr 


2-495 




1 and 2 By How (loc. cit.) 


Damon 

(Musco 


trite. 

vite.) 





(Hydrous silicate of potassium and aluminum.) 



BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Damourite is found with quartz and 
dolomite in the Kicking Horse valley (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 20R). 



83 DA. 

ONTARIO.— 

Peterborough County. — Methuen, 14-XIV. 

Analysis of damourite from the Kicking Horse pass by Johnston 
(Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 20R). 
Si0 2 Al 2 O s Fe 2 3 MgO K 2 Na 2 F CI H 2 Sp. Gr. 

44-28 33-60 0-60 3-03 9-87 0-40 0-59 0-51 6-25 -99-13 2-657 

LessO = F 0-36 



98-77 



Danaite. 

(Sulph-arsenide of iron and cobalt.) 
(See Arsenopyrite.) 



Danalite. 

(Silicate of iron, manganese, zinc, sulphur, and beryllium.) 

QUEBEC. 

New Quebec Territory. — Danalite has been observed in small 
crystals in a vein composed of orthoclase, spodumene, and quartz 
cutting syenite on Walrus island, Paint Hills group, east coast 
of James bay (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 15R). 



Datolite. 

(Boro-silicate of calcium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Bedford, 30-VI (Bobs Lake mine) (Mines, 
Min. Br., 118, 285): fine crystals of datolite have been found in 
Loughborough, 11-VII (Smith and Lacey mine) (Pirsson, Am. 
Journ. Sci., XLV, 100-102). 
Thunder Bay District. — One mile west of Loon station (Pr. Com. 
T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — A massive form occurs in Berry, 9-1 (Daisy mine) 

(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 17R). 
Analysis of datolite from Derry by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., 

XII, 17-18R). 

Si0 2 B 2 8 CaO A1,0, Fe a O, MgO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

36-94 22-37 34-90 0-12 0-02 0-05 5-68-100-08 2-985 



DA. 



84 



Dawsonite. 

(Basic carbonate of aluminum and sodium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — In fibrogladiate forms in the joints of felds- 
pathic dykes cutting Trenton limestone near McGill College 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV,31T)and at the Reservoir, Montreal (Can. Nat., 
Ser. 2, VII, 305-309 and X, 84-86). 

Analyses of Dawsonite. 



C0 2 ... 
A1 2 3 . 
Na 2 0. 
K 2 0.. 
CaO.. 
MgO.. 
Mn0 2 
Si0 2 .. 
H 2 0.. 



29-88 

32-84 

20-20 

0-38 

5-95 

tr. 



0-40 
11-91 



Sp. Gr. 



101-56 
2-40 



30-72 
32-68 
20-17 



5-65 
0-45 



(10-33) 



100-00 



32-23 
24-71 
15-64 



16-85 



0-23 
0-84 
9-06 



99-26 



1, 2. From McGill College, Montreal. 

3. From the Reservoir, Montreal, by Harrington (Can. Nat., Ser. 2, 
VII, 305-309; X, 84-86). 

The lime and magnesia in the above analyses are regarded as impurities 
in the form of carbonates; if they be calculated as such and deducted along 
with other manifest impurities, and the remaining figures be recalculated for 
one hundred parts, the following figures are obtained as representing the 
composition of the mineral. 

Analyses of Dawsonite. 





1 


2 


3 


co 2 


27-96 
36-42 
22-41 
13-21 


29-06 
36-70 
22-65 
11-59 


27-78 


A1 2 3 


36-12 


Na 2 


22-86 


H 2 


13-24 







85 



DI. 



Diallage. 

(Pyroxene.) 
(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, iron, and aluminum.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Diallage forms a constituent of some of the 
gabbros of this district (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 197). 

QUEBEC— 

Diallage, frequently altered to a greater or less extent through hydration, 

occurs at several places in connexion with the serpentines of the 

Eastern Townships. 
Richmond County.— Melbourne, 22-11 (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 18R). 
Sherbrooke County. — A celandine-green diallage occurs in the 

township of Orford (Geol. Can., 1863, 469). 
Wolfe County. — A hydrous diallage occurs in the township of Ham 

(Geol. Can., 1863, 469). 

Analyses of Diallage. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


Si0 2 


50-00 


47-20 
3-40 


47-10 
3-50 


50-66 


A1 2 3 


4-47 


Fe 2 O s 




0-70 


Cr 2 3 




tr. 

8-91 

tr. 

11-36 
24-53 

5-80 


tr. 
8-55 
tr. 
11-34 

24-58 
5-85 


1-40 


FeO 


13-59 


2-75 


NiO 




CaO 


3-80. 
27-17 
6-30 


21-81 


MgO 


17-45 


H 2 


0-69 






So. Gr 


100-86 


101-20 


100-92 


99-93 
3-238 











1. From Ham by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 469). 

2. and 3. From Orford, ibid. (loc. cit.). 

4. From Melbourne by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 18R). 



DI. 86 

Diamond. 

(Carbon.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Microscopic diamonds have been found-in scattered groups and minute 

veinlets in connexion with chromite or chrompicotite occurring 

in dunite at two localities in this province. 
Clinton Mining Division. — With the chrompicotite of Scottie creek, 

Bonaparte river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 360). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — With the chromite of Olivine 

mountain (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 112, 113). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Microscopic diamonds have been noted in 
connexion with certain chromite deposits in the township of 
Kheaume. Diamonds of microscopic dimensions were also 
observed in what appeared to be an altered pyroxene associated 
with these deposits (Ont. Bur. Min., 1914, 47). 

QUEBEC— 

Megantic County. — Microscopic diamonds have been found in con- 
nexion with the chromite of Black lake (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 
1911, 360). 

Diopside. 

(Pyroxene.) 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — In fine translucent to transparent green 

crystals in Cardiff, 1-XXI (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 167). 
Hastings County.— Herschell, 3-IV (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Lanark County. — Diopside has been observed in the townships of 

Bathurst and North Elmsley (Geol. Can. 1863, 467 and 468). 
Renfrew County. — In Blithfield, at the High falls and the Ragged 

chute on the Madawaska river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 44T). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Grenville (Geol. Can., 1863, 468). 

Joliette County. — Kildare (Geol. Can., 1863, 467). 

Pontiac County. — In crystals up to 6 inches in length at Calumet 

falls, Litchfield (Geol. Can., 1863, 467). 
Sherbrooke County. — In crystals in druses in pyroxene rock in 
Orford (Geol. Can., 1863, 467). 



87 



DI-DO. 



Analyses of Diopside. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


Si0 2 


51-27 
4-00 
0-10 


54-20 


51-50 
6-15 
0-35 


50-90 
6-77 


54-90 


54-50 


A1 2 3 




Fe 2 3 








FeO.. 


3-24 
25-65 
17-02 


4-86 


CaO 


25-27 
17-46 

0-14 

0-62 

tr. 

1-63 


23-80 
17-69 


23-74 
18-14 


27-67 
16-76 


25-20 


MgO 


15-29 


K 2 




Na 2 












Li 2 












H 2 


0-45 


1-10 


0-90 


0-80 


0-55 








100-49 


100-56 


100-59 


100-45 


100-13 


100-40 


Sp. Gr 


3-35 


3.273 to 3.275 


3-19 






3-13 to 
3-15 



1. From Grenville, by Harrington (G.S.C., 1874-75, 302). 

2. From High Falls. 

3. and 4. From Bathurst. 

5. From Calumet island. 

6. From Orford, by Hunt (Geol. Can. 1863, 467-468). 

Dog-Tooth-Spar. 

{See Calcite.) 
{Carbonate of calcium.) 

Dolomite. 

{Carbonate of calcium and magnesium.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Heavy beds of dolomite occur at Castle mountain (G.S.C., N.S., II, 
25 D); Rocky Mountains park; Jasper park; and in Pincher Creek 
division (G.S.C., N.S., I, 40B). 



BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Dolomite occurs as a rock formation at several localities in this province. 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — At Green hills and elsewhere in this 

district (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 72A). 
Golden Mining Division. — Dolomitic rocks occur in the Kicking 

Horse pass (G.S.C., N.S., V, 13 AA). 



DO. 88 

Kamloops Mining Division. — At Duffy creek, there is a vein of dolo- 
mite a quarter of a mile wide and 4 miles long revealing traces of 
gold (G.S.C, N.S., VII, 141B). 

Omineca Mining Division. — At Germansen Landing on the Omineca 
river, in bands with serpentine and magnesite interbedded with 
argillites and green volcanic ash rocks (G.S.C, N.S., VII, 25C). 

Osoyoos, Similkameen, and Slocan Mining Divisions. — Dolomite 
occurs in scattered patches or as a vein mineral associated with 
lead and copper ores in these divisions (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 73A, 
and G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 75A). 

MANITOBA.— 

Cliffs of yellow dolomite occur at Cat head, Lake Winnipeg (G.S.C, 
N.S., V, 24AA), good exposures of fossiliferous dolomite occur in 
the islands of Dawson bay, Lake Winnipegosis (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 22A); Cedar lake, Saskatchewan river (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 36F). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Dolomite occurs in association with the lime- 
stone at VEtang and Frye islands (G.S.C., 1870-71, 237): and on 
the road between Lepreau and Point Lepreau near the boundary 
line between St. John and Charlotte counties (G.S.C., N.S., 
XVI, 275A). 

Kings County. — Crystals of dolomite are found in the manganese 
mine at Markhamville (G.S.C., 1870-71, 237). 

St. John County. — Dolomite occurs in association with limestone in 
the neighbourhood of St. John city (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 275A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — George river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Inverness County. — Near Whycocomagh (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Kings County. — Cape Blomidon (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Victoria County. — New Campbellton (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Dolomite constitutes important masses or beds both in the Archaean 
and Palaeozoic systems of the province. The so-called limestones 
of the Silurian of the Inter lake peninsula consist for the most part 
of dolomites; the same mineral forms extensive beds in the Cal- 
ciferous of the eastern part of the province. Beds of dolomite are 
also extensively developed in the Grenville of the south-central and 
eastern parts and the Huronian of the northern parts. Crystal- 
lized dolomite — bitter spar or pearl spar — is often found with 
calcite and gypsum in the dolomites of the Niagara formation 
of the Interlake peninsula and under similar circumstances in 
cavities in the Calciferous formation; it is also found in connexion 
with the copper-bearing rocks of Bruce Mines, Algoma district 
(Geol. Can., 1863, 456, 457). 



89 DO.-DY. 

QUEBEC— 

As in the province of Ontario, dolomite is of common occurrence in the 

great areas of Archaean rocks to be found in the province of Quebec. 

It occurs also to a greater or less extent in some of the Palaeozoic 

rocks (Geol. Can., 1863, 456, 457). 
Pontiac County. — A quarry of crystalline dolomite is being worked 

at Portage du Fort (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Wolfe County. — At Dudswell, the Devonian limestones are traversed 

by veins of dolomite (Geol. Can., 1863, 456, 457). 

Domeykite. 

{Arsenide of copper.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Domeykite occurs in association with niccolite 

in a vein cutting amygdaloid on Michipicoten island (Geol. Can., 

1863, 506). 
Thunder Bay District. — Domeykite has been noted on Silver islet, 

Lake Superior (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 198). 

Dufrenite. 

{Hydrous phosphate of iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Madoc, 17 -V {Moore's mine) (Fr. Com. T.L. 
Walker). 

Durangite. 

{Fluo-ar senate of sodium and aluminum.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Durangite occurs sparingly with amblygonite, 
cassiterite, and other minerals in a pegmatite dyke near Lake 
Ramsay, New Ross (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 96). 

Dyscrasite. 

{Antimonide of silver.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Dyscrasite occurs in abundance in Coleman 
township, at the La Rose, O'Brien, and other mines in the Cobalt 



A sample of dyscrasite from the La Rose mine analysed by Mr. Bur- 
rows afforded him the formula Ag 6 Sb (Ont. Bur. Min., 1905, 
pt. 2, p. 23). 



ED-EP. 90 

Edenite. 

(See Hornblende.) 
(Silicate of calcium, iron, and aluminum.) 

Elaeolite. 

(See Nephelite.) 
(Silicate of aluminum and sodium.) 

Emplectite. 

(Sulphide of copper and bismuth.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Bucke township, at the Floyd mine, 6 
miles west of Haileybury (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 
264). 

Enstatite. 

(Silicate of magnesium and iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Algoma, Nipissing, Rainy River, Sudbury, and Thunder Bay 
Districts. — Enstatite occurs as a constituent of some of the 
eruptives of these districts. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Enstatite has been found as a constituent of a 

gabbro in Buckingham, 18-XII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 39-0). 
Terrebonne County. — Good examples of this mineral have been found 

in association with labradorite at Ste.Adele (Mines, G.S.C., Sum. 

Rep., 1908, 168). 

Eosphorite. 

(Hydrated phosphate of manganese, aluminum, and iron.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Eosphorite occurs sparingly near the Molyb- 
denite mine, Larder river, New Ross. 

Epidote. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Epidote is of frequent occurrence amongst the intrusives of this 
province: the Boundary district, the mining divisions of the 
southern interior (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 119A); and the west 
coast of Vancouver island (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 69A). 



91 EP. 

MANITOBA.— 

Epidote is found in pockets and stringers in amphibolite schists near 
bands of red granite at the mouth of Loon creek, east side of Lake 
Winnipeg (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 49G). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Epidote occurs sparingly with other minerals at a number of localities 

in this province. 
Charlotte County. — Beaver Harbour, Chamcook lake, New river 

(G.S.C., 1870-71, 240). 
Kings County. — With chlorite at Clifton in the parish of Kingston; 

Land's End in the parish of Westfield (G.S.C., 1870-71, 239-240). 
St. John County.— Grand bay (G.S.C., 1870-71, 240). 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Glamorgan, 15- VI: Harcourt, on the shores of 

Farragut lake; it is found in large individuals in a curious gneiss, 

evidently an altered limestone, which occurs on Pine lake, on 

concession III of Monmouth (G.S.C., Mem. 6, p. 203). 
Hastings County. — In fine crystals in Tudor, 8-XIX (G.S.C., N.S., 

VIII, 119A); 10, 11-XIX (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 129A). 
Lanark County. — In Ramsay, near Carleton Place (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

74S). 
Nipissing District. — In the gneissic rocks in the country about 

Lake Timagami (G.S.C., N.S., X, 83-84-1). 
Peterborough County. — With some of the iron ores in Belmont, 

8-1 {Blairton mine) G.S.C., 1873-74, 200). 
Thunder Bay District. — Epidote is found to some extent amongst 

the amygdaloidal traps and greenstones of Lake Superior and 

at Mamainse crystals are sometimes found implanted on mesolite 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 

QUEBEC— 

Epidote is frequently found amongst rocks of the Grenville series, also 

at times amongst the metamorphic trap rocks of the Eastern 

Townships (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 
Beauce County. — St. Joseph, where it was found in concretionary 

argillite (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 
Brome County. — Epidote constitutes one of the principal minerals 

in the amygdaloidal trap of Sutton mountain (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 

308A). 
Missisquoi County. — St. Armand, lot 43 (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
New Quebec Territory. — An extensive development of epidote- 

syenite occurs on the northeast part of Walrus island, Paint Hills 

group, east coast of James bay (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 65D). 



EP. 92 

Ottawa County.— Hull, 8, 9-IX: Templeton, 9-X and 23-XIII 
(Mines, Min. Br., 118, 285); 14-XI {McLarens Limits), Gatineau 
river (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker): Wakefield, 12-1; 18-11 (G.S.C., 
1882-84, 18L). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Epidote occurs in abundance at 
some of the claims in this division (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 49A). 

Epistilbite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Epistilbite is found with stilbite on ledges of 
trap at MargaretvUle about 7 miles east of Port George (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV,32T). 
Analysis by How (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. II, Vol. XXVI, 1858, p. 33). 

Si0 2 A1 2 0, Fe 2 0, CaO K 2 Na 2 H 2 
58-57 15-34 1-58 7-00 0-99 0-99 15-42 99-89 

Epsomite. 

{Hydrated sulphate of magnesium.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Epsomite occurs intermixed with fibroferrite on the Canyon branch 
of the Elbow river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 12, 13R). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Omineca Mining Division. — Epsomite occurs in association with 
mirabilite as an incrustation upon cliffs of shale at Fort St. John, 
Peace river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33T). 
Osoyoos Mining Division. — West side of Osoyoos lake, Okanagan 
valley. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Epsomite has been noted at the Clifton Gypsum 
Quarry, Windsor (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Epsomite occurs as an efflorescence on serpentine 
rocks near the iron-ore beds of Crow lake, Marmora (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 32, 33T). 
Interlake Peninsula. — This mineral has been found at times as an 
incrustation amongst the dolomites and shales of this area (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 32, 33T). 



93 



EP.-ER. 



QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — Epsomite occurs as an efflorescence on Utica 

shales near Montreal (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 
Quebec County. — Epsomite occurs as an efflorescence on black shales 

at Quebec (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 32T). 

YUKON.— 

Epsomite occurs as a coating on clay at and in the neighbourhood of 
Alum hill, George river, Peel river (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 34 CC). 

Analyses of Epsomite. 





1 


2 


so 3 


49-849 

0-205 
0-072 

0-158 
0-571 
4-633 

14-156 

094 

0-270 

14-748 

16-325 


36-43 


so 4 




Fe 2 3 


13-15 


FeO 


0-93 


Fe 




Al 




AI2O3 


5-57 


Mn 




Ca 




Mg 




MgO 


5-92 


Na 




K 




CI 




H 2 


36-98 


Insol 


0-48 








101-081 


99-46 



1. From Fort St. John, Peace river, of the mixed epsomite and mira- 

bilite, by Hoffmann (G.S.C., 1875-76, 421). 

2. From the Canyon branch of the Elbow river, of the mixed epsomite 

and mirabilite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., IX, 12, 13R). 

Erubescite. 

(Syn. Bornite.) 



(Sulphide of copper and iron.) 



ER.-ES. 94 

Erythrite. 

(Hydrated arsenate of cobalt.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Erythrite occurs very sparingly in a number of copper ore occurrences 

in this province (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Fort Steele Mining Division.— Bull river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 20R). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Texada island (Little Billie mine) 

(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Nelson Mining Division. — On the Crows Nest railway between 

Creston and Kootenay Landing (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 238A). 
Osoyoos Mining Division. — The earthy variety of this mineral 

occurs at Nickel Plate mountain (G.S.C., Mem. No. 2, 149). 
Trail Creek Mining Division. — Erythrite is found in the arsenical 

ores of Monte Christo mountain (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 13R). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Great Bear Lake. — Cobalt bloom occurs as a stain on rocks east of 

MacTavish bay (Journ. Can. Min. Inst., XI, 361). 
Great Slave Lake. — On a greenstone carrying chalcopyrite near 

McLeod bay (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 108A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — In a quartz vein at Bay of Islands (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 198): in diabase at Desbarats: Otter, SE. i, SE.$ I-IV 
(Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

Hastings County. — With mispickel in quartz at Limerick: in Modoc , 
2-II (Dominion Iron mine) with magnetite (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 
128A); also at Modoc village (Cross mine) (G.S.C., N.S., X, 117A). 

Thunder Bay District. — Erythrite is found in connexion with the 
silver ores of Silver islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 27H); and Prince 
mine (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33T). 

Timiskaming District. — Erythrite is of common occurrence in the 
silver mines of Cobalt in Coleman township and also in the adjoin- 
ing townships (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 201A): west shore of Rabbit 
lake (Ottawa Nat., IX (No. 10), 1896, 193). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Erythrite occurs as a bright red 
flecking on grossularite at the Rabbit Foot claim (G.S.C., N.S., 
XII, 20R). 

Essonite. 

(Hessonite.) 

(See Grossularite.) 

(Silicate of calcium and aluminum.) 



95 FA.-FE. 

Fahlunite. 

(See Iolite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

Fassaite. 

(Pyroxene.) 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Fassaite is found in connexion with apatite de- 
posits in Templeton, 13-XI, and elsewhere (G.S.C., 1877-78, 
17G). 
Analysis of fassaite by Harrington (G.S.C., 1877-78, 17G). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 FeO MnO CaO MgO Ign. Sp. Gr. 

51-275 2-821 1-317 9-164 0-329 23-344 11-612 0-174-100-026 3-385 

Faujasite. 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Faujasite is found associated with datolite in 

Derry, 9-1 (Daisy mica mine) (G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 12, 13R). 
Analysis of faujasite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C, N.S., XIII, 
12, 13R). 
Si0 2 AI2O3 CaO Na 2 H 2 0(lgn) Sp. Gr. 

48-7 17-0 4-6 3-2 26-0 —99-5 2-07 

Feldspar. 

(Composition various.) 

(Silicates of aluminum, calcium, sodium, and potassium.) 

For occurrences of the different varieties of feldspar see albite, andesine, 
anorthite, labradorite, microcline, oligoclase, orthoclase, etc. 

Fergusonite. 

(Metaniobate and tantalate of yttrium, with erbium, cerium, uranium, 

iron, and calcium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Berthier County. — The Mica mines, Maisonneuve (Min. Oper. in 

Quebec, 1906, 42). 
Charlevoix County. — Pied des Monts (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 

1906, 42). 



FE.-FL. 96 

Ferroprehnite. 

(See Prehnite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and iron.) 

Fibroferrite (?) 

(Hydrous sulphate of iron.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Saline incrustations occurring on the Canyon branch of the Elbow river, 
from their analysis appear to be composed in part of this material. 
See under epsomite (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 12R). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quatsino Mining Division. — Fibroferrite occurs in the bog iron 
ore deposit at Quatsino, Vancouver island (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Fibrolite. 

(See Sillimanite.) 
(Silicate of aluminum.) 

Fluorite. 

(Fluoride of calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nelson Mining Division. — A band of bluish and purplish fluorite, 
whose maximum thickness is 14 inches, occurs along and near 
the foot-wall of a tunnel in granite porphyry at Fivemile point, 
just east of Troup junction (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 
157). 

NORTHS WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Fluorite is found with quartz and calcite cutting Huronian schists at 
the west end of Baker lake, Dubawnt river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
43 A). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — With barite on Frye island (G.S.C., N.S., 

ifgX, 125M). 

Westmorland County. — With copper-glance in quartz veins at 
Beech hills (G.S.C., N.S., X, 25M). 

York County. — In zones of igneous action in the Lower Carbonif- 
erous System near Harvey Station and Lysters Mills (G.S.C., 
N.S., X, 12SM). 



97 FL. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Associated with galena near the head of Mus- 

quodoboit harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Inverness County. — Near Cap Rouge (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — With molybdenite, calcite, etc., in the vicinity 

of Larder river, also about Lake Ramsay (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 

344 A). 
Richmond County. — Fine blue fluorite is found at Plaster Cove 

(G.S.C., N.S., III, 79S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Essex County. — Maiden township (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Hastings County. — Handsome specimens of green fluorite with an 
incrustation of crystalline barite are found in Madoc, 1-IV (Mines, 
G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 252); and also in Huntingdon, 10-XI: 
Limerick township (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker): a pale, sea-green 
fluorite occurs embedded in magnetite, pyrite, and calcite in 
Marmora, 6-VIII (G.S.C., 1873-74, 200). 

Haliburton County. — Cardiff (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Interlake Peninsula. — Fine crystals of purple fluorite of great 
beauty are found on pearl-spar in geodes in the Niagara formation 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 79S). 

Nipissing District. — In large, light green, cleavable masses asso- 
ciated with orthoclase, microcline, and perthite in large pegmatite 
dykes cutting biotite gneisses in Cameron (G.S.C., N.S., X, 159-1). 

Renfrew County. — A purple variety occurs in Ross, 13, 14-1 II; 13- 
VI (G.S.C., 1882-84, 6L). 

Thunder Bay District. — A deep purple variety occurs on Blueberry 
lake, north of Clearwater and Snake lakes, Niven's fifth meridian 
(G.S.C., N.S., X, 40A); with calcite, quartz; pyrite, and spha- 
lerite at the Star mine, Strange township (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 
172A); in cubes 2 inches in diameter with large crystals of 
amethyst at the mouth of Mackenzie river; near Black and Ter- 
race bays; Cape Gargantua; in veins in syenite on the mainland 
opposite Pic island; with barite lining fissures in porphyry 3 
miles east of Gravelly point; Fluor island, Nipigon lake, and else- 
where on the islands and along the shores of Lake Superior (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 33T); Prince's mine (G.S.C., N.S., III, 79S). 

Timiskaming District. — Langmuir township; fluorite occurs in 
barite veins on mining claim R.S.C., 216 (Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

QUEBEC— 

Charlevoix County. — A green, compact variety of fluorite occurs 
associated with galena in veins of white calcite cutting Potsdam 
sandstone at Bqy St. Paul and Murray Bay (G.S.C., N.S., III, 
79S). 



FL.-FR. 98 

Ottawa County. — Fluorite is met with in the apatite and mica de- 
posits of this county. Fine green crystals occur with faujasite 
and datolite in Berry (Daisy mica mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 436A); 
Templeton, 12-XIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 286); Villeneuve 
3 1-1 and Wakefield (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Pontiac County. — Fluorite is found in Huddersfield, 22-IV (Mines, 
Min. Br., 118, 285). 



Folgerite. 

(Sulphide of iron and nickel.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Subdury District. — This name has been applied by Dr. S. H. Em- 
mens (Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. XIV, 
No. 7) to one of several nickeliferous iron sulphides found in this 
district. It is now regarded merely as a nickeliferous variety of 
marcasite. Denison, 12-1 1 1, Drury, 1, 2-1 1. See also Blueite 
and Whartonite. 



Franklinite. 

(Oxide of iron, zinc, and manganese.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Madoc, Tenney's farm, 2 miles fron Modoc 
village (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 198). 



Freibergite. 

(Tetrahedrite.) 
(Sulphantimonite of copper and silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — An argentiferous tetrahedrite occurs 
on a branch of the Eagle river, near Craigellachie (G.S.C., N.S., 
V, 65R). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Freibergite is found associated with most 
of the argentiferous galenas of this district (Pr. Com. W. F. Robert- 
son). 

Vernon Mining Division. — An argentiferous tetrahedrite occurs on 
Cherry creek (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33T). 

Yale District. — Hope (Journ. Can. Min. Inst., 1911, 603). 



99 FU-GA. 

Fuchsite. 

(A chromiferous variety of muscovite). 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — This mica forms one of the constituents of a 
schist in Matawatchan (G.S.C., N.S., V, 21R). 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — In the dolomites of Bolton and in the magnesite of 
Sutton (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 231, 232A). 

YUKON.— 

In scaly aggregates and scattered particles with chromite and quartz 

in magnesite in the first range of mountains east of Big Salmon 

river, Lewes river. Scales of this mineral are found scattered 

through white dolomite, 1§ miles above the mouth of Hunter 

creek, Klondike river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 15R). 

Analysis of fuchsite from Matawatchan by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 

N.S., Vol. V, 21R). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 Cr 2 8 MnO CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 H 2 (dir.est.) 

43-72 35-51 2-94 1-26 0-26 4-46 1-36 8-88 0-39 3-68—102-46 

Gahnite. 

{Aluminate of zinc.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — In dark green crystals lining cavities in hair 
brown corundum, in Raglan, 2-XVIII (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 15R). 

Galena. 

(Sulphide of lead). 

ALBERTA.— 

Twin lakes, Vermilion pass (G.S.C., N.S., I, 137B); Castle mountain 
near Eldon Station (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 164A). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Galena is of common occurrence throughout this province. 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Galena is found in this division in a 
great variety of forms from coarse to fine crystalline, coarse to fine 
cleavable, and in what have been locally called steel, wavy, and 
ribbed varieties (Can. Rec. Sci., VI, 494-8). 

Atlin Mining Division. — In quartz veins in this division (G.S.C., 
N.S., XII, 69A). 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Occurs near Barkerville and on Break- 
water Ridge (G.S.C., N.S., III, 156R). 



GA. 100 

Golden Mining Division. — Extensive deposits on Mount Stephen 

(G.S.C., N.S., I, 140B). 
Lardeau Mining Division. — Galena is found under conditions 

similar to those which obtain in Ainsworth mining division (Can. 

Rec. Sci., VI, 494-498). 
Liard Mining Division. — Lower canyon, Upper Liard river (G.S.C., 

N.S., III, 155R). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Galena occurs in extensive veins at 

Boulder and Birch creeks (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 70A). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Galena occurs in scattered 

veins near the Indian village of Cumshewa (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

155R). 
Revelstoke Mining Division. — In good crystals at the Illecillewaet 

mines (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 61S). 
Slocan and Trout Lake Mining Divisions. — Galena is found under 

conditions similar to those which obtain in Ainsworth mining 

division (Can. Rec. Sci., Vol. VI, 494-498). 

MANITOBA.— 

Wanipigow lake (G.S.C., N.S., V, 21AA); 25-XI, E. 1st mer. near 

Nelson House, north of Burntwood river (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. 

Rep., 1910 20). 
» 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Galena has been reported from a number of localities in this province; 

none of these occurrences so far have proved to be of any con- 
siderable extent. 
Carleton County. — Briton mines, near Woodstock (G.S.C., N.S., 

V, 89SS). 
Charlotte County. — Magaguadavic river below St. George (G.S.C., 

N.S., X, 35M); Welchpool, Campobello island (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

34M). 
Gloucester County. — Millstream, Beresford (G.S.C., N.S., V, 67A); 

Bathurst (G.S.C., N.S., X, 36M). 
Kings County. — Dickie mountain, Norton; Hammond river, JJpham; 

Quispamsis (G.S.C., N.S., X, 36M). 
Northumberland County. — Miramichi river, between Tomogonops 

and Little river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 148M). 
Westmorland County. — Small quantities of galena in a barite vein 

at GoldvUle (G.S.C., N.S., X, 125M). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Great Slave Lake. — Scattered through limestone about 30 miles 
south of Fort Resolution (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 108-109A). 



101 GA. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Small occurrences of galena have been noted at a number of localities 

in this province. , 

Antigonish County. — Arisaig (G.S.C., N.S, II, 122P). 
Cape Breton County. — Steels Crossing {East bay); Salmon river 

near McAdam lake (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Colchester County. — Gays river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Cumberland County. — Galena has been found with pyrite and 

chalcocite at Blue Sea Corner (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 163AA). 
Guysborough County. — Salmon river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 122P); and 

Smithfield (G.S.C., N.S., II, 162P). 
Halifax County. — Near head of Musquodoboit harbour (Pr. Com. 

H. Piers). 
Inverness County. — Near Cheticamp; near Broad Cove, Pleasant Bay 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Richmond County. — Arichat (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118S). 
Victoria County. — South Harbour (A spy Bay) (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Galena occurs sparingly at many points in this 
district (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 105H). 

Carleton County. — Fitzroy, 25-VII. 

Frontenac County.— Bedford, 18, 21-VIII (Geol. Can., 1863, 687, 
688); 9-IX; Loughborough, 15, 16-IX (G.S.C., N.S., X, 121S); 
Olden, 5, 6-1 1 1 (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 244S); Storrington, 17 -IX. 

Haliburton County. — Cardiff, 13-V: Lutterworth, 13-XIV (G.S.C., 
Mem. 6, p. 203). 

Hastings County. — Bridgewater: Elzevir (G.S.C., 1866-69, 164): 
Hollandia mine on the town line between Madoc and Tudor (G.S.C., 
N.S., XII, 130A): Hastings Road, 13 (G.S.C., 1863-66, 105): 
Hungerford, 22-XI (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 122A): Lake, 7 -XI 
(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 243S): Limerick, l-III (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 198): Tudor, 28-B, 28, 29-XIV (G.S.C., 1866-69, 162). 

Lanark County. — Dalhousie, 16-1 1 1: Ramsay, 3-V (Geol. Can., 
1863, 688). 

Nipissing District. — Galena occurs sparingly at many points in this 
district (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 105H). 

Parry Sound District. — Galena occurs in greater or less abundance 
at the McGowan mine, Foley township (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 164A). 

Thunder Bay District. — Fine crystals have been found at Silver 
islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 27H); and it is of frequent occurrence in 
greater or less quantities throughout the Thunder Bay mines. 

Victoria County.— Galway, 20- A; Somerville, 1-VII (G.S.C., N.S., 
VI, 14-15J). 



GA. 102 

QUEBEC— 

Arthabaska County.— Chester, 9-11; 2, 5-IX; 19-X (G.S.C., N.S., 

X, 120S). 
Bagot County.— A cton, 22-V (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Brome County.— Potton, 8-XI (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Charlevoix County. — Seigniory de la Cdte Beaupre (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

120S). 
Drummond County.— Upton, 51-XXI (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Missisquoi County.— St. Armand (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
New Quebec Territory. — Occurrences of galena have been met 

with on the Little Whale river (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 282L). 
Ottawa County. — Buckingham, 21- IV; Lead island, Denholm; 

Wakefield, 6-II (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Pontiac County.— Calumet island, 9-10, WW, 12-IV (G.S.C., N.S., 

X, 120S). 
Shefford County.— Stukely, 1-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Sherbrooke County.— Ascot, 15-IV; 9-IX (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120S). 
Timiskaming County. — Duhamel, 61, 62, 63-1: Guigues, l-II (G.S.C, 

N.S., X, 120S). 

YUKON.— 

Galena has been met with in small quantities in quartz veins between 
Eldorado and Ophir creeks (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 40AA). 

Garnet. 

{Composition various.) 

{Silicates of calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminum, manganese, etc.) 

Garnets are of widespread distribution throughout the Dominion. 

ALBERTA.— 

Garnet is a common constituent in the wash of many of the streams 
of this province. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

On the Stikine and Skeena rivers and along the coast to the southward 
of the latter river are extensive developments of schists in which 
garnet crystals form an important constituent. Garnets are 
likewise found in the wash of most of the streams and are of fre- 
quent occurrence in the mines of the southern interior and Bound- 
ary district (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 34T). 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Large crystals of garnet are found 
in schist at Hamill creek (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 



103 GA. 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Garnet is found associated with bornite, 
chalcopyrite, etc., at Marble Bay mine, Texada island (Pr. Com. 
F. D. Adams). 

Nelson Mining Division. — Massive garnets are found at many- 
places on Sheep and Hidden creeks (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson 
and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Garnets are found in pegmatites on the 
west side of Slocan lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Garnets are met with in greater or less abun- 
dance in metamorphic rocks at Moores Mills (G.S.C., N.S., X, 
126M). 

York County. — Garnets occur at Canterbury under conditions similar 
to those which obtain in Charlotte county (G.S.C., N.S., X, 
126M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Garnets are not at all uncommon in pegmatite dykes along the granite 
axis of this province and also amongst metamorphic rocks else- 
where (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 147-148M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma and Nipissing Districts. — Garnet is frequently found in 

connexion with mica schists in these districts (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

85-1). 
Rainy River and Thunder Bay Districts. — Garnets occur in these 

districts under conditions similar to those which obtain in Algoma 

and Nipissing districts (G.S.C., N.S., V, 20G). 
Garnet is also found in the counties of the south-central portion of 

the province. 

QUEBEC— 

Garnets are frequently found scattered throughout the Grenville area 
as well as in the metamorphic rocks of the Eastern Townships 
and elsewhere (Geol. Can., 1863, 496). 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

On the Stone river above the mouth of the Carp river there is an exten- 
sive development of amphibolite schists in which garnet is a prom- 
inent constituent (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 73D). 

YUKON.— 

Garnets are found in the wash of the Pelly river and other streams 
(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 36). 



GA.-GE. 104 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Garnet occurs abundantly as a 
secondary mineral in connexion with copper ores in this division 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 51A). 

For particulars of varieties see further under Almandite, Andradite, 
Grossularite, Spessartite, and Uvarovite. 

Gedrite. 

Unthophyllite.) 

(Silicate of magnesium and iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Gedrite occurs in abundance in Harcourt, 

11-IX (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 4, XXV, 511). 
Analysis of gedrite from Harcourt by Evans (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 4, 
XXV, 511). 
Si0 2 A1,0 3 Fe 2 0, FeO MnO CaO MgO H,0 K,0 and Na,0 
44-32 16-04 2-80 16-88 0-09 0-77 15-95 1-31 1-86 —100-02 

Genthite. 

(Hydrated silicate of nickel, aluminum, calcium, etc.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Genthite has been observed as the gangue 
of native copper and native silver in a vein cutting amygdaloid 
on Michipicoten island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 34T). 
Analyses of genthite from Michipicoten island by Hunt (Geol. Can., 
1863, 506-507). 
Si0 2 NiO FeO CaO MgO A1,0, H,0 
33-60 30-40 2-25 409 3-55 8-40 17-10—99-39 

Gersdorffite. 

(Sulph-arsenide of nickel.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — With quartz and pyrite at Fourmile creek, 

Silverton. 
Trail Creek Mining Division. — With pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite 
at Kootenay mountain near Rossland (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 15, 16R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — The Macdonnell or Gersdorffite mine in Venison, 

12-111 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 22R). 
Analysis of gersdorffite from Gersdorffite mine, Denison, by Johnston 

(G.S.C., N.S., V, 22R). 

As S Ni Fe Co Cu Sp. Gr. 

46-96 16-71 26-32 7-90 2-01 0-10—100-00 6-231 



105 GI-GM. 

Gieseckite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, sodium, and potassium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Gieseckite occurs at Arisaig Pier and French- 
mans Barn (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 35T). 



Gismondite. 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, calcium, and potassium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Two Islands (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



Glauconite. 

(Hydrous silicate of iron and potassium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Montmorency County. — Glauconite occurs in a sandstone of the 
Lauzon formation on the Island of Orleans (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 35T). 
Levis County. — Near Point Levis (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 35T). 
Analysis of glauconite from Island of Orleans by Hunt (Geol. Can., 
1863, 487). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 FeO MgO K 2 Na 2 H 2 0(ign) 

50-7 19-8 8-6 3-7 8-2 0-5 8-5— 100-00 



Gmelinite. 

(Syn. Ledererite). 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, sodium, and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Rossland (War Eagle mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S., XII, 21R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Two islands and Five Islands (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 35T). 
Kings County. — Cape Blomidon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 35T). 



GM-GO 



106 

Analyses of Gmelinite. 





1 ' 2 


3 


4 


5 


6a 


6b 


Si0 2 

Al 2 O s .... 
Fe 2 O s .... 


49-47 

21-48 

014 

11-48 
3-94 


53-71 
17-63 


51-32 
18-45 


51-36 
17-81 
0-15 
5-68 
3-92 
0-23 
20-96 


50-45 
18-27 
017 
1-12 
9-79 
0-20 
20-71 


50-35 
18-33 
0-26 
101 
9-76 
015 
20-23 


50-67 

18-50 

0-15 


CaO 

Na 2 .... 
K 2 


6-52 
3-10 
0-80 
17-98 
trace 


6-40 
20-35 


1-05 
9-88 
016 


H 2 

P 2 05 


8-58 
3-48 
0-03 
1-40 


20-15 


Insol 












Loss 






























100-00 


99-74 


100-00 


10011 


100-71 


10009 


100-56 


Sp. Gr . . . 




2-108 


2 099 






2-037 


2-037 



1. Ledererite from Cape Blomidon by Hayes (Am. Journ. Sci., XXV, 
1834, p. 80). 

2 and 3. From the same locality by Marsh (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 2, XLIV, 
365). 

4. From Two islands. 

5. From Five Islands by How (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XII, 272). 

6a. The outer shell, and 6b the nucleus of crystals from Five Islands by 
Pirsson (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XLII, p. 62). 



Goethite. 

(Hydrated sesquioxide of iron.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County.— Black Rock (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 35T); Shubenacadie 

river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 11 IS); and Walton (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 

4, XXIX, 235). 
Pictou County.— Bridgeville, East river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — The variety "Przibramite" has been observed by 
Mr. H. DeSchmidt in the form of a crystalline coating on pyrite 
at the McNally mine, North Burgess, 21-V (Mines, G.S.Br., 
Sum. Rep., 1911, 363). 



107 GO. 

Gold. 

Gold is widely distributed throughout the Dominion, having been 
found in one form or other in nearly all the provinces and ter- 
ritories. 

ALBERTA.— 

Placer gold has been found on the North and South Saskatchewan, 
Peace, McLeod, Bow, Oldman, and other rivers (G.S.C., N.S., X, 
180S). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Placer gold has been found along the streams of this province as well 
as at some localities along the sea coast: the Fraser (G.S.C., N.S., 
XI, 38D) and Peace rivers (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 18, 19AA) and some 
of their tributaries have been fruitful sources of this precious 
metal: the Skeena (G.S.C., N.S., III, 141 R), Stikine (G.S.C., 
N.S., III, 79B), and Similkameen rivers (G.S.C., N.S., III, 127R) 
and their tributaries have also afforded considerable quantities. 
On Vancouver island it has been found in Bear, Cowichan, Jordan, 
Leach, Nanaimo, San Juan, and Sooke rivers; also at Cape Cooke 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 142-143R). On Queen Charlotte island it 
has been found in magnetic iron sand about Cape Fife (G.S.C., 
N.S., XVI, 22B). 

Native gold has also been found in situ at a number of points in this 
province. 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Gold is found at many points in this 
district. 

Atlin Mining Division. — Gold is found in veins at the Engineer 
Group (G.S.C., Mem. 37, 80-83): free gold and stibnite were found 
in quartz at the Hope claim on Taku Arm, 8 miles south of 
Golden Gate: free gold and argentite were seen in the vein matter 
of the Lakeview claim, near Surprise lake (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
45B): it has also been found in many of the streams and rivers 
of this division. 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Native gold in galena is found in the 
placer mines of this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Lardeau Mining Division. — Gold is found at many points in this 
division (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 79AA). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Several very rich mines occur on 
Texada island (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Osoyoos Mining Division. — Associated with arsenopyrite in the 
Hedley district (G.S.C., Mem. 2, 140). 

Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Native gold occurs at Gold 
harbour, Moresby island, Queen Charlotte islands (Am. Journ. 
Sci., XXXI, 1911, 45). 



GO. 108 

Similkameen Mining Division. — Gold has been observed with plat- 
inum and microscopic diamonds in the peridotite of Olivine 
mountain (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 263). 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Gold occurs in connexion with 
the pyrrhotites of this division (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 27-28A). 

MANITOBA.— 

In quartz veins with pyrite, siderite, and chalcopyrite at the Gabriclle 
mine on Rice lake near Wanipigow river; also in veins at the mouth 
of this stream: with chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and arsenopyrite 
at Star lake near Ingolf on the Canadian Pacific railway near 
the eastern provincial boundary line (Pr. Com. R. C. Wallace). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Carleton County. — Native gold has been observed with iron and 
copper pyrites in grey quartz on the St. John river opposite Bull 
creek (Cobbler-Sexton mine) (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep. 1908, 
166). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Gold occurs commonly in quartz veins cutting stratified rocks in Guys- 
borough (G.S.C., N.S., II, 159-160P), Halifax, Lunenburg, and 
Queens counties and elsewhere in this province (G.S.C., N.S., 
IX, 132-133M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Gold occurs in small amounts in many places in 

this district (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 
Frontenac County.— Clarendon, 28-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 56A). 
Hastings Count y— Modoc, 18 -V: Marmora, 18, 24,28- V; 4, 5 -VI II; 

58-IX; 16, 17, 18-XI (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 
Kenora District. — Gold is found at various mines on the Lake of 

the Woods, Eagle, Manitou, and Wabigoon lakes (Pr. Com. T. L. 

Walker). 
Parry Sound District. — Foley township (McGowan mine) (G.S.C., 

N.S., XI, 164A). 
Peterborough County.— Belmont, 19, 20-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VI,79AA); 

Chandos, 32-11 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 52R). 
Rainy River District. — In a vein of waxy quartz carrying pyrite and 

chalcopyrite at Sawbill lake and elsewhere in this district (G.S.C., 

N.S., X, 61H). 
Thunder Bay District. — Sturgeon lake, Purdom township (G.S.C., 

N.S., XIV, 93.94A). 
Timiskaming District. — Gauthier township: occurs in quartz veins 

in rocks of the Timiskaming series in Munro township: Larder 

Lake Gold Area — gold occurs in porphyry and carbonate rocks, 



109 GO-GR. 

which are intersected by quartz stringers in Hearst and McVittie 
townships: Porcupine Gold Area — in quartz veins carrying pyrites: 
in pyritous schists; and in carbonate (ankerite), which is inter- 
sected by quartz veinlets in Deloro, Tisdale, Whitney, and other 
townships in this area: Swastika Gold Area — gold is found in 
quartz veins carrying iron pyrites in Otto and Teck townships 
(Pr. Com. W. G. Miller). 

QUEBEC— 

Gold has been found in the wash of some of the streams of this province, 

more particularly the Chaudiere and its tributaries, and the 

Little Ditton river, which in turn falls into the Salmon river, the 

principal upper tributary of the St. Francis river (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 68, 69K). 
Compton County. — In quartz veins cutting porphyrite near East 

Angus (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Sherbrooke County. — In pyritous ores of Eustis mine, Ascot, 2, 

3-IX (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Timiskaming County. — On the shores of Lakes Kinawisik and Opasa- 

tika (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Wolfe County. — In pyritous ores of Weedon mine, Weedon, 22-11 

(Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 

YUKON.— 

Gold has been found in great abundance in many of the tributaries 
of the Yukon river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 142-144D), these include the 
Klondike river (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 30B), Stewart (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIII, 42A), Pelly (G.S.C., N.S., III, 134B), Lewes (G.S.C., N.S., 
III, 141 B), and many other similar streams and their tributaries; 
near the mouth of the Wind river and elsewhere on the Peel river 
(G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 46 CC); the Francis river (G.S.C., N.S., 
III, 85B) and at other points in this territory. 

Graphite. 

{Carbon.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Bellakula Mining Division. — Disseminated graphite occurs at 
Alkow harbour, Dean canal (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36T). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Carleton County.— Woodstock (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53S). 
Charlotte County.— Dumbarton (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53S). 
St. John County. — Marble Cove mine, near St. John (G.S.C., N.S., 
IX, 52S). 



GR. 110 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin island (G.S.C., N.S., X, 80, 81 A); North Bay (G.S.C., N.S., 
I, 59A); west of Davis strait (G.S.C., N.S., II,41R),and in islands 
in Cumberland sound. 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Disseminated graphite is found near French- 
vale (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36T); Christmas island (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Halifax County. — Graphitic slate occurs near Dartmouth (Pr. 
Com. H. Piers). 

Inverness County. — Disseminated graphite is found near Glendale 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36T); and at Big brook near River Denys 
(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



ONTARIO.— 

Addington County.— Denbigh, 34-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., V, 67R). 
Frontenac County. — Graphite occurs in Loughborough, 11-VII 

(Lacey mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 286); 6-IX: Bedford, 18- IX 

(G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53S). 
Haliburton County.— Lutterworth, 15-1 V (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 8J): 

Wilberforce (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Hastings County.— Dungannon, 28-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 98A): 

Marmora, 13-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 11 and 12R): near Mum- 
fort and Maynooth (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Renfrew County. — A fine quality of massive graphite, often with 

crystals, is found in Brougham, 12-1 1 1 (Black Donald mine) 

(G.S.C., M.R.C., 877, 26). 



QUEBEC— 

Graphite occurs in abundance in connexion with the Grenville gneisses. 
Argenteuil County. — Chatham Gore, 5- IX: Grenville, 3-1 1; 13, 

14-V; 1, 3- VI; 3-X: Wentworth, 1, 2-1 1 1 (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

53S). 
New Quebec Territory. — East coast of Ungava bay (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 140A). 
Ottawa County. —Buckingham, 22, 24-IV; 19, 20-V; 22, 23, 25, 

26, 27, 28-VI; 4, 15, 16, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 -VII; 20, 21-VIII; 

4, 5, 17 -IX; 3, 4, 13, 17 -X; 4, 5-XI: Lochaber, 10, 24-VII; 23, 

24, 25-VIII; 28-X; 23, 24, 25, 26-XI; 23-XII: Wakefield, 7-1 

(G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53S). 
Pontiac County.— Litchfield, 25, 26- IX (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53S). 



Ill 



GR. 



Grossularite. 

{Silicate oj aluminum and calcium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Texada island, Vananda river, with 

bornite, chalcopyrite, etc. (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — In fine trapezohedrons at 
Lepaz bay, Graham island (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13R). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Hessonite occurs with vesuvianite, pyroxene, 

and zircon in Grenville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33T). 
Megantic County. — In fine crystals near Black lake, block A, Coleraine 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 123A). 
Ottawa County. — In beautiful crystals in Wakefield, 6, 7-1 (G.S.C., 

1880-82, 12, 13 GG): hessonite occurs, massive and crystallized, 

in Portland and Wakefield (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 33T). 
Pontiac County. — A honey-yellow, massive form in Litchfield, 

12-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 16R). 
Sherbrooke County.— Orford (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36T). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — A crystalline, massive form in the 
Whitehorse Copper Belt (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 14, 15R). 



Analyses of Grossularite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


Si0 2 


38-94 

15-11 

6-30 


36-80 
20-53 
2-38 
0-56 
0-50 
37-41 
1-51 
0-07 


38-80 

22-66 

1-75 


38-60 


A1 2 3 

Fe 2 3 


22-71 


FeO 


[ 1-60 


MnO 


0-78 

36-93 

1-62 

0-35 


0-30 

35-00 

0-68 




CaO 


34-83 


MgO 


0-49 


H 2 


110 


Alk 




0-47 














100-03 


99-76 


99-19 


99-80 


Sp. Gr 


3-603 


3-623 


3-525 


3-52-3-53 



1. From Whitehorse Copper Belt by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., 

XII, 14R). 

2. From Litchfield by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 16R). 

3. From Wakefield by Bullmann (Kunz, Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XXVII, 

306). 

4. From Orford by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 496). 



GU.-GY. 112 

Gummite. 

{Alteration product of uraninite.) 
(Hydrous urano-silicate of lead, iron, calcium, etc.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — In pegmatite dykes near Lake Ramsay, New 
Ross. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Villeneuve mica mine (G.S.C., N.S., II, 10T): 
in pegmatite dykes in Wakefield, 25-VII (G.S.C., N.S., XVI 
229A). 



Gypsum. 

(Hydrated sulphate of calcium.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Gypsum is found at different places along the Athabaska river (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 35D); at Labutte on the Slave river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 
167A); Peace point on the Peace river (G.S.C., N.S.,V, 64D) and 
frequently in crystals in the Pierre shales of the Province. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Spence bridge (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

60S); Thompson river, opposite Spatsum (Mines, B. C, 1907, 

134). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Large deposits of gypsum on the 

Salmon river 20 miles from the mouth, also on the Thompson 

river, 20 miles north of Kamloops (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 60S). 
Nicola Mining Division. — Gypsum is worked commercially at Mer- 

ritt (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Gypsum is found near Granite 

creek (Mines, B.C., 1913, 240). 
Vernon Mining Division. — Okanagan lake (Pr. Com. W. F. 

Robertson). 

MANITOBA.— 

Gypsum is found in crystals in Pierre shales and is also mined exten- 
sively at a locality north of Lake St. Martin, east of Lake Manitoba 
(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 188-190A). Beds of gypsum have also been 
discovered by boring in the Ordovician formation in the Red 
River valley, as at Bird hill near Dominion city (Pr. Com. R. C. 
Wallace). 



113 GY. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Extensive deposits of gypsum occur in the parish 

of Hillsborough (G.S.C., N.S., X, 84M). 
Kings County. — Gypsum occurs in greater or less abundance in Sussex 

and Upham (G.S.C., N.S., X, 79S), at the former locality in crystals 

containing symmetrically distributed sand grains. 
St. John County.— Quaco head (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 18M). 
Victoria County. — Extensive deposits of gypsum occur at Plaster 

Rock on the Tobique river (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, p. 90). 
Westmorland County. — Extensive deposits occur at Salisbury and 

elsewhere in this county (G.S.C., N.S., X, 79S). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Little Buffalo River, Great Slave Lake, and Salt River. — 
Slave river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 159A); and "Rock by the Riverside" 
halfway between Liard and Bear rivers (G.S.C., N.S., II, 18R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Gypsum occurs in various forms at many points throughout the 

province. 
Antigonish County. — North river (Antigonish Harbour) (Pr. Com. 

H. Piers): Ogdens Cliffs; Ohio and James rivers (Mines, Min. Br., 

No. 84, 61). 
Cape Breton County. — Boularderie island (G.S.C., 1875-76, 406); 

East bay (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 57). 
Colchester County. — Moose island (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 

1907, 101); Old Barns (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Cumberland County. — Amherst head; Canfield creek near Upper 

Pugwash (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Philip river, Wallace harbour 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 78S). 
Halifax County. — Gay and Musquodoboit rivers (Mines, Min. Br., 

No. 84, 68). 
Hants County. — Gypsum occurs in fibrous and other forms at Cheverie 

(G.S.C., N.S., XI, 79S); Dutch Settlement near Elmsdale (Pr. 

Com. H. Piers); Hantsport; Horn Settlement near Enfield (Pr. 

Com. H. Piers); Walton (Pr. Com. H. Piers and Windsor (G.S.C., 

N.S., XI, 79S). 
Inverness County. — Margaree (Mines, Min. Br., 84, 46); Cheticamp 

(Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 43). 
Kings County. — Blomidon and elsewhere in this county (G.S.C, 

N.S., VII, 98A). 
Pictou County. — Ferrona Junction and elsewhere in this county 

(Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 62). 
Richmond County. — Campbell cove, Hay cove, and McNab creek 

(Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 58). 



GY-HA. 114 

Victoria County. — Ingonish (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 43); Lieuten- 
ant pond; Little Narrows; Maclvor point; McKay point, etc., 
in Washabuck peninsula (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 51); near 
Baddeck (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

See also Alabaster. 

ONTARIO.— 

Brant County.— Brantford and South Dumfries (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

36T). 
Frontenac County. — Selenite occurs in Loughborough, 7 -VIII 

(Foxton mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 
Haldimand County. — In North and South Cayuga, Oneida and 

Seneca (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 36T). 
Interlake Peninsula. — Rocky masses of granular and compact 

gypsum, more or less mixed with dolomite, characterize the 

Onondaga of this peninsula; also along the valley of the Grand 

river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 79S). 
Lanark County. — In North Burgess, 4-VII (MacLaren's mines) 

(Can. Rec. Sci., IV, 476). 
Timiskaming District. — Moose river, 38 miles above Moose Factory 

(G.S.C., 1875-76, 321). 

QUEBEC— 

Magdalen islands (G.S.C., N.S., X, 79S). 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Crystals of selenite are found in connexion with the Pierre shales of 
this province (G.S.C., N.S., I, 34C). 

Gyrolite. 

(Hydrated silicate of calcium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Gyrolite is found on apophyllite in trap, about 
25 miles southwest of Cape Blomidon between Margaretville and 
Port George (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 37T). 
Analysis of gyrolite by How (Edin. New Phil. Journ., XIV, 117, 
1861) and (Am. Journ. Sci., XXXII, 13, 1861). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 CaO MgO K 2 H 2 
51-90 1-27 29-95 0-08 1-60 15-05—99-85 

Halite. 

{Chloride of sodium.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Halite occurs as an efflorescence at La Saline and elsewhere on the 
Athabaska river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 35D). 



115 HA. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Nanaimo (G.S.C., N.S., III, 112R). 

Skeena Mining Division. — Halite is found in a basin on the north 
side of Skeena river about 40 miles up from the mouth. It 
is said to cover an area of several hundred acres, and has been 
drilled into for 25 feet. Salt is being produced from the brine 
pumped up. (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Victoria Mining Division. — Saltspring island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 
112R). 

MANITOBA.— 

Brine springs are common in the Devonian west of Lakes Manitoba 
and Winnipegosis (G.S.C., N.S., V, 219E). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Halite occurs as an efflorescence on clay and also in small natural 
evaporating basins about springs on Salt river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
63D). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Antigonish (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Hants County. — At Avondale in the old McDonald and Allison quarries, 
lumps of rock salt weighing from one to two pounds have been 
found, also glauber salt, calcspar, aragonite, carbonate, and 
oxide of iron (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 150); halite occurs as brine 
at Cheverie and in small lenses in gypsum at Newport; it also occurs 
at Walton as brine (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Inverness County.— Whycocomagh (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

An important deposit of rock salt is known to exist along the eastern 
shore of Lake Huron, embracing the counties of Bruce, Huron, 
and Lambton. It was first met with at Goderich, in 1866, at a 
depth of 964 feet; in the year following at Clinton, at a depth 
of 1,180 feet, and in the succeeding year at Kincardine, at a depth 
of about 900 feet; subsequently at Seaforth at 1,035 feet, and again 
at Kingstones Mills in Warwick at 1,200 feet. A boring made in 
Goderich in 1876, which was carried to a depth of 1,517 feet, has 
shown the existence of no less than six beds of rock salt, one of 
which is close upon 31 feet, and another very nearly 35 feet in 
thickness. For geological details, records of borings, and analyses 
of brines and salt, see following reports by Dr. T. Sterry Hunt — 
"On Brine-springs and Salt" Rep.Geol. Can., 1863-66, pp. 263-272. 
"On the Goderich Salt Region," ib., 1866-69, pp. 211-242, and a 
second report on the Goderich Salt region, ib., 1876-77, pp. 221- 
243 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 37T). See also G.S.C., N.S., XV, 214- 
229S). 



HA. 116 

Halloysite. 

{Hydrated silicate of aluminum.) 
ALBERTA.— 

The variety called smectite has been found in a layer 2 \ inches thick 
in the Belly River formation in the foothills west of Edmonton. 

Halotrichite. 

{Hydrous sulphate of aluminum and iron.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Halotrichite has been found in some heaps 
of shale and slack coal at the Glace Bay coal mines (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 37T). 
Analysis of halotrichite by Gilpin (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., VI, 1883-86, 
p. 175). 
So A1,0, FeO HjO 

39-715 9-131 16-570 35-097—100-513 

Harmotome. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, barium, and potassium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Harmotome occurs in small crystals im- 
planted on prisms of calcite resting on a layer of crystalline quartz, 
coating the surface of a dark grey shale at the Beaver mine, O'Con- 
nor township (G.S.C., N.S., V, 16R). 
Analysis of harmotome by Hoffmann (G.S.C., N.S., V, 16R). 
Si0 2 AUO, BaO CaO K,0 Na,0 H,0 Sp. Gr. 

46-36 17-16 21-18 2-25 ? ? 14-54—101-49 2-39 

Hastingsite. 

{Hornblende.) 
{Amphibole.) 

{Silicate of aluminum, iron, calcium, etc.). 
ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Glamorgan, 32-11 (Guide Book to Hali- 
burton and Hastings region by F. D. Adams and A. E. Barlow, 
International Geological Congress, 1913, p. 76). 
Hastings County. — In Dungannon township, York river (G.S.C., N.S., 

IX, 50A). 
Analysis of hastingsite from York river, Dungannon township, by 
Harrington (Can. Rec. Sci., VII, pp. 77-87). 
SiO, TiOj A1 2 3 Fe 2 Os FeO MnO CaO MgO K 2 Na,0 
34-184 1-527 11-517 12-621 21-979 0-629 9-867 1-353 2-286 3-290 
H z O (ign.) Sp. Gr. 

0-348 —99-601 3-433 



117 HE. 

Heliotrope. 

{Quartz.) 

{Oxide of silicon.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Heliotrope has been found in small nodules or 

fragments of rock at the base of Chute cove (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

37T). 
Cumberland County. — Heliotrope has been found in situ at Two 

Islands (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 37T). 

Hematite. 

{Sesguioxide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Boundary District. — Hematite is a common constituent in small 

quantities in the ores of this division (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 118A). 
Clinton Mining Division. — Clinton (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 313B); 

Whitewater lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — Near Bull river (G.S.C., N.S., I, 

15 IB): a bed some 4 feet thick occurs 8 miles west of Fernie 

(Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Nelson Mining Division. — A large body of hematite occurs at 

Kitchener; also on a creek flowing into Crawford bay, Kootenay 

lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Victoria Mining Division. — Sooke Iron mine, Juan de Fuca strait 

(G.S.C., N.S., II, 17T). 

MANITOBA.— 

Lake Winnipeg. — Pisolitic hematite occurs on Black island (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 46, 47S). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Carleton County. — Hematite occurs with magnetite near Woodstock 

(G.S.C., N.S., I, 20 G). 
Gloucester County. — Concretionary nodules at Clifton (Mines 

G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 222). 
Kings County. — In fine crystals near Sussex (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

76S). 
St. John County.— Black river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 37T). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Prince Regent inlet, between Somerset and Coburn islands (G.S.C., N.S., 
11, 45R); Baring, Bathurst, and Byam-Martin islands (G.S.C., 
N.S., II, 46R). Specularite and finely fibrous massive hematite 



HE. 118 

occur in a number of places on the east side of Great Bear lake 
also at Rocher Rouge, MacTavish, and Echo bays. An extensive 
development of micaceous hematite and quartz is to be found in 
the more southerly member of Les lies du Large, Great Slave lake 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 21R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County.— Torbrook (G.S.C., N.S., V, 80SS). 
Antigonish County. — Doctors Brook (G.S.C., N.S., II, 44A); Col- 
lege Grant (Lochaber) (Pr. Com. H. Piers): McNeil brook (G.S.C., 

N.S., II, 44A); Springfield (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Cape Breton County. — Barachois; Boisdale; Gabarus; Gillis lake; 

George River mountain; and Mir a river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Colchester County. — Little Tatamagouche river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 

182P); Londonderry (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 46T). 
Cumberland County. — In good crystals at Cape Spencer (G.S.C., 

N.S., III, 76S); Brookville; East river, head of Bass river (Pr. Com. 

H. Piers). 
Digby County. — In good crystals at Digby Neck (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

58T). 
Guysborough County. — Hematite is met with at Erinville on Salmon 

river (Pr. Com. H. Piers); at Melrose and Roman valleys (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 46T). 
Hants County. — Cambridge, Grand lake, near Maitland (Pr. Com. 

H. Piers). 
Inverness County. — Whycocomagh (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Pictou County. — Sutherland; East and West rivers (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 45A); McLellan mountain (G.S.C., N.S., I, 62A). 
Richmond County. — Loch Lomond, Grande Anse (Pr. Com. H. Piers); 

St. Peters (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 46T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Addington County.— Oso, 28-V (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49A). 

Algoma District. — In the neighbourhood of Bruce Mines (G.S.C., 

N.S., XVI, 186, 187A): Deroche, 2, 3, 4, 5-1. 
Frontenac County.— Bedford, 2-VII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199); 

2-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 181A): Clarendon, 29-XIV (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1892, 79): Loughborough, 1-IX (Mines, Min. Br., 

118, 287). Portland, 4- IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199); 7-X 

(Ont. Bur. Min., 1892, 81): South Canonto, 7, 8-III (Ont. Bur. 

Min., 1900, 199): Storrington, 20-X (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 76-1); 

13-XI (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 181A). 
Hastings County.— Elzevir, 2-IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199): 

Huntingdon, 9-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118A): Madoc, 12-V; 

10-VI: Marmora, 13-X (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 



119 HE. 

Lanark County.— Bathurst, 2-1 V; 20-X; 23-XI (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 199): Beckwith, 14-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 21R): Dalhousie, 
1-IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199): Darling, 16-IV; 22, 23, 24, 
26, 27 -XI; 26, 27 -XI I (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 

Leeds County.— Bastard, 23-X (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 79-1): South 
Crosby, 19-IX (G.S.C., N.S., II, 18T). 

Manitoulin District. — Hematite has been discovered at a number 
of points in Michipicoten mining division (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 
199). 

Rainy River District. — Hematite has been discovered at a number 
of points about Lake of the Woods. 

Renfrew County.— McNab, 6-C and D (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — Specularite occurs in Brome, 1, 4, 5, 6-III; 4, 5, 

6-IV: Sutton, 4, 5, 6, 7-IX; 7, 9-XI (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 16, 17K). 

«v Chicoutimi County. — In patches in pink pegmatite at Commissioner 

lake (G.S.C., N.S., V, 51A). 

Frontenac County.— Spalding, 10, 11-VIII (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 

Missisquoi County. — St. Armand (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 16K). 

New Quebec Territory. — Koksoak river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 17R); 

and Menihek lake, Hamilton river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 18R). 
Ottawa County. — Hematite occurs with magnetite at the Haycock 

mine, Hull, 1-XI (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 111J): Templeton, 28-VI, 

and elsewhere in this county (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15K). 
Pontiac County. — Hematite occurs with magnetite at the Bristol 

mines, Bristol township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 12-13K). 
Portneuf and Quebec Counties. — In crystalline masses in large 

pegmatite veins on the Jacques Carder and St. Anne rivers (G.S.C., 

N.S., V, 67L.) 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Hematite occurs with limonite at Black bay, Lake Athabaska (G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 4AA). 
YUKON.— 

Peel River. — Float hematite has been noted in considerable abun- 
dance in the neighbourhood of the Wind, Bear, and Bonnet Plume 
rivers (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 23CC). 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Crystalline, massive, specular 
iron with intermixed carbonate of copper at the Pueblo claim 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 50A). 

Hemimorphite. 

(See Calamine.) 
(Hydrous silicate of zinc.) 



HE. 



120 



Hessite. 

(Telluride of silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — With altaite, native gold, native 
copper, and native tellurium in a segregated quartz vein carrying 
chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and chalcocite at the Lake View claim 
on Long lake: with native gold, chalcopyrite, pyrite, and galena 
in a quartz vein at the North Star claim also on Long lake (G.S.C., 
N.S., VIII, 11 and 12R). 

Osoyoos Mining Division. — With petzite, native gold, etc., in a 
quartz and siderite vein in the Calumet claim, Kruger mountain, 
Osoyoos lake (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 11, 12R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Rainy River District. — In lead-grey, plate-like masses with quartz 

and a very little pyrite and chalcopyrite at Gold creek, Pine Portage 

bay, Lake of the Woods (Ont. Bur. Min., 1895, 105). 
Timiskaming District. — With native gold in a quartz-ankerite 

deposit at Powell claim (M. E. 22) Deloro township (Pr. Com. 

W. G. Miller). 

YUKON.— 

Conrad Mining Division. — In association with gold, sylvanite, etc., 
in this district (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 54). 

Analyses of Hessite. 





1 


2 


Te 


37 

60 

2 


33 
•68 
•29 


36-72 


Ag 


63-28 


Au 






Gr 




Sp. 


100 


•30 


10000 

7-968 



1. From Lake View claim by H. A. and G. A. Guess (Hoffmann, 

G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 12R). 

2. From Gold creek by Lawson (Coleman, Ont. Bur. Min., 1895, 

105). 



121 HE. 

Hessonite. 

(See Grossularite.) 
(Silicate of calcium and aluminum.) 

Heterogenite. 

(Hydrated oxide of cobalt.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — In small black, spheroidal masses with native 
silver in some of the veins near Cobalt, Coleman township (G.S.C., 
N.S., XIV, 158H). 

Heubachite. 

(Hydrated oxide of cobalt, nickel, and iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Heubachite occurs occasionally with smal- 
tite at the Nipissing mine, Cobalt, Coleman township. 

Heulandite. 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Heulandite is found at Fishermaiden 

mine, Fourmile creek (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thom- 

linson). 
Trail Creek Mining Division. — Rossland (War Eagle mine). 

NEW BRUNSWICK 

Restigouche County. — Dalhousie (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — St. Croix cove, Chute cove (Jackson and Alger, 

Mem. Amer. Acad., IX, Aug., 1831), and North mountain (G.S.C., 

N.S., VII, 97A). 
Cumberland County. — Cape d'Or, Five Islands (G.S.C., N.S.,\V, 

55AA); Isle Haute; Partridge island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T); 

Spencer island (G.S.C., N.S., V, 55AA); Swan creek (N.S. Inst., 

Nat. Sci., V, 294); Two Islands (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 
Digby County.— Digby Neck (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 21Q; Mink cove 

(N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., V, 294); Waterford (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

147M); William brook (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., V, 294). 
Kings County. — Black Rock, Cape Blomidon, Hall harbour, Long 

point (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T); Morden (G.S.C., 1882-84, 26L). 

Heulandite also occurs at other points along the Bay of Fundy coast 

in this province. 
9 



HE.-HO. 122 

Hexahydrite. 

(Hydrated sulphate of magnesium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Halfway between Cargill and Scottie 
creek, Bonaparte river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 256, 
257). 
Analysis of hexahydrite by Johnston (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep. 
1910, 256, 257). 
SO, MgO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

35-19 17-48 47-33 100-00 1-757 

Hornblende. 

(Amphibole.) 

(Silicate of calcium, iron, and aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Lillooet Mining Division. — Blackish-green, fibrous confused ag- 
gregates near Foster Bar, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 17R). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Hornblende is abundant as a constituent of some of the Archaean rocks 
of this province. 
NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island.— Ashe inlet, Big island (G.S.C., N.S., I, 58, 59A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Fibrous hornblende is of common occurrence in the hornblende schists 
of the Huronian of the northern and western parts of the prov- 
ince. Good specimens have been found in the Grenville series 
at the following localities: — 

Frontenac County. — Crystals have been found in Bedford, 21-IX 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 

Lanark County. — Bathurst, 11-VIII, in fine black or dark green 
cleavable masses (G.S.C., 1873-74, 201); and on 20- IX, in fine 
crystals with pyroxene, orthoclase, scapolite, apatite, and titanite 
in a calcareous vein cutting granite (G.S.C., 1882-84, 15L): 
and in the anorthosite of South Sherbrooke (Ont. Bur. Min., 1899, 
227). 

Renfrew County. — In dark green prisms at High falls and Ragged 
chute on the Madawaska river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 51T): in Ross, 
7-1; 7-IX: Sebastopol, 23, 32-XII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 199). 

See also Hastingsite. 



123 



HO. 



QUEBEC— 

Hornblende is a common constituent of the feldspathic rocks of the 

Grenville series. 
Argenteuil County. — Edenite occurs in fine specimens in Grenville, 

15-IX (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 13, 14R) (Dr. Stefan Kreutz; Sit- 

zungsberichten der Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften in 

Wien; Mathem-Naturw. Klasse; Bd. CXVII, Abt. 1, Juli, 1908). 
Brome County. — In the trachytes of Brome mountain (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 38T). 
Chicoutimi County. — Extensive developments of hornblendic rock 

occur at Lake St. John (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 
Gaspe County. — Beds of black hornblende are associated with the 

serpentines of Mount Albert, Shickshock mountains (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 38T). 
Iberville County. — Hornblende is found in the diorites of Mount 

Johnson (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 
Ottawa County.— Hull, 12 -XV I (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). Bigelow, 

52-V (Parker mine); Hincks, 23-111 (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 287). 

Wright, 15-D (Father Guay mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 287). 
Pontiac County. — Calumet island, Grand falls (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Shefford County. — This mineral is found in the trachytes of Shef- 

ford mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 
Yamaska County. — Hornblende is found in the diorites of Yamaska 

mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 

Analyses of Hornblende. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


Si0 2 

Ti0 2 


38-79 


43-76 
0-78 
8-33 
6-90 

10-47 
0-50 

12-63 
9-84 
1-28 
3-43 
0-65 
1-82 


40-02 


41-40 


45-50 
0-68 

12-25 
0-28 
0-75 
0-11 

20-63 

13-31 
1-76 
2-76 
0-40 
2-80 


46-09 

12-93 
0-79 

none 
0-36 

20-82 

12-91 
1-84 
2-36 
0-66 
2-84 


45-79 
1-20 


A1 2 3 . . . . 
Fe 2 Oa.... 

FeO 

MnO.... 

MgO 

CaO 

K 2 

Na 2 0. . . . 

H 2 

F 


11-51 

16-88 

15-96 

0-62 

2-86 

11-57 

1-36 

0-71 

0-92 


15-55 
3-44 
8-60 

14-37 

12-21 

2-13 

2-40 

1-81 


15-39 

7-01 

7-17 

trace 

10-31 

12-53 

1-56 

3-58 

0-81 


11-37 
0-42 
0-42 
0-39 
21-11 
12-71 
1-69 
2-51 
0-67 
2-76 












0=F.... 


101-18 


100-39 
0-76 


100-53 


99-76 


101-23 
1-17 


101-60 
1-19 


101-04 
116 


Sp. Gr. . . 


101-18 
3-404 


99-63 
3-290 


100-53 


99-76 

3-188 


101-06 
3-110 


100-41 
3-108 


99-88 



HO. 124 

1. From Foster Bar by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C,, N.S., VI, 17R). 

2. From Renfrew county by Stanley (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. IV, XXIII, 
p. 39). 

3. From Bathurst by Harrington (G.S.C., 1873-74, 201). 

4. From the anorthosite of South Sherbrooke by Lawson (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1899, 227). 

5. From Grenville, 15-IX, by Harrington (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. IV, Vol. 
XV, 392). 

6. From Grenville, 15-IX, by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 
13, 14R). 

7. From Grenville, 15-IX, by Stanley (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. IV, XXIII, 
p. 49). 



Hornstone. 

{Chert.) 
{Silicon dioxide.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hornstone occurs in great abundance in nodular masses and thin layers 
in the Corniferous formation, and occasionally in a similar form 
in the limestones of the Trenton and Niagara group; also in 
layers in the lower beds of the silver-bearing rocks of Thunder bay 
(the lowest division of the upper copper-bearing rocks of Logan), 
Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 38T). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — In veins traversing syenite in the township of 
Grenville (G.S.C. N.S., IV, 38T). 



Howlite. 

{Hydrous silico-borate of calcium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — This mineral was first identified as a new species by 
the late Professor Henry How of Windsor and described by him 
under the name of silicoborocalcite. It occurs in the form of 
nodules, ranging in size from that of a pigeon's egg to that of a 
man's head, embedded in anhydrite and gypsum at Brockville, 
and in gypsum at Newport Station, Noel, Wentworth, etc. (G.S.C, 
N.S., IV, 38T). 



125 

Analyses of Howlite. 



HO.-HU. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


15 
44 
28 


25 
22 
69 


15-33 


B 2 3 


44-52 


CaO 


27-94 


Na 2 0.. 


0-53 


K 2 




0-13 


H 2 


11-84 
2-55 


11-55 


Sp. Gr 


2-59 



1. By How (Phil. Mag. IV, Vol. XXV, 32-41). 

2. By Penfield and Sperry (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XXXIV, 220-223). 
Both analyses give the centesimal composition after allowance for the 

presence of gypsum. 

Hubnerite. 

(Tungstate of manganese.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — Hubnerite is found in blades in quartz in 

this division (Mines, Min. Br., No. 25, 52). 
Osoyoos Mining Division. — Ashnola river, Cathedral mountain 
(Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 167). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — Hubnerite occurs with chalcopyrite and hydrous 

mica in quartz at Emerald on Tom Murphy's brook (G.S.C., N.S., 

XI, 10R). 
Lunenburg County. — Hubnerite occurs near Lake Ramsay, New 

Ross (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 82). 
Analysis of hubnerite from Emerald by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 

N.S., XI, 10R). 



W03 


M0O3 


MnO 


FeO 


CaO 


MgO 


Si0 2 Sp. Gr. 


74-28 


trace 


22-73 


0-47 


0-02 


0-86 


1-33—99-69 6-975 



Humboldtine. 

{Hydrous oxalite of iron.) 

ONTARIO — 

Lambton County. — Humboldtine has been observed as a sulphur- 
yellow incrustation upon black schists at Kettle point, Bosanquet 
township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 



HU.-HY. 126 

Huntilite. 

{Arsenide of silver.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Silver islet, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 18T). 
See also Animikite and Macfarlanite. 

Huronite. 

{Silicate of aluminum, iron, calcium magnesium, potassium, and sodium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Timber Limit 90, north of Murray lake (Pr. 
Com. F. D. Adams): about 4 miles northwest of Pogamasing 
Station on the Canadian Pacific railway (Trans. R.S.C., IV, 
Sec. Ill, 1896, 82): huronite is found in situ in many places near 
Missinaibi station on the Canadian Pacific railway, in the vicinity 
of Lake Huron and elsewhere (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 32AA). 

QUEBEC— . 

Ashuanipi Territory. — Ashuanipi river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 275L). 
Mistassini Territory. — North of Lake Kawachagami (G.S.C., N.S., 

VIII, 350L). 
New Quebec Territory. — Eastmain river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 

253L). 
Analysis of huronite from about 4 miles northwest of Pogamasing 

Station, Canadian Pacific railway, by Harrington (Trans. R.S.C., 

IV, Sec. Ill, 1896, 82). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 O s FeO CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 
47-07 32-49 0-97 .... 13-30 0-22 2-88 2-03 
H 2 (ign.) Sp. Gr. 

2-72 —101-68 2-814 

For details concerning this substance see Barlow (The Ottawa Natur- 
alist, Vol. 2, 1895, p. 25). 

Hyalite. 

{Opal.) 

{Hydrated oxide of silicon.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Good specimens of this mineral in dark 

grey, foliated basalt are found near Hihhum lake, Bonaparte 

river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 28R). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Dropping Water creek, Stump lake 

(G.S.C., N.S., III, 110R). 



127 HY. 

Hyacinth. 

{Zircon.) 

{Silicate of zirconium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Cherry-red, transparent crystals of zircon are 
mentioned by Dr. Hunt as occurring in the crystalline limestone 
of the township of Grenville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 

Hydromagnesite. 

{Hydrated carbonate of magnesium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — Extensive deposits of earthy hydromag- 
nesite occur in the neighbourhood of Atlin (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 11R). 
Clinton Mining Division. — Hydromagnesite has been met with in 
considerable abundance in the vicinity of 108-Mile House on the 
Cariboo road (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 10R). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Great Bear Lake. — Hydromagnesite is found in white, pinkish, 
amorphous incrustations on the upper surfaces of cavities in a 
porous dolomite at Dease bay (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 22R). 
Analysis of hydromagnesite from 108-Mile House by Johnston (G.S.C., 
N.S., XI, 11R). 
C0 2 MgO CaO A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 P2O5 Si0 2 H 2 
37-03 43-71 0-10 0-02 0-04 0-30 0-38 17-79 



Insol. 




Si0 2 


1-35 


A1 2 3 


0-10 


Fe 2 3 


0-03 


CaO 


0-03 


MgO 


0-02 



1-53 100-90 

Hydronephelite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and sodium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — In white, pinkish spherules in the nephe- 
line-syenites of Ice river, Beaverfoot river. Kicking Horse river 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 13R). Sp. Gr. 2-243-2-475, by Barlow 
(G.S.C.,N.S.,XII,13R). 

Analysis of hydronephelite by Johnston (loc. cit). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 Oj CaO Na 2 K 2 H 2 
42-80 28-50 0-34 1-90 14-33 0-30 10-81 -98-98 



HY.-IL. 



128 



Hypersthenic 

(Silicate of iron and magnesium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Charlevoix County. — Near Bay St. Paul, in the paiish of St. Urbain 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 
Montmorency County. — Hypersthene occurs in broad lamellar 
masses with andesite and ilmenite constituting a rock at Chateau 
Richer (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 39T). 
Analyses of hypersthene from Chateau Richer by Hunt (Geol. Can. 
1863, p. 468). 

Analyses of Hypersthene. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


51-35 
3-70 

20-56 
1-68 

22-59 
0-10 


51-85 


A1 2 3 


3-90 


FeO 


20-20 


CaO 


1-60 


MgO 


21-91 


Vol 


0-20 








99 


98 


99- 66 


Sp. Gr 


3 


41 









Ilmenite. 

(Oxide of titanium and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — In crystals in a more or less brecciated 
intrusive on Ice river, Beaverfoot river (G.S.C., N.S., I, 124B). 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Yarmouth County. — In tabular crystals and in lustrous scales in a 
hornblende schist at Chegoggin point and Brazil (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 
145M). 



129 IL. 

ONTARIO.— 

Ilmenite occurs in the magnetic sands along the shores of Lakes Erie, 
Huron, and Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T). 

Haliburton County. — Ilmenite is found in small quantities in associ- 
ation with some of the iron ores of Minden. 

Hastings County.— Carlow (G.S.C., N.S., III, 25T). 

Patricia District. — Ilmenite is found in small crystals in limestone 
at Sutton Mill lakes (Ont. Bur. Min., 1912, 152). 



QUEBEC— 

Ilmenite often forms large deposits in rocks of the Grenville system 

and is also found in the sands derived from the breaking down 

of these rocks. 
Beauce County. — Mixed with magnetite in the Seigniory of St. 

Francis (Mines, Min. Br., No. 29, 20). 
Brome County. — Ilmenite is found in beds of considerable thickness 

in Brome, 1-1; 2-II; l-III (G.S.C., 1873-74, 228): Sutton, 

3-VII; 6, 7 -IX; 8-IX (G.S.C., 1873-74, 228); 9-IX; 9-XI 

(G.S.C., 1873-74, 228). 
Charlevoix County. — Bay St. Paul, Parish of St. Urbain (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 39T): Si. Irenee. 
Chicoutimi County. — B our get, 44-1: Kenogami township, Lake St. 

John, Alma island (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Gaspe County. — Malbaie. 

L'Assomption County.— St. Lin (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15K). 
Montcalm County.— Rawdon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T); St. Julien 

(G.S.C., 1873-74, 227). 
Montmorency County.— Chateau Richer (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 
Saguenay County. — Rapid river, Bay of Seven Islands (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 39T): St. Marguerite river, Chaloupe river, Thunder 

river (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Terrebonne County.— St. Jerome (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 15K): Wexford, 

7-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 100J). 
Wolfe County. — Ilmenite is found in fine crystals in Ham, 11-XX 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep. 1909, 251). 



IL. 



130 

Analyses of Ilmenite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


Ti0 2 


47-5 


48-60 
10-42 
37-06 


40-00 

20-35 

29-57 

4-00 


39-86 
56-64* 


34-30 


Fe 2 3 


49-77 


FeO 


39-8 




A1 2 3 






MnO 


6-5 








MgO 


3-60 


3-17 
1-00 


1-44 




CaO 






Insol 


not. deter. 




4-90 


6-35 


Si0 2 




1-91 














*PartFeO 

Ti0 2 


93-8 

6 
32-36 
24-65 


99-68 

7 
33-67 
38-27 


100-00 

8 

27-20 
40-87 


102-84 

9 

29-86 
39-14 


90-42 

10 
24-16 


Fe (metallic) 


41-46 



1. From Ice river by Hoffmann (Dawson, G.S.C., N.S., I, 124B). 

2. From Bay St. Paul by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 501). 

3. From Bay St. Paul by Penny (Harrington, G.S.C., 1873-74, 227). 

4. From Chateau Richer by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 501). 

5. From Bay of Seven Islands by Hunt (G.S.C., 1866-69, p. 260). 

6 and 7. Partial analysis of ilmenite from St. Jerome and St. Julien, respect- 
ively. 

8. From Sutton, 7-XI. 

9. From Sutton, 8-IX. 

10. From Brome, l-III, by Harrington (G.S.C., 1873-74, pp. 227-228). 

Ilvaite. 

{Hydrous silicate of calcium and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — Ilvaite is found at the Monitor mine, 
Alberni canal, about 3 miles from Uchucklesit harbour (Pr. 
Com. W. J. Sutton). 

ONTARIO or QUEBEC— 

A substance, which from its composition and physical characteristics 
was regarded as a variety of lievrite, was found in the form of 
a boulder in the vicinity of Ottawa (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 39T). 



131 

Analyses of Ilvaite. 



IL.-IN. 



Si0 2 .. 

AI2O3. 

Fe 2 03. 

FeO.. 

MnO., 

CaO.. 

MgO.. 

H 2 0.. 



Sp. Gr. 



29-81 


27-80 


0-16 




18-89 


10-80 


32-50 


56-52 


2-22 


tr. 


13-82 


0-64 


0-30 


2-59 


1-62 


1-20 


99-32 


99-55 


3-859 


4-15-4-16 



1. From Monitor mine by Hoffmann (G.S.C., N.S., V, 11R). 

2. From Ottawa by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 465). 

Infusorial Earth. 

(This material consists of the siliceous skeletons of diatoms and other microscopic 

forms.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Blackwater river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 112R). 
Clinton Mining Division.— Loon lake (G.S.C., N.S., V, 20R). 
New Westminster Mining Division. — Near Riverside, opposite 

Mission city (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 28S). 
Quesnel Mining Division. — Near Quesnel (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. 

Rep., 1911, 362). 
Vancouver Island. — Infusorial earth has been found at different 

points on this island (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 



Mechanic Settlement; Pleasant lake 



NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Kings County. — Pollet river, 

(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 27S). 
Northumberland County. — Diatom lake, Nipisiguit river. 
St. Johns County.— Lake Fitzgerald (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 27S). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Infusorial earth occurs in many of the lakes of this province. 
Antigonish County.— Lochaber (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 26S). 
Cape Breton County. — McCuish lake (Catalone) (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Colchester County. — Earltown, Gulley, and Macintosh lakes (G.S.C. 
N.S., II, 127P). 



IN-IR. 132 

Cumberland County. — Large deposits of infusorial earth occur at 

Folly, Fountain, and Bass River lakes, and at other lakes in the 

Cobequid ranges (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 25, 26S). 
Digby County. — Meteghan river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Halifax County.— Dartmouth and Grand lakes (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 

26S): Chain lakes; Lower Musquodoboit river (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Inverness County.— River Denys (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 26S). 
Kings County.— Kempt lake (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 26S). 
Pictou County. — Ben, Black Brook, Eden, Forbes, and McKay lakes, 

and Upper Barney river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 26S). 
Victoria County.— Lake Ainslie, St. Ann (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 26S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — Petawawa river, and a few scattered unimportant 
deposits elsewhere (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 28S). 

QUEBEC— 

Maskinonge County. — St. Justin, Concession Trompe Souris (G.S.C., 

N.S., XV, 27S). 
Montcalm County.— Cliertsey, 15-V (G.S.C., N.S., XV, p. 28S). 
Montmorency County. — Laval Settlement, 20-11 (G.S.C., N.S., 

XV, 27S). 
Ottawa County. — Egan. 

Portneuf County.— Gosford, Range IX (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 27S). 
Quebec County.— Stoneham, lot 69 (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 28S). 

Iolite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Cordierite occurs in small spots in metamorphosed 
slate near granite contacts near Halifax city, and doubtless at 
many other points in the province (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Cordierite occurs in amphibolite in Harcourt, 
11-IX (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. XXV, 509). 

Iridosmine. 

{Alloy of iridium and osmium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Dease lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — With platinum on Granite creek, 
Tulameen river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 7T). 

QUEBEC- 
BE auce County. — Associated with platinum in the gold washings of 
Riviere du Loup, a branch of the Chaudiere river (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 40T). 



133 



IR. 



Iron. 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Iron is found in spherules embedded in limonite 

coating fissures in quartzite in 5th concession back of Campement 

d'Ours, St. Joseph island, Lake Huron (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. VIII, 

Sec. Ill, p. 39, 1890). 
Nipissing District. — In minute spherules in kaolinite and limonite 

in an orthoclase-albite-perthite from a pegmatite vein in Cameron, 

7-B (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 23R). 
Timiskaming District. — In scales with silicates in a gossan at Smooth 

Water, Gowganda Mining Division (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 

1910, 266). 
ALBERTA.— 

Metallic iron reduced from clay ironstone by the action of burning 

lignite has been observed by Tyrrell at a point on the North 

Saskatchewan river about 70 miles above Edmonton. Some 

masses were found having a weight of 15 to 20 pounds (Am. 

Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XXXIII, 73). 

Analyses of Iron. 





1 


2 


Fe 


88-00 
0-51 
0-10 
0-21 
0-09 
0-12 
0-96 
? 
undet. 

9-76 


90-45 


Mn 


0-75 


Ni 


trace 


Co 




Cu 




S 


undet. 


P 


undet. 


C 




Organic 


undet. 


Insol. — Si0 2 

AI2O3 

Fe 2 3 


9 






17 
11 
10 
06 
03 
29 




CaO 

MgO 

Loss 













9 


76 


7-26 




99-75 


98-46 


Sp. Gr 


6-8612 


7-257 







From St. Joseph island (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. VIII, Sec. 3, 39-42). 
From Cameron by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 24R). 



IR. 134 

Iron Ochre. 

(Hydrated oxide of iron.) 

More or less extensive deposits of this mineral are found in different 
parts of the Dominion. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

New Westminster Mining Division. — Silver creek, Harrison lake. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Northumberland County. — Champlain island, Northwest Mira- 
michi river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 67A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Pudsey point, Apple river. 

Inverness County. — Chimney Corner; East side of Lake Ainslie 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Kings County.— New Canaan (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 304A). 
Lunenburg County. — Chester Basin (Pr. Com. H. Piers); East 

Chester (G.S.C., N.S., X, 117A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Grey County.— Sydenham (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T). 

Halton County.— Esquesing (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T). 

Interlake Peninsula. — Iron ochre is found at different points in 

this area. 
Nipissing District. — Madawaska Station; Murchison. 
Norfolk County. — Walsingham, 12-XIV. 

Simcoe County. — Nottawasaga, 21-XI, etc., (Geol. Can., 1863, 770). 
Waterloo County. — Conestogo. 

QUEBEC— 

Bonaventure County. — Carleton. 

Champlain County. — Cap de la Madeleine, St. Malo range (Geol. 

Can., 1863, 768). 
Joliette County. — Ste. Rose (Rosalie); Seigniory de Lanoraie (Geol. 

Can., 1863, 769); Ste. Elizabeth. 
Maskinonge County. — Riviere du Milieu (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 70AA). 
Montmorency County. — St. Ann de Montmorenci (Geol. Can., 

1863, 768). 
Ottawa County.— Hull, 15-X (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 116K). 
Pontiac County. — Leslie, 30-11. 
St. Maurice County.— Point du Lac (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T); St. 

Marguerite (Geol. Can., 1863, 768). 
Stanstead County.— Stanstead, 13-IX (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 118K). 
Saguenay County. — Les Escoumains (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Vaudreuil County.— Cote St. Charles (G. S.C., N.S., X, 133S). 



135 IR.-JA 

Ironstone. 

{Carbonate of iron with clay or sand.) 

ALBERTA — 

Red Deer river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 79E); Battle river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 
86E); Beaver creek, North Saskatchewan (G.S.C., N.S., II, 115E); 
between Vermilion falls and North Vermilion on the Peace river 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 46D). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nicola Mining Division. — Ironstone is found in Tertiary sediments 
in the Nicola valley (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 193B). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Peel river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 144-D); Sans Sault rapids, Mackenzie 
river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 105D); Liard river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
20D); Trail point on the Arctic coast (G.S.C., N.S., II, 29R). 

NOVA SCOTIA — 

Pictou County. — McDonald brook, West river of St. Mary (G.S.C., 
N.S., II, 78P). 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Green lake (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 27D); and at Wood mountain (G.S.C., 
N.S., I, 50C). 

Iserine. 

{Oxide of iron and titanium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Digby County.— St. Mary bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T): Iserine is 
found in the sands of the western counties of this province. A 
sample examined by How (N. S. Inst., Nat. Sci., Vol. I, 78-86) 
contained 30 per cent iserine. 

ONTARIO.— 

Iserine found on the shores and islands of Lakes Superior, Huron, 
Erie, and Ontario. 

QUEBEC— 

North shore and Gulf of St. Lawrence (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 40T). 

Jade. 

{See Nephrite.) 
{Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 



JA. 136 

Jamesonite. 

(Sulphantimonite of lead.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — In a fibrous massive form on Vermont 

and Deception creeks, middle fork of the Spillimacheen river (G. 

S.C., N.S., V, 65R). 
Greenwood Mining Division. — Fine specimens of jamesonite from 

some of the claims at the head of Kettle river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 

22R). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Jamesonite is found with silver-lead 

ores at Silver Bell mine (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 

Thomlinson). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Jamesonite is found with silver-lead ores 

at Reco mine (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Jamesonite is stated to occur near Fredericton: 
assuming this to be the case, Dr. Bailey is of the opinion that the 
precise locality would most probably be the Antimony mine at 
Lake George, Prince William (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — In Barrie, 10-VIII, with sphalerite, and on 
7-X with chalcopyrite in an impure granular dolomite (G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 30R): in Clarendon, 30-11, with pyrite and pyrrhotite 
in a gangue of crystalline dolomite (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 15R). 

Jasper. 

(Quartz.) 

(Silicon dioxide.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — In rounded pebbles in the vicinity of Atlin 

lake (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 14B). 
Boundary District. — in pebbles in the conglomerate of some portions 
of this district (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 99A). 

MANITOBA.— 

Grass River District. — In pebbles in some of the conglomerates of 

this district (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 42F). 
Rice Lake District. — Jasper is found as pebbles in the conglomerate 
and also as narrow bands in the same rock (Journ. Can. Min. 
Inst., 1913, p. 540). Jasper conglomerate is associated with 
amygdaloid at the north end of Lake Manitoba (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 
9AA). 



137 JA.-KA. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Grand Manan (G.S.C., N.S., III, 72S). 
Kings County.— Belleisle bay, Hampton (G.S.C., N.S., III, 72S). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Pebbles of jasper conglomerate have been noted at the east end of 
Great Slave lake (G.S.C., N.S., II, 16R): Princess Royal island 
(G.S.C., N.S., II, 46R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Partridge island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 
Digby County. — Fine banded jaspers are abundant at St. Mary bay 

and a red variety at Briar island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 
Kings County. — Long island, Woodworth cove (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

41T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Jasper conglomerate forms mountain masses 

amongst the quartzites of the Huronian series for miles in the 

country north of Bruce Mines; on Lake Superior north of Goulais 

bay; on the St. Mary river; on the east shore of Lake George, 

and on Lake Huron (G.S.C., N.S., III, 72S). 
Rainy River District. — Jasper occurs interbanded with hematite 

at Jasper lake, Hunter island (G.S.C., N.S., V, 63G). 
Thunder Bay District. — Whitefish and Kaministikwia rivers, east 

of Lake Nipigon and elsewhere in this district (G.S.C., N.S., 

III, 24H.) 

QUEBEC— 

K amour ask A County. — Banded dark green and reddish brown jasper 

with white chalcedony at River Ouelle (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 
New Quebec Territory. — Hamilton and Ungava rivers (G.S.C., 

N.S., VII, 79A). 
Ottawa County. — Large quantities of rich red jasper in Hull, 15-X 

(G.S.C., 1882-84, 16 L). 
Sherbrooke County. — Blood-red jasper, often finely clouded, occurs 

near Sherbrooke (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 

YUKON.— 

Red jasper occurs with magnetite and hematite as float in the wash of 
Bonnet Plume and Snake rivers (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 46 CC); 
Patterson mountain, Tagish lake (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 31B). 

Kalinite. 

(Hydrous sulphate of aluminum and potassium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Kalinite occurs in considerable abundance 
on the exposed faces of high bluffs of argillaceous shale on Slate 
river, Kaministikwia river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 

10 



KA 



138 



Kammererite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and magnesium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — Kammererite occurs with chromite and serpentine 

in Bolton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 
Richmond County. — This mineral is found with chromite and ser- 
pentine in Melbourne (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 41T). 

Kaolinite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Mixed with quartz in a shattered and 
leached zone of rocks on the west side of Thompson river opposite 
Spatsum (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 16A). 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — Kaolinite is found at different 
points in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Kaolinite occurs at Reid's farm at Middle Mus- 

quodoboit (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Kaolinite occurs in small quantities in granite 
districts such as New Ross (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
QUEBEC— 

Bagot County. — Kaolinite has been found lining cavities in a rock at 

Acton, 23-V (G.S.C, 1874-75, 314). 
Levis Covxiy. —Chaudiere falls (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 41T). 
Ottawa County.— Amherst, 5-VI (G.S.C, N.S., VII, 101 A). 
Two Mountains County. — In a dyke at Grand Frenier (G.S.C, 
1878-79, 6, 7H). 

Analyses of Kaolinite. 







L 


2 


Si0 2 


44-604 
39-145 
1-035 
0-390 
0-213 
0-270 
0-196 
14-240 


46-05 


A1 2 3 


38-37 


Fe 2 3 




CaO 


0-61 


MgO 


0-63 


Na 2 




K 2 




H 2 


14-00 








100 


093 


99-66 


Sp. Gr 


2 


577 









1. From Acton by Hoffmann (G.S.C, 1874-75, 314-315). 

2. From Chaudiere falls by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 495). 



139 KE.-LA. 

Kermesite. 

(Oxy sulphide of antimony.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK- 
YORK County. — Kermesite occurs with native antimony at the Lake 
George mine, Prince William (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. Ill, XXX, 1885, 

275-277). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — With stibnite at the West Gore mines (G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 58A). 

QUEBEC- 
WOLFE County. — Kermesite occurs in crystalline tufts with native 
antimony, stibnite, valentinite, and senarmontite in veins travers- 
ing argillite in South Ham, 56-1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 80K). 

Labradorite. 

{Silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Glengarry County. — In boulders in the township of Lochiel (G.S.C., 

N.S., VIII, 74A). 
Peterborough County. — Labradorite occurs in large phenocrysts in 

diabase in Belmont (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 127A). 
QUEBEC— 

Ashuanipi Territory. — Lake Ossokmanuan (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 

289L). 
Chicoutimi County. — Peribonka river, 30 miles above the entrance 

into Lake St. John (Geol. Can., 1863, 46.) 
Montcalm County. — In a bluish- white, granular form at Rawdon 

(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 42T). 
Montmorency County. — A pale bluish or greenish-grey rock with 

red spots at Chateau Richer (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 42T). 
New Quebec Territory.— Lake Michikamau (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 289 

L). 
Saguenay County. — At Sheldrake, in the Seigniory of Mingan (G.S.C, 

N.S., IV, 4A); Romaine river (G.S.C, N.S., VIII, 289L). 
Terrebonne County. — Abercrombie, Mille Isle, Morin, St. Jerome 

(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 42T). 
For analyses see T. S. Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 478) and G. C Hoff- 
mann (G.S.C, 1874-75, 316). 

Lampadite. 

(Hydrated mixture of various oxides, chiefly of manganese, cobalt, copper, and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Lampadite occurs with hematite in 
the King Solomon mine (G.S.C, N.S., XV, 125A). 



LA.-LE. 140 

Laumontite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Rossland, West Eagle river, Centre 
Star mine (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Laumontite is found at various places along the coast of the Bay of 

Fundy. 
Annapolis County. — Peter point (Mem. Amer. Acad. IX, August 

1831); Port George, St. Croix Cove (G.S.C., 1882-84, 25L). 
Digby County. — St. Mary bay, Sandy cove (Mem. Amer. Acad., IX, 

August, 1831). 
Kings County.— Victoria Harbour (G.S.C., 1882-84, 26L). 
Analysis of laumontite from Port George by How (Am. Journ. Sci., 
Ser. 2, XXVI, 1858, 34). 
Si0 2 A1,0» CaO H 2 

51-43 21-64 12-07 15-26—100-40 

Lazulite. 

{Hydrated phosphate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

North West Territories. — 

Lazulite occurs in quartz three-quarters of a mile east of Churchill 
river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 42T). 

QUEBEC— 

Mistassini Territory. — Lazulite occurs with quartz at Lake Mis- 

tassini (G.S.C., N.S., V, 66R). 
Analysis of lazulite from Churchill river by Hoffmann (G.S.C., 1878- 
79, 2 H). 
P 2 6 A1 2 3 FeO MgO CaO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

46-388 29-140 2-091 13-838 2-829 6-468 —100-754 3-0445 

Lead (native). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Lead occurs in thin strings in quartz in 
the vicinity of Dog lake, Kaministikwia river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
42T). 

Ledererite. 

(See Gmelenite.) 
(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, sodium, and calcium.) 



141 LE 

Lepidolite. 

{Silicate of potassium, lithium, and aluminum with hydrous fluoride of aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA — 

Revelstoke Mining Division. — In pearly scales with calcite in rust 
stained quartz at the Gold Hill claim, 10 miles northeast of 
Illecillewaet (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 29R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — In scaly masses with quartz, feldspar, apatite, 
fluorite, etc., in a pegmatite dyke near Lake Ramsay, New Ross 
(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep. 1907, 82). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Lievre river (Journ. Can. Min. Inst., 1913, 376- 
377); in laminae, sometimes several inches across, in Wakefield, 
25-VII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 11-12R): Templeton (Pr. Com. T. L. 
Walker). 

Analysis of lepidolite from Wakefield, by Johnston (Hoffmann, 
G.S.C., N.S., XII, 11-12R). 



Si0 2 AI2O3 


Fe 2 3 


MnO 


K 2 Li 2 Na 2 MgO 


47-89 21-16 


2-52 


4-19 


10-73 5-44 1-34 0-36 


H 2 (dir. est.) 


.F 




LessO=F Sp. Gr. 


1-90 


7-41- 


-102-94 


— 3-12 — 99-82 2-858 



Lepidomelane. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, iron, and potassium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — In sodalite in Dungannon, 29-XIII; 2 5 -XIV 
(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 15R) : in brilliant black plates or scales in arsen- 
opyrite in Marmora, 11-IX (G.S.C., N.S. VIII, 123A); 14-X; 
16-XI (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 14, 15R). 

Sudbury District.— Drury, 2-II (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 15R). 

Analysis of lepidomelane from Marmora, 14-X, by Wait (Hoffmann, 
G.S.C., N.S., VI, 14, 15R). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 FeO MnO CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 

32-79 14-34 4-52 26-32 0-29 1-45 4-68 7-24 2-00 

Ti0 2 H 2 at 100°C. H 2 above 100°C. Sp. Gr. 

0-92 1-38 3-68-99-61 3-19 



LE.-LI. 142 

Leucite. 

{Silicate of aluminum and potassium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Crystals of smoke-grey, sub- translucent 
leucite have been found in boulders of dark grey leucite rock at 
Horsefly mine, Horse Fly river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 13, 14R). 

YUKON.— 

Yukon River. — A leucite rock occurs on the north fork of the Spotted 
Fawn creek, Twelvemile river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 40AA). 

Leucoxene. 

(Dull white mineral resulting from the alteration of titanic iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Leucoxene occurs in the granite of Barriefield 

Common, Kingston (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 201). 
Nipissing District. — Leucoxene occurs as an alteration product of 

titanic iron ore in this district (G.S.C., N.S., X, 86-1). 
Sudbury District. — Leucoxene forms one of the constituents of a 

highly altered, basic eruptive in Denison, 6-1 V (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1891, 92). 
Thunder Bay District. — Leucoxene occurs as a constituent of altered 

diabase at Peep bay, Manitou lake (G.S.C., N.S., III, 7 IF). 

Lievrite. 

(See Ilvaite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of calcium and iron.) 

Lignite. 

(See Coal.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 

Limonite. 

(Hydrous sesquioxide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA — 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Texada island (G.S.C., N.S., V, 68AA). 
New Westminster Mining Division. — Port Kelts (G.S.C., N.S., 

XIII, 33R). 

Limonite occurs in oxidized zones at several points in the southern 

part of the province. 



143 LI. 

MANITOBA.— 

Big island, Lake Winnipeg (G.S.C., N.S., II, 19T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Botryoidal, mammillary, and stalactitic masses with fibrous structure, 

also compact, and lustreless or earthy forms at many localities 

in this province. 
Antigonish County. — Lochaber (G.S.C., N.S., II, 115P). 
Colchester County. — Brookfield; Old Barns (Pr. Com. H. Piers); 

and in the neighbourhood of Londonderry (G.S.C., N.S., V, 98S). 
Cumberland County. — Canfield creek (Pr. Com. H. Piers) ; Fullerton 

lake (G.S.C., N.S., V, 175P). 
Halifax County. — Preston Road near Dartmouth (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Hants County. — Selma (Pr. Com. H. Piers); Tennycape (G.S.C., 

1882-84, 22L). 
Lunenburg County. — Wallaback lake, New Ross (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 

186AA). 
Pictou County. — Springville, East river, etc. (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48SS). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Lower Mattagami river (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 33R): 

Echo bay (Ont. Bur. Min., 1892, 82). 
Carleton County.— Marlborough (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 163A). 
Haliburton County. — Snowdon (Ont. Bur. Min., 1892, 79). 
Hastings County.— Huntingdon, 9-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118A). 
Lanark County. — Darling: North Elmsley (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 

201). 
Lincoln County. — Gainsborough, lot 28, Broken Front Concession 

(Ont. Bur. Min., 1892, 81). 
Manitoulin District. — Limonite occurs in greater or less abundance 

at the Helen mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker) and at many other 

points in Michipicoten (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 115A). 
Norfolk County. — Charlotteville, Windham (Geol. Can., 1863, 683). 
Thunder Bay District. — English river. 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County.— Potton, 28-IX (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48SS). 
Champlain County. — Lac Tortue (G.S.C., N.S., V, 83SS). 
Drummond County. — Drummondville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 26K). 
Joliette County. — Along the line of the Canadian Pacific railway 

in this county (G.S.C., N.S., V, 43AA). 
Megantic County— Ireland, 12-IV (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 24K). 
Montcalm County— Kilkenny. 7 -VII (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 16R). 
Nicolet CovnTY.—Gentilly (G.S.C., N.S., V, 83SS). 
Ottawa County.— Wakefield, 12-1 (G.S.C., 1882-84, 18 L). 



LI-LO. 144 

Portneuf County.— Portneuf and St. Basil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 25K). 
St. Maurice County. — Radnor Forges and elsewhere near Three 

Rivers (Geol. Can., 1863, 686). 
Saguenay County. — East branch of the Saguenay river (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 25K). 
Temiscouata County. — Green island, Cacouna, and Villeray (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 26K). 
Vaudreuil County. — Cote St. Charles; Petit Cote and Ste. Angelique 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 27K). 
Yamaska County. — Riviere aux Vaches; St. Francis river (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 26K).^ 

SASKATCHEWAN.— 

Limonite occurs with hematite in connexion with an outcrop oi 
Huronian quartzite at the western end of Lake Athabaska (G.S.C., 
N.S., VII, 64S). 

Linarite. 

(Basic sulphate of lead and copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — In a cavity in a calcareous gangue-stone, 

impregnated with galena and chalcopyrite at the Table Mountain 

claims (Mines, Sum. Rep., 1910, 51). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Fine specimens of linarite are found in the 

Beaver group, Beaver mountain (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 

260, 261). 
Analysis of linarite from Beaver mountain by Johnston (Mines, G.S. 

Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 260). 

PbSO* CuO H z O Sp. Gr. 

75-17 19-88 4-73—99-78 5-23 



Lodestone. 

(Magnetite.) 

(Oxide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Lodestone has been found in small 

quantities a mile west of Upper Campbell lake, Vancouver island 

(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — A massive lodestone occurs at 

Jedway. 



145 LO-MA. 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — A granular magnetite, exhibiting polarity, has 
been observed in Madoc, 11-V (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 201). 

YUKON.— 

Magnetite grains in the sands of the Pelly river sometimes exhibit 
marked polarity (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 169). 

Loganite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and magnesium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — Replacing the septa of eozoon canadense of North 
Burgess (G.S.C., 1863-66, 230-231); replacing apatite in P, 10-V 
in the same township (G.S.C., 1863-66, 224): North Elmsley (Geol. 
Can., 1863, 491). 

QUEBEC— 

Pontiac County.— Calumet Falls (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 43T). 
For analyses see Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 490-91, and Can. Nat., Ser. 2, 
Vol. II, 123). 

Louisite. 

{Hydrous silicate of calcium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County.— Blomidon (N.S. Inst., Nat. Sci., Vol. V, 15). 
Analysis of louisite by Louis Honeyman (N. S. Inst., Nat. Sci., Vol. V, 
15). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 FeO MnO CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 H 2 Sp. Gr. 

63-74 0-57 1-25 tr. 17-27 0-38 3-38 0-08 12-96— 99-63 2-41 

Lollingite. 

{Arsenide of iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Peterborough County. — With pyrrhotite and quartz in Galway, 16- 

XIV (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 19R). 
Analysis of lollingite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VI, 19R). 

As S Fe Co Ni Sp. Gr. 

70-85 0-81 24-67 2-88 0-79—100-00 7-028 

Macfarlanite. 

{Composition doubtful. Antimonide of silver.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Silver Islet mine, Lake Superior (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 18T). 



MA. 146 

Magnesite. 

{Carbonate of magnesium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — Magnesite carrying pyrite and often 
traversed by veins and strings of quartz occurs on Boulder, Birch, 
Pine, and Ruby creeks, Atlin lake and on Taku inlet, Tagish lake 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 21B). 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Magnesite is found in one of the 
B. C. Mines, Summit Camp (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 123 A). 

Omineca Mining Division. — With dolomite and serpentine inter- 
banded with green ash rock near Germansen creek, Omineca river 
(G.S.C., N.S., VII, 25C). 

Revelstoke Mining Division. — Magnesite occurs in small quantities 
near Illecillewaet (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 96S). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

St. John County. — Magnesite is found in a vein near West Beach 
(G.S.C., 1870-71, 237). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — A blue, ferruginous magnesite associated 
with pyrite has been reported from Lac des Milles Lacs (G.S.C., 
N.S., 1, 22M). 

QUEBEC— 

Magnesite is found in beds sometimes with feldspar and green mica, 

at different localities in the Eastern Townships of this province. 

It is also met with at one or two localities in the Grenville series. 
Argenteuil County. — Extensive beds of magnesite in association 

with dolomite cut by diorite-porphyrite have been found in 

Grenville, 15-IX; 18-XI, and adjoining lots; for analyses see 

Hoffmann (G.S.C., N.S., Vol. XIII, 14-19R). 
Beauharnois County. — Valleyfield (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Brome County.— Bolton, 17, 24-IX (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 95S): Sutton 

12-VII (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 111K). 
Megantic County. — In crystal-incrustations on serpentine in Coleraine 

24, 25, 26-A Donald (Can. Rec. Sci., V., 1892-93, 137). 
Richmond County. — An ophiolite from Melbourne, 15-1, afforded Dr. 

Harrington 15-50 per cent of ferriferous magnesite (breunerite) 

(G.S.C., 1874-75, 309). 

YUKON.— 

Beds of magnesite up to 10 feet or more in thickness intercalated in 
dolomites and slates of the Orange group, Stony Fork of the Black 
river, Yukon river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 33); also on 
the Yukon river itself about l| miles above Indian river, and 
on the Big Salmon river, just below Island lake, Lewes river 
(G.S.C., N.S., XI, 15, 16R). 



147 

Analyses of Magnesite. 



MgO 
21-70 



FeO 
5-10 



co 2 

27-00 



Si0 2 
45-68 



Loss 

0-52 -100-00 



MA. 





2 


3 


4 


5 


MgCOg 


83-35 
9-02 
8-03 


33-00 

19-35 

45-90 

0-50 


59-13 

8-32 

32-20 


59-72 


FeCOs 


10-31 


Insol 


29-90 


A1 2 3 














99-40 


98-75 


99-65 


99-93 



1. From Atlin (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 21B). 

2 and 3. From Sutton, 12-VII. 

4 and 5. From Bolton, 17-IX, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 457-458). 

Magnetite. 1 

{Sesquoixide and protoxide of iron.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Magnetite is found near Pincher creek (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 187AA): 
Pine creek, Waterton river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 38R). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Atlin Mining Division. — Magnetite occurs with copper ore near 

William creek (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 55A). 
Boundary District. — Commonly found throughout this district 

(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 62-63A). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Cherry and Battle Bluffs, Kamloops 

lake (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 341B). 
Lillooet Mining Division. — A 20-foot vein is reported near 

Watkinson, 23 miles above Lytton (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 343B). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — A large body of magnetite is known 

to occur on Texada island (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton); West Redonda 

island (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 35R). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Magnetite is found at Iron King group, 

Slocan Crossing (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
New Westminster Mining Division. — Magnetite occurs half a 

mile below Nicoamen (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 343B). 



l ( T) after a locality indicates that the ore is titaniferous. 



MA. 148 

Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Skincuttle inlet (G.S.C., N.S., 

III, 101R). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Magnetite is found with copper 

ores at Voight's camp, Copper mountain, near Princeton (Pr. Com. 

W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Southern Interior. — Commonly found throughout this area. 
Victoria Mining Division. — Magnetite is found with the sulphides 

of iron and copper at East Sooke peninsula, Juan de Fuca strait 

(G.S.C., N.S., XV, 90A). 

MANITOBA.— 

Magnetic sand is found at Big George island; and massive magnetite 
with interbanded jaspers and slates at Manigotagan river, Lake 
Winnipeg (Pr. Com. R. C. Wallace). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Magnetite occurs in scattered crystals and 
small beds or veins in connexion with some of the Pre-Cambrian 
rocks at the Lepreau river, Deer island, and at other places in this 
county (G.S.C., N.S., X, 17 M). 

Gloucester County. — Millstream (G.S.C., N.S., V, 56, 57A). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Nastapoka islands (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 128A). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Magnetite occurs in beds in slate in Clementsport 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 22-23R); and in granular, massive forms in 
Nictaux (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 29, 30R): and Torbrook (Pr. Com. 
H. Piers). 

Cape Breton County. — Barachois mountain; Mira (Pr. Com. H. 
Piers). 

Colchester County. — In the traps of Gerrish mountain; and else- 
where in this county (G.S.C., N.S., I, 61E). 

Digby County.— Digby Neck (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 67A). 

Inverness County. — Near Whycocomagh (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Kings County. — North Mountain range (G.S.C., N.S., I, 22A). 

Richmond County.— Cleveland (G.S.C., N.S.. XIII, 29, 30R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Albany river and its tributaries (G.S.C., N.S., II, 14G). 

Carleton County.— Fitzroy, 6-X (G.S.C., 1879-81, 15H); 2, 5-XII 

(T). 
Frontenac County.— Bedford, 2, 5-II; 2, 3, 5, 6-III; 1, 4, 7, 8, 

9-1 V (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202); 28-1 V (G.S.C., N.S., III, 24T); 

1, 3, 7 to 11-V; 2-VI; 2, 3, 4, 7 -VII; 21-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 



149 MA. 

1900, 202): Barrie, 5, 6, 7-XII: Oso, 15-V (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 
30R): Palmerston, 3, 4-IX (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 24R); 27, 28-XI 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 32-1): Portland, 4-IX (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 
26R); 7-X (Ont. Bur. Min., 1892, 81); 5-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., 
VIII, 26R); Storrington, 20-X (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 104). 

Haliburton County. — Dudley, 15-111 (G.S.C., Mem. 6, p. 205): 
Glamorgan, 35-IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 201): Lutterworth, 
5-V, and VI; 16-VII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900,202): Minden, 11-1 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202). 

Hastings County.— Carlow, 6, 7-XV1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202): 
Dungannon, 30-XIII (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 128A); 25-XIV (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1900, 202); in coarse crystals, some of very large 
dimensions; one over four hundred pounds in weight, in Faraday 
(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 167): Modoc, 18-1; 2, 12-IV; 
11-V; 10-VI; 9-VII: Marmora, 7-1; 13-11; 12-11 1; 6,9-IX: 
Wollaston, 15, 16-11; 16, 17, 18, 19-VIII; 9, 10-XV (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 202): Tudor, 12-XVIII; 18-XVIII (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 202); 19-XVIII; 7-X IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202). 

Lanark County.— Bathurst, 11, 12-VIII and IX (T): Darling, 22-1 II; 
22-IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202); 25- V (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 
26R): Lavant, 13-111; 4-VII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202): South 
Sherbrooke, 3, 14-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 20R); 17, 18, 19-111 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202). 

Leeds County.— North Crosby, 1-VI (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 21R): 
South Crosby, 26, 27 -VI (T) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202). 

Nipissing District.— Airy (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 19R): Grant, 55, 57- 
III. 

Peterborough County. — Belmont, 8, 19-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 
202). 

Rainy River District. — Extensive deposits of magnetite occur at 
the Atikokan river and small deposits are found elsewhere in this 
district (G.S.C., N.S., V, 38R). 

Renfrew County.— Bagot, 14-VII (Ont. Bur. Min. 1900, 202); 
27- VI I; 16, 21-VIII; 16- IX; 23-X; 16, 18, 22-XI (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 202): Gratton, 31-XII (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 30R): 
Rolph, 24-XII; 25-XIII: Ross, 14-111: Stafford, 24-11. 

Sudbury District. — Titaniferous magnetite with the copper and nickel 
ores of Murray mine, McKim, 11-V (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 106H): 
with quartz in veins in Moncrieff, 1-1 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 40F): 
titaniferous magnetite at the Clarabelle mine, Snider, 1-IV 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 106H). 

Thunder Bay District. — Magnetite is found in greater or less abund- 
ance at Algonquin lake, Kaministikwia river: Moss (G.S.C., N.S., 
VI, 36R): Strange (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 31, 32R). 

Victoria County. — Dalton, 26-XII and elsewhere (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 
6 J): Digby, 15-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 7J). 



MA. 150 

QUEBEC— 

Abitibi Territory. — Grains and crystals in chloritic rock at Paint 
mountain (G.S.C., N.S., I, 28D). 

Argenteuil County.— Grenville, 3-IV, V (G.S.C, N.S., XII, 111J). 

Ashuanipi Territory. — Ashuanipi river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 18R). 

Berthier County.— St. Gabrielle de Brandon (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 52J). 

Brome County.— 5o//on, 26-VII; 2-XIV: Brome, 12-XIII. 

Chicoutimi County.— Kenogami lake (T) (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 27R). 

Champlain County. — Masses of non-titaniferous magnetite occur in 
pegmatite about one mile above the Mattawin river, other deposits 
in this district are usually titaniferous (G.S.C., N.S., V, 83SS). 

Joliette County. — Kildare, French lake. 

Megantic County. — Inverness (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19K); near Kin- 
nears Mills (G.S.C., N.S., III, 23T): Leeds, 7-V (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 19K). 

Montcalm County.— Rawdon, 2-11 (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 16R). 

New Quebec Territory. — Magnetite is found associated with 
garnetiferous rocks and hematite on the Koksoak river (G.S.C., 
N.S., VII, 17R). 

Ottawa County.— Cameron, 39, 40-11: Hull, 13-VI; 11-VII; 
2-X; 1-XI (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 110-111J): Mulgrave: Templeton, 
28-VI (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 111J): Wright, 12- V. 

Pontiac County.— Bristol, 22-11 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 12K): Litchfield, 
12-1; 14-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 63 R): 5, 27-X. 

Portneuf County. — Magnetite is found between St. Catharines and 
Lake Sargent, Fossambault Seigniory (G.S.C., N.S., V, 16L). 

Richmond County. — Near Richmond (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Saguen ay County. — A yellow gneiss carrying large quantities of gran- 
ular magnetite is found on the Bersimis river and elsewhere in this 
county, regarded by Low as being a probable source of the beds 
of yellow sand and black magnetic sand found in abundance 
along the St. Lawrence and Gulf coast (G.S.C., N.S., I, 11A); 
and on the portage to Lake Matonipi on the Outardes river (G.S.C., 
N.S., VIII, 104A). 

Sherbrooke County. — Slaty magnetite occurs in veins in chloritic 
schists in Ascot, 8- IX: Orford, 3-B. 

Terrebonne County. — Coarse crystalline magnetite occurs on 
North river, near St. Jerome (G.S.C., N.S., II, 16T): Wexford, 
7-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 16R). 

Timiskaming County. — Quinze river. 

Wolfe County. — Magnetite occurs in serpentine on lots 19 and 20 
in the gore of South Ham (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 19T): with copper 
pyrites in schists in Wolfstown, 1-VIII (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 30R). 



151 MA. 

YUKON.— 

Magnetite is of common occurrence in grains or fragments in the wash 
of many of the streams entering into the Peel river (G.S.C., N.S., 
XVI, 46CC). 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Magnetite is found in basic dykes 
in this division (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 51A). 

Malachite. 

{Basic carbonate of copper.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Malachite is found in crystal and 

massive forms with iron and copper minerals in limestones and 

porphyries at the head of Copper creek, Boundary creek (G.S.C., 

N.S., XIII, 21R). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Malachite is found at the Eureka mine 

(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Nicola Mining Division. — Malachite has been observed in fine, 

radiating groups of small acicular crystals with specular iron, 

chalcopyrite, and pyrite in veins in the volcanic rocks of Iron 

mountain (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 80A). 
Southern Interior and Boundary Districts. — Malachite is met 

with in connexion with copper ores generally in these districts. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte, St. John, and Westmorland Counties. — Malachite is 
met with in small quantities in connexion with the copper-bearing 
minerals of these counties (G.S.C., 1870-71, 226-227). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Malachite is found associated with copper ores in various parts of the 

province (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Cumberland County. — Two Islands (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Pictou County. — Malachite is found in nodules or associated with 

plant remains in certain parts of the Permian sandstones in this 

county (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 37M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Malachite occurs with copper ore in this district 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 44T). 
Hastings County. — Dungannon (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 236A): Modoc 

and Marmora (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 202). 
Parry Sound District. — Foley township. 
Thunder Bay District. — Malachite occurs with copper ores in this 

district (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 44T). 
Timiskaming District. — Malachite occurs in small amounts in rusty 

cavities on Matthias island, Lake Timagami (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

145-1). 



MA. 152 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — Sutton, 9-IX. 

Lotbiniere County. — In small fibrous masses in a drusy calcite at 
the Black River mines, St. Flavien (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 44T). 

Malacolite. 

(Diopside.) 
(Pyroxene.) 

(Silicate of calcium and magnesium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — White malacolite occurs at Lewis mountain, 
Whycocomagh (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Maltha. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

ALBERTA AND SASKATCHEWAN.— 

In the northern parts of these provinces drained by the Athabaska and 
Peace rivers, are immense areas of country overlaid by fine-grained 
sand rock saturated with semi-inspissated petroleum. This 
mineral on exposure becomes thickened, thus forming a mineral 
tar or maltha (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 82SS). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Queen Charlotte Islands.— Tar island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 161R). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Westmorland County. — The oxidation of small quantities of petro- 
leum rising to the surface has given rise to deposits of maltha at 
Dover and probably elsewhere in this province (G.S.C., N.S., 
X, 71M). 

Manganite. 

(Hydrous sesquioxide of manganese.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Kings County. — Manganite is found in the carboniferous rocks of 
Markhamville (G.S.C., N.S., X, 45M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Manganite is found in the carboniferous rocks 

of Black Rock, Clifton. 
Hants County.— Walton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 44T): Tennycape (Pr. 

Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Near Wallaback lake, New Ross (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Pictou County. — Bridgeville (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



153 MA. 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Manganite associated with quartz, calcite, and a 
little fluorite, occurs in a vein in trappean rock at Batchawana bay 
(Geol. Can., 1863, 751). 

QUEBEC— 

Magdalen Islands. — Amherst island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 44T); and 
Grindstone island. 



Marcasite. 

{Sulphide of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Marcasite is found in some of the 
mines at the head of Kettle river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 131A), 

MANITOBA.— 

Marcasite is found on the banks of the Assiniboine river (G.S.C., N.S., 
XV, 12 1A); it was also noted by Tyrrell in the form of nodules in 
white sandstone boulders on Pemmican island and elsewhere in 
Lake Winnipegosis (G.S.C., N.S., V, 153E). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Hinchinbrooke (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 203). 
Thunder Bay District. — Silver islet: Neebing, 25-V (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 203): O'Connor (Beaver mine) (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



Martite. 

(Sesquioxide of iron.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Two Islands (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Digby County. — Martite has been met with in the Triassic traps of 

North mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 45T); Digby Neck (Pr. Com. 

T. L. Walker). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — Dalhousie, 1-IV (Dalhousie mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1900, 203). 
Simcoe County. — Martite has been noted in a gneissoid boulder at 

Bass lake a. few miles north of Orillia (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 45T). 
Thunder Bay District. — Black Sturgeon lake, south of Lake Nipigon 

(Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

ll 



ME. 154 

Melaconite. 

(Oxide of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Melaconite is found at the True Blue 

Mining Claim, near Kaslo (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 

Thomlinson). 
Greenwood Mining Division. — Melaconite occurs with copper 

bearing and other minerals at the head of Copper creek (G.S.C, 

N.S., XV, 125A). 

QUEBEC— 

Melaconite is found in traces in some of the copper deposits of the 
Eastern Townships (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 45T). 



Melanterite. 

(Hydrated sulphate of iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Melanterite is found in a ledge between 
Big creek and Chilcotin river. 

MANITOBA.— 

Township 44, range XXVIII, west of the 1st meridian (Mines, G.S.Br., 
Sum. Rep., 1908, 166). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Melanterite has been found in heaps of shale 
and slack coal at the Glace Bay Coal mines (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
45T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Melanterite has been found at times in connexion with some of the 
mineral veins in Algoma district; Hastings county; Peterborough 
county, and Thunder Bay district (Ont. Bur. Mines, 1900, 203). 



Melilite. 

(Silicate of aluminum, iron, calcium, magnesium, and sodium.) 

QUEBEC- 
JACQUES C artier County. — Observed by Adams as a characteristic 
constituent of alnoite at Ste. Anne-de-Bellevue (G.S.C, N.S., XIV, 
24-0). 



155 ME. 

Meneghinite. 

{Sulphide of lead and antimony.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Meneghinite is found with quartz and dolomite 

in Barrie, 5, 9-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 203). 

Hastings County. — Marmora, S. Emmons lot (Pr.Com.F. D.Adams). 

Analysis of meneghinite from Barrie by Harrington (Trans. R.S.C., 

Vol. I, Sec. 3, p. 79). 

S Sb As Pb Cu Fe Ag Sp. Gr. 

16-81 19-37 tr. 61-45 1-36 0-07 0-08 -99-14 6-33 

Mercury. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — Vancouver island, in minute globules 
scattered through a thin vein of cinnabar, traversing a greenish, 
felsitic rock at Sechart channel, Barkley sound (G.S.C., N.S., V,65R). 

Yale Mining Division. — Mercury is found in globules in some parts 
of the silver-ore of Silver peak, near Hope (G.S.C., N.S., V, 65-66R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Mercury is found in connexion with the 
silver-cobalt ores of the Nipissing mine, Coleman township, but the 
mode of occurrence, whether in the native condition or as a com- 
pound, has not yet been made clear (Eng. and Min. Journ. Sept. 
30, 1911, 647). 

Mesole. 

{See Thompsonite.) 
{Hydrated silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

Mesolite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County.— Mesolite is found at North mountain and Port 

George (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 45T). 
Kings County. — Mesolite is found at Cape Blomidon (Pr. Com. T. L. 
Walker). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District.— Mesolite is said to have been found with 
epidote in the amygdaloid of Mamainse, Lake Superior (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1900, 203). 



ME-M1. 



156 



Analyses of Mesolite. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


46-84 

25-92 

9-63 

5-21 

1211 


46-48 

27-04 

963 

4-45 

12-40 


46-71 


Alid 


26-68 


CaO 


9-55 


Na 2 


5-68 


H a O 


11-42 








99-71 


10000 


10004 



Analysis by How (Am. Jour. Sci., Ser. 2, XXVI, p. 32). 

1. From Port George. 

2. From North mountain. 

3. Sample dried over H1SO4. 

Metacinnabarite. 

(Sulphide of mercury.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Metacinnabarite is found with cinnabar 
in cavities in quartz on the west side of Read island (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 66R). 

Meymacite. 

The term "Meymacite" formerly applied to naturally occurring 
hydrated tungstic oxide has, at the suggestion of T. L. Walker 
(Am. Journ. Sci., Vol. XXV, 1908, 269), been discarded in favour 
of the name "Tungstite," which see. 

Micaceous Iron Ore. 

(See Hematite.) 
(Oxide of iron.) 

Mica. 

See under its varieties — Biotite, Lepidolite, Muscovite, and Phlogopite. 

Michel-Levyte. 

(Sulphate of barium.) 
QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Barium sulphate found in Templeton, 12-XII, 
supposed by Lacroix to be monoclinic, but according to Dana 
agreeing with ordinary barite in optical properties. It possesses 
certain peculiarities in cleavage, which are regarded by the latter 
authority as being due to pressure (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66-67T). 



157 MI. 

Microcline. 

{Silicate of aluminum and potassium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Carleton County. — Microcline occurs with quartz and albite in 

March, 6-III (G.S.C., N.S., X, 220S). 
Frontenac County. — Microcline occurs in large masses in Bedford, 

l-II {Richardson mine) (Ont. Bur. Min., 1911, 107). 
Nipissing District. — Amazonite, in good cleavable masses, is found 

in Cameron, 7-B (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 70AA). 
Renfrew County. — A pale green amazonite occurs at Mount SU 

Patrick; and Sevastopol (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T). 

QUEBEC- 
NEW Quebec Territory. — Fine, cleavable amazonite occurs in 

pegmatite veins cutting schistose traps on some of the islands of 

Paint Hills group (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 19R). 
Ottawa County. — 'Microcline occurs in pegmatite in different parts 

of the townships of Hull (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 17T): Templeton 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 124A): Villeneuve and Wakefield (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 17T). 
Saguenay County.— Block G, Bergonnes (G.S.C., N.S., X, 220S). 
Analysis of microcline from Bedford (Richardson) (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1911, 107). 

Si0 2 A1 2 8 CaO K 2 Na 2 H 2 

65-87 19-10 0-20 12-24 2-56 0-64—100-61 



Millerite. 

{Sulphide of nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Millerite is found in crystals in the Copper Cliff 
mine (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 13H): and at the Vermilion mine (Pr. 
Com. T. L. Walker). 
Timiskaming District. — Millerite occurs in some of the Cobalt mines 
(Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

QUEBEC— 

Sherbrooke County. — In small grains and prismatic crystals with 
chromiferous garnet disseminated through white, cleavable calcite 
in a vein in Orford, 6-XII (Geol. Can., 1863, 738). 

Mineral Coal. 

{See Coal) 



MI -MO. 158 

Mineral Resin. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

Mineral resin is frequently found disseminated through some of the 
coals and lignites of the northwest provinces and territories and 
British Columbia (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 47T). See also Amber. 

Mineral Tar. 

(See Maltha.) 
(Hydrocarbon.) 
Mirabilite. 

(Glauber salt.) 
(Hydrated sulphate of sodium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Omineca Mining Division. — Mirabilite occurs as an efflorescence 
with epsomite on cliffs of shale at Fort St. John, Peace river (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 47T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Mirabilite is found associated with gypsum at the 
Clifton quarry, near Windsor (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 47T): in the old 
McDonald and Allison quarries at Avondale, glauber salt has been 
found associated with rock salt, calcspar, aragonite, carbonate, 
and oxide of iron (Mines, Min. Br., No. 84, 150). 

SASKATCHEWAN — 

Mirabilite occurs as an efflorescence in township 36, range 16, west of 

the 3rd meridian. 
For analysis see Epsomite. 

Mispickel. 

(See Arsenopyrite.) 
(Sulph-arsenide of iron.) 

Molybdenite. 

(Sulphide of molybdenum.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Molybdenite is very commonly found associated with copper ores 

throughout the province (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Boundary District. — Molybdenite is frequently met with in connex- 
ion with the copper ores of this district (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 62A). 



159 MO. 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Very fine specimens of molybdenite 
are found at a point 3 miles southwest of Grande Prairie 
(G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 14R). 

Lillooet Mining Division. — Lillooet river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 157R). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Small quantities of molybdenite have 
been found in quartz veins near Carrington bay, Cortez islands, 
Strait of Georgia (G.S.C., N.S., II, 23B); in a copper bearing vein 
at Malaspina (G.S.C., N.S., III, 157R); Texada island (Pr. Com. 
W. J. Sutton). 

Nelson Mining Division. — Molybdenite is found at Bear creek, a 
branch of Sheep creek and at the Dendney group on Lost creek 
(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

New Westminster Mining Division. — Molybdenite is found with 
the copper ores of Salmon Arm (G.S.C., N.S., III, 157R). 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — A massive granular form has been 
noted at the Giant claim (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 23R). 

Victoria Mining Division. — Vancouver island, molybdenite is found 
on the north side of Mount Buttle (G.S.C., N.S., X, 122A). 

Yale Mining Division. — Fine specimens of molybdenite are found 
at Spuzzum creek (G.S.C., N.S., III, 157R). 



MANITOBA.— 

Nelson River. — In pegmatite veins with pyrite and magnetite at 
Little Playgreen lake (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 10F). 



NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Molybdenite is found in a granular quartz-rock 

in Penfleld, and in granites near St. Stephen (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

126M). 
Gloucester County. — Molybdenite is found on the Nipisiguit 

river near Bathurst (G. S.C., N.S., X, 126M). 
York County. — Burnt Hill brook, Southwest Miramichi river (Mines, 

G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 361, G.S.C., 1979-81, 45D). 



NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Near Eagle head (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Halifax County. — Drift boulders containing molybdenite have been 

found between Hammonds Plains and Bedford (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Molybdenite occurs in pegmatite in New 

Ross (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 186AA). 
Shelburne County. — Jordan river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 146M). 



MO. 160 

ONTARIO.— 

Addington Couxty.— Sheffield, 5-XIV (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, 

p. 9). 
Carleton County. — In a dyke of feldspar cutting limestone in March, 

6-VI (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, p. 9). 
Frontenac County— Miller, 3-VIII (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, 

p. 9); 5 North-east Range (Mines, Min. Br., Rep. 93, 44). 
Haliburton County. — Harcourt, 2, 3-1 (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 111A); 

2, 3-1 1 (Mines, Min. Br., Rep. 93, p. 40); Lutterworth, 23-V 

(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 8J); 7-X (Mines, Min. Br., Rep. 93, 40). 
Hastings County. — Molybdenite occurs in the elaeolite-syenites of 

Dungannon (Can. Rec. Sci., Vol. VII, 228): Monteagle, 26, 27 -VI 

(G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, 9). 
Kenora District. — In small veinules traversing granitoid gneiss on 

Quarry island, and in the area between Rossland and Lake of the 

Woods (G.S.C., N.S., I, 144C). 
Leeds County.— North Crosby, 14-V (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, 9). 
Nipissing District. — Molybdenite occurs as an occasional constituent 

of quartz veins in the district about Lake Nipissing (G.S.C., N.S., 

X, 159-1). 
Patricia District. — In crystals in pegmatite dykes cutting granite 

near the head of Cross lake, Cat river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 207A). 
Renfrew County.— Bagot, 15-X (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, pp. 9 

and 10): Brougham, 16-1 (G.S.C., N.S.,XII, 23R); 7, 8-X: 8-XI, 

XII (Mines, Min. Br., Rep. 93, 47): Lyndoch, 5, 6-VI 1 1 (Mines, 

Min. Br., Rep. 93, 45, 46): Raglan, 6-XVIII (Mines, Min. Br., 

Rep. 93, 46): Ross, 22-11; 7 -IX (G.S.C., M.R.C., 872, 9). 
Victoria County. — Molybdenum occurs in veins in granitoid gneiss 

in Digby, 16-VII (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 7J). 

QUEBEC— 

Chicoutimi County. — Laterriere, 7, 8-XIII (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Megantic County. — In veins of quartz and bitter spar in Leeds 

(Geol. Can., 1863, 755). 
Ottawa County.— Eardley, 2-VIII (G.S.C., M.R.C., 872, 15): 

Egan, 69-1 V (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 17R): Hull, 12-XI; 23-XV: 

fine specimens in quartz from Masham, 35, 36-VII: Templeton, 

12-XII (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, p. 8): Wakefield (Pr. Com. 

F. D. Adams). 
Pontiac County.— Aldfield, 2-III: Alleyn, l-II (G.S.C., M.R.C., 

No. 872, 15) -.Litchfield, 5-IV;21-XI (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 872, 16). 
Saguenay County. — Manikuagan bay (Geol. Can., 1863, 504). 
Terrebonne County. — St. Jerome (Geol. Can., 1863, 504). 
Timiskaming County. — Kewagama river and lake (Pr. Com. F. D. 

Adams); Kinojevis river. 



161 MO. 

Molybdite. 

(Hydrated molybdate of iron.) 
Molybdite may be looked for at any of the molybdenite occurrences. 



Monazite. 

(Phosphate of cerium, lanthanum, didymium, sometimes with silicate of thorium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Monazite occurs sparingly in the black 
sand of Quesnel river about 8 miles above its junction with the 
Fraser river. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Monazite occurs in small quantities in a peg- 
matite dyke near Lake Ramsay, New Ross (Mines, G. S. Br., 
Sum. Rep., 1907, 82). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — In coarse pegmatite at the Villeneuve mine, in 

Villeneuve, 30-1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48T). 
Analysis of monazite from Villeneuve by Genth (Am. Journ. Sci., 
Ser. 3, Vol. XXXVIII, 203). 

P 2 5 Ce 2 3 (LaDi) 2 3 (YeR 2 )0 3 Fe 2 3 Th0 2 CaO MgO Si0 2 H 2 
26-86 24-80 26-41 4-76 1-07 12-60 1-54 0-04 0-91 0-78 

Sp. Gr. 
-99-77 5-2333 



Mordenite. 

(Hydrated silicate of potassium, sodium, calcium, and aluminum.) 
(See Steeleite.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Margaretville (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

Kings County. — Mordenite occurs embedded in trap some 2 or 3 

miles east of Morden (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48T). 
Analysis of mordenite from Morden by How (Journ. Chem. Soc., 

Vol. II, 1864, p. 100). 



Si0 2 


A1 2 0« 


CaO 


Na 2 


H 2 


Sp. Gr. 


68-40 


12-77 


3-46 


2-35 


13- 02 


2-08 



MO. 162 

Morenosite. 

(Hydrated sulphate of nickel.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Morenosite was observed by Hunt as an efflores- 
cence of minute acicular, greenish-white crystals on the nickel 
ore at Wallace mine, Lake Huron (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48T). 

Sudbury District. — Morenosite occurs as a greenish-white and pale, 
apple-green incrustation on associated gersdorffite, niccolite, 
chalcopyrite, and pyrrhotite at the O'Connor claim in Denison, 
12-1 1 1; and on some of the nickel ore of the Worthington mine, 
Drury, 2-II (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 27R). 



Moss Agate. 

(See Agate.) 
(Silicon dioxide.) 



Mountain Cork and Mountain Leather. 

(Amphibole.) 

(Silicate of magnesium, calcium, and iron.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Mountain cork is found at Lower Five Islands 
(G.S.C., N.S., XII, 194A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Mountain leather occurs at the Beaver 
mine, O'Connor township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 21T). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Mountain leather was formerly found in a rail- 
way cutting near Kirk Ferry, Hull township (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
40G): Wakefield, 23-11 (Lake Girard mine) (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 26R): 
mountain cork is found in Buckingham, 18-XII (Grant mine) 
(Can. Rec. Sci., 1890-91, IV, 228); 19-XII (Emerald mine) (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 21T). 
Analysis of mountain cork from Grant mine, Buckingham, 18-XII 
by Sidney Calvert (Can. Rec. Sci., 1890-91, IV, 228). 

Si0 2 A1 2 8 Fe 2 0, FeO MnO CaO MgO Loss (ign.) 
53-99 0-55 1-00 10-99 2-19 12-53 16-25 2-56—100-06 



163 MU. 

Muscovite. 

(Hydrous silicate of potassium and aluminum.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Muscovite is found in various places in pegmatite dykes. 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Tete Jaune Cache (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 
121A). 

Golden Mining Division. — Ice river, Beaverfoot river (G.S.C., N.S., 
XI, 165A) : sericite constitutes over 60 per cent of a foliated schist 
from Waitabit creek, Columbia river (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 21R). 

Yale Mining Division. — Skuzzy creek. 

MANITOBA.— 

Nelson River. — Muscovite occurs with tourmaline, biotite, etc., in 
coarse pegmatite dykes, cutting hornblende schists in the neigh- 
bourhood of Cross lake (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 26F). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Muscovite occurs in most of the granite throughout the province, but 

is seldom found in large plates. 
Victoria County. — Baddeckite occurs in fine, copper-red scales in 
connexion with a highly plastic clay near Baddeck (G.S.C., N.S., 
IX, 11R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Muscovite occurs at many points in connexion with the crystalline 
rocks of the province. 

Algoma District. — Chromiferous mica occurs on Aird island, Lake 
Huron (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XXXIII, 284). 

Frontenac County.— Miller, 4, 5 -XI (G.S.C., N.S., V, 70AA). 

Hastings County.— Dungannon, 20-X (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 98A): 
Faraday, 26-B (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 206). 

Leeds County. — Yeo island (Geol. Can., 1863, 494). 

Nipissing District.— Calvin, 16-11 (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 72AA) : Mattawa. 

Parry Sound District.— Ferguson, 2-II (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 173A). 

Rainy River District. — Lake of the Woods (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 
205). 

Renfrew County. — A bright, emerald-green muscovite forms the prin- 
cipal constituent of a mica schist in the township of Matawatchan 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 21R): near Pembroke (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48T): 
Raglan, at the corundum mines at Craigmont, some very beautiful 
curved muscovite has been obtained. While the cleavage is 
perfect the curved surfaces are always concave-convex (Pr. Com. 
T. L. Walker). 



MU. 



164 



QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — Chromiferous muscovite occurs in the magnesite 

of Sutton, 12-VIII: and also in the dolomites of Bolton, 17 -X. 
Charlevoix County.— Lac du Pied des Monts (G.S.C., N.S., X, 120A). 
Chicoutimi County. — 21 Road Range North, Jonquiere (G.S.C., 1882- 

84, 9D). 
Ottawa County. — Masham, 8-VII: Villeneuve, 31, 32-1: Wakefield, 

14-VII (G.S.C., N.S., X, 220S). 
Pontiac County. — Litchfield, 21-X. 
Saguenay County. — McGie mine, Bergonnes (G.S.C., M. R. C, 

869, 7). 

YUKON.— 

Klondike River. — Sericite occurs in the quartz drift of Bonanza 
creek (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 24R). 

Analyses of Muscovite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


Si0 2 


45-49 
31-08 
trace 
3-09 


43-72 
35-51 
2-94 
1-26 
0-26 
4- 46 
1-36 
8-88 
0-39 


46 05 

38-36 

0-97 


48-96 


AI2O3 


13-85 


Fe,0 3 

Cr 2 3 


25-82 


MnO 






CaO 


0-51 
3-36 
9- 76 
0-90 


2-40 
0-47 
6- 19 
2-98 
0-34 
0-03 
2-48 


117 


MgO 


2-65 


K 2 


3-47 


Na 2 


0-22 


Li 2 




Cs 2 








H 2 


5-85 


3-68 


3-78 








10004 


102-46 


100-27 


99-92 


Sp. Gr 




2-93 




3-252 







1. Chromiferous mica from Aird island by Cairns (Chester, Am. Journ. 
Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XXXIII, p. 284). 

2. From Matawatchan by Wait (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., V, 21R). 

3. Sericite from Waitabit creek by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S. 
VI, 21-22R). 

4. Baddeckite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., IX, 11R). 



165 



NA. 



Nail-Head-Spar. 

{See Calcite.) 
{Carbonate of calcium.) 

Natroalunite. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quatsino Mining Division. — Easy cove, Kyuquot sound, west coast 
of Vancouver island, (information from Mr. C. H. Clapp). 

Natrolite. 

{Hydrated silicate of sodium and aluminum.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Natrolite occurs in small quantities 
at the Josie mine, Rossland. 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Gates mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48T); Mar- 
garetville (G.S.C., 1882-84, 25L) ; Port George (G.S.C., 1882-84, 25L). 
Cumberland County. — Handsome specimens of natrolite are found at 
Cape d'Or (How, Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, 202); Five Islands; 
Horse Shoe Cove; Swan creek and Two islands (G.S.C., 1882-84, 
28L). 
Kings County. — Cape Blomidon (G.S.C., N.S., III, 78S); Cape 
Split (How, Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, 203) and Stronach brook 
(G.S.C., 1882-84, 25L). 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Natrolite is found in small quantities in 
some of the amygdaloidal traps of Lake Superior (Ont. Bur. 
Min., 1900, 205). 
QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — Natrolite occurs with analcite in dykes cutting 
Trenton limestones at the reservoir extension, Montreal (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 48T); also at Corporation Quarry, Outremont (Pr. Com. 
F. D. Adams). 

Analyses of Natrolite. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


47-40 

26-38 

0-48 

16-48 

0-57 

9-75 


45-74 


A1 2 3 


28-38 


CaO 


0-27 


Na 2 


14-23 


K 2 


1-16 


H 2 


10-11 








101-06 


99-89 


So. Gr 


2-22 









1. From Montreal, by Harrington (G.S.C., 1874-75, 303). 

2. From Cape Blomidon, by Marsh (Dana, Sys. Min., 6th Ed. 



303). 



NA.-NE. 166 

Natron. 

(Hydrated carbonate of sodium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Natron occurs at Goodenough lake, 
where it forms on the bottom during the winter, sometimes to a 
thickness of 14 inches (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 12-13R). 
Analysis of natron, by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., XI, 12-13R). 
CO2 (expelled on ignition) CO 2 (in ignited residue) Na 2 H 2 

0-29 15-17 21-36 63-03 

NH 3 S0 3 P2O5 B 2 0, CI Si0 2 

undet. 0-08 001 tr. 0-01 0-01—99-96 

Nephelite. 

(Silicate of aluminum and sodium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Nephelite occurs as a constituent of the 
nephcline-syenite on Ice river, Beaverfoot river (G.S.C., N.S., 
I, 123B). 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Nephelite forms a prominent constituent in 

some of the syenites of this county (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 148A). 
Hastings County.— Dungannon, 12-XI; 25-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 

50A). 
Peterborough County. — Nephelite forms a prominent constituent 

in some of the syenites of this county (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 205). 
Rainy River District. — Poohbah lake (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 205). 
Renfrew County. — Nephelite forms a prominent constituent in some 

of the syenites of this county (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 205). 
Thunder Bay District. — Nephelite occurs in large, orange-red grains 

with black hornblende in white feldspar boulders on Pic island, 

Lake Superior (Geol. Can., 1863, 480); and on the main shore 

in the vicinity of Port Coldwell (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County.— Brome mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49T). 
Hochelaga County. — Nephelite occurs in the syenite of Montreal 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49T). 
Rouville County.— Beloeil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49T). 
Yamaska County. — Yamaska mountain (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 36H). 
Analysis of nephelite from York river, Dungannon, Hastings county, 
by Harrington (Am. Journ. Sci., Vol. XLIII, 1894, p. 17: and G.S.C., Mem. 
6, p. 236). 
Si0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 Loss (ign.) Sp. Gr. 

43-51 33-78 0-15 0-16 tr. 5-40 16-94 0-40-100-34 2-625 



167 NE.-NI. 

Nephrite. 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA — 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Nephrite occurs in water-worn boulders 
near Lytton in the valley of the Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
49T). 

YUKON.— 

Nephrite occurs in water-worn boulders on the Lewes river, a tributary 
of the Yukon river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 49T). 

Newberyite 

(Hydrous phosphate of magnesium.) 
YUKON.— 

Yukon River. — A mixture of newberyite, struvite, and traces of mag- 
nesite was found filling interglobular spaces in the ivory of a tusk 
of a mammoth found at a depth of some 15 feet in the surface 
bed of frozen muck on Quartz creek, a tributary of the Indian 
river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 13-14R). 
Analysis of newberyite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
13-14R). 
P2O5 MgO NH 3 H 2 C0 2 

38-53 21-93 1-94 37-18 0-42-100-00 
These figures afforded a ratio closely agreeing with the following 
formula. — 

7 (HMgP0 4 +3H 2 0) + 2 (NH 4 MgP0 4 +6H 2 0) + a trace of MgCO, 
Newberyite Struvite Magnesite 

Niccolite. 

(Arsenide of nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Manitoulin District. — Niccolite occurs with domeykite in a vein 

cutting amygdaloid on Michipicoten island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

49T). 
Sudbury District. — Niccolite is found with chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, 

and gersdorffite in a mixture of quartz and calcite associated with 

diabase and micaceous schist in Denison, 12-111 (G.S.C., N.S., 

V, 45R). 
Thunder Bay District. — Niccolite occurs in one of the silver-bearing 

veins of Silver islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 27H). 
Timiskaming District. — Niccolite occurs in considerable abundance 

in some of the mines of Coleman township, Cobalt (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 201-202A). 



NI.-OC. 168 

Nickel Gymnite. 

(See Genthite.) 
(Hydrated silicate of nickel, aluminum, calcium, etc.) 

Nitre. 

(Nitrate of potassium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Big Bar, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 

161R). 
Quesnel Mining Division. — Nitre occurs as a white, granular 
powder filling holes and cavities formed from the decay of sticks 
and logs, which have subsequently been occupied by marmots 
in the travertine of Nazco river, about 5 miles below the mouth 
of the Clisabako river (G.S.C., 1875-76, 264-265). 

Nitrogen. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Victoria Mining Division. — Nitrogen forms the principal constituent 
of a natural gas issuing from a bore-hole 1,100 feet deep at a rate 
of 100 cubic feet per minute on Pender island, Strait of Georgia 
(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Analysed by D. Mcintosh and F. M. G. Johns, McGill University 
Montreal. 

Nitrogen 94-0 

Carbon dioxide 6-0 

Heavy hydrocarbon 

Ethyline 

Carbon monoxide 

Oxygen trace 

Hydrogen 

Methane 



Ochre. 

(See Iron Ochre.) 
(Hydrated oxide of iron.) 

Octahedrite. 

(Oxide of titanium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Guysborough County. — Octahedrite is stated by Professor How 
to occur in small, but fine crystals in quartz at Sherbrooke (Min. 
N.S., 209). 



169 



OL.-ON. 



Oligoclase. 

(Silicate of aluminum, sodium, and calcium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Oligoclase occurs in connexion with the diorites of the south central 

part of the province. 
Lanark County. — South Sherbrooke, 14-1 (Fournier mine) (G.S.C., 

1873-74, 198). 
Sudbury District. — Dryden, 8-III. 

QUEBEC— 

Iberville County. — Oligoclase occurs with black hornblende in the 

intrusive diorite of Mount Johnson (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 50T). 
Ottawa County. — Oligoclase occurs in more or less perfect crystals in 
groups in Hull, 12-XVI. 



Analyses of Oligoclase. 






1 


2 


Si0 2 


58-58 
24-78 
trace 
4-84 
0-20 
663 
2-15 
1-85 


62 05 


AI2O3 


22-60 


F e2 0, 

CaO 


0-75 
3-96 


MgO 




NaaO 


7-95 


K2O 


1-80 


H20 


0-80 








99- 03 


99- 91 


Sp. Gr 


2-63-2-64 


2-631 



From South Sherbrooke, by Harrington (G.S.C., 1873-74, 198). 
From Mount Johnson, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 477). 



Olivine. 

(See Chrysolite.) 
(Silicate of magnesium and iron.) 

Ontariolite. 

ONTARIO.— 

Peterborough County. — Described by C. U. Shepard (Am. Journ. 
Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XX, p. 54), from a specimen from Galway; a 
glossy scapolite, often black from inclusions, probably of graphite. 
It may probably, as suggested by Shepard, belong with miz- 
zonite and dipyre (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 50T). 



U 



OP. -OR. 170 

Opal. 

(Hydrated oxide of silicon.) 
(See also Cacholong and Hyalite.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — White, pale greenish-white and apple- 
green opal occurs in the Tertiary agglomerate of Savona mountain 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 16R). 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Finely laminated, massive opal occurs 
with Tertiary argillite and sandstones at the Horse Fly mine, 
Horse Fly river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 14R). 

Similkameen Mining Division. — Semi-opal occurs at Agate mountain 
(Journ. Can. Min. Inst., 1911, Vol. XIV, 606). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Common opal has been found in the neigh- 
bourhood of FourmUe creek, Slocan lake (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 29R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Girasol and common opal have been found in 
granite between New Ross and Lake Ramsay (N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., 
XII, pt. 4, p. 446). 



Orthite. 

(See Allanite.) 
(Silicate of aluminum, iron, cerium, didymium, calcium, etc.) 



Orthoclase. 

(Silicate of aluminum and potassium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA — 

Vernon Mining Division. — Well formed crystals of orthoclase are 
found at the south end of Okanagan lake (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.- 

Charlotte County.— New River (G.S.C., 1870-71, 238). 
Kings County. — Stated by Bailey and Matthews to occur in crystals 
at Clifton and Lands End (G.S.C., 1870-71, 238). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Orthoclase occurs as a constituent of granite in many parts of the 
province in pegmatite — sometimes in large crystals (Pr. Com. H. 
Piers). 



171 OR. 

ONTARIO.— 

Orthoclase is a constituent of many igneous and metamorphic rocks in 
this province. It is also one of the principal constituents of 
perthite, and the sub-variety microperthite is frequently mistaken 
for it. Fine examples have been found at the localities given 
below. 

Haliburton County. — Orthoclase occurs in reticulating veins with 
other minerals cutting the iron ore-body in Lutterworth, 5-V, VI 
(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 8J). 

Hastings County. — Dungannon, 25-XIV (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 241): 
lot 18, west of Old Hastings Road, in the township of Herschell, 
north of Bird creek (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 143) : Wicklow, 2-1 1 1. 

Lanark County. — Bathurst, 20-IX: North Burgess (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 205). 

Renfrew County. — Fine examples of orthoclase have been found in 
Sebastopol, 31-XI, 23-XII: Ross, 13-VI (G.S.C, 1882-84, 6L). 



QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Orthoclase is sometimes found in large 

crystals in Grenville and Chatham townships (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 

50T). 
Brome County. — Orthoclase is a constituent of the microperthite 

of this county (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 50T). 
Chambly County. — Orthoclase is a constituent of the microperthite 

of this county (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 50T). 
Megantic County. — Orthoclase occurs in veins cutting altered slates 

in Leeds and Inverness (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 50T). 
Ottawa County. — Good specimens of this mineral are sometimes 

found in connexion with the apatite-bearing rocks of Hull, 

Templeton, and Buckingham (G.S.C, 1877-78, 30G): it also occurs 

with the graphite deposits in Buckingham (G.S.C, 1876-77, 511-12). 
Richmond County. — Cleveland (Geol. Can., 1863, 606). 
Saguenay County. — Mingan seigniory, where large quantities of 

orthoclase are found in pegmatite veins (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 
Shefford County. — Orthoclase is a constituent of the microperthite 

of this county (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 50T). 



OR.-OS. 



172 

A nalyses of Orthoclase. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


SiO, 


64140 


63-460 


65-75 


63-00 


AI 2 8 


18-620 
0-374 


18-780 
0-394 


19-40 


18-93 


FejO, 


0-59 


MnO 


tr. 


tr. 






CaO 


0-740 


1-280 


0-45 


008 


MgO 


0065 


0-216 




009 


K 2 


14-868 


13- 923 


13-60 


12-08 


Na a O 


1-766 


2173 


0-69 


3-67 


H,0(ign.) 


0-406 


0-466 


025 


100 








100-979 


100- 692 


100-14 


99-44 


Sp. Gr 


2-5364 


2-578 


2-56 


2-558 



1 and 2. From Buckingham, 27-VI (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 1876-77, 511- 
512). 

3. From Riviere Rouge, Argenteuil county, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 

1863, p. 474). 

4. From Dungannon by Harrington (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 
XLVIII, p. 19). 

Osmiridium. 

(Alloy of osmium and iridium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Osmiridium has been found in small 

quantities in connexion with the platinum of the Quesnel river 

and its tributary the Horse Fly river (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 190S). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Osmiridium has been found with 

platinum on the Tulameen and Upper Similkameen rivers (G.S.C., 

N.S., HI, 104R). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Mentioned by Hunt as occurring with the platinum 
of the Rivi&re-du-Loup, Chaudiere river (G.S.C., N.S., 11, 5T). 

YUKON.— 

The presence of osmiridium with gold from the Klondike river has been 
detected by Mr. Carmichael of the Provincial Department of 
Mines, Victoria, B.C. (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 64B). 



173 OT-PE. 

Ottrelite. 

(See Chloritoid.) 
(Silicate of aluminum, iron, and magnesium.) 

Oxalite. 

(See Humboldtine.) 
(Hydrous oxalate of iron.) 

Ozocerite. 

(Mineral wax.) 

(Carbon and hydrogen.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — Ozocerite occurs at several 
points on Graham island (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Pargasite. 

(Hornblende.) 
(Amphibole.) 

(Silicate of magnesium, iron, and aluminum.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — Pargasite is found in finely terminated crystals, 
sometimes one inch in diameter, with greenish white pyroxene 
at the High falls and the Ragged chute on the Madawaska in Blith- 
field (Geol. Can., 1863, 466). 
Analysis of paragasite by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 466). 
SiO a A1 2 0» FeO CaO MgO Vol. Sp. Gr. 

55-05 4-50 5-85 13-44 20-95 0-35— 100- 14 3 -050— 3-058 

Pectolite. 

(Hydrous silicate of sodium and calcium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Pectolite occurs in radiated, fibrous ag- 
gregations at McKellar point, Thunder bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 5 IT). 

QUEBEC— 

Megantic County. — Pectolite occurs in acicular crystals and massive 
forms at the King mine, Thetford, 26-V (Pr. Com. Eug. Poitevin). 



PE. 



174 



Pearl Spar. 

(See Dolomite.) 
(Carbonate of calcium and magnesium.) 

Pentlandite. 

(Sulphide of nickel and iron.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Pentlandite occurs in Blezard, 5-1 (Stobie mine) 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 94H): Denison, 5-1V (Vermilion mine) (Pr. 
Com. F. D. Adams): Drury, 2-11 (Worthington mine): McKim, 
12-11 (Copper Cliff mine); 6- VI (Frood mine); Snider, 1-1 (Evans 
mine); 10-1 (Creighton mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 94H). 



A nalyses of Pentlandite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


s 


33-42 
30- 25 
34-23 
085 
067 
99- 42 


32-90 

30-00 

34-82 

0-84 

98-56 


32-30 

2917 

33-70 

0-78 

95-95 


33-30 

3004 

34-98 

0-85 

99- 17 


34-35 
29-80 
35-05 

9920 


33- 50 
30-30 
3500 

98-80 


33-90 
29-90 
34- 70 

98-50 


35-43 
29- 95 
34- 12 

99- 50 


33-55 


Fe 

Ni 

Co 

Insol 


29-60 
34-90 

98 05 


Sp. Gr. 


4-94 












.... 







1. By Penfield (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, XLV, 493-494). 

2. From Creighton mine ) (By Dickson, Trans. Amer. Inst., 

3. From Worthington mine \ Min. Eng., February, 1903). 

4. From Frood mine 

5. and 6. From Copper Cliff mine 

7. From the Scobie mine 

8. From the Evans mine 

9. From the Evans mine 



(By Brown, Eng. and Min. Journ., 
Vol. LVI, 566). 



Peristerite. 

(Albite.) 

(Silicate of alumimum and calcium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — This variety of albite, so named from its beautiful, 
bluish opalescence, is found in crystals and large cleavable masses 
in the Grenville strata of Bathurst, 19-IX (Geol. Can., 1863, 833). 



175 PE. 

Peterborough County. — Peristerite is found in a vein made up of a 
fine-grained mixture of reddish-white albite and quartz on the 
north shore of Stoney lake, near the mouth of Eel creek, Burleigh 
(G.S.C, N.S., III, 75S). 

Renfrew County. — Peristerite was reported to occur in Bromley 
(G.S.C., N.S.,VI, 70A). 



QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Fine specimens of peristerite said to have been 
found in Buckingham have been brought to the writer for exam- 
ination: good specimens at the Villeneuve mine, Villeneuve, 31-1. 
Analysis of peristerite from Bathurst by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 
p. 477). 



Si0 2 A1 2 3 K 2 Na 2 CaO MgO Fe 2 O s Vol. 

66-80 21-80 0-58 700 2-52 0-20 0-30 0-60—99-80 
Sp. Gr. 
2-625 

Perthite. 

(Interlaminated feldspars.) 
{Silicate of aluminum and alkalis.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Perthite occurs in masses in Dungannon, 20-X 

(G.S.C., N.S., VII, 98A). 
Lanark County.— North Burgess, 3-VI (Geol. Can., 1863, 833); 4-VI 

(Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 206). 
Nipissing District. — This form of feldspar, consisting of parallel 

intergrowths of orthoclase and albite, is found associated with 

amazonite in Cameron, 7 B (G.S.C., N.S., X, 160-1). 



QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — An interesting microperthite occurs in the trachytes 

of Brome mountain (Geol. Can., 1863, 474-476). 
Shefford County. — Microperthite also occurs in the trachytes of 
Shefford mountain (Geol. Can., 1863, 474-476). 



PE. 



176 

Analyses of Perthite. 



SiO,... 

A1,0,.. 

Fe,0,. 

CaO.. 

MgO.. 

K,0.. 

Na,0. 

Vol... 

Sp. Gr 



6644 
18-35 
100 
0-67 
0-24 
6-37 
5- 56 
0-40 

99- 03 

2-57—2-58 



65- 70 
20-80 



0-84 

6-43 
6-52 
0-50 


100- 79 



2-575 



65-15 

20-55 

'0-73 

6-39 
667 
050 

99-99 

2-561 



1. From North Burgess. 

2. From Brome mountain. 

3. From Shefford mountain, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 474-476). 

Petalite. 

{Silicate of aluminum, lithium, and sodium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

York County. — According to Dr. Bigsby this mineral was found with 
tremolite in a large boulder on the lake shore at Toronto (Geol. 
Can., 1863, 481). 



Petroleum. 

{Hydrocarbon.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Athabaska river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 66D); Peace river (G.S.C., N.S.,IV, 
14A); Pincher creek (G.S.C., N.S., V, 9AA). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — In some of the tributaries of the Flat 

Head river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 12AA). 
Queen Charlotte Mining Division. — A thickened petroleum is 

mentioned by Ells as filling cavities in diabase on the west shore 

of Graham island (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 46B). 



177 pe. 

MANITOBA.— 

Marquette County. — The dark shales on Vermilion and Ochre rivers 
contain a small quantity of petroleum (G.S.C., N.S., III, 16A). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — The Albert shales of Albert county yield on dis- 
tillation considerable quantities of oil (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 363A). 

Westmorland County. — Petroleum has been found in some quantity 
in the vicinity of Memramcook and Dover (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 81SS). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Petroleum has been noted in the Aberdeen 
slope, Springhill (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Hants County. — Petroleum occurs in gypsum at Cheverie (Pr. Com. 
H. Piers). 

Inverness County. — Petroleum has been observed in a thick stratum 
of sand-rock about Lake Ainslie; the same material has been ob- 
served elsewhere on Cape Breton island (G.S.C., N.S., X, 102- 
103 A). 

Pictou County. — Petroleum has been observed dripping from the 
roof of the workings of the Vale colliery, Thorburn (Pr. Com. H. 
Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lambton County. — Important springs occur in Enniskillen (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 51T). 
Manitoulin District. — Petroleum is found in small quantities on 

Manitoulin island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 81SS). 
Middlesex County.— Mosa (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 51T). 
Oxford County.— Dereham, Oxford (G.S.C., N.S., IV, SIT). 

YUKON.— 

The slates and associated limestones occurring on the Upper and Lower 
canyons of the Peel river are more or less petroliferous (G.S.C., 
N.S., XVI, 47CC). 

Petzite. 

(Telluride of silver and gold.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Petzite occurs with hessite, native 

copper, and other minerals at the Enterprize claim, Long lake 

(G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 12R). 
Osoyoos Mining Division. — Petzite occurs with hessite, native gold, 

and other minerals in a vein at the Calumet claim, Kruger mountain 

(G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 12R). 



PE.-PH. 178 

QUEBEC— 

Timiskaming County. — Petzite is found in quartz-ankerite veins 
cutting the Keewatin porphyrite and Huronian breccia and 
associated dykes north of Lake Opasatika (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 
1910, 83). 

Phenacite. 

{Silicate of beryllium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Timiskaming County. — Phenacite is found in small quantities associated 
with beryl, fluorite, molybdenite, etc., in pegmatite at the Kewa- 
gama river {Height of Land Mining Company). This mineral 
was collected by J. A. Bancroft in 1911, and examined and identi- 
fied by R. P. D. Graham (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 



Phlogopite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, magnesium, iron, and potassium.) 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Baffin Island. — North shore of Hudson strait opposite Upper Savage 
island. 

ONTARIO.— 

This variety of mica is found in greater or less abundance in connexion 
with the Grenville limestones and pyroxenic gneisses in the south- 
central and eastern parts of the province. 

Frontenac County. — Bedford, 5-1 1, 6-VIII; Loughborough (G.S.C, 
N.S., XIV, 238A): U-VII, 13-VIII, 1-IX and X (Mines, Min. 
Br., 118, 290). 

Haliburton County. — Monmouth and Cardiff (G.S.C, N.S., XI, 
161A). 

Lanark County.— North Burgess, 8, 9, 13, 16-V; 10, 20-VI; 1, 2 t 
4, 5, 7 -VIII; 6, 17 -IX (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 290). 

Leeds County.— South Burgess (Geol. Can., 1863, 494-495); South 
Crosby 9-V (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 290). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuh, County. — Augmentation of Grenville, l-II: Grenville, 
9-V I; 17-VII,1-X; 2-X. 

Ottawa County.— Berry, 9-1 (G.S.C, N.S., XIV, 239A): Aylwin 
(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 49A): Blake, 43-IV (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 
290): Hull, 10- V (G.S.C, N.S., V, 69 AA); 13-XI (G.S.C, N.S., 
VI, 71 AA); 19-XII (G.S.C, N.S., VI, 70A): Hull, 19-VII, 
10-XII, 13a-XIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 290): 13-XV (G.S.C, 



179 PH-PI. 

N.S., V, 68AA): Masham, 1-IV: Portland, 1, 2-1 (G.S.C., N.S., 
XIV, 238A); 19-VIII; 15, 16-X (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 69A): Portland 
West, 24-1 1 1 (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 290): Templeton, 15-VIII; 
16, 17 -VIII (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 122A); 17 -IX (Mines, Min. 
Br., 118, 290); 10-X; 9-XI: Wakefield, 7-1; 16-1; II (G.S.C., 
M.R.C., 869, p. 15): Wright, 15-11 (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 162A). 
Pontiac County. — Calumet island: Cawood, 22-11. 

Analysis of phlogopite from South Burgess by Clark and Schneider 
(Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XL, 410). 

Si0 2 Ti0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 3 FeO MgO BaO Na 2 K 2 

39-66 0-56 1700 0-27 0-20 26-49 0-62 0-60 9-97 

H 2 F P 2 6 LessO = F 

2-99 2-24 trace -100- 60 -0-94— 99-66 



Phosphorite. 

(See Apatite.) 
(Fluo-phosphate of calcium.) 



Pickeringite. 

(Hydrated sulphate of aluminum and magnesium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Pickeringite occurs as an efflorescence on the shale 
of a sheltered cliff on the banks of the Meander river, Newport 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 52T). 

Analysis of pickeringite by How (Journ. Chem. Soc., N.S., Vol. I, p. 
200, 1863). 

S0 3 A1 2 8 FeO MnO NiO CoO CuO MgO K 2 H 2 Insol. 
36-33 10-64 013 0-45 0-14 006 0-02 4-79 0-23 46-06 0-72 



Picrolite. 

(Serpentine.) 

(Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — Picrolite occurs in long fibrous aggregates flanking 
a vein of chrysotile in Ross, 9-VIII; 8-IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 14L). 



PL-PL. 180 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Broughton, East Broughton mines (Pr. Com. T. C 

Denis). 
Brome County.— Bolton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 52T). 
Pontiac County. — This variety of serpentine occurs in Duhamel t 

18 -VI. 
Richmond County. — Shipton, 6-XV. 
Sherbrooke County. — Or ford. 
Wolfe County. — Big island, Lake Nicolet, South Ham (G.S.C., 

1880-82, 8GG). 
Analysis of picrolite from Bolton by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 472). 

SiOt MgO FeO NiO Cr,0, H,0 Sp. Gr. 

43-70 40-68 3-51 undet. undet. 12-45 —100-34 2-607 

Pinite. 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum and potassium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Arisaig (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Pitchblende. 

(See Uraninite.) 
(Uranate of uranium, lead, thorium, yttrium, lanthanum, etc.) 

Plagioclase. 

(Silicates of aluminum, calcium, sodium.) 
See under different varieties — albite, oligoclase, etc. 

Platinum. 

ALBERTA.— 

Native platinum has been found in association with gold on the bars 
of the North Saskatchewan river in the neighbourhood of Edmonton (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 66AA). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Platinum occurs with gold, magnetite, 
quartz, and pyrite in the sands of Rock creek, Kettle river (G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 14R). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Platinum occurs in fine scales with 
gold at different places along the Fraser and TranquiUe rivers 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 52T). 



181 



PL. 



Lardeau Mining Division. — Platinum has been found in sands near 

Ferguson. 
Liard Mining Division. — Finely divided platinum is found in some 

abundance in the black sands of Thibert creek on the headwaters 

of Dease river (Mines, B.C., 1912, 63 and 78). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Salmon river. 
Quesnel Mining Division. — Platinum was noted in black sand from 

Quesnel river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 169). 
Similkameen Mining Division. — Platinum is found in grains and 

nuggets on Cedar, Granite, and Slate creeks — Tulameen river (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 52T): and has also been observed in fine grains in the 

peridotites of Olivine mountain (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 

263). 
Platinum has also been observed with gold in the sands of some of the 

streams of the northern portion of the province. 

ONTARIO.— 

See Sperrylite. 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Platinum has been observed by Dr. Hunt in as- 
sociation with iridosmine in the gold washings of Rivihre-du-Loup 
and Riviere des Plantes (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 52T). 



Analyses of Platinum. 






1 


2 


Platinum 


68-19 
0-26 
310 
1-21 

3-09 

7-87 

14-62 

195 


78-43 


Palladium 


009 


Rhodium 


1-70 


Iridium 


104 


Osmium 




Copper 


3-89 


Iron 


9-78 


Osmiridium 


3-77 


Gangue (embedded chromite) 


1-27 








100-29 


99-97 


Sp. Gr 


17-017 


16-095 



1. Non-magnetic platinum. 

2. Magnetic platinum from Granite creek by Hoffmann (Trans. 
R.S.C., Vol. V, Sec. 3, p. 17; and G.S.C., N.S., II, 6 and 7T). 



PO.-PR. 



182 



Polycrase. 

{Niobate and titanate of yttrium, erbium, cerium, uranium, etc.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Nipissing District. — Polycrase occurs in a coarse granite vein com- 
posed of quartz, feldspars, muscovite, and biotite cutting horn- 
blendic gneiss in Calvin, 19-IX (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 14R). 

Polydimite. 

{Sulphide of nickel, generally with small amounts of cobalt, iron, antimony, and 

arsenic.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Polydimite occurs with chalcopyrite, possibly 
some pyrite,and a very little quartz at the Vermilion mine, Denison, 
5, 6-IV (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 11H). 



Analyses of Polydimite. 





1 


2 


s 


40- 80 

4196 

15-57 

0-62 

102 


38-43 


Ni 


36-85 


Fe 


18-70 


Cu 


4-47 


Insol 










99-97 


98-45 


So. Gr 


4-541 









1. By Clarke and C. Catlett (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XXXVII, 
373-374). 

2. By Browne (Eng. and Min. Journ., LVI, 566). 

Prehnite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Fine green prehnite occurs at the 
Le Roi mine, Rossland. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Restigouche County. — Dalhousie. 



183 



PR. 



NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— - 

Baffin Island. — A fine, green prehnite accompanied by quartz and 
calcite occurs in veins traversing intrusives at Adams sound, 
Admiralty inlet (Victoria Memorial Museum, Bull. No. I, p. 94). 

Prehnite occurs with native copper in trap at the Copper mountain 
(G.S.C., N.S., II, 25R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.- 

Cumberland County. — Fine specimens of prehnite have been found 

at Clark head (G.S.C., N.S., III, 77S). 
Hants County.— Clifton (G.S.C., N.S., III, 77S). 
Kings County.— Black Rock (G.S.C., N.S., III, 77S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Prehnite occurs in trap rock on Slate river, 
Kaministikwia river; and with native copper near St. Ignace and 
elsewhere along the north shore of Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 53T). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Prehnite has been found in Portland West, 7- VIII 
{High Rock mine) (Pr. Com. F. D.Adams): this mineral has been 
noted in a cavity in Templeton, 16-XII (G.S.C., 1877-78, 34G); 
23-XIII (Mines. Min. Br., 118, 291). 

Analyses of Prehnite. 





1 


2 


3 


3a 


Si0 2 


43-41 

23-80 

1-26 

0-53 

26-62 

4-14 


42-82 

23-86 

1-42 

010 

27-64 

009 

4-82 


44-35 

19-44 

6-58 

25-50 
4 00 


41-86 


A1 2 0, 


20-36 


Fe 2 8 


6-89 


Mn 2 Oa 




MnO 




CaO 


26-70 


MgO 




H 2 


419 








99-76 


100-75 


99-87 


10000 


Sp. Gr. . . . 


2-882 


2-891 


2-924 









1. From Slate river by Chapman (Can. Journ., Ser. 2, XII, 267). 

2. From Templeton by Harrington (G.S.C., 1877-78, 34G). 

3. From Adams sound, Admiralty inlet by Johnston (ferroprehnite) 

(Victoria Memorial Museum, Bull. No. 1, 97). 
3a. Centesimal composition of No. 3 after deducting an excess of 4-38 
admixed quartz. 



PR.-PY. 184 

Proustite. 

(Sulphat senile of silver.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Elkhorn mine, near Greenwood (Pr. 

Com. T. L. Walker). 
Slocan City Mining Division. — Proustite is found on Tenmile 
creek (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — In some of the silver mines in the township 
of Coleman particularly the Cobalt Lake, O'Brien, and University 
mines (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Przibramite. 

(See Goethite.) 
(Hydrated sesquioxide of iron.) 

Psilomelane. 

(Hydrous manganate of manganese.) 

(See also Pyrolusite.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Psilomelane occurs with pyrolusite at Gowland and 
Shepody mountains in Elgin (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 164S). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Psilomelane is found with manganite at 

Onslow (G.S.C., N.S., X, 157S). 
Hants County. — This mineral is found with pyrolusite at Douglas 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 55T), and doubtless at other manganese localities 

in this county. 

Pyrallolite. 

(Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Grenville County. — Charleston lake (Geol. Can., 1863, 470). 
Hastings County. — Rawdon (Geol. Can., 1863, 470). 
Lanark County. — Pyrallolite occurs in beds in limestone in Ramsay, 
8-VI (Geol. Can., 1863, 798). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Pyrallolite occurs in beds in the crystalline 

limestone of Grenville (Geol. Can., 1863, 470). 
Pontiac County.— Portage du Fort (G.S.C., 1876-77, 484): Clarendon 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 53T). 



185 

Analyses of Pyrallolite. 



PY. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


61-90 
1-45 

30-42 
6-54 


61-60 
1-53 

31-06 
5-60 


61-33 


FeO 


0-67 


CaO 


trace 


MgO 


31-78 


H 2 


5-85 








100-31 


99-79 


99-63 


Sp. Gr 


2-644 


2-757 


2-743 







1. From Charleston Lake. 

2. From Grenville by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 471). 

3. From Portage du Fort by Harrington (G.S.C., 1876-77, 484). 



Pyrargyrite. 

(Sulphantimonite of silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Grand Forks Mining Division. — Pyrargyrite is found in ores from 
Union mine, Franklin camp (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Pyrargyrite is found in small quan- 
tities in a metalliferous quartz vein at the Providence mine near 
Greenwood (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 130A). 

Skeena Mining Division. — Pyrargyrite is found with pyrite and 
quartz at Red Bluff and Alice Arm, Observatory inlet (Mines, 
G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 49 and 50). 

Slocan Mining Division. — In beautiful crystals and crystal groups 
at the Hewitt mine, Silverton (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 
362); pyrargyrite was observed in small aggregations scattered 
through a purplish-bluish-grey, very fine granular galena at the 
Dardanelles claim, 5 miles south of Bear lake (G.S.C., N.S., 
VI, 27R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Fine specimens of pyrargyrite have been 
found at the O'Brien mine, and other mines in the Cobalt area, 
Coleman township. 

13 



PY. 186 

Pyrite. 

(Sulphide of iron.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Pyrite is commonly found in the form of nodular concretions in the 
Cretaceous shales of the Peace river and elsewhere (G.S.C., N.S., 
VI, 70A). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Pyrite is widely distributed throughout this province. Some of the more 

important localities are: — 
Grand Forks Mining Division. — The B.C. Copper mines (Wellington 

Camp) (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 265). 
Skeena Mining Division. — At the head of Ecstall river, tributary of 

the Skeena river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 67R). 

MANITOBA.— 

Pyrite frequently replaces carbonate of lime in the fossil Inocerami 
and other shells in the Cretaceous shales of western Manitoba; 
large crystals are found at the Gabrielle mine, Rice lake, near 
Wanipigow river, east of Lake Winnipeg (Pr. Com. R. C. Wallace). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Poison lake (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Halifax County. — Fine crystals have been obtained from Guys- 
borough road to the southeast of Oldham (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Hants County. — Sevenmile plain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 53T). 

Inverness County. — Pleasant bay (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

Lunenburg County. — Fine crystals are found at Lahave (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 53T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Pyrite is widely distributed throughout this province and some of the 

deposits have been worked commercially. Some of the more 

important localities are: — 
Frontenac County.— Bedford, 3-VI (G.S.C., 1882-84, 10L): 

Loughborough, 6-VIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 292). 
Hastings County.— Hungerford (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 207): Modoc, 

11-V (G.S.C., 1873-74, 203); 11-XI (G.S.C., 1863-66, 106): 

Marmora, 6-VIII (G.S.C., 1873-74, 194). 
Lanark County. — Dalhousie, 1-IV: Darling, 5-IV: 

North Burgess 21-V (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 292). 
Leeds County. — Elizabethtown, 19-11 (Geol. Can., 1863, 747). 
Manitoulin District. — Fine granular pyrite is found at the Helen 

mine, Michipicoten (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 116A). 
Peterborough County.— Dummer, 40-X (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 71AA). 
Rainy River District.— Nickel lake (Ont. Bur. Min., 1894, 74). 
Renfrew County— Ross, V-I; 7-IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 8L). 



187 PY. 

Sudbury District. — A nickeliferous variety of pyrite is found at the 

Murray mine, McKim township (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 108H): 

Graham, 12-111 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 207). 
Thunder Bay District.— Near Schreiber (G.S.C., N.S., X, 195S). 
QUEBEC— 

Lotbiniere County. — Ste. Catherine, lot 27 (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Ottawa County.— Blake, 23-IX (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 292). Good 

specimens of pyrite have been obtained from Hull, 7-X: Portland 

West, 7 -VIII {High Rock mine) (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams): Tem- 

pleton, 15-1: Villeneuve, 31-1: Wakefield, 12-1 (G.S.C., 1882-84, 

18L). 
Pontiac County.— Alleyn, 10-11 (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 292). 
Richmond County. — Pyrite is found with copper ore in Melbourne 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T). 
Sherbrooke County. — Pyrite is found with chalcopyrite in Ascot, 

8-VIII (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 101). 
Wolfe County.— Garthby, 22-1 (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep. 1909, 

199): Stratford, 8-VI: Weedon {McDonald mine) (Min. Oper. in 

Quebec, 1911, 1912, pp. 22, 23). 

Pyrolusite. 

{Oxide of manganese.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Shepody and Gowland mountains, Elgin (G.S.C., 

N.S., XV, 164S). 
Gloucester County.— Tetagouche falls (G.S.C., N.S., X, 97A). 
Kings County. — The most important deposit of pyrolusite in the 

province is at Markhamville in the parish of Upham (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 54T) ; there is a somewhat similar deposit at Jordan mountain 

(G.S.C., N.S., V, 94S). 
St. John County.— Quaco (G.S.C., N.S., X, 117A). 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Wasson bluff: manganese mines near 

Salmon river (G.S.C., N.S., V, 45P): and Onslow (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 54T). 
Cumberland County. — Pyrolusite has been noted at Salem near 

Amherst (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T). 
Halifax County.— Musquodoboit (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T). 
Hants County. — Extensive deposits of pyrolusite have been found in 

Cheverie (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 63AA); Kennetcook Corners, Mines- 

ville (Pr. Com. H. Piers): Tennycape (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 64AA): 

and Walton (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 63AA). 
Kings County. — Horton mountain; Morristown; North Alton river 

near Kentville; Prospect; South mountain {South of Berwick) 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



PY. 



188 



Lunenburg County. — Wallaback lake near New Ross (G.S.C., N.S., 
XV, 186AA). 

Pictou County. — Bridgeville (Pr. Com. H. Piers) :S pringville, East 
river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T). 

Richmond County. — Loch Lomond (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 89S). 
QUEBEC— 

Gaspe County. — Pyrolusite occurs in veins on Amherst island, Mag- 
dalen islands (N.S. Inst., Nat. Sci., V, 136). 



Pyromorphite. 

(Chloro-phosphate of lead.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — A yellow and a green variety of 

pyromorphite occur in fine crystals with galena and cerussite in 

fractured zones at the Society Girl claim, Moyie (Am. Journ. Sci., 

Ser. 4, Vol. XXVIII, 40-44). 

Analyses by Bowles (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. XXVIII, 40-44). 

Analyses of Pyromorphite. 





Yellow 


Green 


PjOs 


16-12 
0-41 
2-52 

80-20 

0-59 

0-86 

tr. 

0-08 


15-65 


As 2 6 


0-90 


CI 


2-59 


PbO 


80-13 


CaO 


0-56 


FeO 


0-46 


CaF» 




Insol 


0-05 






Less = C1 


100-78 
0-57 


100-34 
0-59 








100-21 


99-75 


Sp. Gr 


7-031 


7-051 



Pyroxene. 

{Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — The green sands on the shores of Kam- 

loops lake near Copper creek consist for the most part of more or 

less worn small crystals of pyroxene (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 167B). 

Nicola Mining Division. — Small crystals of pyroxene occur at A spen 

Grove (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 75, 76A). 



189 PY. 

ONTARIO.— 

Fine crystals of pyroxene are obtainable at many places in the crystalline 
rocks of the province. The following are some of the more important locali- 
ties: — 

Frontenac County.— Bedford, 6-II (G.S.C., 1873-74, 204). 
Hastings County.— Carlow (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 107A): Herschell, 
3-IV (G.S.C., N.S., X, 118A): Monteagle, 24, 25-VI (G.S.C., N.S., 
VII, 98A). 
Lanark County. — North Burgess, 2-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 207). 
Renfrew County.— Sebastopol, 31-XI (G.S.C., 1882-84, 6L); 32- 
XII: Island D, Lake Clear: Ross, 20-1 V, 7 -IX. 

QUEBEC— 

Fine specimens of pyroxene occur in the Grenville series of this province. 

Argenteuil County. — Grenville, 10- V. 

Ottawa County.— Buckingham, 19-XII: Hull, 19-VI, 12a-XIII 

(Mines, Min. Br., 118, 293); 16-XVI (G.S.C., 1882-84, 17L): 

Portland, 6-1: Templeton, 28-VI: Wakefield, 6, 7-1; 12-1; 18-11; 

22, 24-V (G.S.C., 1882-84, 18, 19L); 24-11 (Mines, Min. Br., 

118, 293). 
Pontiac County. — Grand falls, Calumet island. 
See also augite, coccolite, diallage, diopside, fassaite, malacolite, sahlite, 

etc. 

Pyrrhotite. 

(Sulphide of iron.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Pyrrhotite occurs in considerable abundance at many localities in this 
province. Many samples have been examined at different times and 
by different analysts with a view to ascertaining if any of them con- 
tained any appreciable amount of nickel. Of the long series 
which have been examined in the laboratory of the Geological 
Survey a great majority showed either none at all or for the most 
part only a few tenths of a per cent of nickel, the highest recorded, 
an exceptional case from Clayoquot Mining Division — the 
Two Sisters and Crow claim, Deer creek, Clayoquot yielded 1.7 per 
cent nickel (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 41R). The following localities 
are given as illustrating in a general way the distribution of the 
mineral in this province: — 
Grand Forks; Greenwood; Kamloops; Nelson: Slocan and 
Trail Creek Mining Divisions, and other mining divisions 
in the southern part of the province. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Pyrrhotite is found associated with copper ore 
at Letite (G.S.C., N.S., V, 40R); and Mascareen (G.S.C., 1870-71, 
223): a nickeliferous variety is found near St. Stephen (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 39R). 



PY. 190 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Barachois Harbour (G.S.C., N.S., V, 39R): 

Leitche creek (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 37R). 
Inverness County. — Faribault brook near Cheticamp (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Victoria County.— Boularderie Centre (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 33R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Important deposits of pyrrhotite occur at many localities in this prov- 
ince. In the Sudbury District owing to the replacement of a 
portion of the iron by nickel, pyrrhotite becomes the principal 
ore of this metal; in other portions of the province, the nickel 
usually occurs only in traces or in such small amounts as to be of 
no importance commercially. The following are some of the more 
important localities throughout the province: — 

Rainy River District. — Darlington bay, Lake of the Woods (G.S.C., 
N.S., V, 46R). 

Sudbury District. — Blezard, 5-1 (Stobie mine) (G.S.C., N.S., V, 
50F): Denison, 6-1 1 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 42, 43R): Drury, 3-1 1 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 42R); 3-V {Trovers mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 
35H): a nickeliferous variety occurs in 2- 1 1 (Worthington mine) 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 33-34H): Hyman, 6-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 
40R): Levack, 7-II, 3-IV (G.S.C., N.S., V, 43R): Lome, 11-V 
(G.S.C., N.S., V, 42R); 9-VI: McKim, 12-11 (Copper Cliff 
mine) (G.S.C., N.S., V, 67A); 11-V (Murray mine) (G.S.C., N.S., 
V, 52F): Snider, 10-1 (Creighton mine) (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 
118H); 1- 1 (Evans mine) (G.S.C., N.S., V, 68A), and at other 
points in this district. 

Thunder Bay District.— Near Schreiber (G.S.C., N.S., V, 46R): 
Jackfish bay (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 41R). 

Pyrrhotite, either non-nickeliferous or at the most containing a fraction 
of a per cent of nickel, occurs at other localities in this province, 
amongst which may be noted: — 

Addington County.— Anglesea, 15-A (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 159H). 

Frontenac County.— Olden, 10-IV (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 35R). 

Haliburton County. — Twelvemile lake, Minden (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 
159H). 

Hastings County.— Marmora, 6-VIII (G.S.C., 1873-74, 194). 

Leeds County. — Elizabethtown, 19-11, where interesting crystals of 
this mineral have been found (G.S.C., 1874-75, 304). 

Peterborough County. — Galway, 12-111; 18-IV; 16-XIV and 
XV (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 159H). 
QUEBEC— 

Beauce County.— St. Francis (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T). 

Brome County.— Bolton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 54T): Potton (Mem-phre- 
magog mine) (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis): and Sutton, XI (G.S.C., 
1879-1880, 21H). 



191 



PY-QU. 



Gaspe County.— Magdalen river (G.S.C., 1882-84, 2 IF). 

Ottawa County.— Aylwin, 14-VI (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 39R): pyrrhotite 

containing little or no nickel occurs in Eardley, 2-VIII (G.S.C, 

N.S., XIV, 161H): Portland West, 7 -VIII (High Rock Mine) (Pr. 

Com. F. D. Adams): small crystals of pyrrhotite have been 

observed with grossularite in Wakefield, 6-1 (G.S.C, N.S., VII, 

14R). 
Pontiac County. — Nickeliferous pyrrhotite occurs in Calumet 6-II; 

12- IX (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 154H): Clarendon, 24-VII (G.S.C, 

N.S., V, 40R). 
Stanstead County.— Barford (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 54T). 
Terrebonne County. — St. Jerome (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 54T). 

Analyses of Pyrrhotite. 





1 


2 


3 


s 


39-020 
60-560 
0-111 
0-112 
0-060 
0-145 
0-036 


39-24 
59-88 

1-01 


38-91 


Fe 


56-39 


Co 




Ni 


4-66 


Mn 




Cu 




Insol 










100-044 


100-13 


99-96 


Sp. Gr 


4-622 


4-642 


4-51 







1. From Elizabethtown by Harrington. 

2. From the same locality by Smith (G.S.C, 1874-75, 306). 

3. From Sudbury by MacKenzie (Dana, System of Mineralogy, 6th 

Edition, p. 74). 



Quartz. 

(Oxide of silicon.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Quartz crystals with included crystals 
of stibnite, are found on the east side of Duncan lake, north of 
Kootenay lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Quartz occurs in peculiar spherical 
forms with bornite on the west side of Valdez islands, Strait of 
Georgia (G.S.C, N.S., IX, 17R). 



QU. 192 

Revelstoke Mining Division. — Many fine samples of rock crystals 
are found near Illecillewaet (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Fine groups of slender transparent to 
translucent crystals of quartz have been found in vugs in siderite 
at the Ohio claim (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 266). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Quartz is of frequent occurrence throughout the province. 
Annapolis County. — Crystals of smoky quartz are found at Paradise, 

etc., (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Digby County. — Crystals of quartz in geodes are found at Sandy 

cove, St. Mary bay (Jackson and Alger, Mem. Amer. Acad. IX, 

Aug. 1831). 
Halifax County. — Crystals of smoky quartz occur near Paces lake, 

near head of Musquodoboit harbour (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Kings County. — Smoky quartz crystals are found at Ross creek (Pr. 

Com. H. Piers). 
Lunenburg County. — Morion quartz and quartz crystals of large 

dimensions occur at Joe Bell brook, Chester, and near Lake Ramsay 

(G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 344A): one crystal from Lake Ramsay in 

the Provincial Museum, Halifax, measures 26| inches in length 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Shelburne County. — Rose quartz is found near Shelburne (G.S.C., 

N.S., III, 69S). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — Cellular quartz occurs in Dalhousie, 19-VII. 
Sudbury District. — Quartz for fluxing purposes has been mined in 

Waters, 8-IV (Ont. Bur. Min., 1907, 64). 
Timiskaming District. — A brecciated, green chalcedony occurs at 

the outlet of White Beaver lake, Montreal river (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1901, 93). 

QUEBEC— 

Drummond County. — Small, transparent crystals in Kingsey, 8-III 
(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 250). 

Ottawa County. — Bouchette, 44-VI, in crystals with concave faces 
(Ferrier, Can. Rec. Sci., Vol. IV, 475): quartz occurs in clear 
crystals in Egan, 15-1: an opaque, greasy quartz occurs in Temple- 
ton, 12-XII: a massive, translucent quartz occurs in Villeneuve, 
31-1 (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 252). 

See also agate, amethyst, carnelian, chalcedony, heliotrope, hornstone, 
jasper, and prase. 



193 RA.-RE. 



Raphilite. 

(See Tremolite.) 
(Silicate of magnesium and calcium.) 



Realgar. 

(Sulphide of arsenic.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Realgar is found in small quantities 
with native arsenic near Watson Bar creek, Fraser river (Mines, 
G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 250). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Very small quantities of bright red realgar occur 
associated with orpiment and mispickel in Faraday, Jeffrey's lot, 
concession IX (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 211). 

YUKON.— 

Realgar is found in small quantities distributed through an andesite 
dyke traversed by small quartz stringers on Pan creek, Upper 
White river (Pr. Com. D. D. Cairnes). 



Rensselaerite. 

(Hydrated silicate of magnesium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Leeds County. — Charleston lake, 400 paces northeast from head of 
Peninsula bay (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 



Retinalite. 

(Serpentine.) 

(Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Grenville (Geol. Can. 1863, 471). 
Pontiac County.— Calumet island (Geol. Can., 1863, 471). 



RE-RI. 



194 

Analyses of Retinalite. 



1 



Si0 2 .. 
MgO. 
Fe 2 3 . 
H 2 0.. 



39-34 

43-02 

1-80 

15-09 



99-25 



Sp. Gr. 



2-47—2-52 



41-20 

43-52 

0-80 

15-40 



100-82 



2-36—2-38 



1. From Grenville. 

2. From Calumet island, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 471-472). 



Rhodocrosite. 

(Carbonate of manganese.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Silver islet and McKellar island, Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., III, 
27H). 

QUEBEC— 

Found in some parts of the altered strata of the Eastern Townships 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 55T). 



Ripidolite. 

(Clinochlore.) 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and magnesium.) 
QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — A foliated, chloride mineral, which occurs with 
quartz, pyrite, and calcite in some of the apatite veins of Templeton 
and Buckingham, may be referable to this variety (G.S.C, N.S., 
IV, 55T). 
Analysis from Templeton, 18-IX, by Harrington (G.S.C, 1877-78, 
34G). 

Si0 2 Al 2 O s Fe 2 8 FeO MgO H 2 Sp. Gr. 

35-80 13-18 4-28 10-18 22-80 12-64 98-88 2-61 



195 RO.-SA. 

Rock Crystal. 

(See Quartz.) 
(Silicon dioxide.) 

Rutile. 

(Oxide of titanium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — A prismatic and massive form of black rutile, 
possibly referable to nigrine or ilmenorutile occurs in auriferous 
quartz veins at the Irving lead, Mooseland (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 16R). 

Kings County. — Rutile occurs in the form of needles in quartz at 
Scot bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Algoma District. — Rutile has been found in the form of delicate, 
acicular crystals in quartz crystals at the Wallace mine, Lake 
Huron (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

Hastings County. — In crystals in crystalline limestone on Green 
island, Moira lake, Madoc (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

Timiskaming District. — Rutile is mentioned by Barlow as occurring 
in the form of very minute slender needles penetrating the 
biotite of some of the Archaean rocks of Lake Timagami (G.S.C., 
N.S., X, 86-1). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Rutile occurs in minute grains in the auriferous 
gravels of the Riviere-du-Loup a branch of the Chaudiere river 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

Brome County. — Rutile occurs in small, red flattened crystals in the 
chloritic schists of Sutton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

Charlevoix County. — Rutile occurs in small, orange-red grains in 
ilmenite at St. Urbain, Bay St. Paul (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 

Ottawa County. — Rutile has been found in good crystals in Temple- 
ton, 12-XI and 13-XIII. 



Sagenite. 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — A transparent quartz penetrated with needles of 
rutile is stated by Professor How to have been found at Scot bay 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 



SA. 196 

Sahlite. 

(Silicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — This is perhaps the commonest variety of pyroxene 
found in connexion with the apatite deposits of Buckingham; 
Hull; Templeton; Wakefield and other townships in this county 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 



Sal ammoniac. 

(Chloride of ammonium.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Peace River. — Sal ammoniac occurs with native sulphur as a deposit 
from the bocannes of Smoky hills, Smoky river (G.S.C, 1875-76, 
420). 

Analysis of sal ammoniac by Hoffmann (G.S.C., 1875-76, 420). 



S (Native) NH 4 C1 


(NH 4 ) 2 S0 4 K 2 S0 4 


Na 2 S0 4 


CaS0 4 


46-517 50-422 


1-807 0-035 


0-274 


0-146 


FeS0 4 MgS0 4 


Imp. 






0-014 


0-922— 100-137 







Samarskite. 

(Niobate and tantalate of iron, calcium, uranium, cerium, and yttrium.) , 

QUEBEC— 

Berthier County. — Maisonneuve, 1, 2-II (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 56T). 
Charlevoix County. — Pied des Monts (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 1906, 

42). 

ONTARIO.— 

Renfrew County. — Samarskite is found in Lyndoch, 23-XV. 

Analysis of samarskite from Maisonneuve by Hoffmann (G.S.C, 
1880-82, 1. H). 

Nb,Q,Ta 2 0, WO s Sn0 2 Y 2 3 Ce 2 0, UO, MnO FeO 
55-41 0-10 14-34 4-78 10-75 0-51 4-83 

CaO MgO K 2 Na 2 F H 2 Sp. Gr. 

5-38 0-11 0-39 0-23 trace 2-21—99-04 4-9478 



197 



SA. 



Saponite. 

(Hydrous silicate of magnesium and aluminum.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — The Beaver mine and others in the Port 
Arthur group (G.S.C., N.S., III, 126-127H). 

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND.— 

Prince County. — Saponite occurs in cavities in the trap on St. 

George island, Malpeque bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 56T). 
Saponite is found on Hog island on the northeast coast of this island 
(Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Saponite occurs as an alteration of amphibole 
in the township of Egan (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 260). 

Analyses of Saponite. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


42-76 

4-32 

2-57 

1-92 

25-30 

23-13 


43-91 


A1 2 3 


6-47 


Fe 2 3 


1-23 


CaO , 

MgO 


0-59 
27-18 


H 2 


19-64 








100-00 


99-02 


Sp. Gr 


2-162 


2-23-2-27 



1. From Egan by Johnston (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 259- 

260). 

2. From St. George island by Harrington (Can. Nat., Ser. 2, Vol. 

VII, 179-180). 

Sapphirine. 

(Silicate of aluminum, magnesium, and iron.) 
QUEBEC— 

Charlevoix County. — Sapphirine is intimately associated with 
plagioclase, rutile, and ilmenite at St. Urbain (Am. Journ. Sci. 
Ser. 4, Vol. XXXIII, 267). 

Analysis of sapphirine by Warren (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. XXXIII, 
p. 267). 

SiO, Al 2 Oi FeO MgO Sp. Gr. 

13-44 62-98 9-08 15-28—100-78 3-5 + 



SC. 198 

Scapolite. 

(See Wemerite.) 
(Chlorosilicate of calcium, aluminum, and sodium.) 

Scheelite. 

(Tungstate of calcium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Scheelite occurs with tungstite at 
Hardscrabble creek (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 348A): and in the placer 
deposits of Antler creek, Lownes, and China Creek claims (Mines, 
Min. Br., No. 25, 42.) 

Nelson Mining Division. — Scheelite occurs with tungstite and 
wolframite at the Kootenay Belle mine, Sheep creek, and also at the 
Granite-Poorman mines (Mines, Min. Br., No. 25, pp. 37, 38, 39). 

Slocan City Mining Division. — Meteor mines, Springer creek (Mines, 
Min. Br., No. 25, p. 39). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Halifax County. — Scheelite is abundant in quartz veins at Scheelite 
(Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 334): Stillwater brook (Mines, 
Min. Br., No. 25, p. 25): Moose river, Waverley (Mines, G.S. Br., 
Sum. Rep., 1911, 334). 

Lunenburg County. — Scheelite occurs with cassiterite, copper pyrites, 
and zinc blende in quartz porphyry on the Wallaback stream, New 
Ross (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1908, 154); and at Huey lake 
near Baker settlement (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 339). 

Queens County. — Scheelite occurs with arsenopyrite and pyrite in a 
quartz lead intersecting the main auriferous vein at the Ballou 
or Old American mine, Malaga (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 14R): also at 
Fifteenmile brook (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep. 1911, 334). 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Scheelite is found in small fragments with very 
vitreous lustre, sometimes translucent, at the Victoria mine, Deni- 
son, 8-II, III, and IV (Journ. Can. Min. Inst., 1908, XI, 370). 

Timiskaming District. — Porcupine mining division, scheelite is found 
at the Jupiter mine and elsewhere in this division. 

QUEBEC— 

Frontenac County. — Scheelite is found in quartz veins cutting 
Cambrian slates in Marlow, 1-VII (G.S.C., N.S., V, 74AA). 

YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Scheelite is found in the gold 
washings of Dublin gulch, Haggard creek, and McQuesten river; 
Highet creek, Minto creek, Mayo river, and Stewart river (G.S.C, 
N.S., XVI, 340A). 



199 

Analyses of Scheelite. 



SC. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


wo 8 


73-68 
0-66 

20-00 


76-79 
1-06 

18-90 


79-36 
19-96 


79-90 

19-37 
0-70 
0-29 


79-01 


MoOs 




CO* 


0-71 


CaO 


19-80 


FeO 




Insol 


0-11 








94-34 


96-75 


99-32 


100-26 


99-63 


Sp.gr 








6-059 


6-002 



1. From Hardscrabble creek by Walker (Mines, Min. Br., Rep. 

No. 25, 41). 

2. From Nugget gulch (loc. cit., p. 42). 

3. From Victoria mine (loc. cit. p. 34). 

4. From Marlow by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., V, 21R). 

5. From Molega by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 9R). 

Schorlomite. 

(Titano-silicate of calcium, iron, and titanium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — In masses of considerable size in the 

nepheline syenite of Ice river, Beaverfoot river (G.S.C., N.S., 

XII, 12, 13R). 
Analysis of schorlomite by Wait (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 13R). 

Si0 2 Ti0 2 A1 2 3 Fe 2 O s Ti 2 3 MnO CaO MgO Sp. Gr. 

25-77 10-83 3-21 18-59 8-23 0-76 31-76 1-22 —100-37 3-802 

Scolecite. 

(Hydrated silicate of calcium, and aluminum.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Cape d'Or and Two islands (N.S., Inst., 
Nat. Sci., Vol. V, 293). 

QUEBEC— 

Megantic County.— Black lake (G.S.C., N.S., V, 68A). 



SC.-SE. 200 

Scorodite. 

(Hydrated arsenate of iron.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — A deep green scorodite is found associated with 
quartz, mispickel, and realgar on a lot owned by William Jeffrey, 
about 7 miles west of L'Amable station on the Central Ontario 
railway, in concession IX of the township of Faraday (G.S.C., 
Mem. 6, 205). 
Timiskaming District. — Scorodite occurs in very minute crystals 
associated with erythrite, etc., at the Nipissing mine, Vein 49, 
Cobalt area (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. VII, Section 4, p. 7). 

YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Hydrous arsenate of ferric iron 
is found coating a quartz ledge, which occurs between the heads 
of two small streams known as Twenty pup and Forty pup, which 
flow into Dublin gulch, a tributary of Haggart creek (G.S.C., N.S., 
XVI, 38, 39A). 

Analysis of scorodite from Nipissing mine, Vein No. 49, by R. P. D. 
Graham (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. VII, Section 4, p. 7). 

As 2 6 FeO NiO CoO H 2 (By diff.) 

41-09 21-55 8-87 4-57 23-92 



Selenite. 

(Gypsum.) 
(Hydrous sulphate of calcium.) 

Selenite is commonly associated with other varieties of gypsum at 
many of the deposits mentioned under that species, particularly 
in the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Westmorland County. — Selenite is especially abundant at Petit- 
codiac (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Oxford, River Philip (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
57T): Springhill; Canfield creek near Pugwash (Pr. Com. H. 
Piers). 



201 SE. 

Halifax County. — Dutch Settlement near Elmsdale (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Hants County. — Near Windsor: Horn Settlement near Enfield (Pr. 

Com. H. Piers). 
Inverness County. — Cheticamp. 
Richmond County. — River Bourgeoise (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



Senarmontite. 

{Oxide of antimony.) 
QUEBEC- 
WOLFE County. — Senarmontite occurs with native antimony, stib- 
nite, valentinite, and kermesite in South Ham (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 57T). 

Sericite. 

(See Muscovite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of potassium and aluminum.) 



Serpentine. 

(Hydrated silicate of magnesium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Serpentine occurs as an alteration of the peridotites in the Atlin, 

Clinton, Omineca, Similkameen, and other mining divisions of 

the province. 
Grand Forks Mining Division. — Serpentine is found on the mountain 

east of Cascade City (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thom- 

linson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Serpentine occurs with schistose diorites near 

St. Stephen (G.S.C., N.S., X, 29M). 
St. John County. — A pale green variety of serpentine occurs in the 

limestones of Portland: at Lily lake and Lorneville (formerly 

Pisarinco) (G.S.C., 1870-71, 238). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Thirtyisland lake: Bedford, 6-III (Ont. Bur. 

Min., 1900, 209). 
Hastings County.— Marmora, 13-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 
Lanark County.— North Burgess, 2-VIII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900 

209). 

14 



SE. 202 

Peterborough County. — Serpentine occurs in small amounts in 
some of the iron ore beds of Belmont (G.S.C., 1873-74, 204). 

Rainy River District. — Massive and fibrous forms of serpentine 
occur at Clearwater and Despair lakes (Ont. Bur. Min., 1894, 
76). 

Timiskaming District.— Abitibi lake (G.S.C., 1872-73, p. 128). 



QUEBEC— 

Serpentine is particularly abundant amongst the metamorphic rocks 
of the Eastern Townships and Gaspe peninsula, where it forms vast 
masses, sometimes free from admixture, and at others encloses 
diallage, actinolite, garnet, and chromite or intermixed with 
carbonate of lime, dolomite, and occasionally ferruginous magnesite. 
It is also of frequent occurrence in the Grenville series. 

Argenteuil County. — Grenville, 16-1 1 I. 

Beauce County.— Broughton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

Brome County. — Bolton, 10- IX. 

Gaspe County. — Mount Albert, Shickshock mountains, and Mount 
Serpentine near Gaspe bay (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

Megantic County. — Amongst other forms of serpentine the variety 
"porcellophite" occurs in Coleraine and Thetford (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 57T). 

Ottawa County.— Hull, 14- IX: Wright, 17 -VII. 

Pontiac County.— Calumet island (Geol. Can., 1863, 471-472). 

Richmond County.— Melbourne (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T): and Ship- 
ton (G.S.C., N.S., II, 67J). 

Shefford County. — Stukely, 28-VIII. 

Sherbrooke County. — Orford, 10-XVIII. 

Wolfe County.— Garthby: South Ham (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 



YUKON.— 

Serpentine occurs at various localities as an alteration product, prob- 
ably of peridotite, on the Pelly river (G.S.C., N.S., III, 125B): 
Klondike (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 28B): Yukon and other streams 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 44A). 

For other varieties see chrysotile, picrolite, retinalite, etc. 



203 

Analyses of Serpentine. 



SE-SI. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


Si0 2 


40-30 

7-02 

0-26 

tr. 

39-07 

13-35 


42-90 

7-47 

015 

0-25 

36-28 

13-14 


43-40 

3-60 

40-00 
13-00 


43-94 
| 5-69 

0-67 
34-80 

1-22 
14-54 


38-48 


Al 2 Oj 


4-15 


Fe 2 3 




FeO 


9-24 


NiO 


0-28 


Cr 2 3 




MgO 


35-73 


CaO 




HiO 


11-60 


Chromic iron .... 


0-51 




100-00 


100-19 


100-00 


100-86 


99-99 


Sp. Gr 


2-597 




2-546 




2-77 



1. and 2. From Orford. 

3. From South Ham by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 472). 

4. From Bolton and Melbourne by Harrington (G.S.C., 1874-75, 

p. 304). 

5. From Abitibi lake by Harrington (G.S.C., 1872-73, 299-300). 

Seybertite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum, calcium, and magnesium.) 
QUEBEC— 

Joliette County. — Seybertite is mentioned by Dr. Hunt as occur- 
ring with small crystals of blue spinel in the seigniory of Daillebout 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 



Siderite. 

(Carbonate of iron.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Boundary District. — Siderite occurs with the copper ores of some of 

the mines of this district. 
Omineca Mining Division. — Siderite occurs as a gangue in some of 

the silver-lead ores at Hazelton (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and 

Wm. Thomlinson). 
Quesnel Mining Division. — Large deposits of siderite occur with 

pyrrhotite and pyrite on Harvey creek, Swamp river (G.S.C., 

N.S., III, 46C). 



SI. 



204 



Slocan Mining Division. — Siderite is very common in the Slocan lead- 
silver mines (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton): fine crystalline siderite is 
found in the Ohio claim (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 266): 
and the Whitewater mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Carleton County. — A manganiferous variety occurs 2 miles south 

of Woodstock (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 162A). 
St. John County. — Siderite occurs in thin veins in Huronian rocks 

in the Nerepis valley (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Siderite has been noted in considerable quantity on Flint island and 
other islands of the Nastapoka group, east coast of Hudson bay 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Siderite occurs with chalcopyrite at Poison 

lake (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Gloucester County. — Important deposits of siderite, often altered 

to hematite, occur at the Acadia mines, Londonderry (G.S.C., 

1873-74, 223). 
Pictou County. — Siderite occurs in thick beds in the Millstone Grit 

of Sutherland brook (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 57T). 

QUEBEC- 
NEW Quebec Territory. — Siderite has been noted in considerable 

quantities at the First Fall, Little Whale river. 
See also Sideroplesite. 

Analyses of Siderite. 





1 


2 


3 


FeCos 


52-70 
24-64 

tr. 
11-81 

10-94 


65-61 
7-98 
267 
3-23 

16- 98 
0-76 
000 
0013 
tr. 
3-76 


57-40 


MnCos 


8-29 


CaCo3 


402 


MgCo3 


5-66 


Fe 2 3 

H 2 (Hyg) 


20-52 

1-43 


S 


undet. 


P 


undet. 


Organic 




Insol 


2-38 








100 09 


101-003 


99-70 



1. From Flint island by Harrington (G.S.C., 1877-78, 47G). 

2 and 3. From Sutherland brook by Broome (G.S.C., 1866-69, 442). 



205 



SI. 



Sideroplesite. 

(Carbonate of iron and manganese.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — This variety of siderite occurs in masses and 
interlacing veins with the ankerite of the West mines, Londonderry 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 58T). 

Analyses of Sideroplesite. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


FeCo 3 


67-96 
219 

27-87 
1-03 

0-43 


69-20 
1-37 

28-73 
0-59 
0-08 
0-47 


68-47 
2-08 

26-02 
3-14 

0-25 


68-15 


MnCos 


1-87 


MgCoj 


28 06 


CaCoj 


1-92 


Fe 2 3 




Insol 










99-48 


100-44 


99-96 


100 00 


So. Gr 


3-523 













1, 2, 3, and 4, the last being an average of a number of analyses by Louis. 
(N.S. Inst. Nat. Sci., Vol. V, 58-62). 



Silicified Wood. 

(This term includes all those substances in which the woody fibre of plants 
and trees has been replaced by siliceous substances such as opal and 
quartz with the retention in part or in whole of the original structure 
of such fibre.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Medicine Hat Division. — Fine specimens of silicified wood have 
been found in the neighbourhood of Ross coulee and in the vicinity 
of the Elbow of South Saskatchewan river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 53T). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Similkameen Mining Division. — Fine specimens of silicified wood 
have been found on Agate mountain (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 
1907-98) : on the Similkameen river and on Wolf creek. 



SI. 206 

Sillimanite. 

(Var. Fibrolite.) 

{Silicate of aluminum.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Dryden, 9-1 1 (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker): in the 
first cutting east of Wanapitei (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

QUEBEC— 

Saguenay County. — Prominent in gneiss at the mouth of the Olo- 
manoshibo river (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



Silver. 

(Native.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Native silver is frequently found in pellets, more rarely in nuggets, in 
connexion with the gold washings of many of the streams of the 
province. 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Filiform silver has been found in the 
mines of this division (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 48-54B). Native silver 
is found at Krao mine (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Boundary District. — Native silver is an occasional associate, in 
small quantities, of the copper ores of this district. 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — North Star mine provided specimens 
of moss silver and filiform silver (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Texada island (Vananda mine), con- 
siderable quantities of native silver associated with bornite at a 
depth of 800 to 1,000 feet (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

Omineca Mining Division. — Native silver occurs with bornite and 
tetrahedrite at Hudson Bay mountains (Pr. Com. W. F. Robert- 
son and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Slocan City Mining Division. — Native silver is found at several 
properties on Springer creek (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — Native silver occurs in some of the de- 
posits in the vicinity of Bear lake (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 25R). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — In drift at MacKenzie river (How, Mineralogy 
of Nova Scotia, 58). 



207 SI.-SM. 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bat District. — Native silver occurs with argentite in 
Duncan mine (G.S.C., N.S., III, 56H): Lybster (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 
24R): Mclntyre (G.S.C., N.S., III, 66H): MacGregor (G.S.C., 
N.S., III, 64H): Paipoonge (G.S.C., N.S., III, 66H): Prince 
location (G.S.C., N.S., III, 51H): Silver islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 
26H): Spar island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 41H): Thunder Bay mine 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 54H). 

Timiskaming District. — Fine specimens of mossy and filiform silver 
have been found in this district. Casey township, Casey mine: 
native silver has been found in abundance in sheets and scattered 
masses of various sizes, sometimes many pounds in weight in the 
mines of the Cobalt area, Coleman township (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 
200-2 12A): also in greater or less abundance in James, Willett, 
and other townships in this district (Mines, G.S. Br., Sum. Rep., 
1908, 166). 

QUEBEC— 

Pontiac County. — Native silver has been found in thin laminae in a 

mixture of quartz and diabase underlying a deposit of sphalerite 

in Calumet, 10-IV (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 25R). 
Sherbrooke County. — Sherbrooke (Suffield mine) (Pr. Com. F. D. 

Adams). 

Silver Glance. 

(See Argentite.) 
(Sulphide of silver.) 



Smaltite. 

(Arsenide of cobalt generally with small quantities of iron and nickel.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Smaltite has been noted in the iron ore at the 

Dominion mine, Madoc, 2-II (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 128, 129A). 
Sudbury District. — Smaltite occurs with chalcopyrite in McKim 

(G.S.C., N.S., II, 11T). 
Timiskaming District. — Smaltite is commonly found in large masses 

in the mines of the Cobalt area, Coleman township (G.S.C., N.S., 

XVI, 201A). 

QUEBEC— 

Timiskaming County. — Small veins of smaltite have been reported 
in Fabre, near Lake Timiskaming (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 1907, 57). 



SM.-SO. 208 



Smectite. 

(See Halloysite.) 
(Hydrated silicate of aluminum.) 



Smithsonite. 

(Carbonate of zinc.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Smithsonite was found accompanying 
sphalerite, galena, siderite, tetrahedrite, pyrite, and pyrargyrite 
in a gangue composed of crushed and brecciated slate, calcite, 
and quartz in the Alamo mine, at the head of Hauser creek (G.S.C., 
N.S., VIII, 14R). 



Soapstone. 

(See Steatite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 



Sodalite. 

(Silicate of aluminum, with chloro-aluminate of sodium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Golden Mining Division. — Fine blue sodalite occurs in the nepheline- 
syenite and also in a quartzose-gneissic rock near Ice river, Beaver- 
foot river (G.S.C., N.S., I, 123-124B). 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Sodalite occurs in greater or less abundance 

in this county (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 
Hastings County. — Sodalite occurs in masses and stringers in the 

nepheline-syenite of Dungannon, 25-XIV (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 

98A); and 29-XIII (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Peterborough and Renfrew Counties. — Sodalite occurs in greater 

or less abundance in these counties (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 

QUEBEC— 

Brome County. — Sodalite occurs in the nepheline-syenite of Brome 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 58T). 
Hochelaga County — Montreal (G.S.C., N.S., IV, S8T). 
Rouville County.— Beloeil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 58T). 



209 

Analyses of Sodalite. 



SO.-SP. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


37-50 

31-82 

001 

19-34 
0-27 
4-61 
7-12 


37-52 
31-38 
tr. 

0-35 

tr. 

19-12 
0-78 
4-48 
6-91 


36-58 


AI2O3 . 


31-05 


FejOj 




FeO 


0-20 


CaO 




MgO 




Na 2 


24-81 


K 2 


0-79 


Na 




CI 


6-88 


S0 3 


0-12 


H 2 


0-27 


Insol 


0-80 






Less = CI 


100-67 


100-54 


101-50 
1-55 












99-95 



1. From Ice river. 

2. From Montreal by Harrington (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. IV, Sec. Ill, 81). 

3. From Dungannon by Harrington (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 48, 

P- 17). 

Souesite. 

(See Awaruite.) 
(Alloy of nickel and iron.) 

Specularite. 

(See Hematite.) 
(Oxide of iron.) 

Sperrylite. 

(Arsenide of platinum.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — Sperrylite occurs with chalcopyrite in Denison, 
6-IV (Vermilion mine) (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 59T) and (Am. Journ. 
Sci., XV, 1903, 450-458). 
Analysis of sperrylite from Vermilion mine by Wells (Am. Journ. Sci., 
Ser. 3, Vol. XXXVII, 67-73). 
As Sb Pt Rh Pd Fe SnO» Sp. Gr. 

40-98 0-50 52-57 0-72 tr. 0-07 4-62—99-46 10-602 



SP. 210 

Spessartite. 

(Garnet.) 

(Silicate of aluminum, iron, and manganese.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Parry Sound District. — Spessartite occurs in fine crystals with 
magnetite and other minerals in a coarse pegmatite vein occurring 
in the township of Proudfoot (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 25R). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Spessartite occurs with black tourmaline, uraninite, 
monazite, etc., in a coarse pegmatite vein in Villeneuve, 31-1 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 59T). 
Analysis of spessartite by Harrington from the Villeneuve mica 
mine (Can. Rec. Sci., IV, 1890-91, 226). 
Si0 2 Al 2 O s FeO MnO CaO NgO Loss (ign.) 

36-30 19-20 10-66 3006 3-07 0-43 0-31—100-03 

Sphaerosiderite. 

(Var. Siderite.) 

(Carbonate of iron.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — This variety of siderite occurs in massive 
globular concretions filling amygdaloidal cavities in basalt on 
Mussel creek, Horsefly river (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 14, 15R). 

Sphaerostilbite. 

(Var. Stilbite.) 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County.— Halls Harbour (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 59T). 

Sphalerite. 

(Sulphide of zinc.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Banff Division. — South Fork of Red Deer river, Copper mountain. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Sphalerite is of very general occurrence throughout the province in 
more or less paying quantities (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Sphalerite is found at Glengarry and 
United mines and also at the U.S. mine, head of Jackson basin 
(Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 



211 SP. 

Atlin Mining Division. — Zinc blende occurs amongst the ores of the 

Lake View group (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 70A). 
Boundary District. — Sphalerite occurs in the mines of this division 

(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 77A). 
Fort Steele Mining Division. — Sphalerite is found in many of the 

mines of this division (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 92, 95, 96A). 
Lardeau Mining Division. — Sphalerite is found in the mines of this 

district (G.S.C.* N.S., XV, 58-77A). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Sphalerite occurs in all the silver-lead 

mines of this district (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton): in fine, dark 

crystals at the Lucky Jim mine (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 

1910, 266). 
Vancouver Mining Division. — Zinc blende occurs north of Burrard 

inlet (G.S.C., N.S., V, 66R). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

St. John County. — Honey-yellow sphalerite occurs with galena in 
small veins traversing dolomite at Frenchman creek, Lancaster 
(G.S.C, N.S., X, 35M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Inverness County. — Zinc blende occurs in more or less abundance 
in a bed of sericite schist at Faribault brook, Cheticamp river 
(G.S.C, N.S., XV, 242S). 
Lunenburg County. — With cassiterite, etc., on Wallaback stream 
near New Ross (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Bruce County. — Sphalerite occurs in the dolomites of Albemarle, 29- 

III; 30-1 1 1 (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 265); 31-1 II 

(Ont. Bur. Min., 1912, 166). 
Frontenac County.— Barrie, 5 to 9-IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 
Grey County. — Sphalerite occurs in the dolomites of Keppel, XV 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 362); and also in dolomites 

elsewhere in the Interlake peninsula. 
Haliburton County. — Zinc blende occurs in small amount associated 

with galena in Cardiff, 13-V (G.S.C, Mem. 6, 216). 
Hastings County.— Marmora, 1-XI (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 
Sudbury District.— Balfour, 6-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 209). 
Thunder Bay District. — Sphalerite occurs in the metalliferous veins 

of the mines along the east and north shores of Lake Superior 

(Geol. Can., 1863, 514). 
Welland County. — At Niagara Falls it sometimes appears to replace 

fossils and at other times occurs in beautiful wax-yellow, cleavable 

masses embedded in nodules of gypsum (Geol. Can., 1863, 514). 



SP. 212 

QUEBEC— 

Frontenac County. — Marlow, 1-VII: Risborough (Pr. Com. W. F. 

Ferrier) . 
Missisquoi County. — St. Armand. 
Ottawa County.— Bouchette, 41, 42-1 and II (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 

25R): Templeton, 17 -IX (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 298). 
Pontiac County.— Calumet, 17-11; 10-IV. 
Portneuf County. — Zinc blende has been noted in some abundance 

in Montauban, 37, 38-1 (Min. Oper. in Quebec, 1911, p. 27). 

Sphene. 

(See Titanite.) 
(Silico-titanate of calcium.) 

Spinel. 

(Aluminate of magnesium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Leeds County. — Crystals of black spinel, sometimes an inch or even 

2 inches in diameter, have been found in flesh-red limestone in 

South Burgess, 10-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 
Renfrew County. — Spinel occurs with fluorite, apatite, and white 

orthoclase in a vein of flesh-red calcite in Ross (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 59T). 
QUEBEC— 

Joliette County. — Small, translucent octahedrons of blue spinel are 

found in a bed of crystalline limestone in the Seigniory of Daille- 

bout (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 59T). 
Montmorency County. — Spinel occurs with chondrodite in limestone 

at Sault a la Puce. 
Ottawa County. — Spinel is found in crystals in Aylwin, 48-VI (Can. 

Rec. Sci., 1890-91, IV, 475): Bouchette, 3, 4, VI: Bigelow, 52-V 

(Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1910, 266): Portland, 16-X (G.S.C, 

N.S., VI, 25, 26R): Wakefield, 7-1. 

Spodumene. 

(Silicate of aluminum, lithium, and sodium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — Spodumene is mentioned by Hunt as having been 
observed in a small rolled mass of granite near Perth (G.S.C, 
N.S., IV, 59T). 
QUEBEC- 
NEW Quebec Territory. — Spodumene occurs in greyish-green, sub- 
translucent prisms in a micaless, orthoclastic, granitic veinstone 
cutting a syenite on Walrus island, Paint Hills group, east coast 
of James bay (G.S.C, N.S., XII, 15, 16R). 



213 ST. 

Staurolite. 

{Hydro-alumino- silicate of aluminum and iron.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Staurolite is found on the west side of 
Slocan lake, in area of rocks of Shuswap formation (Pr. Com. W. 
F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Staurolite occurs in mica schists near Moore 
lake, Moore Mills (G.S.C., 1870-71, 240). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Guysborough County. — St. Mary, Salmon river (G.S.C., N.S., II, 

156P). 
Shelburne County. — Staurolite occurs in schists at Carleton (G.S.C., 

N.S., IX, 58M): Jordan river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 57M): Pubnico 

harbour (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 67M): Red head (G.S.C., N.S., 

IX, 58M), etc. 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — In mica schists in Drury, Murray falls; and 
Hyman, 8-1. 

Steatite. 

{Talc.) 
{Hydrous silicate of magnesium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Yale Mining Division. — Steatite occurs at the mouth of the Salmon 
river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 226S). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County. — Eagle head, Gabarus bay (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 
25R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County.— Clarendon, 14-11 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 
Hastings County. — Elzevir, 7-IV: Grimsthorpe (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 

210). 
Leeds County. — Elizabethtown and Rideau lakes (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1900, 210). 
Rainy River District. — Rock Island bay, Watten (Ont. Bur. Min., 

1894, 76). 
Thunder Bay District. — Near French Portage, Lake of the Woods 

(G.S.C., N.S., I, 49CC). 



ST. 



214 



QUEBEC- 
BE auce County.— Broughton (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Brome County.— Bolton, 26-11 (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 91 J); 4, 24-IV 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 225S); 24- VI (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 91J); 17 -IX 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 225S): Potton, 20-V; 24-VI: Sutton, 12-VII 

(G.S.C., N.S., X, 225S). 
Wolfe County.— Garthby, 6-1: Wolfestown, 20-11 (G.S.C., N.S., X, 

225S). 

Steeleite. 

(Mordenite.) 

(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, etc.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Kings County. — This variety of mordenite is found embedded in red 
clay in cavities in trap at Cape Split (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T). 



Stellarite. 

(Hydrocarbon.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Pictou County. — Stellarton; the name was given to this material 
by the late Professor How from its property of dropping "Stars 
of fire" when it has been held to a flame and removed. It was 
regarded by the late Sir Wm. Dawson as a fossil swamp muck 
or mud and possesses the character of an earthy bitumen (G.S.C., 
1866-69, 377). 

Analyses of Stellarite. 





1 




2 


Volatile matter 


66-56 

25-23 

8-21 


Carbon 


80-96 


Fixed carbon 


Hydrogen 


10-15 


Ash 


Nitrogen. . 


0-68 










100-00 


91-79 


So. Gr 


1-103 









Analyses by Anderson (How, Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, 1869, pp. 
24 and 25). 

1. Proximate analysis. 

2. Ultimate analysis. 



215 ST. 

Stephanite. 

(Sulphantimonite of silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Grand Forks Mining Division. — Stephanite is found at Waterloo 
Mining claim, Thunder Hill camp (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson 
and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Slocan City Mining Division. — Stephanite is found at the Ar- 
lington mine, Springer creek (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. 
Thomlinson). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Port Arthur district, Badger mine (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 
Timiskaming District. — Well formed crystals are found at the Kerr 
Lake mine, Cobalt (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



Stibnite. 

{Sulphide of Antimony.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Alberni Mining Division. — Great Central lake, Vancouver island 

(Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Ashcroft Mining Division. — Stibnite is found at Jamieson's claims, 

near Lytton (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Atlin Mining Division. — Lake Bennett, White Pass railway (Pr. 

Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Stibnite occurs in a gangue of dolomite 

and barite near the mouth of Copper creek, Kamloops lake (G.S.C., 

N.S., VII, 99 A): and elsewhere with cinnabar in this division 

(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 89S). 
Lillooet Mining Division. — Stibnite occurs in fine granular and 

radiating columnar masses in quartz on Cadwallader creek, Upper 

Bridge river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 16R): near Foster bar, 23 

miles from Lytton, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Stibnite occurs in connexion with a 

quartz vein at Tatlayoko lake, head of Homathko river (Mines, 

B.C., 1910, 156). 
Omineca Mining Division. — Stibnite is found with silver-lead 

ores at the Silver Bell Mining claim, Hazelton (Pr. Com. W. F. 

Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Slocan Mining Division. — On north fork of Carpenter creek (Alps- 

Alturas group) (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 



ST. 216 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Stibnite occurs with native antimony in well-defined 
quartz veins filling lines of dislocation in highly tilted argillaceous 
slates and quartzites near Lake George, Prince William (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 60T). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Stibnite has been found in considerable abundance 
in quartzose, calcitic veins cutting talcose slates at Rawdon and 
West Gore (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Addington County.— Sheffield, 28-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 
Algoma District. — Near Echo lake (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 
Frontenac County.— Barrie, 21, 22, 23-VIII (G.S.C., 1882-84, 

12L). 
Hastings County.— Marmora (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T). 

QUEBEC- 
WOLFE County. — Stibnite occurs with antimony and other minerals 
in argillite in South Ham, 56-1 (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 80K). 

YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Stibnite occurs with quartz on a 

small stream flowing into the Stewart river about 5 miles above 

Gordon Landing (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 38A). 
Whitehorse Mining Division. — Stibnite occurs in small quantities 

with grossularite at the Copper King and Anaconda claims (G.S.C., 

N.S., XII, 25R). 

Stilbite. 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ashcroft Mining Division. — Nicoamen Plateau. 
Kamloops Mining Division. — Salmon river, about 9 miles above 
Grande Prairie. 

NOVA SCOTIA. 

Annapolis County.— Margaretville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T); Port 

George (G.S.C., 1882-84, 25L). 
Cumberland County. — Stilbite is found in fine specimens and great 

variety at Cape d 1 Or, and Horseshoe cove; Partridge island (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 60T), and Two Islands (G.S.C., 1882-84, 28L). 
Kings County.— Blomidon, Hall Harbour (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 60T); and 

Victoria Harbour (G.S.C., 1882-84, 28L). 



217 ST. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Stilbite, with garnet and epidote, has been found 

in Wakefield, 18-11 (G.S.C., 1882-84, 18L). 
Analysis of stilbite from Annapolis county by How (Phil. Mag., 

Ser. 5, Vol. 1, p. 134). 

SiO, AI2O3 CaO Na 2 H 2 

57-32 17-28 7-57 2-10 16-52 —100-79 

Stilpnomelane. 

{Hydrous silicate of iron, aluminum, and magnesium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cumberland County. — Stilpnomelane has been observed in dark 
yellowish-green, plumose groupings on chalcedony on the west 
side of Partridge island (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 15R). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Chalcodite occurs in connexion with the iron 
ores of Wallbridge mine, Madoc, 12-V (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 107A). 

Stromeyerite. 

{Sulphide of copper and silver.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nelson Mining Division. — Stromeyerite occurs with bornite, chal- 
copyrite, pyrite, tetrahedrite, galena, sphalerite, and argentite in 
a feldspathic veinstone traversing schistose eruptives at the Silver 
King mine, Toad mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 27A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — A massive stromeyerite has been noted 
at the Foster mine, Coleman township (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 
1907, p. 98). 

Anaylsis of stromeyerite from Toad mountain by Johnston (Hoffmann, 
G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 12, 13R). 

S Ag Cu Fe Sp.Gr. 

15-74 52-27 31-60 0-17 —99-78 6-277 

Strontianite. 

{Carbonate of strontium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Quesnel Mining Division. — Horsefly mine (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 
30R). 

16 



ST.-SU. 218 

ONTARIO.— 

Carleton County. — Radiating, crystalline, massive strontianite 
occurs in veins up to 6 inches in width traversing the Chazy 
limestone in Nepean, 31-A (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 44G). 

QUEBEC— 

Hochelaga County. — Strontianite occurs in the form of white, 
fibrous tufts in cracks in concretionary limestone masses in the 
Utica slate of St. Helen island (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 61T). 

Analysis of strontianite from Nepean by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., 
N.S., VI, 22-23R). 



C02 


SrO 


CaO 


Insol. 




Sp. Gr. 


30-54 


65-43 


3-38 


0-17 


—99-52 


3-704 



Struvite. 

(Hydrated phosphate of ammonium and magnesium.) 

YUKON.— 

Duncan Creek Mining Division. — Struvite has also been observed 

in the valleys between the cusps of a molar of a mammoth 

found on McQuesten creek, Stewart river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. 

Rep., 1913, 327). 
Struvite was found with newberyite in the fossil tusk of a mammoth 

found on Quartz creek, Indian river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 13, 14R). 
For analysis see "Newberyite." 



Sulphatite. 

{Free sulphuric acid.) 

ONTARIO.— 

The following springs are remarkable for containing a large proportion 

of free sulphuric acid: — 
Brant County. — The so-called Sour Springs of Tuscarora (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 61T). 
Lincoln County. — A spring in the southwest corner of Niagara 

and one at St. Davids in the same township (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 

61T). 
Well and County. — A spring about ljmiles above Chippawa (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 61T). 
For analysis see T. S. Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 545). 



219 SU.SY. 

Sulphur. 

ALBERTA.— 

Athabaska River. — Native sulphur has been found 3 miles above 

Jasper lake (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 162A); and in cones deposited by 

springs at La Saline (G.S.C., N.S., V, 35D). 
Peace River. — Sulphur is found in crystals and compact fine-grained 

forms with sal ammoniac in bocannes on Smoky river (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 61T). 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

Native sulphur occurs in small quantities as a deposit from the mineral 
springs on the south shore of Great Slave lake (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
31D). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Scattered crystals of native sulphur have been 
noted in a gypsum quarry about 2 miles west of Johnstons 
Road crossing (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Addington County. — Sulphur occurs as a product of the decomposition 
of pyrite or chalcopyrite at various places, such as Denbigh, 
3-1 (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 27R). 

Interlake Peninsula. — Sulphur occurs as a deposit about sulphurous 
springs in several localities in this area. 

Lanark County.— North Burgess, 2-V (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 17R). 

Norfolk County.— Charlotteville, 3-XII (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 

Welland County. — Sulphur is found in earthy coatings and minute 
crystals in connexion with some of the limestones of Niagara 
Falls (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 

For analysis of sulphur from Smoky river and Peace river see "Sal am- 
moniac." 



Sylvanite. # 

(Telluride of gold and silver.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Sylvanite was found with pyrite at the 

Geiler and Gold Thread claims, Valdez islands. 
Slocan Mining Division. — According to Gwillim (Can. Rec. Sci., 

Vol. VI, 494-498), sylvanite is an occasional constituent of some 

of the gold and silver ores of this district. 



SY-TA. 220 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Sylvanite occurs with argentite and chal- 
copyrite in a gangue of white, subtranslucent quartz at the Huron- 
ian gold mine, Moss, H-I (G.S.C., N.S., X, 59H). 



Symplesite. 

(Hydrated arsenate of iron.) 

YUKON.— 

Radiated nuggets of green, acicular crystals occur sparingly associated 
with the new mineral "Yukonite" on a mining claim on the west 
side of Windy arm of Tagish lake (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. VII, Sec. 
4, pp. 1-6). 

Talc. 

(Hydrated silicate of magnesium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Cape Breton County.— Kennington Cove (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 119A). 
Inverness County. — Brigand brook, 3 miles from Whycocomagh (Pr. 
Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — A fine, snow-white talc is found in Clarendon, 
34-11 (G.S.C., N.S., V, 67R). 

Hastings County. — A soft, flaky talc occurs with dolomite in Elzevir 
(Geol. Can., 1863, 469): a fine, foliated, greenish talc occurs in 
Grimsthorpe, 8, 9-V (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 18R); 10-V (G.S.C., N.S., 
VI, 70A): white, scaly talc is found in Huntingdon, 14-XIV 
(G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 173A): Madoc (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 

Kenora District. — Fine specimens of talc are sometimes found on 
some of the islands of Lake of the Woods (G.S.C., N.S., I, 148CC). 

Leeds County.— Elizabethtown (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 

Lennox County.— Kaladar, 8-1 (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 

Renfrew County.— Blithfield (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 210). 

QUEBEC— 

Talc occurs in connexion with the altered Silurian strata in portiont 

of the Eastern Townships. Some of the more important localities 

are: — 
Beauce County. — Broughton (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Brome County.— Bolton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 61T): Potton, 17-V (Geol. 

Can., 1863, 470): Sutton (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 61T). 
Megantic County. — Ireland (Pr. Com. T. C. Denis). 



221 

Analyses of Talc. 



TA.-TE. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


59-10 

3-51 
tr. 

29-05 
5-56 


60-45 
0-27 
0-78 
2-04 

0-50 

0-16 

29-84 

5-74 


59-50 


A1 2 3 


0-40 


Fe 2 3 




FeO 


4-50 


MnO 




NiO 


tr. 


CaO 




MgO 


29-15 


H 2 


4-40 




97-22 


99-78 


99-95 


Sp. Gr 




2-65 









Tellurium (native). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Native tellurium has been found in 
small quantities associated with galena and copper pyrites in a 
quartz vein at the Commodore claim near Vananda, Texada 
island (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 21R). 

Tennantite. 

(Sulph-arsenide of copper.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clinton Mining Division. — Tennantite has been noted with iron 
pyrites and copper pyrites in quartz veins 2\ miles above Hat creek, 
Bonaparte river (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 12R). 
ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Tennantite occurs with either quartz, quartzo- 
feldspathic rocks or fine granular dolomite in Barrie, 6, 7, 8, P- IX 
(G.S.C., N.S., VI, 28R). 
QUEBEC— 

Sherbrooke County. — Tennantite occurs with chalcopyrite, pyrite, 
quartz, etc., at the Crown mine, Ascot, 2-IX (Trans. R.S.C., Vol. 
I, Sec. 3, p. 80). 

Analysis of tennantite from Ascot by Harrington (Trans. R.S.C., 
Vol. I, Sec. 3, p. 80). 

S As Sb Cu Fe Zn Pb Ag Insol. Sp.Gr. 
27-99 15-34 4-52 42-09 3-77 4-56 0-25 0-21 0-09—98-82 4-622 



TE. 222 

Tetradymite. 

(Telluride of bismuth, sometimes with sulphide of bismuth.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — A sulphurous variety of tetradymite 
occurs in association with hessite and altaite at a point 6 miles 
north of Liddle creek (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 9, 10R). 

Analysis of tetradymite by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., Vol. 
VIII, 9, 10R). 

Te S Se Bi Pb Ag Tl Sp. Gr. 

37-29 4-45 tr. 53-69 3-63 0-94 tr. —100-00 7-184 

Tetrahedrite. 

(Sulphantimonite of copper.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Tetrahedrite is very common throughout this province (Pr. Com. W. J. 
Sutton). 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — Tetrahedrite occurs in small quanti- 
ties with galena, chalcopyrite, pyrite, and sphalerite on Luke 
creek, St. Mary river (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 95A). 

Lardeau Mining Division. — Tetrahedrite is found at times in the 
mines of this division (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 58AA). 

Lillooet Mining Division. — Considerable quantities of tetrahedrite 
have been found near Watkinsoris, Fraser river (G.S.C., N.S., 
III, 154R). 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Queen Copper mine, Texada island. 

Nelson Mining Division. — Tetrahedrite is found at times in the 
mines of this division (G.S.C., N.S., X, 60S). 

Omineca Mining Division. — Tetrahedrite is found with silver-lead 
ore at Hazelton and with bornite at Hudson Bay mountain (Pr. 
Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 

Slocan Mining Division. — A plumbiferous variety of tetrahedrite is 
found at the Antelope claim, Carpenter creek (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 
12R): Whitewater mine (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

St. John County. — Tetrahedrite occurs sparingly with sphalerite 
and galena in dolomite at Frenchman creek, Lancaster (G.S.C., 
N.S., X, 35M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Interesting occurrences of tetrahedrite in fluorite 
are found in Madoc, 1-IV (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 
252): Madoc village (the Empire mine) (G.S.C., 1874-75, 161). 



223 



TE.-TH. 



Lanark County. — Lavant, 10, 11-V (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 

1908, 12). 
Thunder Bay District.— Silver Islet (G.S.C., N.S., III, 27H). 
Timiskaming District.— Coteman township, Cobalt (Ont. Bur. 

Min., 1905, pt. 2, p. 22). 

YUKON.— 

Whitehorse Mining Division. — Argentiferous tetrahedrite occurs 
in a coarse pegmatite at the Arctic Chief mine. 



Analyses of Tetrahedrite. 





1 


2 


s 


21-68 

28-22 

0-23 

22-14 

11-20 

9-38 

6-22 

0-93 


22-86 


Sb 


21-86 


As 




Cu 


36-04 


Ag 




Pb 


undet. 


Zn 


8-14 


Fe 


9-84 








100-00 


98-74 


Sp. Gr 


5-082 









1. From Carpenter creek by Johnston (Hoffmann, G.S.C., N.S., 
Vol. VII, 12R). 

2. From Cobalt by Burrows (Miller, Ont. Bur. Min., 1905, pt. 2, 
p. 22). 



Thenardite. 

{Sulphate of sodium.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Thenardite occurs at the bottom of a small lake near Pozerville (Mines, 
G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1909, 250). 

Thinolite. 

(Pseudomorphous form of calcite.) 

NORTH WEST TERRITORIES.— 

In a disintegrated clay shale of Cretaceous age immediately west of 
the delta of the Mackenzie river (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 16R). 



TH.-TI. 224 

Thompsonite. 

(Hydrated silicate of aluminum, calcium, and sodium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Annapolis County. — Margaretville (G.S.C., N.S., VI, 70AA). 
Kings County.— North mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62T); and Cape 
Split (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 

Tiemannite. 

(Selenide of mercury.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Kamloops Mining Division. — Tiemannite has been found in crystals 
at Hardie mountain, Copper creek (Colquhoun, C. M. J., 2, 1899, 
p. 13). 

Timiskamite. 

{Arsenide of nickel.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Moose Horn mine, Elk lake (Am. Journ., 
Sci., XXXVII, 170). 

Analysis of timiskamite by Ellsworth (Walker, Am. Journ. Sci., 
XXXVII, 170). 

As S Ni Co Fe Bi Sp. Gr. 

46-34 1-03 49-07 1-73 tr. 0-55—98-72 7-901 

Titanite. 

(Silico-titanate of calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Titanite, in the form of small yellow crystals, is a common constituent 
of the granite of the Coast range (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County.— Bedford, 19-VII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 299). 

Hastings County.— Monteagle, 24, 25-VI (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 98A). 

Lanark County.— Bathurst, 20-IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 15L): in honey- 
yellow crystals in North Burgess: embedded in loganite in North 
Elmsley (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62, 63T): it is also found in South 
Sherbrooke. 

Renfrew County. — Titanite is found in clove-brown or chocolate- 
brown crystals in the Grenville of Island D, Lake Clear: Sebasto- 
pol, 31-X (G.S.C., 1882-84, 7L); 32-XII (Pr. Com. F. D. Adams): 
Ross, 7-1, 7-IX (G.S.C., 1882-4, 5, 8L). 



225 



TI. 



QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Argenteuil (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62T); and 

Grenville (Geol. Can., 1863, 503). 
Brome County. — Titanite occurs in amber coloured grains and small 

crystals in the trachytic rocks of Brome mountain (G.S.C., N.S, 

IV, 62T). 
Iberville County. — Titanite occurs in the diorites of Mount Johnson 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62T). 
Ottawa County. — Titanite occurs in fine crystals in Buckingham, 

Hull (G.S.C., N.S., IV, Hull, 12a-XIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 

299): 62T): Templeton, 9-V; and Wakefield, 7-1 (G.S.C., 1880- 

82, 13 GG). 
Pontiac County. — Fine, lustrous contact twins of black titanite have 

been found with orthoclase, scapolite, pyroxene, and calcite in 

Litchfield, 21-XI (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 17R). 
Shefford County.— Shefford mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62T). 
Yamaska County. — Yamaska mountain (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 62T). 



Analyses of Titanite. 





1 


2 


3 


Si0 2 


30-58 

41-41 

1-35 

2-55 

22-55 
0-29 


31-83 

40-00 

tr. 

28-31 
0-40 


32-09 


Ti0 2 


37-06 


Fe 2 Os 




A1,0, 




FeO 


116 


CaO 


28-50 


MgO 




Ign 


0-66 








98-73 


100 00 


99-47 


Sp. Gr 




3-495 









1. From Renfrew by Busz (Jb. Min. Beil, 5, 341, p. 87). 

2. From Grenville by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 503). 

3. From Grenville by Harrington (G.S.C., 1877-78, 28G). 



TO. 226 

Topaz. 

(Fluo-silicate of aluminum.) 

ALBERTA.— 

Topaz has been observed in the gravel of a small river to the west of 
Jasper House, Jasper Park (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 18R). 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Cariboo Mining Division. — Topaz is found associated with large 
plates of mica at Mica mountain, Tete Jaune Cache (Pr. Com. 
W. J. Sutton). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Topaz occurs either as crystalline masses or as indi- 
vidual crystals ranging from those of minute dimensions to others 
having a diameter of three-quarters of an inch. The colour of 
these is generally milk-white, but in a few cases small translucent 
crystals of a smoke-grey colour have been observed in association 
with quartz, wolframite, molybdenite, and cassiterite in the 
neighbourhood of the mouth of Burnt Hill brook, South-west Mira- 
michi river (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 13, 14). See also 
"Topaz in New Brunswick," Ellsworth (Mineralogical Magazine, 
XVII, No. 78, p. 39). 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Topaz has been observed by E. S. Moore 
in some of the hornblende syenite of the Sturgeon Lake gold field 
(Ont. Bur. Min., 1911, 155). 



Tourmaline. 

(Hydro-boro-silicate of aluminum, iron, magnesium, etc.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Tourmaline-bearing quartz occurs on 

Fry creek, northeast end of Kootenay lake (Pr. Com. W. F. Robert- 
son and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Tourmaline is found in pegmatite at 

the west side of Salmon river, south of Salmo (Pr. Com. W. F. 

Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Skeena Mining Division. — Tourmaline has been noted in metamor- 

phic rocks near Prince Rupert (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Tourmaline occurs between the Slocan 

Crossing and Slocan lake on the Slocan River railway (G.S.C., N.S., 

XI, 164A). 



227 TO. 

MANITOBA.— 

Tourmaline occurs in the schists of Windigo, Lac du Bonnet, and with 
mica near Nelson House (Pr. Com. R. C. Wallace). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Tourmaline occurs in various granitic districts throughout the province 

(Pr. Com. H. Piers). 
Annapolis County. — Fine crystals of tourmaline occur in quartz 
near Paradise (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 149M). 

ONTARIO.— 

Tourmaline is of common occurrence in the rocks of the Grenville 

system. The crystals are generally black in colour, but brown 

coloured ones are not unknown. The following are some of the 

localities from which good specimens have been taken: — 
Addington County. — Verona (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Carleton County. — Fitzroy Harbour (Geol. Can., 1863, 493). 
Frontenac County.— Bedford, 17 -IV (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 299). 
Hastings County.— Madoc (Geol. Can., 1863, 493): Tudor, 34-11 

(G.S.C., 1882-84, 9L): Wollaston, 14-VI, 16-XII (G.S.C., Mem. 

6, 215). 
Lanark County.— North Burgess (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T): Bathurst, 

18-IV (Geol. Can., 1863, 493): Pakenham. 
Leeds County.— Charleston lake (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T): Yeo island, 

Thousand Islands (G.S.C., N.S., III, 67S). 
Peterborough County. — Galway, and Stoney lake in Bummer (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 63T). 
Renfrew County.— Blithfield near High Falls; Ross, 27-111 (Ont. 

Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 

QUEBEC— 

As in Ontario, tourmaline occurs frequently in rocks of the Grenville 

series: — 
Argenteuil County. — Brown crystals of tourmaline occur in Chatham, 

10-XI: Argenteuil and Grenville (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T): Lachute 

(Pr. Com. F. D. Adams). 
Maskinonge County. —Hunterstown (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T). 
Ottawa County.— Hull, 18-XIV: Villeneuve, 31-1 (Pr. Com. T. L. 

Walker) : handsome specimens of pink and green tourmaline from 

Wakefield, 25-VII (G.S.C., N.S., XVI, 229A); 26-VII. 
Pontiac County. — Tourmaline occurs in crystals of a high degree of 

perfection at Calumet Falls in Litchfield (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T): 

Clarendon (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T). 



TR. 228 

Travertine. 

(Colette.) 

(Carbonate of calcium.) 
ALBERTA.— 

Banff Park: one-quarter mile west of Brule lake, Jasper park, in 
pale brown, stalactitic masses. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Ainsworth Mining Division. — Travertine is found at different points 

in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 
Clinton Mining Division. — Travertine, in process of formation with 

leaf impressions, occurs in a small cave near the town of Clinton 

(Pr. Com. W. F. Sutton). 
Peace River Mining Division. — A large deposit from springs near 

Hudson Hope (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson. 
Slocan City Mining Division. — Travertine is found at many points 

in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Slocan Mining Division. — Travertine is found at many points in 

this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson and Wm. Thomlinson). 
Windermere Mining Division. — Travertine is found at different 

points in this division (Pr. Com. W. F. Robertson). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Colchester County. — Calcareous tufa deposited on moss has been 
found at a spring at Upper Stewiacke (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

ONTARIO.— 

Deposits from calcareous springs, the material of which is in some 
instances hard and solid, at other times porous and tufaceous, 
are abundant in many parts of western Ontario, being met with 
in the counties of Grey, Oxford, Simcoe, Wellington, Wentworth, 
York, etc. (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T). 

Tremolite. 

(Amphibole.) 
(Silicate of magnesium and calcium.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Tremolite is found with calcite at 

the Deadwood Camp (G.S.C., N.S., XIII, 22R). 
Nanaimo Mining Division. — Tremolite occurs in connexion with 

the copper ores on Texada island (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 
Vancouver Island. — Tremolite has been noted in several localities 
on Vancouver island, associated with limestone as a product of 
contact metamorphism (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 



229 TR.-TU. 

ONTARIO.— 

Tremolite is abundant in the Grenville limestone. The following are 

some of the localities at which it may be found : — 
Hastings County.— Lake, 8-V (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Frontenac County. — Clarendon, 37-VII: Kennebec (G.S.C., N.S., 

IX, 53R): Bedford, 5-1 1; Loughborough, 1-X (Mines, Min. Br., 

118, 299). 
Lanark County.— Bathurst, 26-XII (G.S.C, N.S., IX, 53R): North 

Burgess (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 
Renfrew County. — Algona (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T): Bagot; Blith- 

field, 22, 23-IV: Ross, 23-IV (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 53R). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Hull. 

Pontiac County. — Alleyn, 4-II (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 299): tremo- 
lite is abundant in the Grenville limestone at Calumet Falls, 
Litchfield (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T). 
Saguenay County. — Tremolite is found in the limestone of the 
Mushalagan river (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 241L). 

Triphylite. 

{Phosphate of lithium, iron, and manganese). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Triphylite has been found, according to Mr. 
H. Piers, near Lake Ramsay, New Ross (Department of the Museum, 
Halifax, 1906, 93). 

Tungstite. 

{Oxide of tungsten.) 

Tungstite is generally met with in more or less abundance at the 
different scheelite localities. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nelson Mining Division. — Massive tungstite with small druses 
lined with minute crystals of the same mineral occurs with gold 
and wolframite at the Kootenay Belle mine, near Salmo (Pr. Com. 
T. L. Walker). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Meymacite is found at times in some little quantity 
accompanying the scheelite found in Marlow, I- VII (G.S.C, N.S., 
VII, 14R). 



TU.-UR. 230 

Turgite. 

(Hydrated oxide of iron.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Turgite occurs with brown hematite at Tenny- 
cape (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63T). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County.— Madoc (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 
Lanark County.— North Burgess (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 
Analysis of turgite from Tennycape by How (Phil. Mag., Ser. 4, 
XXXVII, p. 268). 

Fe 2 0« H 2 

94-49 5-51—100-00 

Ulexite. 

{Hydrated borate of calcium and sodium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Ulexite occurs with cryptomorphite, howlite, 
mirabilite, halite, aragonite, and selenite at Brookville; Clifton 
Quarry; Newport Station; Three Mile Plains, and Wentworth 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 63, 64T). 

Analysis of ulexite by How (Phil. Mag., Ser. 4, Vol. XXXV, pp. 36-37, 
andAm.Journ. Sci., Vol. XXXII, p. 9). 

B 2 0, CaO Na 2 H 2 

44-10 14-20 7-21 34-49—100-00 

Ullmannite. 

(Sulph-antimonide of nickel.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Timiskaming District. — Cobalt, O'Brien mine. 

Uraconite. 

(Sulphate of uranium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Haliburton County. — Uraconite was observed lining minute cavities 
in magnetite in Snowdon, 20-1 (G.S.C., 1873-74, 205). 

Hastings County. — Uraconite occurs lining fissures in magnetic iron 
ore in Madoc, 11-V (G.S.C., N.S., II, 11T). 



231 UR. 

Uralite. 

(Amphibole derived from the alteration of pyroxene.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Good examples of uralite have been found in 
Templeton, 23-XIII, and elsewhere in this county. For analyses 
and descriptions of these occurrences see Harrington (G.S.C, 
1877-78, 20G). 

Uraninite. 

(Gummite.) 

(Hydrous urano-silicate of lead, iron, calcium, etc.) 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Uraninite has been found at the Villeneuve Mica 
mines, Villeneuve, 31-1 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 64T): minor quantities 
occur with orthoclase, albite and quartz, tourmaline, etc., in a 
pegmatite vein in Wakefield, 25-VII (G.S.C, N.S., XVI, 229A). 
Saguenay County. — Uraninite has been found associated with mer- 
chantable muscovite, biotite, and zircon in pegmatite dykes at the 
mica mine 18 miles north of Murray bay (Pr. Com. T. L. 
Walker). Sp. Gr. 9-055, Villeneuve Mineral by Hoffmann (G.S.C, 
N.S., II, 10T). 

Analysis of uraninite by Hillebrand (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 
XLII, 390-393). 

Uoi Uo 2 Th0 2 Zr0 2 Ce0 2 La (Group) Y(Group) CaO PbO H 2 
41-06 34-67 6-41 ? 0-40 1-11 2-57 0-39 11-27 1-47 

N Si0 2 Insol. Fe 2 O s Bi 2 O s 
0-86 0-19 0-13 0-10 0-09—100-72 

Uranochre. 

(See Uraconite.) 
(Sulphate of uranium.) 

Uranophane. 

(Hydrated silicate of uranium and calcium.) 
QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County. — Uranophane is found associated with gummite, 
uraninite, tourmaline, apatite, spessartite, etc., in a coarse peg- 
matite vein, which traverses grey garnetiferous gneiss in Vil- 
leneuve, 31, 32-1 (G.S.C, N.S., XII, 16R). 



UV.-VA. 



232 



Uvarovite. 

(Garnet.) 
(Silicate of aluminum, calcium, and chromium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Lardeau Mining Division. — Upper Arrow lake. 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County.— Buckingham, 24-XII (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker): 
uvarovite is found associated with calcite, apatite, tourmaline, 
and vesuvianite in Wakefield, 29-IV (G.S.C., 1877-78, 26G). 
Sherbrooke County. — Uvarovite occurs in granular masses or inter- 
spersed with millerite in white crystalline calcite in Orford, 6-XII 
(Geol. Can., 1863, 497). 



Analyses of Uvarovite. 






1 


2 


SiOt 


37-50 

18-65 

107 

4-95 

36-13 

0-52 

0-48 


36-65 


Al 2 Os 


17-50 


Fe 2 O t 




FeO 


4-97 


CrjOi 


6-20 


CaO 


33-20 


MgO 


0-81 


I en 


0-30 








99-30 


99-63 


Sp. Gr 


3-542 





1. From Wakefield, by Harrington (Can. Nat., Ser. 2, IX, 305). 

2. From Orford by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 497). 

Valentinite. 

(Oxide of antimony.) 
NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Valentinite is found at the Stibnite mine at West 
Gore (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 

QUEBEC- 
WOLFE County. — Valentinite is found with native antimony, stibnite, 
senarmontite, and kermesite in veins in argillite in South Ham, 56-1 
(G.S.C, N.S., IV, 80K). 



233 VE.-VI. 

Vesuvianite. 

(Silicate of calcium, aluminum, etc.) 
BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Nanaimo Mining Division. — Vesuvianite occurs in fine specimens at 

Marble bay, Texada island. 

ONTARIO.— 

Vesuvianite is found in the crystalline limestones of the province. The 
following are some of the more important localities: — 

Frontenac County. — Bedford and Clarendon (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 211). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Vesuvianite occurs in yellow crystals with 
garnet, pyroxene, and zircon in calcite in Grenville (G.S.C., N.S., 
IV, 64T): and Harrington (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 102A): and in scat- 
tered crystals with mica and apatite in dykes of white granite in 
Wentworth, 23-VII (G.S.C., N.S., XII, 23J). 

Megantic County. — Vesuvianite occurs in masses and minute crystals 
of bright pink colour at the Montreal Chromite pit, Black lake 
(Pr. Com. R. P. D. Graham). 

Ottawa County. — Vesuvianite occurs in quartzose rock in Templeton, 
16, 17 -XII: and in small green prisms in Wakefield, XIV-I 
(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T). 

Pontiac County. — Good specimens of vesuvianite have been found 
with tourmaline at Calumet Falls, Litchfield (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Charlotte County. — Massive, green idocrase occurs at Charley cove, 
Frye island (G.S.C., N.S., III, 76S). 

Analysis of vesuvianite from Montreal Chromite pit, Black lake, by 
R. P. D. Graham, McGill University (Pr. Com.). 

Si0 2 A1 2 3 CaO FeO MnO MgO Na 2 K 2 
36-77 20-05 37-47 0-65 0-20 2-69 2-88 0-21—100-92 

Vivianite. 

(Hydrated phosphate of iron.) 
NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Queens County. — Vivianite is found in small quantities in heavy 
beds of clay on the banks of the St. John river 4 miles above 
Grand river (G.S.C., N.S., X, 18M). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Antigonish County. — Vivianite occurs in small amounts at Anti- 
gonish (G.S.C., N.S., 114P). 

16 



VI.-WA. 234 

QUEBEC— 

Stanstead County. — A bright blue, earthy vivianite occurs in a bed 
of laminated clay in Hatley, 25-11 (G.S.C., N.S., XI, 17R). 

Vaudreuil County. — A bright blue vivianite has been found under- 
lying a bed of bog-iron ore at Cote St. Charles (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 
64T). 

YUKON.— 

Earthy forms of vivianite have been observed near the Ramparts of 
Porcupine river (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T);and also in the Yukon 
River valley, about 40 miles above Fortymile creek (G.S.C., 
N.S., VII, 100A). 

Voigtite. 

(Biotite.) 

(Silicate of aluminum, iron, magnesium, potassium, etc.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Shelburne County. — Voigtite is found associated with staurolite 
and garnet in mica schist at North-east harbour (G.S.C., N.S., V, 
65R). 

Wad. 

(Hydrated oxide of manganese.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Trail Creek Mining Division. — Wad is found in small amounts at 
the Curlew vein, Rossland. 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

Albert County. — Wad occurs in considerable abundance at Dawson 
settlement (G.S.C., N.S., V, 51AA). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Small deposits of wad occur in many localities in this province: — 
Cape Breton County. — Gabarus (Pr. Com. H. Piers): Lewis bay 

(G.S.C., N.S., IV, 65T): south side of Grand Mira (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Colchester County. — Londonderry, Martin Brook mines (G.S.C., N.S., 

IV, 65T). 
Cumberland County. — Hebert river; Malagash Point (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers): Parrsboro (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 65T); Rose (Pr. Com. H. 

Piers). 
Halifax County. — Near Chain lake, Halifax; Lower Sackville; 

Sheet harbour (Watt Section) (Pr. Com. H. Piers). 



235 WA.-WE. 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County.— Madoc, 4-V (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 
Thunder Bay District. — Wad occurs mixed with iron ochre on the 
northeast shore of Thunder bay (Ont. Bur. Min., 1900, 211). 

QUEBEC— 

Beauce County. — Aubert-Gallion; Ste. Marie and Tring (G.S.C., 

N.S., IV, 64T). 
Brome County. — Bog manganese has been met with in Bolton (G.S.C, 

N.S., IV, 64T). 
Stanstead County.— Stanstead (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 64T). 

Wernerite. 

(Chloro- silicate of calcium, aluminum, and sodium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Scapolite is of frequent occurrence in the Grenville of this province. 
Some of the more important localities are: — 

Frontenac County. — Bedford, 30- VI (Bobs Lake mine); 6-VIII 
(Mines, Min. Br., 118, 296, 297): Eel lake (Johns Hopkins Cir- 
cular No. 112, May, 1894): Hinchinbrooke, Bobs lake (Pr. Com. 
T. L. Walker). 

Haliburton County. — Cardiff, 7-V: Glamorgan, east of Maxwells 
Crossing, south side of Burnt river: Lutterworth (Paxton Iron 
mines), Monmouth, 28-XIV (G.S.C., Mem. 6, pp. 211-212). 

Hastings County. — Faraday, 26-B (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 211): good crys- 
tals are found in Monteagle, 24, 25-VI (G.S.C., N.S., VII, 98A). 

Peterborough County. — Burleigh, 12-V (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 212). 

Lanark County.— Bathurst, 20- IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 15L): North 
Burgess, 13-V (Baby mine); 1-VIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 296). 

Leeds County. — Lansdowne, 20-VII. 

Renfrew County. — Algona township, Golden lake: Sebastopol town- 
ship, Turner island in Lake Clear (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 65T): 
Ross, 7-1; 13-V I; 7 -IX (G.S.C., 1882-84, 5, 6 and 8L). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Augmentation of Grenville, 3-1 1 1: Grenville, 
16-11 (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 65T): Harrington, 18-11. 

Maskinonge County. — Hunterstown (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 65T). 

Ottawa County. — Hull, 10-XI (Nellie and Blanche mine); 6-XVI 
(Horseshoe mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 296): Low, 31-IX: 
Portland (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 65T): Ripon, 13-VIII (G.S.C, 
1877-78, 32G): Templeton, 13-XII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 296): 
Templeton, 14, 21-XII (G.S.C, 1877-78, 31G): Wakefield (G.S.C, 
1882-84, 19L): Wright, 6-A (Chaibee mine) (Mines, Min. Br., 
118, 296). 

Pontiac County. — A lilac coloured scapolite occurs on Calumet 
island (G.S.C, N.S., IV, 65T): Litchfield, 21-XI. 



WE-WH. 



236 

Anaylses of Wernerite. 





1 


2 


Si0 2 


46-30 
26-20 

0-60 
12-88 


54-859 


A1 2 8 - 


22-448 


Fe 2 3 


0-486 


FeO 




CaO 


9-092 


MgO 


3-63 
2-88 
4-30 

2-80 


tr. 


K 2 


1-127 


Na 2 


8-365 


CI 


2-411 


S0 3 


0-796 


H 2 0(comb.) 


141 


H 2 0(hygr.) 


0-722 








99-59 


100-447 


Less 0= CI 




0-59 










99-857 


Sp. Gr 


2-640-2-667 


2-605-2-654 







1. From Perth, Ont. by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 474). 

2. From Ripon by Adams (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. XVII, 315- 
320). 



Whartonite. 

(Sulphide of iron and nickel.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Sudbury District. — This name has been applied by Dr. S. H. Em- 
mons (Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. XIV, 
No. 7) to one of the various nickeliferous iron sulphides found in 
this district. It is now regarded merely as a nickeliferous variety 
of marcasite. The principal localities are Denison, 12-11 and 
Drury, 1, 2-1 1. 



237 



WI. 



Wilsonite. 

(Altered scapolite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of aluminum, potassium, and magnesium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Frontenac County. — Loughborough, 7 -VIII (Foxton mine) (Ont. 
Bur. Min., 1900, 212). 

Haliburton County. — Lutterworth, 13-XIV (G.S.C., Mem. 6, 
p. 216). 

Lanark County. — Bathurst (Geol. Can., 1863, p. 483): North Bur- 
gess, 2-VIII (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 300); 2- IX (Ont. Bur. Min., 
1900, 212). 

QUEBEC- 
OTTAWA County.— Hull (G.S.C., 1877-78, 33G): Low, 35-IX: Port- 
land (G.S.C., 1882-84, 10J): Portland, East, 2-1 II: Gore of Tem- 
pleton 39 (Mines, Min. Br., 118, 300): Templeton, 10-IX, 23-XIII 
(G.S.C., 1877-78, 33G): Wakefield, 26-VI (Mines, Min. Br., 
118, 300). 

Analyses of Wilsonite. 



Si0 2 .. 
AUOs. 
MgO.. 
CaO.. 
K 2 0.. 
Na 2 0. 
H 2 0.. 

Sp. Gr 



47-50 


47-70 


31-17 


31-22 


4-25 


4-14 


1-51 


0-39 


9-22 


9-38 


0-82 


0-95 


5-50 


5-35 


99-97 


99-13 



2-76 



2-77 



1 and 2. From Bathurst, by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 483). 



WI-WO. 238 

Winkworthite. 

(Hydrated silicate, borate, and sulphate of calcium.) 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Hants County. — Winkworthite occurs in the form of embedded 
nodules in gypsum at Wentworth (old name Winkworth) (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 65T). 

Analysis of winkworthite by How (Phil. Mag., Ser. 4, XLI f 
270). 

SiO a B 2 8 S0 3 CaO H 2 

4-98 (14-37) 31-51 31-14 18-00 —100-00 

Witherite. 

(Carbonate of barium.) 
ONTARIO.— 

Carleton County. — Crystallized specimens of witherite are found 

in Nepean (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 
Thunder Bay District. — Witherite occurs with calcite, quartz, and 
fluorite as a prominent constituent of a veinstone carrying native 
silver and argentite at the Porcupine mine, Gillies township 
(G.S.C., N.S., III, 71H). 

Wolframite. 

(Tungstate of iron and manganese.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Fort Steele Mining Division. — St. Mary river (Journ. Can. Min. 

Inst., XI, 1908, 369). 
Nelson Mining Division. — Wolframite occurs with tungstite and 
scheelite at the Kootenay Belle mine, Sheep creek (Journ. Can. 
Min. Inst., XI, 1908, 368). 

NEW BRUNSWICK.— 

York County. — Wolframite is found with topaz, tinstone, etc., near 
the mouth of Burnt Hill brook, South West Miramichi river (Mines, 
G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1911, 362). 

NOVA SCOTIA.— 

Lunenburg County. — Wolframite is found near Lake Ramsay, New 
Ross (Mines, G.S.Br., Sum. Rep., 1907, 82). 

ONTARIO.— 

Ontario County. — Wolframite was found by the late Professor E. J. 
Chapman in a boulder on the west side of Chief island, Lake 
Couchiching (Geol. Can., 1863, 503). 



239 

Analyses of Wolframite. 



WO. 





1 


2 


wo 5 


73-45 
1-95 
9-05 

15-35 1 

0-20 


74-90 


Nb 2 3 




FeO 


17-75 


MnO 


2-75 


CaO 


1-52 


MgO 


2-66 


Si0 2 


1-02 








100-00 


100-60 


Sp. Gr 


6-938 


7-137 



1. From Lake Couchiching by Hunt (Geol. Can., 1863, 503). 

2. From Kootenay Belle mine, Nelson Mining Division, by Walker, 

(Mines, Min. Br., No. 25, p. 38), and (Journ. Can. Min. Inst., 
XI, 1908, 368, 369). 



Wollastonite. 

{Silicate of calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Clayoquot Mining Division. — Wollastonite has been noted at 
Nootka sound (Pr. Com. W. J. Sutton). 

ONTARIO.— 

Lanark County. — Fibrous wollastonite occurs with mica, pyroxene, 
quartz, and other minerals in the crystalline limestones of North 
Burgess (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T) : and North ElmsUy. 
Leeds County.— Bastard (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 

QUEBEC— 

Wollastonite is found in the Grenville series of this province. Some 
of the more important localities are: — 

Argenteuil County. — Wollastonite occurs in the gangue material of 
a graphite deposit in Grenville, 10-V (G.S.C., M.R.C., No. 877, 15). 

Ottawa County. — This mineral also occurs with blue calcite in Wake- 
field, 7-1 (G.S.C., 1880-82, 13 GG). 

Terrebonne County. — St. Jerome, Morin (Geol. Can., 1863, 465). 



WO.-YU. 



240 



YUKON.— 

Wollastonite occurs with the copper ores of Whitehorse (Pr. Com. W. 
J. Sutton). 

Analysis of wollastonite from Grenville by Bunce (Hunt, Geol. Can., 
1863, 465). 

Si0 2 CaO FeO Sp. Gr. 

53-05 45-74 1-20—99-99 2-89—2-92 

Xenotime. 

{Phosphate of yttrium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Nipissing District. — Xenotime occurs in a coarse granite vein 
composed of quartz, feldspars, muscovite, and biotite cutting 
hornblendic gneiss in Calvin (G.S.C., N.S., IX, 13, 14R). 

Yenite. 

(Syn. Ilvaite.) 
(Hydrous silicate of calcium and iron.) 

Yukonite. 

(Hydrated arsenate of calcium and iron.) 

YUKON.— 

West side of Windy arm of Tagish lake, Tyrrell and Graham (Trans. 
R.S.C., Vol. VII, Sec. 4, p. 1). 

Analyses of Yukonite. 





1 


2 


CaO 


10-00 
35-72 
34-06 
20-28 


10-14 


Fe 2 O s 

As 2 6 


36-81 
33-83 


H 2 


20-28 








100-06 


101-06 



Analyses by Graham, loc. cit. 



241 ZL 

Zinc Blende. 

(Syn. Sphalerite.) 
(Sulphide of zinc.) 

Zinc Spinel. 

(Syn. Gahnite.) 
(Aluminate of zinc.) 

Zircon. 

(Silicate of zirconium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Slocan Mining Division. — Zircon occurs in small, but very well 
developed crystals with fluorite, feldspar, etc., in pegmatite at 
Wilson creek. 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Zircon occurs in the nepheline syenite of Dun- 

gannon, 12, 13-XI (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. Ill, 1894, XL VIII, pp. 

10 and 14). 
Renfrew County. — Remarkably fine specimens of this mineral have 

been found in Sebastopol, 31-X (G.S.C., 1882-84, 7L): Brudenell 

(G.S.C., 1882-84, 15L): Ross, at Muskrat lake (Pr. Com. T. L. 

Walker): Westmeath, 13-1 (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 238A). 
Thunder Bay District. — Zircon occurs in the syenite of Pic island, 

Lake Superior (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 

QUEBEC— 

Argenteuil County. — Zircon occurs in reddish-brown crystals, some- 
times half an inch in diameter, in association with wollastonite, 
pyroxene, graphite, etc., in Grenville, 10-V (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 

Ottawa County. — This mineral is sometimes found in fine crystals 
in the apatite veins of Buckingham: Hull and Templeton (G.S.C., 
N.S., IV, 66T): Portland West (High Rock mine) (Pr. Com. T. L. 
Walker): Templeton, 12, 21-XII, 21, 23-XIII (Mines, Min. Br.. 
118, 300): Wakefield (G.S.C., 1882-84, 19L). 

Terrebonne County. — Small, brownish crystals of zircon with tour- 
maline are found in granitic veins which traverse gneiss on the 
North river, St. Jerome (G.S.C., N.S., IV, 66T). 

Saguenay County. — Zircon is found with muscovite at the Mica 
mine, 18 miles north of Murray Bay (Pr. Com. T. L. Walker). 



ZO. 242 

Zoisite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

BRITISH COLUMBIA.— 

Greenwood Mining Division. — Zoisite constitutes one of the gangue 
minerals of the copper ores of Summit camp (G.S.C., N.S., XV, 
123A). 

ONTARIO.— 

Hastings County. — Zoisite occurs in very small individuals in a 

comparatively unaltered blue limestone in Carlow, 8-VIII (G.S.C., 

Mem. 6, 216). 

Sudbury District. — Zoisite occurs as a secondary mineral in the 

upper Huronian rocks of this division (G.S.C., N.S., XIV, 57H). 

QUEBEC— 

Terrebonne County. — Zoisite occurs with epidote, calcite, etc., in 
the anorthosites of New Glasgow (G.S.C., N.S., VIII, 102J). 

Zonochlorite. 

{Hydrous silicate of aluminum and calcium.) 

ONTARIO.— 

Thunder Bay District. — Nipigon bay, Lake Superior. — This material 
first described by Foote (Rep. Amer. Assoc., Vol. XXI, p. 65) 
has since been shown by Hawes (Am. Journ. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. X, 
24-26) to be simply prehnite (G.S.C., N.S., III, 77S). 



243 



PART II. 



Names of Municipal and Mining Divisions and 

Localities in which Minerals Occur, Arranged 

Alphabetically under Provinces and 

Territories. 



Alberta. 



Athabaska River. — Asphaltum, 
Gypsum, Petroleum, Sulphur 
(native). 

Bankhead. — Coal. 

Battle River. — Ironstone. 

Beaver creek, North Saskatch- 
ewan river. — Ironstone. 

Belly river. — Nail-head-spar. 

Blairmore. — Analcite, Coal. 

Bow river. — Gold in placers. 

Canmore. — Coal. 

Cascade Creek. — Chalcopyrite. 

Castle mountain. — Chalcopyrite, 
Galena. 

Coleman. — Coal. 

Copper mountain. — Bornite, Chal- 
copyrite, Sphalerite. 

Costigan. — Coal. 

Crowsnest lake. — Almandite, An- 
dradite. 

Edmonton. — Halloysite (smectite). 

Elbow river, South Saskatche- 
wan river. — Epsomite, Fibro- 
ferrite, Silicified wood. 

Elk river. — Coal. 

Frank. — Coal. 

Jasper House, Jasper Park. — 
Topaz in gravels. 



Johnson creek. — Chalcopyrite. 

Labutte. — Gypsum. 

La Saline, Athabaska river. — 

Halite, Sulphur (native). 
Lethbri dge . — Coal . 
Li vingstone . — Coal . 
Medicine Hat. — Coal. 
McLeod river. — Gold in placers. 
Moose mountain. — Coal. 
Nikanassin. — Coal. 
Oldman river. — Gold in placers. 
Panther creek. — Bornite. 
Peace river. — Gold in placers, 

Petroleum, Pyrite in nodules. 
Pincher creek. — Petroleum. 
Red Deer river. — Ironstone, 

Sphalerite. 
Rocky river, Jasper Park. — 

Chert. 
Ross coulee. — Silicified wood. 
Saskatchewan river. — Gold in 

placers. 
Smoky river, Peace river. — 

Sal ammoniac, Sulphur (native). 
Taber. — Coal. 
Vermdlion (Falls and Fort). — 

Ironstone. 
Vermilion Pass. — Galena. 



244 
British Columbia. 



AINSWORTH MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Duncan lake. — Quartz. 

Fry Creek. — Tourmaline. 

Glengarry mine. — Sphalerite. 

Hamill creek. — Garnet. 

Kaslo river. — Azurite. 

Liddle creek. — Altaite. 

Skyline mine. — Argentite, Cala- 
mine. 

True Blue Mining claim. — 
Melaconite. 

United mine. — Sphalerite. 

U. S. mine. — Sphalerite. 

Various localities. — Gold, Silver, 
Sphalerite, Travertine. 

ALBERNI MINING DIVISION. 

Alberni Canal. — Andradite, II- 

vaite. 
Great Central lake. — Stibnite. 
Sechart Channel. — Cinnabar, 

Mercury. 
Uchucklesit. — Actinolite. 

ASHCROFTMINING DIVISION. 

Lytton. — Nephrite. 

McLean lake. — Chert. 

Nicoamen Plateau. — Agate, Chal- 
cedony. 

Savona mountain. — Opal. 

Spatsum. — Alunogen, Anhydrite, 
Gypsum, Kaolinite. 

Spence Bridge. — Gypsum. 

ATLIN MINING DIVISION. 

Atlin. — Hydromagnesite, Jasper. 
Bennett lake. — Stibnite. 
Birch Creek. — Actinolite, Chal- 
copyrite, Magnesite. 



Boulder creek. — Actinolite, Mag- 
nesite. 

Chilkat river. — Chalcopyrite. 

Consolation creek. — Chert. 

Golden Gate. — Gold. 

Hackett creek. — Chalcopyrite. 

Locality ?. — Hubnerite. 

Ruby Creek. — Actinolite, Magne- 
site. 

Surprise lake. — Gold. 

Table Mountain. — Linarite. 

Various localities. — Copper (na- 
tive), Galena, Gold, Sphalerite. 

William creek. — Magnetite. 

BELLAKULA MINING 
DIVISION. 

Dean Canal. — Bornite, Chalcopy- 
rite, Graphite. 

Ellerslie channel. — Chalcopy- 
rite. 

CARIBOO MINING DIVISION. 

Barker ville. — Galena. 
Blackwater river. — Infusorial 

earth. 
Grant brook. — Alunogen. 
Hardscrabble creek. — Scheelite. 
Tete Jaune Cache. — Beryl, Cya- 

nite, Muscovite, Topaz. 
Two Sisters mountain. — Chert. 
Various streams. — Placer gold. 

CLAYOQUOT MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Sidney inlet. — Chalcocite. 
Nootka sound. — Wollastonite. 
Sidney inlet. — Bornite, Chalco- 
cite. 
Tafino inlet. — Bornite. 



245 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

CLINTON MINING DIVISION. 

Bonaparte river. — Chabazite, 
Chalcanthite, Chrompicotite (dia- 
mondiferous), Hexahydrite, Hya- 
lite, Olivine, Tennantite. 

Big Bar. — Nitre. 

Cariboo Road, 108-Mile House. — 
Hydromagnesite. 

Clinton. — Hematite, Travertine. 

Chilcotin river. — Chalcanthite, 
Melanterite. 

Hat creek. — Chert. 

Junction valley. — Chrysotile. 

Loon lake. — Infusorial earth. 

Natron lake. — Natron. 

Watson Bar creek. — Native Ar- 
senic, Arsenolite. 

FORT STEELE MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Bull river. — Erythrite, Hematite. 
Cranbrook. — Chalcopyrite. 
Fernie. — Hematite. 
Flathead river. — Petroleum. 
Little Nigger creek. — Altaite. 
Luke creek. — Tetrahedrite. 
Moyie. — Cerussite, Pyromorphite. 
North Star mine. — Silver. 
St. Mary river. — Wolframite. 
Steele. — Azurite. 

GOLDEN MINING DIVISION. 

Deception creek. — Jamesonite. 

Golden. — Cinnabar. 

Ice river. — Cancrinite, Chalcocite, 
Hydronephelite, Ilmenite, Mus- 
covite, Nephelite, Schorlomite, 
Sodalite. 

Jubilee mountain. — Chalcocite. 

Kicking Horse valley. — Damour- 
ite, Dolomite. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Mount Stephen. — Calcite, Galena. 
Ottertail creek. — Cookeite. 
Vermont creek. — Jamesonite. 

GRAND FORKS MINING 
DIVISION. 

Franklin Camp. — Pyrargyrite. 
Granby. — Calcite, Chalcopyrite, 

Pyrite. 
Waterloo. — Stephanite. 

GREENWOOD MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Copper creek. — Copper (native), 
Cuprite, Malachite, Marcasite. 

Greenwood. — Proustite, Pyrargy- 
rite. 

Jewel mine. — Argentite. 

Kettle river. — Bismuthinite, 
Jamesonite, Magnesite, Marcas- 
ite, Platinum. 

King Solomon mine. — Azurite, 
Chrysocolla, Lampadite. 

Long Lake. — Altaite, Hessite, Pet- 
zite. 

Midway. — Analcite. 

Phoenix. — Chalcopyrite. 

Summit. — Zoisite. 

Various localities. — Bornite, 
Chalcocite, Epidote, Tennantite, 
Tremolite. 

KAMLOOPSMINING DIVISION. 

Adams lake. — Barite. 

Barrett creek. — Arsenopyrite. 

Blair creek. — Alunogen. 

Copper creek. — Bornite, Chal- 
copyrite, Chert, Pyroxene, Stib- 
nite, Tiemannite. 

Craigellachie. — Freibergite. 

Duffy creek. — Dolomite (auri- 
ferous). 



246 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Fapear creek. — Clinochlore. 

Grande Prairie. — Andradite, 
Molybdenite. 

Kamloops. — Agate, Chalcedony, 
Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, Col- 
umbite, Magnetite. 

Little Shuswap lake. — Bismuth- 
inite. 

North Thompson river. — Cyanite, 
Gypsum. 

Salmon river. — Anhydrite, Gyp- 
sum, Stilbite. 

Savona mountain. — Agate, Chal- 
cedony. 

Stump lake. — Hyalite. 

Tranquille. — Platinum. 

Various localities. — Actinolite in 
copper deposits. 

LARDEAU MINING DIVISION. 

Ferguson. — Platinum, Sphalerite. 

Locality ?. — Cassiterite. 

Upper Arrow lake. — Calcite, 
Uvarovite. 

Various localities. — Chalcopy- 
rite, Galena, Gold, Tetrahedrite. 

LIARD MINING DIVISION. 

Lower canyon. — Galena. 
Thibert creek. — Platinum. 

LILLOOET MINING DIVISION. 

Cadwallader creek. — Stibnite. 

Fountain creek. — Alunogen. 

Foster Bar. — Andradite, Horn- 
blende, Stibnite. 

Lillooet. — Awaruite, Molybdenite. 

Watkinson. — Magnetite, Tetrahe- 
drite. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

NANAIMO MINING DIVISION. 

Campbell river. — Bog Iron ore. 

Comox. — Clay Ironstone. 

Cumberland. — Native copper. 

Homathco river. — Bornite, Cin- 
nabar. 

Mount Lehman. — Bog Iron ore. 

Nanaimo. — Amber, Coal, Copper 
(native), Halite. 

Quadra island. — Chalcocite. 

Read island. — Metacinnabarite. 

Tatlayokolake. — Hematite, Stib- 
nite. 

Texada island. — Andradite, Chal- 
cocite, Chalcopyrite, Erythrite, 
Gold, Grossularite, Limonite, 
Magnetite, Molybdenite, Silver, 
Tellurium, Tetrahedrite, Tremo- 
lite, Vesuvianite. 

Upper Campbell lake. — Lode- 
stone. 

Valdez island. — Chalcocite, Cop- 
per (native), Quartz, Sylvanite. 

West Redonda island. — Magnet- 
ite. 

NELSON MINING DIVISION. 

Crawford bay. — Hematite. 

Creston. — Erythrite. 

Eureka mine. — Azurite, Malachite. 

Fivemile point. — Fluorite. 

Hidden creek. — Garnet. 

Kitchener. — Hematite. 

Lost creek. — Molybdenite. 

Pend d'Oreille river. — Corun- 
dum. 

Salmo. — Tourmaline, Tungstite. 

Sheep creek. — Calamine, Schee- 
lite, Wolframite, Garnet, Molyb- 
denite. 

Slocan crossing. — Magnetite. 

Staghorn mountain. — Aragonite. 



247 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Summit creek. — Cyanite. 

Toad mountain. — Argentite, Born- 

ite, Chalcopyrite, Stromeyerite. 
Various localities. — Epidote, 

Tetrahedrite. 

NEW WESTMINSTER MINING 
DIVISION. 

Nicoamen. — Magnetite. 
Port Kells. — Limonite. 
Riverside. — Infusorial earth. 
Salmon Arm. — Molybdenite. 
Silver creek. — Iron ochre. 

NICOLA MINING DIVISION. 

Aspen Grove. — Bornite, Chalce- 
dony, Chalcopyrite, Copper (na- 
tive), Pyroxene. 

Guichon creek. — Chalcopyrite. 

Iron mountain. — Chalcopyrite, 
Malachite. 

Merritt. — Coal, Gypsum, Iron- 
stone. 

Quilchena creek. — Chert, Coal. 

OMINECA MINING DIVISION. 

Birch creek. — Galena. 
Boulder creek. — Galena. 
Driftwood mines (Thirkelson's 

claims) . — Bornite. 
Fort St. John. — Epsomite, Mira- 

bilite. 
Germansen Landing. — Dolomite, 

Magnesite. 
Groundhog mountain. — Coal. 
H azelton. — Siderite, Tetrahedrite. 
Hudson Bay mountains. — Bornite, 

Silver (native), Tetrahedrite. 
Kitsalas river. — Chalcocite. 
Nechako river. — Amber. 
Ootsa lake. — Chalcedony. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Rocher-de-boule mine. — Barn- 

hardite. 
Silver creek. — Arquerite. 
Silver Bell mine. — Jamesonite, 

Stibnite. 
Telkwa river. — Chalcopyrite. 
Vital creek. — Arquerite. 

OSOYOOS MINING DIVISION. 

Cathedral mountain. — Hubner- 
ite. 

Hedley. — Arsenopyrite, Chalcopy- 
rite, Gold. 

Kruger mountain. — Petzite. 

Nickel Plate mountain. — Axin- 
ite, Erythrite. 

Osoyoos lake. — Epsomite, Hessite. 

PEACE RIVER MINING 
DIVISION. 

Hudson Hope. — Travertine. 
Peace river. — Amber. 



PORTLAND CANAL 
DIVISION. 



MINING 



Bear river. — Anthraxolite. 

QUATSINO MINING 
DIVISION. 

Cape Commerell. — Pyrite. 
Kyuquot Sound. — Alunite. 
Quatsino Sound. — Bog Iron ore. 

QUEEN CHARLOTTE MINING 
DIVISION. 

Alden island. — Native arsenic. 

Cumshewa. — Galena. 

Graham island. — Amber, Chalce- 
dony, Coal, Grossularite, Ozocer- 
ite, Petroleum. 



248 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 
JEDWAY. — LODESTONE. 

Moresby island. — Gold. 
Skidegate inlet. — Clay Ironstone. 
Skincuttle inlet. — Chalcopyrite, 

Magnetite. 
Tar islands. — Maltha. 

QUESNEL MINING DIVISION. 

Big Sioux claims. — Copper (na- 
tive). 

Dease lake. — Iridosmine. 

Harvey creek. — Siderite. 

Horsefly river. — Aragonite, Bar- 
ite, Copper (native), Leucite, 
Opal, Sphaerosiderite, Strontian- 
ite. 

Nazco. — Nitre. 

Quesnel. — Amber, Clay ironstone, 
Infusorial earth, Monazite, Plat- 
inum. 

Twentymile creek. — Copper 
(native). 

REVELSTOKE MINING 
DIVISION. 

Illecillewaet. — Actinolite, Born- 
ite, Chalcopyrite, Galena, Lepid- 
olite, Magnetite, Quartz (rock 
crystal). 

SIMILKAMEEN MINING 
DIVISION. 

Agate mountain. — Semi-opal, Sil- 
icified wood. 

ASHNOLA RIVER. CalcitC 

Granite creek. — Gypsum. 

Olivine mountain. — Chromite (di- 
amondiferous), Chrysotile, Cor- 
undum, Gold, Olivine, Platinum. 

Princeton (Copper mountain). — 
Chalcanthite, Magnetite. 

Tulameen river. — Iridosmine, 
Platinum. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

SKEENA MINING DIVISION. 

Ecstal river. — Pyrite. 

Iliances river. — Allophane. 

Naas river. — Coal. 

Observatory inlet. — Pyrargyrite. 

Prince Rupert. — Albite, Tourma- 
line. 

Skeena river. — Almandite, Coal, 
Chalcopyrite, Halite. 

SLOCAN CITY MINING 
DIVISION. 

Calumet mine. — Barite. 
Hekla claim. — Barite. 
Lemon creek. — Argentite. 
Myrtle claim. — Barite. 
Ottawa mine. — Barite. 
Springer CREEK.-Argentite, Scheel- 

ite, Silver (native), Stephanite. 
Tenmile creek. — Covellite, Prous- 

tite. 
Various localities. — Travertine. 

SLOCAN MINING DIVISION. 

Beaver mountain. — Anglesite, Li- 
narite, Quartz, Siderite. 

Carpenter creek. — Tetrahedrite, 
Stibnite. 

Eightmile creek. — Arsenic (na- 
tive) , Arsenopyrite. 

Fourmile creek. — Opal, Heuland- 
ite. 

Great Bear lake. — Anglesite, 
Silver. 

Hauser creek. — Smithsonite. 

Liddle creek. — Tetradymite. 

Reco mine. — Jamesonite. 

Robin Mining claim. — Barite. 

Silverton. — Gersdorffite, Pyrargy- 
rite. 



249 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Slocan lake. — Tourmaline, Gar- 
net, Staurolite. 

Standard mine. — Aragonite. 

Various localities. — Antimony 
(native), Cerussite, Freibergite, 
Galena, Sphalerite, Sylvanite, 
Travertine. 

Whitewater mine. — Siderite, Te- 
trahedrite. 

Wilson creek. — Calcite, Zircon. 

STIKINE MINING DIVISION. 
Stikine river. — Almandite, Born- 
ite. 

TRAIL CREEK MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Monte Christo mountain. — Dan- 
aite, Erythrite. 

Rossland. — Apophyllite, Arseno- 
pyrite, Chalcopyrite, Gersdorffite, 
Gmelinite, Heulandite, Laumon- 
ite, Molybdenite, Natrolite, Pre- 
hnite, Wad. 

Various localities. — Epidote, 
Gold. 

TROUT LAKE MINING DIVI- 
SION. 
Gainer creek. — Aragonite. 
Poplar creek. — Arsenopyrite. 
Trout lake. — Chalcopyrite. 
Various localities. — Galena. 

VANCOUVER MINING DIVI- 
SION. 
Burrard inlet. — Sphalerite. 
Howe sound. — Bornite, Chalcopy- 
rite. 
Jervis inlet. — Chalcopyrite. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

VERNON MINING DIVISION. 

Armstrong. — Chiastolite, Cyanite. 
Cherry creek. — Freibergite. 
Ok an AG an lake. — Gypsum. 
Vernon. — Chalcanthite. 

VICTORIA MINING DIVISION. 

Cowichan. — Barite. 
Koksilah. — Arsenic (native). 
Mount Buttle. — Molybdenite. 
Mount Sicker. — Barite. 
Pender island. — Nitrogen. 
Saltspring island. — Halite. 
Sansum narrows. — Chalcopyrite. 
Sooke. — Hematite, Magnetite. 



WINDERMERE MINING DIVI- 
SION. 

Various localities. — Travertine. 



YALE MINING DIVISION. 

Boston Bar. — Cinnabar. 
Forge mountain. — Chrysocolla. 
Hope. — Arsenopyrite, Freibergite, 

Mercury. 
Salmon river. — Steatite. 
Skuzzy creek. — Muscovite. 
Spuzzum creek. — Molybdenite. 



250 



Manitoba. 



Assiniboine river. — Marcasite. 

Black island. — Hematite. 

Big George island. — Magnetite 
(Magnetic sand). 

Brandon hills. — Bog Iron ore. 

Cat head. — Dolomite. 

Cedar lake. — Amber (Chemawin- 
ite), Dolomite. 

Cross lake. — Muscovite. 

Dawson bay. — Dolomite. 

Grass River District. — Jasper. 

Lake Manitoba. — Copper (native), 
Halite, Jasper. 

Lake St. Martin. — Gypsum. 

Lake Winnipegosis. — Chert, Ha- 
lite, Marcasite. 

Little Playgreen lake. — Moly- 
bdenite. 

Loon lake. — Epidote. 

Manigotagan river. — Magnetite. 

Nelson House. — Galena, Tour- 
maline. 



Ochre river. — Petroleum. 

Partridge Crop lake. — Anhy- 
drite. 

Pembina river. — Clay Ironstone. 

Pemmican island. — Marcasite. 

Pipestone lake. — Arsenopyrite, 
Barite, Chalcopyrite. 

Red River valley. — Gypsum. 

Rice lake. — Gold, Jasper, Pyrite. 

Star lake. — Arsenopyrite, Gold. 

Sugar island. — Copper (native). 

Township 32, range 8, West of 
principal Meridan. — Anhy- 
drite. 

Township 24, range 28, West of 
1st Meridian. — Melanterite. 

Turtle mountain. — Lignite. 

Various localities. — Lignite, Py- 
rite. 

Vermilion river. — Petroleum. 

Wanipigow lake. — Galena. 

Windigo. — Tourmaline. 



New Brunswick. 



ALBERT COUNTY. 

Alma. — Alunite, Bornite, Chalco- 
cite, Chalcopyrite. 

Cape Enrage. — Chalcocite. 

Dawson Settlement. — Bog Man- 
ganese, Wad. 

Elgin. — Bornite, Chalcopyrite, Psi- 
lomelane, Pyrolusite. 

Hillsboroug h. — Alabaster, Al- 
bertite, Anhydrite, Gypsum. 

Meldona. — Bog Manganese. 

Sawmill Creek. — Bog Manganese. 

Various localities. — Petroleum. 

CARLETON COUNTY. 
Bull creek. — Chalcopyrite. 
St. John river. — Gold. 
Woodstock. — Bog Manganese, Ga- 
lena, Graphite, Hematite, Siderite. 



CHARLOTTE COUNTY. 

Adams island. — Dolomite. 

Beaver Harbour. — Epidote. 

Campobello island. — Galena. 

Chamcook lake. — Epidote. 

Clarke head. — Chalcopyrite. 

Crow Harbour island. — Chalco- 
cite. 

Deer island. — Fluorite. 

Dumbarton. — Graphite. 

Frye island. — Dolomite, Fluorite, 
Vesuvianite (Idocrase). 

Gasperau Station. — Actinolite. 

Grand Man an ISLAND.-Amethyst, 
Barite, Copper (native), Jasper. 

Lepreau. — Dolomite, Magnetite. 

L'Etang island. — Dolomite. 

Letite. — Pyrrhotite. 



251 



NEW BRUNSWICK. 

Lynnfield. — Bog Manganese. 

Magaguadavic river. — Galena. 

Mascareen. — Chalcocite, Chal- 
copyrite, Copper (native), Pyr- 
rhotite. 

Moore Mills. — Bog Manganese, 
Chiastolite, Garnet, Staurolite. 

New River. — Epidote, Orthoclase. 

Pennfield. — Molybdenite. 

St. Andrews Peninsula. — Calcite. 

St. James. — Andalusite. 

St. Stephen. — Actinolite, Molyb- 
denite, Pyrrhotite, Serpentine. 

Various localities. — Malachite. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

Belledun e. — Calcite (Iceland 

spar). 
Beresford. — Galena. 
Caraquet. — Coal. 
Clifton. — Coal, Hematite. 
Millstream. — Galena, Magnetite. 
Nipisiguit river. — Chalcocite, 

Molybdenite. 
Tetagouche river. — Chalcopy- 

rite, Pyrolusite. 

KENT COUNTY. 

Beersville. — Coal. 
Kouchibouguac river. — Bog Iron 

ore. 
Liverpool. — Bog Iron ore. 
Richibucto. — Bog Iron ore, Bog 

Manganese. 

KINGS COUNTY. 

Bull Moose hill. — Bog Iron ore, 

Bog Manganese. 
Cape Meringouin. — Anhydrite. 
Clifton. — Orthoclase. 
Darling lake. — Agate, Carnelian, 

Chalcedony. 



NEW BRUNSWICK. 

Dickie mountain. — Galena. 

Dunsinane. — Coal. 

Hammond river. — Galena. 

Hampton. — Agate, Carnelian, Chal- 
cedony, Jasper. 

Jordan mountain. — Pyrolusite. 

Kars. — Chalcopyrite. 

Kingston. — Epidote. 

Land's End. — Orthoclase. 

M arkh am ville. — Dolomite. 

Mechanic Settlement. — Infusor- 
ial earth. 

N o r t o N. — Albertite, Chalcocite, 
Galena. 

Piccadilly mountain. — Anhy- 
drite. 

Pleasant lake. — Infusorial earth. 

Quispamsis. — Galena. 

Springfield. — Chalcocite, Chalco- 
pyrite. 

Sussex. — Gypsum, Hematite. 

Sussex Vale. — Bog Iron ore. 

Upham. — Galena, Gypsum, Pyrolu- 
site. 

Westfield. — Chalcopyrite, Epi- 
dote. 

NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY 

Champlain island. — Iron ochre. 
Diatom lake. — Infusorial earth. 
Dungarvon river. — Coal. 
Miramichi river. — Chalcopyrite, 

Galena. 
Rogerville. — Bog Iron ore. 

QUEENS COUNTY. 

Chipman. — Bog Iron ore. 
Golding Landing. — Ankerite. 
Grand lake. — Coal. 
St. John river. — Vivianite. 
Washademoak river. — Agate, 
Carnelian, Chalcedony. 



252 



NEW BRUNSWICK. 

RESTIGOUCHE COUNTY. 

Dalhousie. — Agate, Amethyst, 
Carnelian, Chalcedony, Heulan- 
dite, Prehnite. 

Upsalquitch river. — Amethyst. 

ST. JOHN COUNTY. 

Black river. — Chalcocite, Chal- 

copyrite, Hematite. 
Goose creek. — Bornite, Chalcopy- 

rite. 
Grand Bay. — Epidote. 
Lake Fitzgerald. — Infusorial 

earth. 
Lancaster. — Sphalerite, Tetrahe- 

drite. 
Lorneville. — Serpentine. 
Marble Cove mine. — Graphite. 
Nerepis valley. — Siderite. 
Portland. — Serpentine. 
Quaco. — Gypsum, Pyrolusite. 
St. John City. — Dolomite. 
Various localities. — Malachite. 
West Beach. — Magnesite. 

SUNBURY COUNTY. 

Burton. — Bog Iron ore. 

M auger ville. — Bog Iron ore. 

Oromocto river. — Coal. 



NEW BRUNSWICK. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. 

Plaster Rock. — Gypsum. 
Tobique river. — Agate, Carnelian, 
Chalcedony. 

WESTMORLAND COUNTY. 

Beech Hill. — Fluorite. 
Beli ve au. — Albertite. 
Dorchester. — Azurite, Chalcocite, 

Chalcopyrite. 
Dover. — Maltha, Petroleum. 
Gouldville. — Barite, Galena. 
Memramcook. — Petroleum. 
Petitcodiac. — Selenite. 
Salisbury. — Gypsum. 
Various localities. — Malachite. 

YORK COUNTY. 

Beaver Dam Settlement. — Bog 
Iron ore. 

Burnt Hill Brook. — Cassiterite, 
Malybdenite, Topaz, Wolframite. 

Canterbury. — Garnet. 

Harvey Station. — Fluorite. 

Lybster's Mills. — Fluorite. 

Nashwaaksis river. — Coal. 

Prince William. — Antimony (na- 
tive), Jamesonite, Kermesite, Stib- 
nite. 

Queensbury. — Bog Iron ore, Bog 
Manganese. 



North West Territories. 



Admiralty inlet. — Prehnite. 
Albert harbour. — Almandite, 

Copper (native). 
Arctic islands. — Coal. 
Baffin island. — Graphite. 
Baring island. — Hematite. 
Bathurst island. — Hematite. 
Big island. — Hornblende. 
Buffalo river. — Chalcopyrite. 



Byam-Martin island. — Hematite. 
Churchill river. — Lazulite. 
Copper mountain. — Copper (na- 
tive), Prehnite. 
Corbett inlet. — Chalcopyrite. 
Cumberland sound. — Graphite. 
Cyrus Field bay. — Coccolite. 
Davis strait. — Graphite. 



253 



NORTH WEST TERRITORIES. 

Dubawnt lake. — Amethyst, Fluo- 

rite. 
Echo bay. — Hematite. 
Frobisher bay. — Apatite, Cocco- 

lite. 
Great Bear lake. — Chalcopyrite, 

Erythrite, Galena, Hematite, Hy- 

dromagnesite. 
Great Slave lake. — Erythrite, 

Jasper, Sulphur (native). 
Hudson strait. — Phlogopite. 
Les Isles du Large. — Hematite. 
Liard river. — Chert, Ironstone. 
Mackenzie river. — Ironstone, 

Lignite, Thenardite. 



NORTH WEST TERRITORIES. 

Mactavish bay. — Hematite. 
Nastapoka islands. — Ankerite, 

Siderite. 
North bay. — Graphite. 
Peel river. — Ironstone. 
Prince Regent inlet. — Hematite. 
Princess Royal island. — Jasper. 
Rae river. — Apatite. 
Rocher Rouge bay. — Hematite. 
"Rock by the Riverside." — 

Gypsum. 
Salt river. — Halite. 
Slave river. — Gypsum. 
Trail point. — Ironstone. 
Various localities. — Asphaltum. 



Nova Scotia. 

ANNAPOLIS COUNTY. ANTIGONISH COUNTY. 



Chute cove. — Apophyllite, Helio- 
trope, Heulandite. 

Clementsport. — Magnetite. 

Gates mountain. — Natrolite. 

H ampton. — Apophyllite. 

Kennington Cove. — Talc. 

Margaret ville.— Apophyllite, 
Copper (native), Epistilbite, Mor- 
denite, Natrolite, Stilbite, Thomp- 
sonite. 

Marti als cove. — Analcite. 

Nictaux. — Magnetite. 

North mountains. — Heulandite, 
Mesolite. 

Paradise. — Quartz, Tourmaline. 

Peter point. — Laumonite. 

Port George. — Mesolite, Natro- 
lite, Stilbite. 

St. Croix Cove. — Heulandite, Lau- 
monite. 

Torbrook. — Hematite, Magnetite. 

Various localities. — Amethyst. 

Wilmot. — Bog Iron ore. 



Addington Forks. — Chalcocite. 

Afton. — Bog Manganese. 

Antigonish. — Vivianite. 

Antigonish Harbour. — Alabaster, 
Halite, Gypsum. 

Arisaig. — Galena, Gieseckite, Pin- 
ite. 

Brierly Brook. — Chalcocite, Chal- 
copyrite. 

Doctors Brook. — Hematite. 

Frenchman Barn. — Gieseckite. 

James river. — Gypsum. 

Lochaber. — Bornite, Chalcopyrite, 
Hematite, Infusorial earth, Lim- 
onite. 

McNeil brook. — Hematite. 

Ogden cliffs. — Gypsum. 

Ohio river. — Chalcopyrite, Gyp- 
sum. 

Polson lake. — Chalcopyrite, Py- 
rite, Siderite. 

Pomquet river. — Bog Manganese, 
Chalcocite. 



254 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

St. Joseph. — Chalcocite. 
South lake. — Chrysolite (Olivine). 
Springhill. — Hematite. 
Upper South River. — Bornite. 



CAPE BRETON COUNTY. 

Barachois. — Hematite. 
Barachois Harbour. — Pyrrhotite. 
Barachois mountain. — Magne- 
tite. 
Beechmont. — Chalcopyrite. 
Boisdale. — Hematite. 

BOULARDERIE ISLAND. — Gypsum. 

Cape Dauphin. — Coal. 

Cape Percy. — Coal. 

Catalone lake. — Chrysotile, In- 
fusorial earth. 

Christmas Island. — Graphite. 

Eagle HEAD.-Chalcopyrite, Molyb- 
denite, Steatite. 

East Bay. — Gypsum. 

French Road. — Chalcopyrite. 

French vale. — Graphite. 

Gabarus. — Hematite, Wad. 

George river. — Chalcopyrite, Dol- 
omite. 

George River mountain. — 
Hematite. 

Gillies Lake. — Hematite. 

Glace Bay. — Coal, Halotrichite, 
Melanterite. 

Grand Mira. — Bog Manganese. 

Indian bay. — Coal. 

Leitches Creek. — Pyrrhotite. 

Lewis. — Wad. 

McAdam Lake. — Galena. 

Mira. — Hematite, Magnetite. 

MORIEN BAY. — Coal. 

Salmon River. — Galena. 
Steels Crossing. — Galena. 
Sydney river. — Celestite. 



nova scotia. 

COLCHESTER COUNTY. 

Bass river. — Barite. 

Beaver Brook. — Anhydrite. 

Black Rock. — Manganite. 

Cobequid mountain. — Albertite. 

Debert river. — Coal. 

Earltown lake. — Infusorial earth. 

East river. — Barite. 

Gays River. — Galena. 

Gerrish mountain. — Magnetite. 

Gulley lake. — Infusorial earth. 

Johnstons Road Crossing. — Sul- 
phur (native). 

Little Tatamagouche river. — 
Hematite. 

Londonderry. — Aragonite, Barite, 
Bog Manganese, Calcite, Hema- 
tite, Limonite, Siderite, Sidero- 
plesite, Wad. 

Lower Five Islands. — Mountain 
Cork. 

Macintosh lake. — Infusorial 
earth. 

Middle Stewiacke. — Barite. 

Moose island. — Gypsum. 

New Annan. — Covellite. 

Old Barns. — Gypsum, Limonite. 

Onslow. — Psilomelane, Pyrolusite. 

Oli ver. — Chalcocite. 

Pinnacle island. — Chabazite. 

Salmon river. — Coal, Pyrolusite. 

Shubenacadie river. — Anhydrite. 

Stewiacke river. — Coal, Traver- 
tine. 

Various localities. — Magnetite. 

Wasson Bluff. — Pyrolusite. 

Waugh river. — Chalcocite. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

Amherst head. — Gypsum. 
Atkinson. — Barite. 
Barkus brook. — Anhydrite. 
Bass River LAKE.-Infusorial earth. 



255 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Bennetts brook. — Apophyllite, 
Cuprite. 

Black brook. — Barite. 

Blue Sea Corner. — Chalcocite, 
Galena. 

B rook ville . — He matite. 

Canfield creek. — Gypsum, Li- 
monite, Selenite. 

Cape d'Or. — Analcite, Apophyllite, 
Chabazite, Copper (native), Cu- 
prite, Heulandite, Natrolite, 
Scheelite, Stilbite. 

Cape Spencer. — Hematite. 

Chisholm creek. — Chalcocite. 

Clarke head. — Ankerite, Prehnite. 

East river. — Hematite. 

Farmington. — Arsenopyrite. 

Five Islands. — Andalusite, Barite, 
Chabazite, Chalcopyrite, Copper 
(native), Heubachite, Natrolite. 

Folly lake. — Infusorial earth. 

Fountain lake. — Infusorial earth. 

Fullerton lake. — Limonite. 

Horse Shoe cove. — Stilbite. 

Isle Haute. — Apophyllite, Heu- 
landite. 

Joggins. — Coal. 

McKay head. — Analcite. 

M al ag ash Point. — Chalcopyrite, 
Wad. 

Nappan. — Chalcocite. 

Parrsboro. — Bog Manganese. 

Partridge island. — Acadialite, 
Amethyst, Analcite, Calcite, Cha- 
bazite, Chert, Heulandite, Jasper, 
Stilbite, Stilpnomelane. 

Philip river. — Gypsum, Selenite. 

Pudsey point. — Iron ochre. 

River Hebert. — Bog Manganese, 
Wad. 

Rose.— Wad. 

Roslin. — Chalcocite. 

Salem. — Pyrolusite. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Spencer Island. — Copper (native), 
Cuprite, Heulandite. 

Springhill. — Alunogen, Coal, Pe- 
troleum, Selenite. 

Swan creek. — Acadialite, Analcite, 
Apophyllite, Calcite, Chabazite, 
Heulandite, Natrolite. 

Two Islands. — Acadialite, Agate, 
Analcite, Apophyllite, Bornite, 
Calcite, Carnelian, Chabazite, 
Chalcedony, Gismondite, Helio- 
trope, Heulandite, Malachite, 
Martite, Natrolite, Scheelite, Stil- 
bite. 

Wallace harbour. — Gypsum. 

Wasson bluff. — Chabazite. 

Wentworth. — Bog Iron ore, Chal- 
cocite. 

Westchester. — Bog Manganese. 

DIGBY COUNTY. 

Briar island. — Jasper. 

Cape cove. — Chalcopyrite. 

Digby gut. — Analcite. 

Digby neck. — Agate, Amethyst, 
Analcite, Carnelian, Chabazite, 
Chalcedony, Hematite, Heulan- 
dite, Magnetite, Martite. 

Long island. — Chlorite. 

Meteghan River. — Infusorial 
earth. 

Mink Cove. — Chabazite, Heulan- 
dite. 

North mountain. — Martite. 

Pace lake. — Quartz. 

St. Mary bay. — Iserine, Jasper, 
Laumonite. 

Sandy Cove. — Agate, Carnelian, 
Chabazite, Chalcedony, Laumon- 
ite, Quartz. 

Waterford. — Heulandite. 

William brook. — Analcite, Chaba- 
zite, Heulandite. 



256 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

GUYSBOROUGH COUNTY. 

Canso road. — Bornite, Chalcopy- 

rite. 
Canso strait. — Coal. 
Country Harbour. — Cassiterite. 
Dover Harbour. — Almandite. 
East Roman valley. — Chalcopy- 

rite. 
Erinville. — Hematite. 
Melrose. — Hematite. 
Salmon river. — Galena, Staurolite. 
Sherbrooke. — Octahedrite. 
Smithfield. — Galena. 
Various localities. — Gold. 

HALIFAX COUNTY. 

Beaver Dam. — Andalusite. 
Bedford. — Molybdenite. 
Black brook. — Bog Iron ore. 
Chain lake. — Infusorial earth, 

Wad. 
Dartmouth. — Graphite. 
Dartmouth lake. — Infusorial 

earth. 
Gays river. — Gypsum. 
Geizer's hill. — Andalusite, Chias- 

tolite. 
Grand lake. — Infusorial earth. 
Guysborough Road. — Pyrite. 
Halifax. — Iolite (Cordierite), Wad. 
Hammond Plains. — Molybdenite. 
Lower Sackville. — Wad. 
Montague. — Arsenopyrite. 
Mooseland. — Rutile. 
Moose river. — Scheelite. 
Musquodoboit Harbour. — Fluor- 

ite, Galena. 
Musquodoboit river. — Gypsum, 

Infusorial earth, Kaolinite, Pyro- 

lusite. 
Newcomb Corner. — Bog Iron ore. 
Preston Road. — Bog Iron ore, 

Limonite. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

St. Margaret Bay road. — 
Amethyst. 

Ship Harbour road. — Bog Iron 
ore. 

Scheelite. — Scheelite. 

Stillwater Brook. — Scheelite. 

Tangier. — Cassiterite. 

Various localities. — Bog Man- 
ganese, Wad. 

Watt Section of Sheet Harbour. 
— Bog Manganese. 

Waverley. — Arsenopyrite. 

HANTS COUNTY. 

Avondale. — Halite, Mirabilite. 

Black brook. — Goethite. 

Brookville. — Howlite. 

Cambridge. — Hematite. 

Chester. — Iolite (Fahlunite). 

Cheverie. — Anhydrite, Halite, 
Gypsum, Petroleum, Pyrolusite. 

Clifton. — Prehnite. 

Clifton quarry. — Mirabilite, 
Ulexite. 

Douglas. — Psilomelane. 

Dutch Settlement. — Gypsum, 
Selenite. 

Grand lake. — Hematite. 

Hantsport. — Gypsum. 

Hebert river. — Anhydrite, Gyp- 
sum. 

Horn Settlement. — Selenite. 

Kennetcook Corners. — Pyrolu- 
site. 

Mines ville. — Pyrolusite. 

Mount Denison. — Anhydrite. 

Mount Uniacke. — Arsenopyrite. 

Newport. — Anhydrite,Halite,How- 
lite, Pickeringite, Ulexite. 

Noel lake. — Anhydrite, Howlite. 

Pembroke. — Barite. 

Rawdon. — Stibnite. 

Selma. — Limonite. 



257 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Sevenmile Plain. — Pyrite. 

Shubenacadie. — Goethite. 

Tennyc ape. — Calcite, Limonite, 
Manganite, Pyrolusite, Turgite. 

Threemile plain. — Ulexite. 

Various localities. — Psilomelane. 

Walton. — Barite, Goethite, Gyp- 
sum, Manganite, Pyrolusite. 

Wentworth (old name Wink- 
worth) . — H owlite , Ulexite, Wi nk- 
worthite. 

West Gore. — Antimony, Kermes- 
ite, Stibnite, Valentinite. 

Windsor. — Anhydrite, Cryptomor- 
phite, Epsomite, Gypsum, Halite, 
Howlite, Iolite (Fahlunite), Sel- 
enite. 

INVERNESS COUNTY. 

Ainslie. — Barite. 

Big Brook. — Graphite. 

Brigand brook. — Talc. 

Broad cove. — Coal, Galena. 

Cape Rouge. — Barite, Fluorite. 

Cheticamp. — Chalcopyrite, Galena, 

Gypsum, Selenite. 
Chimney Corner. — Coal, Iron 

ochre. 
Denys river. — Infusorial earth. 
Emerald. — Hubnerite. 
Faribault brook. — Pyrrhotite, 

Sphalerite. 
Glendale. — Graphite. 
Grand cove. — Asphaltum. 
Inhabitants river. — Coal. 
Judique. — Barite. 
Lake Ainslie. — Infusorial earth, 

Iron ochre, Petroleum. 
Mabou. — Anhydrite, Barite. 
Mackenzie river. — Silver. 
M argaree. — Gypsum. 
Plaster island. — Anhydrite. 
Pleasant Bay. — Galena, Pyrite. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Port Hood. — Coal. 
Scott ville. — Chalcopyrite. 
Wagamatcook. — Bismuth (native). 
Whycocomagh. — Dolomite, Mag- 
netite, Malacolite. 

KINGS COUNTY. 

Black rock. — Centrallassite, Cer- 

inite, Heulandite, Prehnite. 
Canada Creek. — Amethyst. 
Cape BLOMiDON.-Agate, Amethyst, 

Analcite, Apophyllite, Carnelian, 

Chalcedony, Dolomite, Gypsum, 

Heulandite, Louisite, Mesolite, 

Natrolite, Stilbite. 
Cape Split. — Agate, Carnelian, 

Chalcedony, Natrolite, Steeleite, 

Thompsonite. 
Coldbrook station. — Bog Iron 

ore. 
Halls Harbour. — Heulandite, 

Sphaerostilbite, Stilbite. 
Horton mountain. — Pyrolusite. 
Kempt lake. — Infusorial earth. 
Long island. — Jasper. 
Long point. — Heulandite. 
Morden. — Heulandite, Mordenite. 
New Canaan. — Iron ochre. 
North Alton river. — Pyrolusite. 
North Mountain. — Magnetite, 

Thompsonite. 
Prospect. — Pyrolusite. 
Ross creek. — Quartz. 
Scott bay. — Apophyllite, Rutile, 

Sagenite. 
Sheffield Vault. — Analcite. 
South mountain. — Pyrolusite. 
Stronach brook. — Natrolite. 
The Race. — Apophyllite. 
Various localities. — Gypsum. 
Victoria Harbour. — Laumonite, 

Stilbite. 
Woodworth cove. — Jasper. 



258 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

LUNENBURG COUNTY. 

Chester. — Quartz. 

Chester Basin. — Iron ochre. 

Dalhousie Road Settlement. — 
Almandite. 

East Chester. — Iron ochre. 

Houey lake. — Scheelite. 

Larder river. — Fluorite. 

Lahave. — Pyrite. 

New Ross. — Beryl, Cassiterite, 
Chalcopyrite, Columbite, Dur- 
angite, Eosphorite, Fluorite, Hub- 
nerite, Kaolinite, Lepidolite, Li- 
monite, Manganite, Molybdenite, 
Monazite, Opal, Pyrolusite, 
Quartz, Scheelite, Sphalerite, Tri- 
phylite, Wolframite. 

Sherbrooke lake. — Almandite. 

Various localities. — Kaolinite, 
Gold. 



PICTOU COUNTY. 

Albion mines. — Chalcopyrite. 
Ben lake. — Infusorial earth. 
Black brook. — Infusorial earth. 
Bridgeville. — Barite, Bog Iron 

ore, Bog Manganese, Goethite, 

Manganite, Pyrolusite. 
Cariboo. — Chalcocite. 
East river. — Goethite, Hematite, 

Limonite, Pyrolusite. 
Ferrona Junction. — Anhydrite, 

Gypsum. 
Eden Lake. — Infusorial earth. 
Forbes lake. — Infusorial earth. 
French River. — Bog Iron ore. 
Hodson. — Barite. 
John river. — Albertite, Chalcocite. 
McDonald brook. — Ironstone. 
McKay lake. — Infusorial earth. 



HOVA SCOTIA. 

McLellan mountains. — Hema- 
tite. 

New Lairy. — Chalcopyrite. 

Piedmont. — Bog Manganese. 

St. Marys. — Ironstone. 

Sixmile Brook. — Chalcopyrite. 

Springville. — Bog Iron ore, Li- 
monite, Pyrolusite. 

Stellarton. — Coal, Stellarite. 

Sundridge. — C halcocite . 

Sutherland brook. — Hematite, 
Siderite. 

Thoburn. — Petroleum. 

Upper Barney River. — Infusorial 
earth. 

Vale.— Coal. 

Various localities. — Clay Iron- 
stone. 

West river. — Hematite, Ironstone. 

Westville. — Coal. 

QUEENS COUNTY. 

Broad river. — Andalusite. 

C ALE doni A. — Arsenopyrite. 

Fifteenmile brook. — Scheelite. 

Malaga. — Cassiterite, Gold, Schee- 
lite. 

Various localities. — Gold, Gyp- 
sum, Malachite. 

RICHMOND COUNTY. 

Arichat. — Galena. 
Campbell point. — Bornite. 
Cleveland. — Magnetite. 
Grand Anse. — Hematite. 
L'Archeveque. — Barite. 
Loch Lomond. — Barite, Chalcopy- 
rite, Hematite, Pyrolusite. 
Plaster cove. — Fluorite. 
River Bourgeoise. — Selenite. 
St. Peters. — Hematite. 



259 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

SHELBURNE COUNTY. 

Carleton. — Staurolite. 

Goose Neck point. — Andalusite. 

Jordan river. — Molybdenite, 

Staurolite. 
North-East Harbour. — Chlorite, 

Voigtite. 
Port Latour. — Andalusite. 
Pubnico harbour. — Staurolite. 
Red Head. — Andalusite, Staurolite. 
Shelburne. — Quartz. 
Shelburne harbour. — Alman- 

dite, Andalusite. 
South harbour. — Galena. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. 

Baddeck. — Baddeckite (Musco- 
vite). 

BOULDARDERIE CENTRE. — Pyrrho- 

tite. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Goose cove. — Anhydrite. 
Great Bras d'Or lake. — Anhy- 
drite. 
I on A. — Anhydrite. 
Lieutenant pond. — Anhydrite. 
New Campbellton. — Dolomite. 
Port Be vis. — Anhydrite. 
St. Anns. — Infusorial earth. 



YARMOUTH COUNTY. 

Brazil. — Almandite, Ilmenite. 
Chegoggin point. — Almandite, Il- 
menite. 
Lake George. — Almandite. 
Pubnico. — Andalusite. 
Yarmouth. — Andalusite. 



Ontario. 



ADDINGTON COUNTY. 

Anglesea. — Arsenopyrite, pyrrho- 

tite. 
Denbigh. — Graphite, Sulphur. 
Effingham. — Arsenopyrite (Dana- 

ite). 
Oso. — Hematite. 
Sheffield. — Molybdenite, Stib- 

nite. 
Verona. — Tourmaline. 

ALGOMA DISTRICT. 

Aberdeen. — Hematite. 
Aird island. — Muscovite. 
Batchewana bay. — Manganite. 
Bay of Islands. — Chalcopyrite, 
Erythrite. 



Bruce Mines. — Ankerite, Bornite 
Calcite, Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, 
Dolomite, Hematite. 

Cob den. — Apatite. 

Coffin. — Bornite. 

Deroche. — Hematite. 

Desbarats. — Erythrite. 

Echo Bay. — Limonite. 

Echo lake. — Bismuth (native), 
Stibnite. 

Gould. — Chalcocite. 

Graham. — Arsenopyrite. 

Lower Mattagami river. — Lim- 
onite. 

Massey mine. — Chalcopyrite. 

Otter. — Erythrite. 

Plummer. — Bornite. 

St. Joseph island. — Iron (native). 



260 



ONTARIO. 

Various localities. — Enstatite, 
Galena, Garnet, Gold, Huronite, 
Jasper, Malachite, Melanterite. 

Wallace mine. — Chalcopyrite, 
morenosite, rutile. 

BRANT COUNTY. 

Brantford. — Gypsum. 
South Dumfries. — Gypsum. 
Tuscarora. — Sulphatite. 

BRUCE COUNTY. 

Albemarle. — Sphalerite. 
Various localities. — Halite. 

CARLETON COUNTY. 

Fitzroy. — Bog Iron ore, Galena, 

Magnetite, Tourmaline. 
Huntley. — Apatite, Barite. 
March. — Barite, Bog Iron ore, 

Calcite, Microcline, Molybdenite. 
Marlborough. — Bog Iron ore, 

Limonite. 
Nepean. — Strontianite, Witherite. 
Ottawa. — Bytownite, Ilvaite. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 
Amherstburg. — Celestite, Chert. 
Detroit river. — Calcite, Celestite. 
M alden. — Fluorite. 

FRONTENAC COUNTY. 

Barrie. — Chalcopyrite, Jameson- 
ite, Magnetite, Meneghinite, 
Sphalerite, Stibnite, Tennantite. 

Bedford. — Apatite, Calcite, Ga- 
lena, Graphite, Hematite, Horn- 
blende, Magnetite, Microcline, 
Phlogopite, Pyrite, Pyroxene, 
Scapolite, Serpentine, Titanite, 
Tourmaline, Tremolite, Vesuvi- 
anite. 



ONTARIO. 

Clarendon. — Arsenopyrite, Bis- 
muthinite, Gold, Hematite, Jame- 
sonite, Steatite, Talc, Tremolite, 
Vesuvianite. 

Eel lake. — Wernerite. 

Hinchinbrooke. — Anhydrite, Apa- 
tite, Marcasite, Wernerite. 

Kennebec. — Tremolite. 

Kingston. — Anthraxolite, Celestite, 
Leucoxene. 

Loughborough. — Anhydrite, An- 
thraxolite, Apatite, Barytoceles- 
tite, Calcite, Datolite, Galena, 
Graphite, Gypsum, Hematite, 
Phlogopite, Pyrite, Tremolite, 
Wilsonite. 

Miller. — Bismuthinite, Molybden- 
ite, Muscovite. 

Mississippi. — Augite. 

Olden. — Galena, Pyrrhotite. 

Oso. — Magnetite. 

Palmerston. — Chalcopyrite, Mag- 
netite. 

Portland. — Hematite, Magnetite. 

South Canonto. — Hematite. 

Storrington. — Apatite, Barite, 
Calcite, Galena, Hematite, Mag- 
netite. 

Thirty-island lake. — Serpentine. 

GLENGARRY COUNTY. 
Lochiel. — Labradorite. 

GRENVILLE COUNTY. 
Charleston lake. — Pyrallolite. 

GREY COUNTY. 

Keppel . — Sphalerite . 
Owen Sound. — Celestite. 
Sydenham. — Iron ochre. 
Various localities. — Travertine. 



261 



ONTARIO. 

HALDIMAND COUNTY. 

North and South Cayuga. — 

Gypsum. 
Oneida. — Gypsum. 
Seneca. — Gypsum. 
Walpole. — Chert. 

HALIBURTON COUNTY. 

Cardiff. — Apatite, Biotite, Diop- 
side, Fluorite, Galena, Phlogo- 
pite, Sphalerite, Wernerite. 

Dudley. — Apatite, Magnetite. 

Dysart. — Apatite. 

Glamorgan. — Epidote, Hastings- 
ite, Magnetite, Wernerite. 

Harcourt. — Apatite, Biotite, 
Chondrodite, Epidote, Gedrite, 
Iolite (Cordierite), Molybdenite. 

Lutterworth. — Allanite, Andrad- 
ite, Galena, Graphite, Molybden- 
ite, Orthoclase, Wernerite, Wilson- 
ite. 

Minden. — Ilmenite, Magnetite, 
Pyrrhotite. 

Monmouth. — Apatite, Epidote, 
Phlogopite, Wernerite. 

Snowdon. — Actinolite, Limonite, 
Uraconite. 

Various localities. — Nephelite, 
Sodalite. 

Wilberforce. — Graphite. 

HALTON COUNTY. 

Esquesing. — Iron ochre. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. 

Bridgewater. — Galena. 
Carlow. — Corundum, Ilmenite, 
Magnetite, Pyroxene, Zoisite. 



ONTARIO. 

Dungannon. — Andradite, Biotite, 
Cancrinite, Corundum, Hastings- 
ite, Magnetite, Malachite, Molyb- 
denite, Muscovite, Nephelite, 
Orthoclase, Perthite, Sodalite, 
Zircon. 

Eldorado Copper mine. — Chal- 
cocite. 

Elzevir. — Actinolite, Antholite, 
Arsenopyrite, Galena, Hematite, 
Steatite, Talc. 

Faraday. — Apatite, Magnetite, 
Muscovite, Realgar, Scorodite, 
Wernerite. 

Grimsthorpe. — Steatite, Talc. 

Hastings Road. — Galena. 

Herschell. — Apatite, Biotite, 
Diopside, Orthoclase, Pyroxene. 

Hungerford. — Galena, Pyrite. 

Huntingdon. — Fluorite, Hematite, 
Limonite. 

Lake. — Galena, Tremolite. 

Limerick. — Annabergite, Erythr- 
ite, Fluorite, Galena. 

Madoc. — Actinolite, Antimony, Ar- 
senopyrite, Barite, Beryl, Bourno- 
nite, Chalcopyrite, Dufrenite, 
Erythrite, Fluorite, Franklinite, 
Galena, Gold, Hematite, Lode- 
stone, Magnetite, Malachite, 
Pyrite, Rutile, Smaltite, Stilpno- 
melane, Talc, Tetrahedrite, Tour- 
maline, Turgite, Uraconite, Wad. 

Marmora. — Arsenolite, Arsenopy- 
rite, Bournonite, Chalcopyrite, 
Epsomite, Fluorite, Gold, Graph- 
ite, Lepidomelane, Malachite, 
Meneghinite, Pyrite, Pyrrhotite, 
Serpentine, Stibnite. 

M aynooth. — Graphite. 

M ayo. — Chalcopyrite. 

Monte agle. — Apatite, Chabazite, 
Pyroxene, Titanite, Wernerite. 



262 



ONTARIO. 

Rawdon. — Arsenopyrite, Pyrallol- 
ite. 

Thurlow. — Bog Iron ore. 

Tudor. — Andradite, Arsenopyrite, 
Bismuth (native), Bismuthinite, 
Bismutite, Epidote, Galena, Mag- 
netite, Tourmaline. 

Various localities. — Melanterite. 

Wicklow. — Albite, Orthoclase. 

Wollaston. — Arsenopyrite, Mag- 
netite, Tourmaline. 

HURON COUNTY. 

Goderich. — Anhydrite. 
Various localities. — Halite. 

KENORA DISTRICT. 

Eagle lake. — Gold. 
Lake of the Woods. — Gold. 
Manitou lake. — Gold. 
Various localities. — Chlorite, 

Molybdenite. 
Wabigoon lake. — Gold. 

KENT COUNTY. 
Camden. — Bog Iron ore. 

LAMBTON COUNTY. 

Bosanquet. — Humboldtine. 
Enniskillen. — Asphaltum, Petro- 
leum. 
Quarry island. — Molybdenite. 
Various localities. — Halite. 

LANARK COUNTY. 

Bathurst. — Apatite, Diopside, 
Hematite, Hornblende, Magne- 
tite, Orthoclase, Peristerite, Ti- 
tanite, Tourmaline, Tremolite, 
Wernerite, Wilsonite. 



ONTARIO. 

Beckwith. — Hematite. 

Dalhousie. — Actinolite, Bog Iron 
ore, Galena, Hematite, Martite, 
Pyrite, Quartz. 

Darling. — Bournonite, Hematite, 
Limonite, Magnetite, Pyrite. 

Lavant. — Arsenopyrite, Barite, 
Chalcopyrite, Magnetite. 

North Burgess. — Actinolite, An- 
hydrite, Apatite, Barite, Calcite, 
Goethite, Loganite, Orthoclase, 
Perthite, Phlogopite, Pyrite, Pyr- 
oxene, Scapolite, Serpentine, Ti- 
tanite, Tourmaline, Tremolite, 
Turgite, Wilsonite, Wollastonite. 

North Elmsley. — Apatite, Diop- 
side, Limonite, Titanite, Wollas- 
tonite. 

Pakenham. — Barite, Tourmaline. 

Perth . — Spod u mene . 

Ramsay. — Barite, Epidote, Galena, 
Pyrallolite. 

South Sherbrooke. — Apatite, 
Hornblende, Magnetite, Oligo- 
clase, Titanite. 

LEEDS COUNTY. 

Bastard. — Bog Iron ore, Chal- 
copyrite, Hematite, Wollastonite. 

Elizabethtown. — Cacoxenite, Py- 
rite, Pyrrhotite, Steatite, Talc. 

Escott. — Chalcopyrite. 

Newboro. — Chondrodite. 

North Crosby. — Apatite, Chlorite, 
Chondrodite, Magnetite, Molyb- 
denite. 

South Burgess. — Calcite, Corun- 
dum, Phlogopite, Spinel. 

South Crosby. — Apatite, Calcite, 
Chlorite, Chondrodite, Hematite, 
Phlogopite. 

Yeo island. — Muscovite, Tourma- 
line. 



263 



ONTARIO. 

LENNOX COUNTY. 

Charleston lake. — Rensselaerite, 

Tourmaline. 
Kaladar. — Actinolite, Arsenopy- 

rite, Cyanite, Talc. 
L ansdowne . — Wernerite . 

LINCOLN COUNTY. 

G ai nsborough . — Li monite . 
St. Davids. — Sulphatite. 



MANITOULIN DISTRICT. 

Manitoulin island. — Petroleum. 

Michipocoten island. — Agate, 
Analcite, Calcite, Chert, Chlor- 
astrolite, Copper, Domeykite, 
Genthite, Hematite, Limonite, 
Niccolite, Pyrite. 

Rutherford. — Chert. 

Sayer lake. — Chert. 

Various localities. — Celestite. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 
Mosa. — Petroleum. 

MUSKOKA DISTRICT. 
Gibson. — Allanite. 

NIPISSING DISTRICT. 

Airy. — Magnetite. 

Austen bay. — Chert. 

Calvin. — Beryl, Muscovite, Poly- 

crase, Xenotime. 
Cameron. — Amazonite, Fluorite, 

Iron, Microcline, Perthite. 



ONTARIO. 

Garrow. — Chalcopyrite. 

Grant. — Magnetite. 

Iron island. — Barite. 

Iron lake. — Chert. 

Kokoko bay. — Chert. 

Lake Nipissing. — Molybdenite. 

Les Erables rapids. — Almandite. 

Madawaska station. — Iron 

ochre. 
Matt aw a. — Muscovite. 
Matthias island. — Ankerite. 
Timagami lake. — Arsenopyrite, 

Epidote, Malachite, Rutile. 
Various localities. — Allanite, 

Chlorite, Enstatite, Galena, Leu- 

coxene. 

NORFOLK COUNTY. 

Charlotte ville. — Bog Iron ore, 
Limonite. 

Middleton. — Bog Iron ore. 

Walsingham. — Iron ochre. 

Windham. — Bog Iron ore, Lim- 
onite. 

ONTARIO COUNTY. 
Chief island. — Wolframite. 

OXFORD COUNTY. 

Dereham. — Petroleum. 

Oxford. — Petroleum. 

Various localities. — Travertine. 

PARRY SOUND DISTRICT. 

Ferguson. — M uscovite. 

Foley. — Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, 

Galena, Gold, Malachite. 
Proudfoot. — Spessartite. 



264 



ONTARIO. 

PATRICIA DISTRICT. 

Cross lake. — Molybdenite. 
Sutton Mill lakes. — Ilmenite. 

PEEL COUNTY. 
Caledon. — Celestite. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. 

Anstruther. — Apatite, Biotite. 

Belmont. — Chlorite, Epidote, Gold, 
Labradorite, Magnetite, Serpen- 
tine. 

Burleigh. — Peristerite, Wernerite. 

Chandos. — Chalcopyrite, Gold. 

Dummer. — Barite, Chalcopyrite, 
Pyrite, Tourmaline. 

Galway. — Barite, Calcite, Lolling- 
ite, Ontariolite, Pyrrhotite, Tour- 
maline. 

METHUEN.-Corundum, Damourite, 
Muscovite. 

Various localities. — Melanterite, 
Nephelite, Sodalite. 

PRESCOTT COUNTY. 

Hawkesbury. — Axinite, Celestite. 

RAINY RIVER DISTRICT. 

Andrew bay, Lake of the Woods. 

— Copper. 
Atikokan river. — Magnetite. 
Clearwater lake. — Serpentine. 
Despair lake. — Serpentine. 
Jasper lake. — Jasper. 
Lake of the Woods. — Hematite, 

Hessite, Muscovite, Pyrrhotite. 
Mikado mine. — Bismuthinite. 
Nickel lake. — Pyrite. 
Pine Portage Bay. — Covellite. 
Poohbah lake. — Nephelite. 



ONTARIO. 

Rainy lake. — Augite, Beryl. 
Sawbill lake. — Gold. 
Various localities. — Chert, 

Chlorite, Enstatite, Garnet. 
Watten. — Steatite. 

RENFREW COUNTY. 

Algona. — Tremolite, Wernerite. 

Bagot. — Bournonite, Celestite, 
Clinochlore, Magnetite, Moly- 
bdenite, Tremolite. 

Blithfield. — Diopside, Pargasite, 
Talc, Tourmaline, Tremolite. 

Bromley. — Peristerite. 

Brougham. — Graphite, Molybden- 
ite. 

Brudenell. — Corundum, Zircon. 

Grattan. — Magnetite. 

Hagarty. — Allanite. 

Island D, Lake CLEAR.-Pyroxene, 
Titanite. 

Lyndoch. — Beryl, Bismite, Bis- 
muthinite, Columbite, Molybden- 
ite. 

Mad aw ask a river. — Hornblende. 

Matawatchan. — Fuchsite, Mus- 
covite. 

McNab. — Barite. 

Mount St. Patrick. — Microcline. 

Pembroke. — Muscovite. 

Petawawa river. — Infusorial 
earth. 

Radcliffe. — Corundum. 

Raglan. — Chrysoberyl, Corundum, 
Gahnite, Molybdenite, Musco- 
vite. 

Rolph. — Magnetite. 

Ross. — Apatite, Biotite, Chryso- 
tile, Fluorite, Hornblende, Mag- 
netite, Orthoclase, Picrolite, Py- 
rite, Pyroxene, Spinel, Titanite, 
Tourmaline, Tremolite, Werner- 
ite, Zircon. 



265 



ONTARIO. 

Sebastopol. — Amazonite, Apatite, 
Augite, Biotite, Calcite, Chryso- 
tile, Hornblende, Microcline, Or- 
thoclase, Pyroxene, Titanite, Wer- 
nerite, Zircon. 

Stafford. — Magnetite. 

Turner island. — Calcite, Wer- 
nerite. 

Various localities. — Nephelite, 
Sodalite. 

Westmeath. — Actinolite, Zircon. 

SIMCOE COUNTY. 

Bass lake. — Martite. 
Nottawasaga. — Iron ochre. 
Various localities. — Travertine. 

STORMONT COUNTY. 
Roxborough. — Bog Iron ore. 

SUDBURY DISTRICT. 

Balfour. — Anthraxolite, Sphaler- 
ite. 

Blezard. — Chalcopyrite, Pentland- 
ite, Pyrrhotite. 

Denison. — Actinolite, Annabergite, 
Blueite, Cassiterite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite, Folgerite, Gersdorff- 
ite, Leucoxene, Millerite, More- 
nosite, Niccolite, Pentlandite, 
Polydimite, Pyrrhotite, Scheelite, 
Sperrylite, Whartonite. 

Drury. — Actinolite, Blueite, Chal- 
copyrite, Folgerite, Lepidomelane, 
Morenosite, Pentlandite, Pyr- 
rhotite, Staurolite, Whartonite. 

Dryden. — Cyanite, Oligoclase, Sil- 
limanite. 

Fairbank. — Anthraxolite. 

Graham. — Chalcopyrite, Pyrite. 

Hyman. — Pyrrhotite, Staurolite. 

Levack. — Pyrrhotite. 

Lorne. — Chalcopyrite, Pyrrhotite. 

18 



ONTARIO. 

McKim. — Magnetite, Millerite, 
Pyrite, Pyrrhotite, Smaltite. 

Moncrieff. — Magnetite. 

Moose river. — Gypsum, Lignite. 

Snider. — Chalcopyrite, Magnetite, 
Pentlandite, Pyrrhotite. 

Street. — Arsenolite. 

Various localities. — Diallage, 
Enstatite, Zoisite. 

Wanapitei. — Sillimanite. 

Wanapitei lake. — Arsenopyrite. 

Waters. — Quartz. 

THUNDER BAY DISTRICT. 

Amethyst harbour. — Amethyst. 

Battle island. — Copper. 

Black bay. — Chalcopyrite, Fluor- 
ite. 

Black Sturgeon lake. — Martite. 

Blueberry lake. — Fluorite. 

Cape Gargantua. — Copper, Fluor- 
ite. 

Edward island. — Arsenic (native). 

English river. — Limonite. 

Fluor island. — Fluorite. 

French Portage. — Steatite. 

Gillies. — Argentite, Calcite, With- 
erite. 

Gravelly point. — Fluorite. 

Jackfish bay. — Pyrrhotite. 

Jarvis island. — Argentite, Barite. 

Kaministikwia river. — Jasper, 
Kalinite, Lead (native), Magnet- 
ite, Prehnite. 

Lac des Mille Lacs. — Magnesite. 

Lake Nipigon. — Amethyst. 

Loon station. — Datolite. 

Lybster. — Argentite, Silver. 

M acGregor. — Silver. 

M cIntyre. — Silver. 

McKellar island. — Argentite, 
Barite, Rhodocrosite. 

McKellar point. — Pectolite. 



266 



ONTARIO. 

McKenzie river. — Amethyst, 
Fluorite. 

Mamainse. — Chalcocite, Copper, 
Coracite, Epidote. 

Manitou lake. — Leucoxene. 

Moss. — Magnetite, Sylvanite. 

Neebing. — Barite, Marcasite. 

Nipigon bay. — Zonochlorite. 

O'Connor. — Argentite, Copper, 
Harmotome, Marcasite, Moun- 
tain Leather. 

Paipoonge. — Argentite, Silver. 

Pancake Bay mine. — Bornite. 

Pic island. — Barite, Naphelite, 
Fluorite, Zircon. 

Pierre Plat. — Bismuth (native). 

Port Arthur district. — Saponite, 
Stephanite. 

Port Col dwell. — Nephelite. 

St. Ignace island. — Prehnite. 

Sand Bay mine. — Bornite. 

Schreiber. — Pyrite, Pyrrhotite. 

Silver Islet. — Animikite, Anna- 
bergite, Argentite, Calcite, Dom- 
eykite, Erythrite, Galena, Huntil- 
ite, Marcasite, Niccolite, Rhodo- 
crosite, Silver, Tetrahedrite. 

Silver Mountain. — Chert. 

Spar island. — Apophyllite, Argen- 
tite, Azurite, Chalcocite, Copper, 
Erythrite, Fluorite, Silver. 

Strange. — Fluorite, Magnetite. 

Sturgeon Bay. — Chalcopyrite. 

Sturgeon lake. — Copper, Gold, 
Topaz. 

Terrace bay. — Fluorite. 

Various localities. — Anthraxol- 
ite, Aragonite, Chrysocolla, Cu- 
prite, Enstatite, Garnet, Horn- 
stone, Malachite, Melanterite, 
Natrolite, Prehnite, Sphalerite, 
Wad. 

Wawa lake. — Chalcopyrite. 

Whitefish river. — Jasper. 



ONTARIO. 

TIMISKAMING DISTRICT. 

Abitibi lake. — Serpentine. 

B ristol . — Arsenopyrite. 

Bucke. — Cobaltite, Emplectite. 

Cobalt area, Coleman. — Anna 
bergite, Aragonite, Argenite, Ar 
senolite, Arsenopyrite, Asbolite 
Bismuth (native), Bornite, Breit 
hauptite, Chabazite, Chloanthite 
Cobaltite, Dyscrasite, Erythrite 
Heterogenite, Heubachite, Mer 
cury, Millerite, Niccolite, Prous 
tite, Pyrargyrite, Scorodite, Sil 
ver, Smaltite, Stephanite, Strome 
yerite, Tetrahedrite, Ullmannite 

Deloro. — Bismuthinite, Gold, Hes- 
site. 

East Shiningtree. — Bismuth- 
inite. 

Elk lake. — Bismuth (native), Bor- 
nite, Chloanthite, Timiskamite. 

Gauthier. — Gold. 

Gowgand a. — Bismuth (native) , 
Bornite, Chloanthite, Chrysotile, 
Iron. 

Haultain. — Argentite. 

Hearst. — Gold. 

James. — Argentite, Chalcopyrite, 
Covellite, Silver. 

Langmuir. — Argentite,Barite, Fluo- 
rite. 

Larder Lake, Swastika. — Ank- 
erite. 

Lebel. — Chalcopyrite. 

McVittie. — Gold. 

Milner. — Argentite. 

Montreal river. — Quartz. 

Munro. — Gold. 

Ogden. — Ankerite. 

Otto.— Gold. 

Porcupine. — Gold, Scheelite. 

Powell . — Ankerite . 

Rabbit lake. — Erythrite. 



267 



ONTARIO 

Teck.— Gold. 

Tisdale. — Gold. 

Tudhope. — Chalcopyrite, Covellite. 

West Dome. — Ankerite. 

Whitney. — Gold. 

Willett. — Silver. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. 

Dalton. — Allanite, Magnetite. 
Digby. — Magnetite, Molybdenite. 
Somerville. — Barite, Galena. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. 

Conestogo. — Iron ochre. 



ONTARIO. 

WELLAND COUNTY. 

Chippawa.— Sulphatite. 
Niagara Falls.— Calcite, Sphal- 
erite. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY. 
Various localities. — Travertine 

WENTWORTH COUNTY. 
Various localities. — Travertine. 

YORK COUNTY. 

Toronto. — Petalite . 

Various localities. — Travertine. 



Hog island. 



Prince Edward Island. 

-Saponite. St. George Head. — Saponite. 



Quebec. 



ABITIBI TERRITORY. 
Gull lake. — Anthophyllite. 
Lake Chibougamou. — Chalcopy- 
rite, Chrysotile. 
Paint mountain. — Magnetite. 

ARGENTEUIL COUNTY. 

Argenteuil. — Titanite, Tourma- 
line. 

Augmentation of grenville. — 
Phlogopite, Wernerite. 

Ch ath am . — Calcite . 

Chatham Gore. — Graphite, Ortho- 
clase, Tourmaline. 

Grenville. — Aphrodite, Chert, 
Diopside, Graphite, Grossularite, 
Hornblende (Edenite), Hornstone, 
Hyacinth, Magnesite, Orthoclase, 
Phlogopite, Pyrallolite, Pyrolus- 
ite, Retinalite, Serpentine, Titan- 
ite, Tourmaline, Vesuvianite, 
Wernerite, Wollastonite, Zircon. 



Harrington. — Vesuvianite, Wer- 
nerite. 

Lachute. — Andesite, Tourmaline. 

Wentworth. — Chrysotile, Vesuvi- 
anite. 



ARTHABASKA county. 

Chester. — Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite, Galena. 

Stanfold. — Bog Iron ore. 

Tingwick. — Chalcopyrite, Chryso- 
tile. 



ASHUANIPI TERRITORY. 

Ashuanipi. — Huronite. 
Ashuanipi river. — Magnetite. 
Lake Ossokumanuan. — Labrador- 
ite. 



18a 



268 



QUEBEC. 

BAGOT COUNTY. 

Acton. — Anthraxolite, Bornite, 
Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, Cuprite, 
Galena, Kaolinite. 

Upton. — Azurite. 

BEAUCE COUNTY. 

Aubert-Gallion. — Bog Mangan- 
ese, Wad. 

Broughton. — Chlorite, Chrysotile, 
Picrolite, Serpentine, Steatite, 
Talc. 

Lake St. Francis. — Andalusite. 

Riviere des Plantes. — Platinum. 

Riviere- du-Loup. — Iridosmine, 
(Osmiridium), Platinum, Rutile. 

St. Francis. — Actinolite, Arsenopy- 
rite, Ilmenite, Pyrrhotite. 

St. Joseph. — Epidote. 

St. Marie. — Bog Manganese, Chal- 
cocite, Chalcopyrite. 

Tring. — Aragonite, Bog Mangan- 



BEAUHARNOIS COUNTY. 

Valleyfield. — Magnesite. 

BELLECHASSE COUNTY. 

Mailloux. — Galena. 

St. Valier. — Bog Iron ore. 

BERTHIER COUNTY. 

Brassard. — Beryl. 
Maisonneuve. — Beryl, Ferguson- 

ite, Samarskite. 
Milieu river. — Apatite, Chondro- 

dite. 
St. Gabrielle de Brandon. — 

Magnetite. 



QUEBEC. 

BONAVENTURE COUNTY. 

Carleton. — Iron ochre. 
Port Daniel. — Barite. 
Various localities. — Barite. 

BROME COUNTY. 

Bolton. — Actinolite, Bog Mangan- 
ese, Chalcopyrite, Chlorite, Chro- 
mite, Chrysotile, Fuchsite, Mag- 
nesite, Magnetite, Muscovite, 
Picrolite, Pyrrhotite, Serpentine, 
Steatite, Talc, Wad. 

Brome. — Bornite, Chalcocite, Chal- 
copyrite, Chloritoid, Hematite 
(Specularite), Ilmenite, Mag- 
netite, Sodalite. 

Brome mountain. — Hornblende, 
Nephelite, Perthite (Microper- 
thite), Titanite. 

Potton. — Actinolite, Bog Iron ore, 
Chlorite, Chrysotile, Galena, Li- 
monite, Pyrrhotite, Steatite, Talc. 

Sutton. — Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite, Chlorite, Chlori- 
toid, Cuprite, Fuchsite, Hematite 
(Specularite), Ilmenite, Magnes- 
ite, Malachite, Muscovite, Pyr- 
rhotite, Rutile, Steatite, Talc. 

Sutton mountain. — Epidote. 

Various localities. — Orthoclase. 

CHAMBLY COUNTY. 

Montarville. — Augite, Chrysotile. 
Various localities. — Orthoclase. 

CHAMPLAIN COUNTY. 

Batiscan river. — Bog Iron ore. 
Cap de la Madeleine. — Iron 

ochre. 
Lake Bouchard (Lac a Baude). — 

Allanite, Biotite. 



269 



QUEBEC. 

Lac Tortue. — Bog Iron ore, Li- 

monite. 
Matt a win river. — Magnetite. 

CHARLEVOIX COUNTY. 

Bay St. Paul. — Allanite, Fluorite, 

Hypersthene, Ilmenite, Rutile. 
Lac du Pied des Monts. — Al- 

mandite, Fergusonite, Muscovite, 

Samarskite. 
Murray Bay. — Fluorite. 
St. Irenee. — Ilmenite. 
St. Urbain. — Sapphirine. 
Seigniory de la Cote Beaupre. — 

Galena. 

CHICOUTIMI COUNTY. 

Alma island. — Ilmenite. 

Bourget. — Ilmenite. 

Commissioner lake. — Hematite. 

Jonquiere.— Beryl, Bismuthinite, 
Muscovite. 

Kenogami. — Ilmenite. 

Kenogami lake. — Magnetite. 

Lake St. John. — Allanite, Horn- 
blende, Ilmenite. 

Laterriere. — Molybdenite. 

Peribonka river. — Labradorite. 

COMPTON COUNTY. 

Clinton. — Chlorite. 
Compton. — Chiastolite. 
East Angus. — Gold. 
Eaton.— Chiastolite. 
Emberton. — Chiastolite. 
Hampden. — Chiastolite. 
M arston. — Chiastolite. 

DRUMMOND COUNTY. 

Drummondville. — Anthraxolite, 
Bog Iron ore, Limonite. 



QUEBEC. 

Durham. — Bornite, Chalcopyrite. 
Kingsey. — Quartz. 
Stukely. — Bornite. 
Upton. — Chalcopyrite, Galena. 
Wickham.— Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite. 

FRONTENAC COUNTY. 

Marlow. — Scheelite, Sphalerite. 
Risborough. — Sphalerite. 
St. Samuel de Gayhurst. — Chias- 
tolite. 
Spalding. — Hematite. 

GASPE COUNTY. 

Chaleur bay. — Agate. 

Chatte river. — Anthraxolite. 

Magdalen islands. — Gypsum, 
Manganite, Pyrolusite. 

Magdalen river. — Pyrrhotite. 

Malbaie. — Ilmenite. 

Ste. Anne des Monts. — Augite. 

Serpentine mountain. — Serpen- 
tine. 

Shickshock mountains. — Chrom- 
ite, Chrysolite, Chrysotile, Horn- 
blende, Serpentine. 

York. — Asphaltum. 

HOCHELAGA COUNTY. 

Montreal. — Acmite, Augite, Cal- 
cite, Cancrinite, Chrysolite, Daw- 
sonite, Epsomite, Nephelite, So- 
dalite. 

Montreal Reservoir Extension. 
— Analcite, Dawsonite, Natrolite. 

Outremont. — Natrolite. 

St. Helen island. — Strontianite. 



270 



QUEBEC. 

IBERVILLE COUNTY. 

Mount Johnson. — Hornblende, 
Oligoclase, Titanite. 

JACQUES CARTIER COUNTY. 

Lachine. — Aragonite. 
Outremont. — Arsenic (native). 
St. Anne- de- Belle vue. — Chrysol- 
ite, Melilite. 

JOLIETTE COUNTY. 

Cartier. — Apatite. 
Daillebout. — Seybertite, Spinel. 
Kildare. — Diopside, Magnetite. 
Ste. Elizabeth. — Iron ochre. 
Seigniory de Lanoraie. — Iron 

ochre. 
Ste. Rose (Rosalie). — Iron ochre. 
Various localities. — Limonite. 

KAMOURASKA COUNTY. 

Ouelle river. — Chalcedony, Jas- 
per. 

Riviere Aux Vaches. — Bog Iron 
ore. 

St. Paschel. — Bog Iron ore. 

L'ASSOMPTION COUNTY. 
St. Lin. — Ilmenite. 

LEVIS COUNTY. 

Chaudiere falls. — Kaolinite. 
Etchemin. — Copper (native). 
Point Levis. — Anthraxolite, Cop- 
per (native), Glauconite. 
St. Nicholas. — Anthraxolite. 



QUEBEC. 

LOTBINIERE COUNTY. 

Lotbiniere. — Anthraxolite. 

St. Apollinaire. — Chalcopyrite. 

Ste. Catherine. — Pyrite. 

St. Flavien. — Anthraxolite, Azur- 

ite, Malachite. 
St. Giles. — Bornite, Chalcopyrite. 
St. Sylvester. — Bornite. 

MASKINONGE COUNTY. 

Hunterstown. — Tourmaline, Wer- 

nerite. 
Riviere du Milieu. — Iron ochre. 
Riviere du Poste. — Chrysoberyl. 
St. Justin. — Infusorial earth. 

MEGANTIC COUNTY. 

Black lake. — Diamond, Scole- 
cite, Vesuvianite. 

Coler aine . — Axi nite , Chromite, 
Chrysotile, Grossularite, Mag- 
netite, Serpentine. 

Halifax. — Chalcocite, Chalcopy- 
rite. 

Inverness. — Bog Iron ore, Chal- 
cocite, Chalcopyrite, Orthoclase. 

Ireland. — Chalcopyrite, Chryso- 
tile, Limonite, Talc. 

Kinnear's Mills. — Magnetite. 

Leeds. — Bornite, Chalcocite, Chal- 
copyrite, Chloritoid, Chromite, 
Chrysotile, Magnetite, Molyb- 
denite, Orthoclase. 

Nelson. — Chalcopyrite. 

Thetford. — Chalcopyrite, Chrom- 
ite, Chrysotile, Serpentine. 

MISSISQUOI COUNTY. 

Pinnacle HARBOUR.-Chalcopyrite. 

St. Armand. — Chalcopyrite, Epi- 
dote, Galena, Hematite, Sphaler- 
ite. 



271 



QUEBEC. 

MISTASSINI TERRITORY. 

Lake Kawachagmai. — Huronite. 
Lake Mistassini. — Anthraxolite, 
Lazulite. 

MONTCALM COUNTY. 

Chertsey. — Ilmenite. 

Kilkenny. — Limonite. 

Rawdon. — Ilmenite, Labradorite, 

Magnetite. 
St. Julien. — Ilmenite. 

MONTMORENCY COUNTY. 

Chateau Richer. — Andesite, Hy- 
persthene, Ilmenite, Labradorite. 

Island of Orleans. — Anthraxol- 
ite, Glauconite. 

Laval Settlement. — Infusorial 
earth. 

Ste. Anne DEMoNTMORENCY.-Iron 
ochre. 

St. Joachim. — Andesite. 

Sault a la Puce. — Chondrodite, 
Spinel. 

NEW QUEBEC TERRITORY. 

Eastmain river. — Huronite. 

Hamilton river. — Jasper. 

Kogaluk bay. — Chalcopyrite. 

Koksoak river. — Ankerite, Hema- 
tite, Magnetite. 

Lake Michikamau. — Labradorite. 

Larch river. — Chert. 

Little Whale river. — Axinite, 
Galena, Siderite. 

Manitounuk sound. — Axinite. 

Menihek lake. — Anthraxolite, 
Hematite. 

Paint Hills group. — Danalite, 
Microcline, Spodumene. *..$ 

Petitsikapaulake. — Anthraxolite. 

Ungava bay. — Graphite. 

Ungava river.— Ankerite, Jasper. 



QUEBEC. 

Various localities. — Chert. 
Whitley bay. — Almandite. 

NICOLET COUNTY. 

Gentilly. — Bog Iron ore, Limonite. 
OTTAWA COUNTY. 

Amherst. — Kaolinite. 

Aylwin. — Phlogopite, Pyrrhotite. 

Bigelow. — Chrysolite, Hornblende, 
Spinel. 

Blake. — Phlogopite, Pyrite. 

Bouchette. — Quartz, Sphalerite, 
Spinel. 

Bowman. — Apatite. 

Buckingham. — Apatite, Babing- 
tonite, Barite, Calcite, Cassiter- 
ite, Clinochlore, Coccolite, Ensta- 
tite, Galena, Graphite, Mountain 
Cork, Orthoclase, Peristerite, Py- 
roxene, Ripidolite, Sahlite, Ti- 
tanite, Uvarovite, Zircon. 

Cameron. — Magnetite. 

Denholm. — Chrysotile, Galena. 

Derry. — Datolite, Faujasite, Fluor- 
ite, Phlogopite. 

Eardley. — Bog Iron ore, Molyb- 
denite, Pyrrhotite. 

Egan. — Infusorial earth, Molyb- 
denite, Quartz, Saponite. 

Hincks. — Hornblende. 

Hull. — Actinolite, Amazonite, Apa- 
tite, Augite, Barite, Bog Iron 
ore, Chabazite, Chlorite, Chryso- 
tile, Epidote, Hematite, Horn- 
blende, Iron ochre, Jasper, Mag- 
netite, Microcline, Molybdenite, 
Mountain Leather, Oligoclase, 
Orthoclase, Phlogopite, Pyroxene, 
Sahlite, Scapolite, Serpentine, 
Titanite, Tourmaline, Tremolite, 
Wilsonite, Zircon. 

Lake of Three Mountains. — 
Albite. 



272 



QUEBEC. 

Lead island. — Galena. 

Lievre river. — Lepidolite. 

Lochaber. — Graphite. 

Low. — Wernerite, Wilsonite. 

Mash am. — Molybdenite, Muscov- 
ite, Phlogopite. 

MuLGRAVE.-Chrysotile, Magnetite. 

Portland. — Apatite, Augite, Cha- 
bazite, Chrysotile, Coccolite, 
Grossularite, Phlogopite, Prehnite, 
Pyrite, Pyroxene, Pyrrhotite, 
Spinel, Wernerite, Wilsonite, 
Zircon. 

Ripon. — Wernerite. 

Temple ton. — Albite, Apatite, 
Augite, Barite, Bog Iron ore, 
Calcite, Chabazite, Chrysotile, 
Epidote, Fassaite, Fluorite, Hem- 
atite, Lepidolite, Magnetite, Mic- 
hel-Levyite, Microcline, Ortho- 
clase, Phlogopite, Prehnite, Py- 
rite, Pyroxene, Quartz, Ripidol- 
ite, Rutile, Sahlite, Sphalerite, 
Titanite, Uralite, Vesuvianite, 
Wernerite, Wilsonite, Zircon. 

Various localities. — Hematite. 

Villeneuve. — Albite, Amazonite, 
Apatite, Fluorite, Microcline, 
Monazite, Muscovite, Pyrite, 
Quartz, Spessartite, Tourmaline, 
Uraninite, Uranophane. 

Wakefield. — Almandite, Apatite, 
Calcite, Chabazite, Chrysotile, 
Epidote, Fluorite, Galena, Graph- 
ite, Grossularite, Lepidolite, Li- 
monite, Microcline, Molybdenite, 
Mountain Leather, Muscovite, 
Phlogopite, Pyrite, Pyroxene, Py- 
rrhotite, Sahlite, Spinel, Stilbite, 
Titanite, Tourmaline, Uraninite, 
Uvarovite, Vesuvianite, Werner- 
ite, Wilsonite, Wollastonite, Zir- 
con. 



QUEBEC. 

Wright. — Hornblende, Magnetite, 
Phlogopite, Scapolite, Serpen- 
tine. 

PONTIAC COUNTY. 

Aldfield. — Chondrodite, Molyb- 
denite. 

Alleyn. — Molybdenite, Pyrite, 
Tremolite. 

Bristol. — Hematite, Magnetite. 

Calumet. — Apatite, Arsenopyrite, 
Biotite, Chalcopyrite, Diopside, 
Galena, Hornblende, Phlogopite, 
Pyroxene, Pyrrhotite, Retinal- 
ite, Serpentine, Silver (native), 
Sphalerite, Wernerite. 

Cawood. — Andradite, Chrysotile, 
Phlogopite. 

Clarendon. — Pyrallolite, Pyrrhot- 
ite. 

Duhamel. — Picrolite. 

Hud der sfiel d . — F 1 uorite . 

Leslie. — Iron ochre. 

Litchfield. — Apatite, Calcite, 
Diopside, Graphite, Grossularite, 
Loganite, Magnetite, Molybden- 
ite, Muscovite, Titanite, Tour- 
maline, Tremolite, Vesuvianite, 
Wernerite. 

Portage du Fort. — Dolomite, Py- 
rallolite. 

PORTNEUF COUNTY. 

Fossambault Seigniory. — Mag- 
netite, 

Gosford. — Infusorial earth. 

Jacques Cartier river. — Hemat- 
ite. 

Montauban. — Sphalerite. 

Portneuf. — Bog Iron ore, Li- 
monite. 

St. Basdl. — Bog Iron ore, Limonite. 



273 



QUEBEC. 

QUEBEC COUNTY. 

Quebec. — Anthraxolite, Epsomite. 
St. Louis Road. — Bog Manganese. 
Sillery. — Anthraxolite. 
Stoneham. — Infusorial earth. 

RICHMOND COUNTY. 

Brompton. — Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chromite, Chrysotile. 

Cleveland. — Bog Manganese, Bor- 
nite, Chalcocite, Chalcopyrite, 
Chlorite, Chromite, Chrysolite, 
Orthoclase. 

Halifax. — Bornite. 

Melbourne. — Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite, Chlorite, Chromite, 
Diallage, Magnesite, Pyrite, Ser- 
pentine. 

Richmond. — Magnetite. 

Shipton. — Chrysotile, Picrolite, 
Serpentine. 

ROUVILLE county. 

Beloeil. — Acmite, Cancrinite, Na- 

trolite, Sodalite. 
Rougemont. — Augite, Chrysolite. 

ST. MAURICE COUNTY. 

Point du Lac. — Iron ochre. 
Radnor Forges. — Limonite. 
St. Marguerite. — Iron ochre. 
Three Rivers. — Bog Iron ore, 
Limonite. 

SAGUENAY COUNTY. 

Bay of Seven Islands. — Ilmenite. 
Bergonnes. — Microcline, Muscov- 
ite. 



QUEBEC. 

Bersimis river. — Magnetite. 
Les Escoumains. — Iron ochre. 
Manikuagan bay. — Molybdenite. 
Manikuagan river. — Almandite, 

Magnetite. 
Mingan. — Orthoclase. 
Murray Bay. — Uraninite, Zircon. 
Mushalagan river. — Tremolite. 
Olomanoshibo river. — Silliman- 

ite. 
Outardes river. — Magnetite. 
Romaine river. — Labradorite. 
St. Marguerite river. — Ilmenite. 
Saguenay river. — Limonite. 
Sheldrake. — Labradorite. 
Thunder river. — Ilmenite. 
Various localities. — Magnetite. 

SHEFFORD COUNTY. 

Ely. — Bornite, Chalcopyrite. 

Roxton. — Bornite, Chalcocite, 
Chalcopyrite. 

Shefford. — Chalcopyrite, Chlor- 
ite. 

Shefford mountain. — Hornblende, 
Perthite, Titanite. 

Stukely. — Chalcocite, Chalcopy- 
rite, Galena, Serpentine. 

Various localities. — Orthoclase. 

SHERBROOKE COUNTY. 

Ascot. — Arsenopyrite, Chalcopy- 
rite, Chlorite, Galena, Gold, 
Magnetite, Pyrite, Tennantite. 

Moulton Hill. — Arsenopyrite. 

Orford. — Augite, Bornite, Calcite, 
Chalcopyrite, Diallage, Diopside, 
Grossularite, Magnetite, Miller- 
ite, Picrolite, Serpentine, Uvarov- 
ite. 

Sherbrooke. — Jasper, Silver. 



274 



QUEBEC. 

STANSTEAD COUNTY. 

Barford. — Pyrrhotite. 

Barnstone. — Chiastolite. 

Hatley. — Chalcopyrite, Chiastol- 
ite, Vivianite. 

Stanstead. — Bog Manganese, 
Chiastolite, Iron ochre, Wad. 

TEMISCOUATA COUNTY. 

Cacouna. — Bog Manganese, Li- 

monite. 
Green island. — Limonite. 
Villeray. — Limonite. 

TERREBONNE COUNTY. 

Abercrombie. — Labradorite. 
Mille Isles. — Labradorite. 
Morin. — Labradorite, Wollaston- 

ite. 
New Glasgow. — Zoisite. 
North river. — Magnetite. 
StE. Adele. — Enstatite. 
Ste. Anne des Palines. — Bog 

Iron ore. 
St. Jerome. — Chondrodite, Ilmen- 

ite, Labradorite, Molybdenite, 

Pyrrhotite, Wollastonite, Zircon. 
Wexford. — Ilmenite, Magnetite. 

TIMISKAMING COUNTY. 

Belanger island. — Chalcedony. 

Duhamel. — Galena. 

Fabre. — Axinite, Chalcopyrite, 

Smaltite. 
Grand Lake Route. — Cyanite. 
Guigues. — Galena. 
Kewagama. — Molybdenite, Phena- 

cite. 
Kinojevis. — Molybdenite. 
Les Erables Rapids. — Cyanite. 



QUEBEC. 

Lake Kinawisik. — Gold. 
Lake Opasatika. — Gold. 
Long lake. — Beryl. 
Preissac. — Beryl, Bismuth (na- 
tive), Bismuthinite. 
Quinze river. — Magnetite. 
Snake creek. — Cyanite. 

TWO MOUNTAINS COUNTY. 
Grand Freniere. — Kaolinite. 

VAUDREUIL COUNTY. 

Cote St. Charles. — Bog Iron 
ore, Iron ochre, Limonite, Viv- 
ianite. 

Petit Cote. — Bog Iron ore, Li- 
monite. 

St. Angelique. — Limonite. 

WOLFE COUNTY. 

Dudswell. — Dolomite. 

Garthby. — Chalcopyrite, Chrom- 
ite, Chrysotile, Pyrite, Serpentine, 
Steatite. 

Ham. — Antimony (native), Chal- 
copyrite, Diallage, Ilmenite. 

South Ham. — Chalcopyrite, Chrom- 
ite, Kermesite, Magnetite, Pic- 
rolite, Senarmontite, Serpentine, 
Stibnite, Valentinite. 

Str atfor d . — Pyrite. 

Weedon. — Chalcopyrite, Gold, Py- 
rite. 

Wolfestown. — Chrysotile, Mag- 
netite, Steatite. 

YAMASKA COUNTY. 

River Aux Vaches. — Limonite. 
St. Francis river. — Limonite. 
Yamaska mountain. — Anorthite, 
Hornblende, Nephelite, Titanite. 



275 
Saskatchewan. 



Athabaska river. — Petroleum. 
Black bay. — Hematite. 
Estevan. — Coal. 
Green lake. — Ironstone. 
Lake Athabaska. — Limonite. 
Peace river. — Petroleum. 



Porcupine creek. — Amber. 
Souris river. — Amber. 
Stone river. — Garnet. 
Various localities. — Coal, Selen- 

ite. 
Wood mountain. — Ironstone. 



Yukon, 



Anaconda claim. — Stibnite. 
Arctic Chief mine. — Tetrahedrite. 
Big Salmon river. — Magnetite. 
Black river. — Magnetite. 
Bonnet Plume river. — Jasper. 
Copper King claim. — Stibnite. 
Discovery claim. — Bismuth (na- 
tive). 
Dublin gulch. — Scheelite. 
Eldorado creek. — Galena. 
Francis river. — Amber, Gold. 
Haggart creek. — Scheelite, Scoro- 

dite. 
Highet creek. — Bismuth (native), 

Scheelite. 
Indian river. — Magnesite, New- 

beryite, Struvite. 
Klondike river. — Actinolite, Cas- 

siterite, Fuchsite, Sericite, Os- 

miridium, Serpentine. 
Lewes river. — Fuchsite, Gold, 

Magnesite, Nephrite. 
McQuesten river. — Scheelite, 

Struvite. 
Mayo river. — Scheelite. 



Minto creek. — Scheelite. 

Ophir creek. — Galena. 

Patterson mountain. — Jasper. 

Peel river. — Epsomite, Gold, 
Hematite, Magnetite, Petroleum. 

Pelly river. — Almandite, Awarn- 
ite, Garnet, Gold, Magnetite, 
Serpentine. 

Porcupine river. — Calcite. 

Pueblo claim. — Chrysocolla, Hem- 
atite. 

Rabbit Foot claim. — Allophane, 
Erythrite. 

Snake river. — Jasper. 

Spotted Fawn creek. — Leucite. 

Stewart river. — Arsenopyrite, 
Gold, Scheelite. 

Tagish lake. — Symplesite, Yu- 
konite. 

Upper White river. — Realgar. 

Various localities. — Bornite, 
Coal, Chalcopyrite, Epidote, Gar- 
net, Gold, Hessite, Hessonite, 
Magnetite, Wollastonite. 

Yukon river. — Gold, Serpentine. 



LIST OF RECENT REPORTS OF GEOLOGICAL 
SURVEY 

Since 1910, reports issued by the Geological Survey have 
been called memoirs and have been numbered Memoir 1, Memoir 
2, etc. Owing to delays incidental to the publishing of reports 
and their accompanying maps, not all of the reports have been 
called memoirs, and the memoirs have not been issued in the 
order of their assigned numbers and, therefore, the following 
list has been prepared to prevent any misconceptions arising 
on this account. The titles of all other important publications 
of the Geological Survey are incorporated in this list. 



Memoirs and Reports Published During 1910. 

REPORTS. 

Report on a geological reconnaissance of the region traversed by the 
National Transcontinental railway between Lake Nipigon and Clay lake, 
Ont .— by W. H. Collins. No. 1059. 

Report on the geological position and characteristics of the oil-shale 
deposits of Canada— by R. W. Ells. No. 1107. 

A reconnaissance across the Mackenzie mountains on the Pelly, Ross, 
and Gravel rivers, Yukon and North West Territories — by Joseph Keele. 
No. 1097. 

Summary Report for the calendar year 1909. No. 1120. 

MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 1. No. 1, Geological Series. Geology of the Nipigon basin, Ontario 
—by Alfred W. G. Wilson. 

Memoir 2. No. 2, Geological Series. Geology and ore deposits of Hedley 
mining district, British Columbia — by Charles Camsell. 

Memoir 3. No. 3, Geological Series. Palaeoniscid fishes from the Albert 
shales of New Brunswick — by Lawrence M. Lambe. 

Memoir 5. No. 4, Geological Series. Preliminary memoir on the Lewes 
and Nordenskiold Rivers coal district, Yukon Territory — by 
D. D. Cairnes. 

Memoir 6. No. 5, Geological Series. Geology of the Haliburton and Ban- 
croft areas, Province of Ontario — by Frank D. Adams and 
Alfred E. Barlow. 

Memoir 7. No. 6, Geological Series. Geology of St. Bruno mountain, prov- 
ince of Quebec — by John A. Dresser. 

MEMOIRS—TOPOGRAPHICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 11. No. 1, Topographical Series. Triangulation and spirit levelling 
of Vancouver island, B.C., 1909 — by R. H. Chapman. 

Memoirs and Reports Published During 1911. 

REPORTS. 

Report on a traverse through the southern part of the North West 
Territories, from Lac Seul to Cat lake, in 1902— by Alfred W. G. Wilson. 
No. 1006. 

Report on a part of the North West Territories drained by the Winisk 
and Upper Attawapiskat rivers — by W. Mclnnes. No. 1080. 

Report on the geology of an area adjoining the east side of LakeTimiskam- 
ing — by Morley E. Wilson. No. 1064. 

Summary Report for the calendar year 1910. No. 1170. 

MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 4. No. 7, Geological Series. Geological reconnaissance along the 
line of the National Transcontinental railway in western 
Quebec — by W. J. Wilson. 



Memoir 8. No. 8, Geological Series. The Edmonton coal field, Alberta — 
by D. B. Dowling. 

Memoir 9. No. 9, Geological Series. Bighorn coal basin, Alberta — by G. S. 
Malloch. 

Memoir 10. No. 10, Geological Series. An instrumental survey of the 
shore-lines of the extinct lakes Algonquin and Nipissing in 
southwestern Ontario — by J. W. Goldthwait. 

Memoir 12. No. 11, Geological Series. Insects from the Tertiary lake 
deposits of the southern interior of British Columbia, collect- 
ed by Mr. Lawrence M. Lambe, in 1906 — by Anton Hand- 
lirsch. 

Memoir 15. No. 12, Geological Series. On a Trenton Echinoderm fauna at 
Kirkfield, Ontario — by Frank Springer. 

Memoir 16. No. 13, Geological Series. The clay and shale deposits of Nova 
Scotia and portions of New Brunswick — by Heinrich Ries 
assisted by Joseph Keele. 

MEMOIRS— BIOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 14. No. 1, Biological Series. New species of shells collected by 
Mr. John Macoun at Barkley sound, Vancouver island, 
British Columbia — by William H. Dall and Paul Bartsch. 

Memoirs and Reports Published During 1912. 

REPORTS. 
Summary Report for the calendar year 1911. No. 1218. 
MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 13. No. 14, Geological Series. Southern Vancouver island — by 

Charles H. Clapp. 
Memoir 21. No. 15, Geological Series. The geology and ore deposits of 

Phoenix, Boundary district, British Columbia — by O. E. 

LeRoy. 
Memoir 24. No. 16, Geological Series. Preliminary report on the clay and 

shale deposits of the western provinces — by Heinrich Ries 

and Joseph Keele. 
Memoir 27. No. 17, Geological Series. Report of the Commission appointed 

to investigate Turtle mountain, Frank, Alberta, 1911. 
Memoir 28. No. 18, Geological Series. The Geology of Steeprock lake, 

Ontario — by Andrew C. Lawson. Notes on fossils from 

limestone of Steeprock lake, Ontario — by Charles D. Wal- 

cott. 



Memoirs and Reports Published During 1913. 

REPORTS, ETC. 

Museum Bulletin No. 1: contains articles Nos. 1 to 12 of the Geological 
Series of Museum Bulletins, articles Nos. 1 to 3 of the Biological Series of 
Museum Bulletins, and article No. 1 of the Anthropological Series of Museum 
Bulletins. 

Guide Book No. 1. Excursions in eastern Quebec and the Maritime 
Provinces, parts 1 and 2. 



iv 

Guide Book No. 2. Excursions in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and 
the eastern part of Ontario. 

Guide Book No. 3. Excursions in the neighbourhood of Montreal and 
Ottawa. 

Guide Book No. 4. Excursions in southwestern Ontario. 

Guide Book No. 5. Excursions in the western peninsula of Ontario and 
Manitoulin island. 

Guide Book No. 8. Toronto to Victoria and return via Canadian Pacific 
and Canadian Northern railways: parts 1, 2, and 3. 

Guide Book No. 9. Toronto to Victoria and return via Canadian Pacific, 
Grand Trunk Pacific, and National Transcontinental railways. 

Guide Book No. 10. Excursions in Northern British Columbia and 
Yukon Territory and along the north Pacific coast. 

MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 17. No. 28, Geological Series. Geology and economic resources of 
the Larder Lake district, Ont., and adjoining portions of 
Pontiac county, Que. — by Morley E. Wilson. 

Memoir 18. No. 19, Geological Series. Bathurst district, New Brunswick — 
by G. A. Young. 

Memoir 26. No. 34, Geological Series. Geology and mineral deposits of 
the Tulameen district, B.C. — by C. Camsell. 

Memoir 29. No. 32, Geological Series. Oil and gas prospects of the north- 
west provinces of Canada — by W. Malcolm. 

Memoir 31. No. 20, Geological Series. Wheaton district, Yukon Territory — 
by D. D. Cairnes. 

Memoir 33. No. 30, Geological Series. The geology of Gowganda Mining 
Division — by W. H. Collins. 

Memoir 35. No. 29, Geological Series. Reconnaissance along the National 
Transcontinental railway in southern Quebec — by John A. 
Dresser. 

Memoir 37. No. 22, Geological Series. Portions of Atlin district, B.C. — by 
D. D. Cairnes. 

Memoir 38. No. 31, Geological Series. Geology of the North American 
Cordillera at the forty-ninth parallel, Parts I and II — by 
Reginald Aldworth Daly. 

Memoirs and Reports Published During 1914. 

REPORTS, ETC. 

Summary Report for the calendar year 1912. No. 1305. 

Museum Bulletins Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 contain articles Nos. 13 to 22 
of the Geological Series of Museum Bulletins, article No. 2 of the Anthro- 
pological Series, and article No. 4 of the Biological Series of Museum Bulletins. 

Prospector's Handbook No. 1: Notes on radium-bearing minerals — by 
Wyatt Malcolm. 

MUSEUM GUIDE BOOKS. 

The archaeological collection from the southern interior of British Colum- 
bia—by Harlan I. Smith. No. 1290. 

MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 23. No. 23, Geological Series. Geology of the Coast and islands 
between the Strait of Georgia and Queen Charlotte sound, 
B.C. — by J. Austen Bancroft. 



Memoir 25. 

Memoir 30. 
Memoir 20. 
Memoir 36. 
Memoir 52. 
Memoir 43. 
Memoir 44. 
Memoir 22. 
Memoir 32. 

Memoir 47. 
Memoir 40. 
Memoir 19. 
Memoir 39. 
Memoir 51. 
Memoir 61. 
Memoir 41. 
Memoir 53. 

Memoir 55. 



No. 21, Geological Series. Report on the clay and shale de- 
posits of the western provinces (Part II) — by Heinrich Ries 

and Joseph Keele. 
No. 40, Geological Series. The basins of Nelson and Churchill 

rivers — by William Mclnnes. 
No. 41, Geological Series. Gold fields of Nova Scotia — by W. 

Malcolm. 
No. 33, Geological Series. Geology of the Victoria and Saanich 

map-areas, Vancouver island, B.C. — by C. H. Clapp. 
No. 42, Geological Series. Geological notes to accompany map 

of Sheep River gas and oil field, Alberta — by D. B. Dowling. 
No. 36, Geological Series. St. Hilaire (Beloeil) and Rougemont 

mountains, Quebec — by J. J. O'Neill. 
No. 37, Geological Series. Clay and shale deposits of New 

Brunswick — by J. Keele. 
No. 27, Geological Series. Preliminary report on the serpentines 

and associated rocks, in southern Quebec — by J. A. Dresser. 
No. 25, Geological Series. Portions of Portland Canal and 

Skeena Mining divisions, Skeena district, B.C. — by R. G. 

McConnell. 
No. 39, Geological Series. Clay and shale deposits of the 

western provinces, Part III — by Heinrich Ries. 
No. 24, Geological Series. The Archaean geology of Rainy lake 

— by Andrew C. Lawson. 
No. 26, Geological Series. Geology of Mother Lode and Sunset 

mines, Boundary district, B.C. — by O. E. LeRoy. 
No. 35, Geological Series. Kewagama Lake map-area, Quebec 



— by M. E. Wilson. 
No. 43, Geological Series. 

by C. H. Clapp. 
No. 45, Geological Series. 



Geology of the Nanaimo map-area- 



Moose Mountain district, southern 
Alberta (second edition) — by D. D. Cairnes. 

No. 38, Geological Series. The "Fern Ledges" Carboniferous 
flora of St. John, New Brunswick — by Marie C. Stopes. 

No. 44, Geological Series. Coal fields of Manitoba, Saskatche- 
wan, Alberta, and eastern British Columbia (revised edition) 
— by D. B. Dowling. 

No. 46, Geological Series. Geology of Field map-area, Alberta 
and British Columbia — by John A. Allan. 



MEMOIRS— ANTHROPOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 48. No. 2, Anthropological Series. Some myths and tales of the 

Ojibwa of southeastern Ontario — collected by Paul Radin. 
Memoir 45. No. 3, Anthropological Series. The inviting-in feast of the 

Alaska Eskimo — by E. W. Hawkes. 
Memoir 49. No. 4, Anthropological Series. Malecite tales — by W. H. 

Mechling. 
Memoir 42. No. 1, Anthropological Series. The double curve motive in 

northeastern Algonkian art — by Frank G. Speck. 

MEMOIRS— BIOLOGICAL SERIES. 



Memoir 54. No. 2, Biological Series. Annotated list of flowering plants 
and ferns of Point Pelee, Ont., and neighbouring districts — 
by C. K. Dodge. 



vi 

Memoirs and Reports Published During 1915. 

REPORTS, ETC. 

Summary Report for the calendar year 1913, No. 1359. 

Report from Anthropological Division. Separate from Summary Report 
1913. 

Report from Topographical Division. Separate from Summary Report 
1913. 

Museum Bulletin No. 6. No. 3, Anthropological Series. Pre-historic 
and present commerce among the Arctic Coast Eskimo — N. Stefansson. 

Museum Bulletin No. 9. No. 4, Anthropological Series. The glenoid 
fossa in the skull of the Eskimo — F. H. S. Knowles. 

Museum Bulletin No. 13. No. 5, Biological Series. The double crested 
cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus). Its relation to the salmon industries on 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence — P. A. Taverner. 

MEMOIRS— GEOLOGICAL SERIES. 

Memoir 58. No. 48, Geological Series. Texada island — by R. G. McCon- 
nell. 

Memoir 60. No. 47, Geological Series. Arisaig-Antigonish district — by M. 
Y. Williams. 

Memoir 67. No. 49, Geological Series. The Yukon-Alaska Boundary be- 
tween Porcupine and Yukon rivers — by D. D. Cairnes. 

Memoir 59. No. 55, Geological Series. Coal fields and coal resources of 
Canada — by D. B. Dowling. 

Memoir 50. No. 51, Geological Series. Upper White River District, Yukon 
— by D. D. Cairnes. 

Memoir 66. No. 54, Geological Series. Clay and shale deposits of the 
western provinces. Part V — by J. Keele. 

Memoir 65. No. 53, Geological Series. Clay and shale deposits of the 
western provinces. Part IV — by H. Ries. 

Memoir 56. No. 56, Geological Series. Geology of Franklin mining camp, 
B. C— by Chas. W. Drysdale. 

Memoir 64. No. 52, Geological Series. Preliminary report on the clay and 
shale deposits of the Province of Quebec — by J. Keele. 

Memoir 57. No. 50, Geological Series. Corundum, its occurrence, distri- 
bution, exploitation, and uses — by A. E. Barlow. 



Memoirs and Reports in Press, May 8, 1915. 

Memoir 62. No. 5, Anthropological Series. Abnormal types of speech in 

Nootka — by E. Sapir. 
Memoir 63. No. 6, Anthropological Series. Noun reduplication in Comox, 

a Salish language of Vancouver island — by E. Sapir. 
Memoir 46. No. 7, Anthropological Series. Classification of Iroquoian 

radicals with subjective pronominal prefixes — by C. M. 

Barbeau. 
Memoir 70. No. 8, Anthropological Series. Family hunting territories and 

social life of the various Algonkian bands of the Ottawa 

valley — by F. G. Speck. 
Memoir 71. No. 9, Anthropological Series. Myths and folk-lore of the 

Timiskaming Algonquin and Timagami Ojibwa — by F. G. 

Speck. 
Memoir 69. No. 57, Geological Series. Coal fields of British Columbia — 

by D. B. Dowling. 



vu 



Memoir 34. No. 63, Geological Series. The Devonian of southwestern 

Ontario — by C. R. Stauffer. 
Memoir 73. No. 58, Geological Series. The Pleistocene and Recent deposits 

of the island of Montreal — by J. Stansfield. 
Memoir 68. No. 59, Geological Series. A geological reconnaissance between 

Golden and Kamloops, B.C., along the line of the Canadian 

Pacific railway — by R. A. Daly. 
Memoir 72. No. 60, Geological Series. The artesian wells of Montreal — 

by C. L. dimming. 
Memoir 74. No. 61, Geological Series. A list of Canadian mineral occur- 
rences — by R. A. A. Johnston. 
Memoir 75. No. 10, Anthropological Series. Decorative art of Indian tribes 

of Connecticut — Frank G. Speck. 
Memoir 76. No. 62, Geological Series. Geology of the Cranbrook map-area 

— by S. J. Schofield. 
Summary Report for the calendar year 1914. 

Museum Bulletin No. 10. No. 5, Anthropological Series. The social 
organization of the Winnebago Indians — by P. Radin. 

Museum Bulletin No. 11. No. 23, Geological Series. Physiography of 
the Beaverdell map-area and the southern part of the Interior plateaus, B.C. — 
by Leopold Reinecke. 

Museum Bulletin No. 12. No. 24, Geological Series. On Eoceratops 
canadensis, gen. nov., with remarks on other genera of Cretaceous horned 
dinosaurs — by L. M. Lambe. 

Museum Bulletin No. 14. No. 25, Geological Series. The occurrence of 
Glacial drift on the Magdalen islands — by J. W. Goldthwait. 



BINDING SECT. MAR 6 1970 



QE Johnston, Robert Angus Mister 
3^6 A list of Canadian mineral 

J65 occurences 

P&A Set. 



CARPS- OR OUPG TROM Tl 110 POC KET 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



QE 

376 

J65 



P&A Sci 



Johnston, Robert Angus 
Alister 

A list of Canadian 
mineral occurences